[New-bugs-announce] [issue30482] socket.getservbyname(), socket.getservbyport(), socket.getprotobyname() are not threadsafe

Doug Freed report at bugs.python.org
Fri May 26 05:32:15 EDT 2017

New submission from Doug Freed:

On at least Linux (and probably most other UNIXes, except OS X), the C functions getservbyname(), getservbyport(), and getprotobyname() are not threadsafe.  CPython's wrappers around these functions in the socket module do nothing to cover up this fact.  Simple reproduction script for getservbyname (others similar):

import threading
import socket

def getservbyname_loop(service, port):
        while True:
                result = socket.getservbyname(service)
                if result != port:
                        raise RuntimeError("thread-safety broken, got %d, expected %d" % (result, port))

thread1 = threading.Thread(target=getservbyname_loop, args=("ssh", 22))
thread2 = threading.Thread(target=getservbyname_loop, args=("smtp", 25))

One of the threads will throw the RuntimeError, saying it got the port number the other thread should have gotten.

Naive fix: a lock (eg, just use the netdb_lock already created in the module)

Proper fix: use the libc's reentrant variant if available, and fall back to locking if not (see gethostbyname_ex() implementation for example).

I'd be happy to work on this, but as I don't have access to anything other than Linux and OS X at the moment, it would be helpful if platform maintainers could chime in on what if any reentrant variants of these functions exist on their platforms so we can have a more proper fix.

components: Extension Modules
messages: 294540
nosy: dwfreed
priority: normal
severity: normal
status: open
title: socket.getservbyname(), socket.getservbyport(), socket.getprotobyname() are not threadsafe
type: behavior
versions: Python 2.7, Python 3.3, Python 3.4, Python 3.5, Python 3.6, Python 3.7

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