# [MATRIX-SIG] Possible bug in Numeric LoadArray function

Bill White bill.white@technologist.com
Thu, 08 Jan 1998 09:26:42 -0500

> > A pickled file for an integer array was created on an SGI Onyx.
> > This machine has 4 byte ints and 4 byte longs.
> >
> > The picked file would not read on a DEC alpha (64 bit longs).
> > The reshape function in LoadArray failed because the
> > byte counts didn't match.
>
> I am not surprised - the pickling approach used in NumPy is not really
> portable. Anyway, it will have to be rewritten to profit from cPickle
> under Python 1.5. Unfortunately, there is no perfect solution; either
> pickling must make assumptions about the binary format of its data
> types (as it does now), or it must apply a conversion, which can
> become very time consuming for large arrays.

Well, forgive me for saying the obvious thing, but perhaps the best
approach is to do the following, assuming that people will be moving
mostly to similar or identical architectures, but with the occasional
1.) Define a language for describing numeric representations.  This
could be as simple as a bit string, with k bit fields to store
the sizes of the various sized integers, a field to store a
token to represent the floating point representation, and whatever
else needs to be done.
2.) Add a copy of this record to each pickled object somehow.
3.) Write routines to translate between non-stanard representations.
You could go wild with this, but I'll bet most or all needs would
be met with routines to translate 2^m byte integers to 2^n byte
integers, both signed and unsigned, for n > m, n,m \in {1..3}.
That's 3 * 2 == 12 trivial routines, since the diagonals are
just copies.  Also, you'd have to write a floating point conversion
routine, which is complicated as well.

This way, if you pickle something for your own use later, or for use
on an identical machine, translation takes constant time.  If you
pickle something to be sent to a different architecture, there is
enough information to do the conversion.

I think this is roughly the way DCE or Sun RPC does this.  However, I
don't know the pickling code, so perhaps it is a silly idea after all.

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