[Patches] [ python-Patches-1648268 ] Parameter list mismatches (portation problem)

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Patches item #1648268, was opened at 2007-01-30 23:15
Message generated for change (Settings changed) made by loewis
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>Category: None
>Group: Python 2.5
Status: Open
Resolution: None
Priority: 5
Private: No
Submitted By: ked-tao (ked-tao)
Assigned to: Nobody/Anonymous (nobody)
Summary: Parameter list mismatches (portation problem)

Initial Comment:
On the system I'm porting to(*), an application will trap if the caller does not pass the exact parameter list that the callee requires. This is causing problems running Python.

One common instance where this appears to be causing problems is where functions are registered as METH_NOARGS methods. For example, in Obejcts/dictobject.c, dict_popitem() is declared:

static PyObject *dict_popitem(dictobject *mp);

However, as it is declared in the method array as METH_NOARGS, it will be called by Objects/methodobject.c:PyCFunction_Call() as "(*meth)(self, NULL)" (i.e., an extra NULL parameter is passed for some reason). This will fail on my target system.

I've no problem submitting a patch for this (dictobject.c is by no means the only place this is happening - it's just the first one encountered because it's used so much - though some places _do_ correctly declare a second, ignored parameter). However, I'd like to get agreement on the correct form it should be changed to before I put the effort in to produce a patch (it's going to be a fairly tedious process to identify and fix all these).

In various modules, the functions are called internally as well as being registered as METH_NOARGS methods.

Therefore, the change can either be:

static PyObject *foo(PyObject *self)

static PyObject *foo_noargs(PyObject *self, void *noargs_null)
   return foo(self);

... where 'foo' is called internally and 'foo_noargs' is registered as a METH_NOARGS method.


static PyObject *foo(PyObject *self, void *noargs_null)

... and any internal calls in the module have to pass a second, NULL, argument in each call.

The former favours internal module calls over METH_NOARGS calls, the latter penalises them. Which is preferred? Should this be raised on a different forum? Does anyone care? ;)

Thanks, Kev.

(*) Details on request.


Comment By: ked-tao (ked-tao)
Date: 2007-02-16 17:46

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I am submitting two patches (both against the 2.5 release sources). One
contains a set of changes which have subsequently been compiled by me and
used to run lib/python/test/regrtest.py. If the format of the changes
themselves is acceptable, then I believe this patch can be applied
confidently. I haven't paid too much attention to conditional compilation
those files, but there appears to be little in the areas I've touched.

The second contains a set of changes to source files that are not being
at present on my system. Therefore, they _may_ not compile. I have
checked that all functions whose signature I have changed are not called
directly (across all source files) with the old signature and have also
header file prototypes. However, that doesn't mean I didn't miss
something, so
this patch should be applied with a little more care.

The nature of the fixes themselves are discussed below.

==== Fixes to common problems across several files:

* Failure to declare second (always NULL) parameter on functions
registered as
  METH_NOARGS methods.

  - These all now have a second parameter declared as "PyObject
  - I have also changed ones that already declared the parameter as
    "void *ignored" etc, as I think the name makes it clear why it's
    If the upper-case name is bad style, feel free to change it to
    else - as they are all now consistent, that should be a trivial
    to change in the patch file before applying it.

* PyGetSetDef 'getter' and 'setter' functions not declaring the final

  - These all now have a final parameter declared as "void *closure".
  - I have also changed ones that already declared the parameter as
    "void *context" or "void *ignored" etc, for consistency.

* The tp_clear type slot is defined as type 'inquiry' but the return value
  ignored and in some instances, not returned at all. This is related to
  following thread:


  frameobject.c and traceback.c were either missed when those changes
  made, or the problems were re-introduced since.

  - I have changed the functions in those files to return zero.

==== Miscellaneous individual fixes:

* Objects/fileobject.c:file_self() is registered both in the "tp_iter"
  and as a METH_NOARGS function. The "tp_iter" slot function is
  called with one parameter (the object) and the METH_NOARGS function is
  with two parameters (the object, a NULL pointer).

  - Wrapper function file_self_noargs() created which accepts the
    "PyObject *NOARGS_NULL" parameter and just calls the file_self()
  - All other occurences of tp_iter visually checked and appear to be OK.

* The datetimemodule.c problem with time_isoformat() being registered as
  METH_KEYWORDS instead of METH_NOARGS is also fixed here, though I
  that has already been dealt with.


All in all, that was a pretty tedious process! Hopefully these changes can

mostly make it in so I don't have to do it all over again one day ;)

Regards, Kev.

File Added: untested.diff


Comment By: ked-tao (ked-tao)
Date: 2007-02-16 17:42

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File Added: tested.diff


Comment By: Martin v. Löwis (loewis)
Date: 2007-02-06 20:49

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The current specification says that these should be PyCFunction pointers,


My initial implementation of METH_NOARGS had it differently, and nobody
ever bothered fixing them all when this was changed. Please do submit a
patch to correct all such errors, both in code and documentation.


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