[Numpy-discussion] create a numpy array of images
Francesc Alted
faltet at pytables.org
Thu Feb 3 06:33:08 EST 2011
A Wednesday 02 February 2011 18:12:47 Christopher Barker escrigué:
> One other option, that I've never tried, is carray, which is an array
> compressed in memory. Depending on your images, perhaps they would
> compress a lot (or not ....):
>
> https://github.com/FrancescAlted/carray
> http://mail.scipy.org/pipermail/numpy-discussion/2010-August/052378.h
> tml
Nice idea. In 0.3.1 release I've just implemented preliminary support
for multidimensional data. So I was curious on the kind of compression
that can be achieved on images:
# Preliminaries: load numpy, matplotlib an carray libs
>>> import numpy as np
>>> import matplotlib.image as mpimg
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> import carray as ca
First I tried the classic Lenna (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenna):
>>> img = mpimg.imread('Lenna.png')
>>> cimg = ca.carray(img)
>>> cimg.nbytes/float(cimg.cbytes)
1.2450163377998429
So, just a 25% compression, not too much. But trying another example
(http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/_images/stinkbug.png) gives a
significantly better ratio:
>>> img2 = mpimg.imread('stinkbug.png')
>>> cimg2 = ca.carray(img2)
>>> cimg2.nbytes/float(cimg2.cbytes)
2.7716869102466184
And finally, the beautiful NumPy container drawing by Stéfan van der
Walt (slide 31 of his presentation in our latest advanced Python course,
https://portal.g-node.org/python-autumnschool/materials/advanced_numpy):
>>> img3 = mpimg.imread('numpy-container.png')
>>> cimg3 = ca.carray(img3)
>>> cimg3.nbytes/float(cimg3.cbytes)
3.7915321810785132
So, yeah, depending on the images, carray could be a nice way to keep
them in-memory. And although, as I said, multidimensional support is
still preliminary, matplotlib already understands carray beasts:
# plotting image
>>> imshow(cimg3)
<matplotlib.image.AxesImage object at 0x27d2150>
Cheers,
--
Francesc Alted
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