On 30 Dec 2017, at 5:38 pm, Vinodhini Balusamy <me.vinob@gmail.com> wrote:

Just one more question from the details you have provided which from my understanding strongly seems to be Design [DEREK] You cannot create a regular 2-dimensional integer array from one row of length 3

and a second one of length 0. Thus np.array chooses the next most basic type of array it can fit your input data in

Indeed, the general philosophy is to preserve the structure and type of your input data as far as possible, i.e. a list is turned into a 1d-array, a list of lists (or tuples etc…) into a 2d-array,_ if_ the sequences are of equal length (even if length 1). As long as there is an unambiguous way to convert the data into an array (see below).

Which is the case, only if an second one of length 0 is given. What about the case 1 :

x12 = np.array([[1,2,3]]) x12 array([[1, 2, 3]]) print(x12) [[1 2 3]] x12.ndim 2

This seems to take 2 dimension.

Yes, structurally this is equivalent to your second example

also,

x12 = np.array([[1,2,3],[0,0,0]]) print(x12) [[1 2 3] [0 0 0]] x12.ndim 2

I presumed the above case and the case where length 0 is provided to be treated same(I mean same behaviour). Correct me if I am wrong.

In this case there is no unambiguous way to construct the array - you would need a shape (2, 3) array to store the two lists with 3 elements in the first list. Obviously x12[0] would be np.array([1,2,3]), but what should be the value of x12[1], if the second list is empty - it could be zeros, or repeating x12[0], or simply undefined. np.array([1, 2, 3], [4]]) would be even less clearly defined. These cases where there is no obvious “right” way to create the array have usually been discussed at some length, but I don’t know if this is fully documented in some place. For the essentials, see https://docs.scipy.org/doc/numpy/reference/routines.array-creation.html note also the upcasting rules if you have e.g. a mix of integers and reals or complex numbers, and also how to control shape or data type explicitly with the respective keywords. Derek