[PYTHON MATRIX-SIG] Plotting packages
Steven D. Majewski
9 Mar 97 18:12:41 -0500
Re: OO vs Functional:
As another example, XlispStat has plot objects -- scatterplot-proto is
the basic 2d plot object, and spin-plot-proto is the basic 3d object. It
also has some basic functions: plot-points, plot-lines, plot-function -
call scatterplot-proto's :NEW method, and return a plot object, which can
be further manipulated. ( and :NEW typically takes optional keyword args
with other parameters. )
The one problem with this scheme is that those generic functions all
create scatterplot-proto instances. This limits the ability to customize
the default behaviour of graphs. You are forced to make changes to
scatterplot-proto, rather than deriving new classes from it.
I would suggest that an extra layer of abstraction or indirection
is needed. The generic functions should create an instance of
"USER-PLOT-PROTO" (or whatever it's named) which by default is assigned
to another basic plot object type, but can be redefined to a new class.
Re: S graphics vs XlispStat
I did quite a bit of evaluation of S++, XLispStat, and some other
math/plotting packages before I ended up choosing XlispStat for a project.
What it has that S++ doesn't is a more interactive idea of grapical objects
it's not just for producing graphical *output*, but graphical objects which
can be manipulated, sometimes with data points in one graph being linked
to data points in another graph. Some of the papers and packages on
www.stat.ucla.edu are about "manipulating the regression line" - i.e. doing
some grapical "what-if" modeling. I'ld say XlispStat graphics are a much
better model to emulate than S.
This is a good realm for all you pattern enthusiasts. The major complaint
I have with XlispStat's graphics is that it's a bit too ad-hoc A network of
interactive plot and control and data objects can easily lead you into the
"spagetti objects" problem. This is what the discipline of patterns in
is meant to avoid.
Python's multiple inheritance makes it possible to implement some basic
common functionality as Mixin's. ( In my xlispstat code, I've tried to use
some basic mixin's like stateful-proto ( things that have NORMAL, SELECTED,
INVISIBLE states and behaviour ) and xlinkable-proto ( things that can be
linked to other objects and broadcast their state changes. ) to simplify
some of this common behaviour of plots and plot-objects.
- Steve Majewski
MATRIX-SIG - SIG on Matrix Math for Python
send messages to: email@example.com
administrivia to: firstname.lastname@example.org