At most, Python would only be able to tell you the Python name of the function it invoked.
Traceback for native code is a different can of worms, especially since native code can be distributed without debugging symbols, ESPECIALLY ON WINDOWS.
If you ever look at a processed native dump file for a Windows application, all you would see for the most part is memory addresses of the invoked function plus the offset from that address. If you had the debugging symbols, you would get the unmangled? name plus the offset.