[Distutils] add "sourceURL" to the metadata 3.0 PEP.

Wes Turner wes.turner at gmail.com
Fri Mar 24 05:26:11 EDT 2017

On Thu, Mar 23, 2017 at 11:59 PM, Nick Coghlan <ncoghlan at gmail.com> wrote:

> On 24 March 2017 at 13:24, Wes Turner <wes.turner at gmail.com> wrote:
>> On Thu, Mar 23, 2017 at 2:23 AM, Nick Coghlan <ncoghlan at gmail.com> wrote:
>>> This means we're not going to be automating the process of getting an
>>> editable checkout in the core tools any time soon - there are already 100k+
>>> published packages on PyPI, so anyone that seriously wants to do this is
>>> going to have to write their own client utility that attempts to infer it
>>> from the metadata that already exists (probably by building atop distlib,
>>> since that has all the necessary pieces to read the various metadata
>>> formats, both remote and local).
>>> Future metadata extensions might help to make such a tool more reliable,
>>> but *requiring* metadata changes to be made first will just make it useless
>>> (since it wouldn't work at all until after publishers start publishing the
>>> new metadata, which would mean waiting years before it covered a reasonable
>>> percentage of PyPI).
>> Here's a way to define Requirements and a RequirementsMap with additional
>> data:
>> https://github.com/westurner/pyleset/blob/57140bcef5/setup.py#L118
>> It creates a directory full of requirements[.dev].txt files:
>> https://github.com/westurner/pyleset/tree/57140bce/requirements
>> Additional metadata in Pipfile would be nice;
>> but it would be fairly easy to send a PR to:
>> BLD: setup.py: add the canonical sourceURL
> PEP 426 already has a source URL field: https://www.python.org/dev/
> peps/pep-0426/#source-url
> It's just not required to be a *version* control reference - it's free to
> be a reference to a tarball or zip archive instead (just not a reference to
> the sdist itself, since that will contain a copy of the metadata file).
> However, independently of that concern, "send a PR" is only the first step
> in updating published metadata to accommodate tasks that package
> *consumers* want to perform:
> 1. Someone has to write and submit the upstream project patch
> 2. The publisher has to review and accept the change
> 3. The publisher has to publish the new release
> 4. Rinse-and-repeat for dozens/hundreds/thousands of projects, depending
> on the scope of what you care about
> So the lesson we've learned is that for consumer tasks it's *always*
> better to start by asking "How can I best achieve my objective without
> asking publishers to change *anything*?".
> In the case of finding version control references, that's a matter of:
> - looking at Download-URL and Project-URL entries for links that "look
> like" version control references
> - if that doesn't turn up anything useful, scan the long description
> - once you have a repository reference, look for promising tag names (if
> the link didn't nominate a specific commit)
> On the *publisher* side, the equivalent question is "Can publishers
> already choose to publish this metadata without having to wait for a
> metadata update?".
> In this case, the answer is yes, due to the "Project-URL" field: anyone is
> free to push for the adoption of a particular convention for tagging the
> exact version control reference needed for "pip -e" to retrieve the
> corresponding source code.
> Putting those two together means that anyone that chooses to do so is
> already free to write a tool that:
> - downloads a PyPI package
> - looks for a "Editable Install" Project-URL, and uses that if defined
> - otherwise looks for a promising VCS reference in Download-URL, the
> Project-URL definitions, and the long description
> - runs `pip -e` based on whatever it finds

> And as long as that tool is itself pip installable, there's no particular
> reason the feature needs to be built into pip itself.

STORY: Users can pull the source code for each installed package (git,
[{RPM,} (archive-within-RPM.tar.gz)])


the npm package.json docs are a pretty good read here:

- (with {name, description, url} things are already schema.org/Thing s)
- https://docs.npmjs.com/files/package.json#bugs
- https://docs.npmjs.com/files/package.json#repository
- https://docs.npmjs.com/files/package.json#man


 { "url" : "https://github.com/owner/project/issues",
  "email" : "project at hostname.com"

"repository" :
  { "type" : "git"
  , "url" : "https://github.com/npm/npm.git"

"repository" :
  { "type" : "svn"
  , "url" : "https://v8.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/"

> Cheers,
> Nick.
> --
> Nick Coghlan   |   ncoghlan at gmail.com   |   Brisbane, Australia
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