[Numpy-discussion] expm

Kevin Jacobs <jacobs@bioinformed.com> bioinformed at gmail.com
Fri Jul 20 16:20:29 EDT 2007

On 7/20/07, Kevin Jacobs <jacobs at bioinformed.com> <bioinformed at gmail.com>
> On 7/20/07, Charles R Harris <charlesr.harris at gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > I expect using sqrt(x) will be faster than x**.5.
> >
> I did test this at one point and was also surprised that sqrt(x) seemed
> slower than **.5.  However I found out otherwise while preparing a timeit
> script to demonstrate this observation.  Unfortunately, I didn't save the
> precise script I used to explore this issue the first time.  On my system
> for arrays with more than 2 elements, sqrt is indeed faster.  For smaller
> arrays, the different is negligible, but inches out in favor of ** 0.5.

This is just not my day.  My observations above are valid for integer
arrays, but not float arrays:

sqrt(int array)   :  6.98 usec/pass
(int array)**0.5  : 22.75 usec/pass
sqrt(float array) :  6.70 usec/pass
(float array)**0.5:  4.66 usec/pass

Generated by:

import timeit


t=timeit.Timer(stmt='sqrt(arange(3))',setup='from numpy import
print 'sqrt(int array)   : %5.2f usec/pass' % (1000000*t.timeit(number=n)/n)

t=timeit.Timer(stmt='x**0.5',setup='from numpy import
print '(int array)**0.5  : %5.2f usec/pass' % (1000000*t.timeit(number=n)/n)

t=timeit.Timer(stmt='sqrt(arange(3))',setup='from numpy import
print 'sqrt(float array) : %5.2f usec/pass' % (1000000*t.timeit(number=n)/n)

t=timeit.Timer(stmt='x**0.5',setup='from numpy import
print '(float array)**0.5: %5.2f usec/pass' % (1000000*t.timeit(number=n)/n)

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