[New-bugs-announce] [issue32467] dict_values isn't considered a Collection nor a Container

Yahya Abou Imran report at bugs.python.org
Sun Dec 31 10:36:24 EST 2017

New submission from Yahya Abou Imran <yahya-abou-imran at protonmail.com>:

a `dict_values` instance behaves like a Collection (a Sized Iterable Container):

>>> values = {1: 'one', 2: 'two'}.values()
>>> 'two' in values
>>> 'three' in values
>>> for value in values: print(value)
>>> len(values)


>>> isinstance(values, abc.Collection)
>>> isinstance(values, abc.Container)

The reason is the lack of __contains__():

>>> '__contains__' in dir(values)

The 'in' operator works above because it uses __iter__() to check the presence of the value.

I think it's inconsistent with the fact that dict_values is in the registry of ValuesView witch passes the test:

>>> issubclass(abc.ValuesView, abc.Collection)

A class passed in the registry of ValuesView should guarantee this behaviour (witch is the case here by the way, but informally).

I can think about several solutions for this:

1. add a __contains__() to the dict_values class;
2. if an ABC is considered a subclass of another ABC, all the classes in  the registry of the first (and recursively all of their subclasses) should be too;
3. pass dict_values in the registry of Container or Collection;
4. make ValuesView inherit from Container or Collection.


1 is out.
2 makes sense, but may be difficult to implement since it implies that a class has to know all the registries it's been passed in.
3 and 4 are by far the easiest ways to do it.

I think the inheritance from Collection is the best solution, because KeysView and ItemsView are already Collections by inheriting from Set witch inherits from Collection. The only fondamental difference between the three views (in terms of protocol and API), it's that ValuesView is not a Set.

messages: 309289
nosy: yahya-abou-imran
priority: normal
severity: normal
status: open
title: dict_values isn't considered a Collection nor a Container
type: behavior
versions: Python 3.6, Python 3.7

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