[Distutils] Library instability on PyPI and impact on OpenStack
donald.stufft at gmail.com
Mon Mar 4 18:44:17 CET 2013
On Monday, March 4, 2013 at 12:36 PM, Mark McLoughlin wrote:
> On parallel installs ...
> On Mon, 2013-03-04 at 18:11 +1000, Nick Coghlan wrote:
> > On Mon, Mar 4, 2013 at 1:54 AM, Mark McLoughlin <markmc at redhat.com (mailto:markmc at redhat.com)> wrote:
> > > - Incompatible versions of the same library are routinely installed
> > > in parallel. Does PEP426 here, or is all the work to be done in
> > > tools like PyPI, pip, setuptools, etc. Apps somehow specify which
> > > version they want to use since the incompatible versions of the
> > > library use the same namespace.
> > >
> > PEP 426 doesn't help here, and isn't intended to. virtualenv (and the
> > integrated venv in 3.3+) are the main solution being offered in this
> > space (the primary difference with simple bundling is that you still
> > keep track of your dependencies, so you have some hope of properly
> > rolling out security fixes). Fedora (at least) is experimenting with
> > similar capabilities through software collections. IMO, the success of
> > iOS, Android (and Windows) as deployment targets means the ISVs have
> > spoken: bundling is the preferred option once you get above the core
> > OS level. That means it's on us to support bundling in a way that
> > doesn't make rolling out security updates a nightmare for system
> > administrators, rather than trying to tell ISVs that bundling isn't
> > supported.
> The adoption of semantic versioning without parallel installs really
> worries me. It says that incompatible API changes are ok if you bump
> your major version, but the incompatible change is no less painful for
> users and distros.
> Your "bundling is the preferred option once you get above core OS level"
> is exactly the kind of clarity I hoped for from this thread. However, it
> does mean that OpenStack and distros who include OpenStack need to
> figure out how to bundle OpenStack and its required libraries as a
> single stack.
> You're right that Fedora has been experimenting with Software
> Collections, but that doesn't mean it's a solved problem:
> > > How do parallel installs work in
> > > practice? etc.
> > >
> > At the moment, they really don't. setuptools/distribute do allow it to
> > some degree, but it can go wrong if you're not sufficiently careful
> > with it (e.g. http://git.beaker-project.org/cgit/beaker/commit/?h=develop&id=d4077a118627b947a3c814cd3ff9280afeeecd73).
> We do something similar in Fedora right now for sqlalchemy 0.7 and
> migrate 0.5. It's not pretty.
> Is there any work going on to make this more usable?
> > > == Versioning ==
> > >
> > > Semantic versioning is appealing here because, assuming all libraries
> > > adopt it, it becomes very easy for us to predict which versions will
> > > be incompatible.
> > >
> > > For any API unstable library (0.x in semantic versioning), we need to
> > > pin to a very specific version and require distributions to package
> > > that exact version in order to run OpenStack. When moving to a newer
> > > version of the library, we need to move all OpenStack projects at
> > > once. Ideally, we'd just avoid such libraries.
> > >
> > > Implied in semantic versioning, though, is that it's possible for
> > > distributions to include both version X.y.z and X+N.y.z
> > >
> > My point of view is that the system Python is there primarily to run
> > system utilities and user scripts, rather than arbitrary Python
> > applications. Users can install alternate versions of software into
> > their user site directories, or into virtual environments. Projects
> > are, of course, also free to include part of their version number in
> > the project name.
> You mentioned Software Collections - that means bundling all OpenStack's
> Python requirements in e.g.
> > The challenge of dynamic linking different on-disk versions of a
> > module into a process is that:
> > - the import system simply isn't set up to work that way
> > (setuptools/distribute try to fake it by adjusting sys.path, but that
> > can go quite wrong at times)
> > - it's confusing for users, since it isn't always clear which version
> > they're going to see
> > - errors can appear arbitrarily late, since module loading is truly dynamic
> If parallel incompatible installs is a hopeless problem in Python, why
> the push to semantic versioning then rather than saying that
> incompatible API changes should mean a name change?
Forcing a name change feels ugly as all hell. I don't really see what
parallel installs has much to do with anything. I don't bundle anything
and i'm ideologically opposed to it generally but I don't typically have
a need for parallel installs because I use virtual environments. Why
don't you utilize those? (Not being snarky, actually curious).
> Distutils-SIG maillist - Distutils-SIG at python.org (mailto:Distutils-SIG at python.org)
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Distutils-SIG