[Python-Dev] Pickle alternative in stdlib (Was: On breaking modules into packages)
bob at redivi.com
Fri Nov 5 05:21:57 CET 2010
On Friday, November 5, 2010, <exarkun at twistedmatrix.com> wrote:
> On 12:21 am, marc at gsites.de wrote:
> Am 04.11.2010 17:15, schrieb anatoly techtonik:
>> pickle is insecure, marshal too.
> If the transport or storage layer is not save, you should cryptographically sign the data anyway::
> def pickle_encode(data, key):
> msg = base64.b64encode(pickle.dumps(data, -1))
> sig = base64.b64encode(hmac.new(key, msg).digest())
> return sig + ':' + msg
> def pickle_decode(data, key):
> if data and ':' in data:
> sig, msg = data.split(':', 1)
> if sig == base64.b64encode(hmac.new(key, msg).digest()):
> return pickle.loads(base64.b64decode(msg))
> raise pickle.UnpicklingError("Wrong or missing signature.")
> Bottle (a web framework) uses a similar approach to store non-string data in client-side cookies. I don't see a (security) problem here.
> Your pickle_decode leaks information about the key. An attacker will eventually (a few seconds to a few minutes, depending on how they have access to this system) be able to determine your key and send you arbitrary pickles (ie, execute arbitrary code on your system).
> This stuff is hard. If you're going to mess around with it, make sure you're *serious* (better approach: don't mess around with it).
Specifically you need to use a constant time signature verification or
else there are possible timing attacks. Sounds like something a hmac
module should provide in the first place.
But yeah, this stuff is hard, better to just not have a code execution
hole in the first place.
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