# [Matplotlib-users] double tick labels (bottom and top, but with different labels)

Jody Klymak jklymak at uvic.ca
Wed Apr 25 12:20:24 EDT 2018

```Yes, this is the goal and will be implimented for 3.0 if the approach is accepted.  See also https://github.com/matplotlib/matplotlib/issues/11005 <https://github.com/matplotlib/matplotlib/issues/11005>  Comments very welcome.  But for now Adrien’s workaround is the best we have.

Cheers,   Jody

> On 25 Apr 2018, at 08:52, vincent.adrien at gmail.com wrote:
>
> Hi Pierre,
>
> I am not sure that label2 can be used for what you want to do. See for
> example: https://github.com/matplotlib/matplotlib/issues/8181 . If it
> can, I would be eager to know too :)! But I have currently little hopes
> that there is an easy *dedicated* method available right now, as Jody K.
> recently opened an issue on the GitHub tracker, about a very similar
> problem: https://github.com/matplotlib/matplotlib/issues/10976
>
> At least, as  a workaround, a twinned axis allows to get things
> reasonably working without too much hassle (I think). Here is an example
> that uses uses `FuncFormatter` and seems to be OK, even when
> interactively playing with it.
> ```python
> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
> from matplotlib.ticker import FuncFormatter, MultipleLocator
>
> fig, ax = plt.subplots(num="example_pierre", clear=True)
>
> # A dummy plot
> xx, yy = [10, 20, 30], [1, 4, 9]
> ax.plot(xx, yy)
> ax.set_ylabel("An y-label")
> ax.set_xlabel("Quantity \$x\$")
> ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(MultipleLocator(10))
>
> # Secondary labelling with twiny
> k = 5
> ax1 = ax.twiny()
> ax1.plot(xx, yy, ls="", color="none")  # dummy trace
> ax1.xaxis.set_major_locator(ax.xaxis.get_major_locator())
> ax1.xaxis.set_major_formatter(FuncFormatter(lambda x, pos: f"{k*x:g}"))
> ax1.set_xlabel(f"{k} times quantity \$x\$")
>
> fig.show()
> fig.savefig(fig.get_label() + ".pdf")
> ```
>
> Hopefully this helps a bit.
>
> Best
>
> PS: If there are better solution to share the ticker and the view
> limits, I am interesting to know about it :).
>
>
> Le 25/04/2018 à 05:34, Pierre Haessig a écrit :
>> Hello,
>>
>>
>> I'd like to know if it's possible to get a sort of double tick labeling
>> (e.g. bottom and top), but with different labels. One way to think of my
>> use case is that there are two different units for the x data (or more
>> precisely in my case, I've two different x quantities which are bound by
>> a linear relationship).
>>
>> The result I'd like is the right part of the attached image (it's a
>> Gimp-edited mockup composition of the two actual plots on the left).
>>
>> I've tried to play with the double labeling of a single axe. Indeed, the
>> following two calls put the double labeling
>>
>>    ax1.xaxis.set_ticks_position('both')
>>    ax1.xaxis.set_tick_params(labeltop=True)
>>
>> However, when I want to alter only the top labels using
>>
>>    for tick, l in zip(ax1.xaxis.get_major_ticks(), l2):
>>        tick.set_label2(l)
>>
>> I get no visible change on the plot. (full script attached). Did I need
>> to call some update ?
>>
>> Did I miss something with the proper way to call Tick.set_label2?
>>
>> Looking at the source code of ax1.xaxis.set_ticklabels, there is
>> something I don't get. First it sets a FixedFormatter(ticklabels), and
>> then it sets label1 and/or label2 for each Tick object. So in the end,
>> where is the text coming from?
>>
>>
>> Also, to complement the second series of tick labels, I'd like a second
>> axis label as well. However, I only know
>> ax.xaxis.set_label_position('top') to move xlabel to the top, not to get
>> a 2nd one...
>>
>>
>> As an alternative approach, I see twinx. I didn't try it yet, because I
>> feel like my objective is not of the objective of twinx (e.g. I'm
>> plotting only a single dataset, not two). However, I suspect it's
>> possible to 'bend" twinx to get what I want. What do you think.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Best,
>>
>> Pierre
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
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>> Matplotlib-users at python.org
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>>
>
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--
Jody Klymak
http://web.uvic.ca/~jklymak/

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