[docs] [issue17844] Add link to alternatives for bytes-to-bytes codecs

Serhiy Storchaka report at bugs.python.org
Tue May 21 14:39:04 CEST 2013


Serhiy Storchaka added the comment:

> However, the two intro paragraphs need a bit of work.

Yes, it's a help which I needed. Thank you.

However your wording is not entirely correct. In 2.7 binary-to-binary codecs and rot-13 works with Unicode strings (only ascii-compatible) as with bytes strings.

>>> u'Python'.encode('base64')
'UHl0aG9u\n'
>>> u'UHl0aG9u'.decode('base64')
'Python'
>>> u'Python\u20ac'.encode('base64')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/home/serhiy/py/cpython-2.7/Lib/encodings/base64_codec.py", line 24, in base64_encode
    output = base64.encodestring(input)
  File "/home/serhiy/py/cpython-2.7/Lib/base64.py", line 315, in encodestring
    pieces.append(binascii.b2a_base64(chunk))
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\u20ac' in position 6: ordinal not in range(128)

Rot-13 works as common text-to-binary encoding (encode returns str, decode returns unicode).

>>> u'Python'.encode('rot13')
'Clguba'
>>> u'Python'.decode('rot13')
u'Clguba'
>>> 'Python'.encode('rot13')
'Clguba'
>>> 'Python'.decode('rot13')
u'Clguba'
>>> u'Python\u20ac'.encode('rot13')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/home/serhiy/py/cpython-2.7/Lib/encodings/rot_13.py", line 17, in encode
    return codecs.charmap_encode(input,errors,encoding_map)
UnicodeEncodeError: 'charmap' codec can't encode character u'\u20ac' in position 6: character maps to <undefined>
>>> u'Python\u20ac'.decode('rot13')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/home/serhiy/py/cpython-2.7/Lib/encodings/rot_13.py", line 20, in decode
    return codecs.charmap_decode(input,errors,decoding_map)
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\u20ac' in position 6: ordinal not in range(128)

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Python tracker <report at bugs.python.org>
<http://bugs.python.org/issue17844>
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