On 2019-03-30 17:30, Mark Shannon wrote:
- The claim that PEP 580 allows "certain optimizations because other
code can make assumptions" is flawed. In general, the caller cannot make assumptions about the callee or vice-versa. Python is a dynamic language.
PEP 580 is meant for extension classes, not Python classes. Extension classes are not dynamic. When you implement tp_call in a given way, the user cannot change it. So if a class implements the C call protocol or the vectorcall protocol, callers can make assumptions about what that means.
PEP 579 is mainly a list of supposed flaws with the 'builtin_function_or_method' class. The general thrust of PEP 579 seems to be that builtin-functions and builtin-methods should be more flexible and extensible than they are. I don't agree. If you want different behaviour, then use a different object. Don't try an cram all this extra behaviour into a pre-existing object.
I think that there is a misunderstanding here. I fully agree with the "use a different object" solution. This isn't a new solution: it's already possible to implement those different objects (Cython does it). It's just that this solution comes at a performance cost and that's what we want to avoid.
I'll reiterate that PEP 590 is more general than PEP 580 and that once the callable's code has access to the callable object (as both PEPs allow) then anything is possible. You can't can get more extensible than that.
I would argue the opposite: PEP 590 defines a fixed protocol that is not easy to extend. PEP 580 on the other hand uses a new data structure PyCCallDef which could easily be extended in the future (this will intentionally never be part of the stable ABI, so we can do that).
I have also argued before that the generality of PEP 590 is a bad thing rather than a good thing: by defining a more rigid protocol as in PEP 580, more optimizations are possible.
PEP 580 has the same limitation for the same reasons. The limitation is necessary for correctness if an object supports calls via `__call__` and through another calling convention.
I don't think that this limitation is needed in either PEP. As I explained at the top of this email, it can easily be solved by not using the protocol for Python classes. What is wrong with my proposal in PEP 580: https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0580/#inheritance