[Distutils] PYD/SO platform tags (#22980)

Steve Dower Steve.Dower at microsoft.com
Sat Dec 13 01:08:12 CET 2014

> Donald Stufft wrote:
>> On Dec 12, 2014, at 6:23 PM, Steve Dower <Steve.Dower at microsoft.com> wrote:
>> Hi distutils-sig,
>> There's a bit of discussion going on at http://bugs.python.org/issue22980
>> about extending SO tags to include bitness values, and I took the opportunity to
>> look into adding platform tags for .pyd files on Windows.
>> There's a patch up there, but I'm interested in any thoughts or concerns
>> people may have that I haven't considered. Distribution is likely to be most
>> affected, and I figured distutils-sig is most likely to have people with strong
>> opinions on the subject anyway, so I'm posting here :)
>> Basically, importlib.machinery.EXTENSION_SUFFIXES is all that changes. It'll
>> go from [".pyd"] to [".cp35-win32.pyd", ".cp3-win32.pyd", ".pyd"] (where "win32"
>> may also be "win_amd64", "win_ia64" or "win_arm", which are the platforms that
>> have #ifdefs in pyconfig.h).
>> By default, distutils' build_ext will use the first extension, and so builds
>> will get the ".cp35-win32.pyd" tag. You can only get the ".cp3-win32.pyd" tag
>> (for stable ABI) by customizing the build process - I don't think that's an
>> unreasonable expectation, especially on Windows.
>> I can see potential for making more generic installable packages with this
>> change, though I'm not pushing for that. The big win is when you're building and
>> testing 32-bit and 64-bit pyds through an IDE - it greatly simplifies how the
>> output directories and search paths are organized.
>> Thoughts/concerns?
> Well here’s the code that computes what tags pip will accept:
> https://github.com/pypa/pip/blob/develop/pip/pep425tags.py
> Obviously any additional information put into the tag will increase the number
> of builds someone has to do in order to get full coverage, however if all of the
> data in that are things that genuinely make things binary incompatible then
> that’s the right thing to do.

It could reduce the number of builds that someone has to do, as you could have a single wheel (for Windows) that includes all the platform-specific extensions rather than needing separate wheels. Whether this is an advantage or not deserves to be debated, but there are other installers that could benefit from having incompatible pyd's side-by-side in a way that Python will load the correct one.

Oh, it's also essential for user site-packages on Windows, since the same directory is used for both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Python. That's actually the most compelling use-case for me, since I'm still keen to see about moving to a secure install for Python 3.5 and in that case we'll have more people using it.


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