On Thu, Sep 9, 2010 at 8:44 PM, josef.pktd@gmail.com wrote:

On Thu, Sep 9, 2010 at 11:32 PM, Keith Goodman kwgoodman@gmail.com wrote:

On Thu, Sep 9, 2010 at 8:07 PM, Keith Goodman kwgoodman@gmail.com wrote:

On Thu, Sep 9, 2010 at 7:22 PM, cpblpublic cpblpublic+numpy@gmail.com wrote:

I am looking for some reaally basic statistical tools. I have some sample data, some sample weights for those measurements, and I want to calculate a mean and a standard error of the mean.

How about using a bootstrap?

Array and weights:

a = np.arange(100) w = np.random.rand(100) w = w / w.sum()

Initialize:

n = 1000 ma = np.zeros(n)

Save mean of each bootstrap sample:

for i in range(n):

....: idx = np.random.randint(0, 100, 100) ....: ma[i] = np.dot(a[idx], w[idx]) ....: ....:

Error in mean:

ma.std()

3.854023384833674

Sanity check:

np.dot(w, a)

49.231127299096954

ma.mean()

49.111478821225127

Hmm...should w[idx] be renormalized to sum to one in each bootstrap sample?

Or perhaps there is no uncertainty about the weights, in which case:

for i in range(n):

....: idx = np.random.randint(0, 100, 100) ....: ma[i] = np.dot(a[idx], w) ....: ....:

ma.std()

3.2548815339711115

or maybe `w` reflects an underlying sampling scheme and you should sample in the bootstrap according to w ?

Yes....

if weighted average is a sum of linear functions of (normal) distributed random variables, it still depends on whether the individual observations have the same or different variances, e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weighted_mean#Statistical_properties

...lots of possibilities. As you have shown the problem is not yet well defined. Not much specification needed for the weighted mean, lots needed for the standard error of the weighted mean.

What I can't figure out is whether if you assume simga_i = sigma for all observation i, do we use the weighted or the unweighted variance to get an estimate of sigma. And I'm not able to replicate with simple calculations what statsmodels.WLS gives me.

My guess: if all you want is sigma of the individual i and you know sigma is the same for all i, then I suppose you don't care about the weight.

???

Josef

NumPy-Discussion mailing list NumPy-Discussion@scipy.org http://mail.scipy.org/mailman/listinfo/numpy-discussion

NumPy-Discussion mailing list NumPy-Discussion@scipy.org http://mail.scipy.org/mailman/listinfo/numpy-discussion