I really like this idea.  It fixes the weirdness whereby cmath is for complex numbers, and math is for real numbers and integers.  I like separating them into three categories.

One suggestion: Consider generalizing binom to the multinomial coefficent.

def binom(n, *ks):
# Returns n! / prod(ki! for ki in ks)

Best,

Neil

On Thursday, July 12, 2018 at 7:57:08 AM UTC-4, Serhiy Storchaka wrote:
mathematics? It could contain the following functions:

* factorial(n)

Is just moved from the math module, but non-integer types are rejected.
Currently math.factorial() accepts also integer floats like 3.0. It
looks to me, the rationale was that at the time when math.factorial()
was added, all function in the math module worked with floats. But now
we can revise this decision.

* gcd(n, m)

Is just moved from the math module.

* as_integer_ration(x)

Equivalents to:

def as_integer_ration(x):
if hasattr(x, 'as_integer_ration'):
return x.as_integer_ration()
else:
return (x.numerator, x.denominator)

* binom(n, k)

Returns factorial(n) // (factorial(k) * factorial(n-k)), but uses more
efficient algorithm.

* sqrt(n)

Returns the largest integer r such that r**2 <= n and (r+1)**2 > n.

* isprime(n)

Tests if n is a prime number.

* primes()

Returns an iterator of prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13,...

Are there more ideas?

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