[Neuroimaging] [Nipy-devel] [dipy] PIESNO

Samuel St-Jean stjeansam at gmail.com
Fri Jul 24 17:31:42 CEST 2015

Well, it actually depends on your own scanner. Actually, the Siemens 
scanner in Sherbrooke is using a 12 channel head coils array, but in the 
way is it operated, it is the same as a 4 channel head coils array, 
hence we use N=4.

This is because Siemens reconstruction algorithm (GRAPPA) yields a 
noncentral chi distribution of the noise due to the algorithm working in 
fourier space, as opposed to Philips and GE which are using a 
reconstruction in the image space (SENSE), which yields Rician 
distributed noise (and hence N=1 in this case).

The parameter N is really related to the algorithm used by the 
reconstruction (and it depends on the number of coils of the receptor 
antenna), less than the grappa/sense factor itself. Problems is, you 
kind of need to know your scanner to use it. Some people [1,2] are using 
maximum likelihood estimation form the background to get N, but I have 
not tried it myself. See [3] if you want to know more about the various 
reconstruction algorithm and the noise distribution they yield.



[1] Varadarajan, D., Haldar, J., 2015. A Majorize-Minimize Framework for 
Rician and Non-Central Chi MR Images. IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 0062, 
1–1. doi:10.1109/TMI.2015.2427157

[2] Aja-Fernández, S., Vegas-Sánchez-Ferrero, G., Tristán-Vega, A., 
2014. Noise estimation in parallel MRI: GRAPPA and SENSE. Magn. Reson. 
Imaging 32, 281–90. doi:10.1016/j.mri.2013.12.001

[3] Dietrich, O., Raya, J.G., Reeder, S.B., Ingrisch, M., Reiser, M.F., 
Schoenberg, S.O., 2008. Influence of multichannel combination, parallel 
imaging and other reconstruction techniques on MRI noise 
characteristics. Magn. Reson. Imaging 26, 754–62. 

Le 2015-07-24 11:18, Arnaud Boré a écrit :
> Dear dipy experts,
> I try to figure out how to use PIESNO to estimate the noise. In the 
> example 
> http://nipy.org/dipy/examples_built/piesno.html#example-piesno we 
> don't know about the grappa factor. Is it 3 so we have N = 12 (number 
> of coils) / 3 (grappa factor) ?
> Last question if we don't use grappa then N = 12 ?
> Thank you
> -- 
> Arnaud BORE
> Research assistant
> Cellulaire : (001) 514-647-8649
> _______________________________________________
> Neuroimaging mailing list
> Neuroimaging at python.org
> https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/neuroimaging

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://mail.python.org/pipermail/neuroimaging/attachments/20150724/5613c9ae/attachment.html>

More information about the Neuroimaging mailing list