[Numpy-discussion] How to remove fortran-like loops with numpy?
David Goldsmith
d_l_goldsmith at yahoo.com
Mon Jun 8 18:04:23 EDT 2009
I look forward to an instructive reply: the "Pythonic" way to do it would be to take advantage of the facts that Numpy is "pre-vectorized" and uses broadcasting, but so far I haven't been able to figure out (though I haven't yet really buckled down and tried real hard) how to broadcast a conditionally-terminated iteration where the number of iterations will vary among the array elements. Hopefully someone else already has. :-)
DG
--- On Mon, 6/8/09, Juanjo Gomez Navarro <juanjo.gomeznavarro at gmail.com> wrote:
> From: Juanjo Gomez Navarro <juanjo.gomeznavarro at gmail.com>
> Subject: [Numpy-discussion] How to remove fortran-like loops with numpy?
> To: numpy-discussion at scipy.org
> Date: Monday, June 8, 2009, 2:52 PM
>
> Hi all,
>
> I'm new in numpy. Actually, I'm new in Python. In
> order to learn a bit, I want to create a program to plot the
> Mandelbrot set. This program is quite simple, and I have
> already programmed it. The problem is that I come from
> fortran, so I use to think in "for" loops. I know
> that it is not the best way to use Python and in fact the
> performance of the program is more than poor.
>
>
>
> Here is the program:
>
> #!/usr/bin/python
>
>
>
> import numpy as np
>
> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>
>
>
> # Some parameters
> Xmin=-1.5
>
> Xmax=0.5
>
> Ymin=-1
>
> Ymax=1
>
>
> Ds = 0.01
>
>
> # Initialization of varibles
> X = np.arange(Xmin,Xmax,Ds)
>
>
> Y = np.arange(Ymax,Ymin,-Ds)
>
>
>
> N = np.zeros((X.shape[0],Y.shape[0]),'f')
>
>
> ############## Here are inefficient the calculations
> ################
> for i in range(X.shape[0]):
> for j in range(Y.shape[0]):
> z= complex(0.0, 0.0)
> c = complex(X[i], Y[j])
>
> while N[i, j] < 30 and abs(z) < 2:
>
> N[i, j] += 1
> z = z**2 + c
> if N[i, j] == 29:
> N[i, j]=0
> ####################################################
>
> # And now, just for ploting...
> N = N.transpose()
>
> fig = plt.figure()
>
> plt.imshow(N,cmap=plt.cm.Blues)
>
>
> plt.title('Mandelbrot set')
>
> plt.xticks([]); plt.yticks([])
>
>
> plt.show()
>
> fig.savefig('test.png')
>
>
>
> As you can see, it is very simple, but it takes several
> seconds running just to create a 200x200 plot. Fortran takes
> same time to create a 2000x2000 plot, around 100 times
> faster... So the question is, do you know how to programme
> this in a Python-like fashion in order to improve seriously
> the performance?
>
>
>
> Thanks in advance
> --
> Juan José Gómez Navarro
>
> Edificio CIOyN, Campus de Espinardo, 30100
> Departamento de Física
> Universidad de Murcia
> Tfno. (+34) 968 398552
>
> Email: juanjo.gomeznavarro at gmail.com
>
> Web: http://ciclon.inf.um.es/Inicio.html
>
>
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>
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