[Cython] Fwd: Re: [cython-users] checking for "None" in nogil function

mark florisson markflorisson88 at gmail.com
Mon May 7 18:04:01 CEST 2012

On 7 May 2012 12:10, Stefan Behnel <stefan_ml at behnel.de> wrote:
> Dag Sverre Seljebotn, 07.05.2012 12:40:
>> moving to dev list
> Makes sense.
>> On 05/07/2012 11:17 AM, Stefan Behnel wrote:
>>> Dag Sverre Seljebotn, 07.05.2012 10:44:
>>>> On 05/07/2012 07:48 AM, Stefan Behnel wrote:
>>>>> I wonder why a memory view should be allowed to be None in the first
>>>>> place.
>>>>> Buffer arguments aren't (because they get unpacked on entry), so why
>>>>> should memory views?
>>>> ? At least when I implemented it, buffers get unpacked but the case of a
>>>> None buffer is treated specially, and you're fully allowed (and segfault if
>>>> you [] it).
>>> Hmm, ok, maybe I just got confused by the code then.
>>> I think the docs should state that buffer arguments are best used together
>>> with the "not None" declaration then.
> ... which made me realise that that wasn't even supported. I can't believe
> no-one ever reported that as a bug...
> https://github.com/cython/cython/commit/f2de49fd0ac82a02a070b931bf4d2dab47135d0b
> It's still not supported for memory views.

Yeah, that was never implemented, but probably should be.

> BTW, is there a reason why we shouldn't allow a "not None" declaration for
> cdef functions? Obviously, the caller would have to do the check in that
> case.

Why can't the callee just check it? If it's None, just raise an
exception like usual?

> Hmm, maybe it's not that important, because None checks are best done
> at entry points from user code, which usually means Python code. It seems
> like "not None" is not supported on cpdef functions, though.
>> I use them with "=None" default values all the time... then do a
>> None-check manually.
> Interesting. Could you given an example? What's the advantage over letting
> Cython raise an error for you? And, since you are using it as a default
> argument, why would someone want to call your code entirely without a
> buffer argument?
>> It's really no different from cdef classes.
> I find it at least a bit more surprising because a buffer unpacking
> argument is a rather strong hint that you expect something that supports
> this protocol. The fact that you type your function argument with it hints
> at the intention to properly unpack it on entry. I'm sure there are lots of
> users who were or will be surprised when they realise that that doesn't
> exclude None values.
>>> And I remember that we wanted to change the default settings for extension
>>> type arguments from "or None" to "not None" years ago but never actually
>>> did it.
>> I remember that there was such a debate, but I certainly don't remember
>> that this was the conclusion :-)
> Maybe not, yes.
>> I didn't agree with that view then and
>> I don't now. I don't remember what Robert's view was...
>> As far as I can remember (which might be biased towards my personal
>> view), the conclusion was that we left the current semantics in place,
>> relying on better control flow analysis to make None-checks cheaper, and
>> when those are cheap enough, make the nonecheck directive default to
>> True
> At least for buffer arguments, it silently corrupts data or segfaults in
> the current state of affairs, as you pointed out. Not exactly ideal.
> That's another reason why I see a difference between the behaviour of
> extension types and that of buffer arguments. Buffer indexing is also way
> more performance critical than the average method call or attribute access
> on a cdef class.
>> (Java is sort of prior art that this can indeed be done?).
> Java was designed to have a JIT compiler underneath which handles external
> parameters, and its compilers are way smarter than Cython. I agree that
> there is still a lot we can do based on better static analysis, but there
> will always be limits.
> Stefan
> _______________________________________________
> cython-devel mailing list
> cython-devel at python.org
> http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/cython-devel

More information about the cython-devel mailing list