# [Matrix-SIG] Yet another newbie question

**Just van Rossum
**
just@letterror.com

*Thu, 23 Apr 1998 14:59:09 +0200*

Hullo,
First of all, thank you for your previous help, especially David. I am now
successfully transforming vector arrays at an incredible speed, with an
incredible ease! I am in awe.
Anyway, I have one more question. I want to quickly find the indices of
array elements that are true for a certain expression/condition. More
specifically: I have an array containing two dimensional coordinates, and
I'd like to find the indices of those coordinates that are within a
specified rectangle.
I have the feeling that Numeric.where() might do something I could use, but
I don't understand the explanations in either the official doc nor in
David's tutorial :-(.
... a while later... I think I understand it slightly better now.
where() that is. Still, what I've just coded up feels clumsy:
from Numeric import *
# some coordinates
a = array([[ 163., -28.],
[ 152., -28.],
[ 117., -23.],
[ 88., 0.],
[ 34., 43.],
[ 16., 123.],
[ 16., 180.],
[ 16., 201.],
[ 18., 217.],
[ 21., 227.]],'f')
# the rectangle I'd like to match
lefttop = [30, 40]
rightbottom = [40, 50]
condition = logical_and(greater(a, lefttop), less(a, rightbottom))
w = where(condition, 1, 0)
print w
Now w is an array containing [0, 0] pairs for mismatches, and [1, 1] for
matches. But I still have to iterate to get to the indices...
Is there something more convenient/efficient?
Thanks in advance for any tips.
Just