To be fair the second problem you mention already exists with nested functions:
def example(x): print(x) def inner(x): print(x)
suffers from exactly the same issues as the proposed example. Admittedly, the case you give is much, much less explicit since the attributes are given in the function call example but not with the attribute access one.
My thoughts on this syntax would be to add a special object to the standard library, that uses the existing `with` syntax. Take this as an example:
import math with Namespace(math): print(pi**2)
import math with Namespace(m=math): # alternatively `Namespace(math) as m:` print(m.pi**2)
import foo, bar with Namespace(f=foo, b=bar): print(f.spam) print(b.spam)
import math, pprint with Namespace(math, pprint): pprint(pi**2)
With all of these modifying locals within the context manager. I assume that currently this could be done with some AST rewriting, but a clean standard implementation would be perhaps nice.
There are some obvious problems: name conflicts could through an error, but that then leads to really ugly nested code or kludgy workarounds. I'm not sure of good solutions to those, but I'm a +1 if that matters, assuming those can be solved.
On Sun, May 1, 2016 at 9:07 PM Steven D'Aprano email@example.com wrote:
Hello Robert, and welcome,
On Sun, May 01, 2016 at 10:27:04PM +0200, Robert van Geel wrote: [...]
The idea is to be able to write this code:
myobject.a myobject.b myobject.c() myobject.d = 1
using myobject: .a .b .c() .d = 1
I think this is closely related to the Pascal "with" statement, which has a FAQ:
You require a leading dot to access attribute names, which avoids the ambiguity between attributes and variables, but it also fails the "new syntax shouldn't look like grit on Tim's monitor" test.
using myobject: .method(.eggs + (.spam or ham) - tomato - .cheese)
All of these proposals raise the question, what do you do with nested blocks?
using myobject: print(.attr) using yourobject: print(.attr)
Obviously in the outer block, ".attr" refers to myobject. My guess is that inside the inner block, it refers to yourobject. What happens if you want to refer to both? Would we have to write this?
using myobject: print(.attr) # myobject using yourobject: print(.attr) # yourobject print(myobject.attr) # be explicit
Now imagine that you are a beginner, trying to understand this code block. What would you think it does? Might you not be surprised that the two references to ".attr" refer to different variables?
And of course there is always the objection that the barrier to adding a new keyword is quite high. Somewhere out there, somebody is using "using" as a variable name (perhaps a decorator?) and making this a keyword will break her code. Is it worth it?
Despite these objections, I'm cautiously interested in this. I don't think the objections are insurmountable, and if there is a significant gain in readability and performance, it may be worth while.
A cautious and tentative +1.
It may be worth you doing a survey of other languages and seeing if they have anything similar.
-- Steve _______________________________________________ Python-ideas mailing list Pythonfirstname.lastname@example.org https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-ideas Code of Conduct: http://python.org/psf/codeofconduct/