ISTM the only reasonable thing is to have a random seed picked very early in the process, to be used to change the hash() function of str/bytes/unicode (in a way that they are still compatible with each other).

The seed should be unique per process except it should survive fork() (but not exec()). I'm not worried about unrelated processes needing to have the same hash(), but I'm not against offering an env variable or command line flag to force the seed.

I'm not too concerned about a 3rd party being able to guess the random seed -- this would require much more effort on their part, since they would have to generate a new set of colliding keys each time they think they have guessed the hash (as long as they can't force the seed -- this actually argues slightly *against* offering a way to force the seed, except that we have strong backwards compatibility requirements).

We need to fix this as far back as Python 2.6, and it would be nice if a source patch was available that works on Python 2.5 -- personally I do have a need for a 2.5 fix and if nobody creates one I will probably end up backporting the fix from 2.6 to 2.5.

Is there a tracker issue yet? The discussion should probably move there.

PS. I would propose a specific fix but I can't seem to build a working CPython from the trunk on my laptop (OS X 10.6, Xcode 4.1). I get this error late in the build:

./python.exe -SE -m sysconfig --generate-posix-vars
Fatal Python error: Py_Initialize: can't initialize sys standard streams
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/guido/cpython/Lib/io.py", line 60, in <module>
make: *** [Lib/_sysconfigdata.py] Abort trap

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--Guido van Rossum (python.org/~guido)