[pypy-commit] pypy virtual-dicts: merged default
alex_gaynor
noreply at buildbot.pypy.org
Thu Oct 27 18:40:34 CEST 2011
Author: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor at gmail.com>
Branch: virtual-dicts
Changeset: r48511:5e267e0a16b0
Date: 2011-10-27 12:31 -0400
http://bitbucket.org/pypy/pypy/changeset/5e267e0a16b0/
Log: merged default
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py
@@ -0,0 +1,442 @@
+# -*- coding: latin-1 -*-
+
+"""Heap queue algorithm (a.k.a. priority queue).
+
+Heaps are arrays for which a[k] <= a[2*k+1] and a[k] <= a[2*k+2] for
+all k, counting elements from 0. For the sake of comparison,
+non-existing elements are considered to be infinite. The interesting
+property of a heap is that a[0] is always its smallest element.
+
+Usage:
+
+heap = [] # creates an empty heap
+heappush(heap, item) # pushes a new item on the heap
+item = heappop(heap) # pops the smallest item from the heap
+item = heap[0] # smallest item on the heap without popping it
+heapify(x) # transforms list into a heap, in-place, in linear time
+item = heapreplace(heap, item) # pops and returns smallest item, and adds
+ # new item; the heap size is unchanged
+
+Our API differs from textbook heap algorithms as follows:
+
+- We use 0-based indexing. This makes the relationship between the
+ index for a node and the indexes for its children slightly less
+ obvious, but is more suitable since Python uses 0-based indexing.
+
+- Our heappop() method returns the smallest item, not the largest.
+
+These two make it possible to view the heap as a regular Python list
+without surprises: heap[0] is the smallest item, and heap.sort()
+maintains the heap invariant!
+"""
+
+# Original code by Kevin O'Connor, augmented by Tim Peters and Raymond Hettinger
+
+__about__ = """Heap queues
+
+[explanation by Fran�ois Pinard]
+
+Heaps are arrays for which a[k] <= a[2*k+1] and a[k] <= a[2*k+2] for
+all k, counting elements from 0. For the sake of comparison,
+non-existing elements are considered to be infinite. The interesting
+property of a heap is that a[0] is always its smallest element.
+
+The strange invariant above is meant to be an efficient memory
+representation for a tournament. The numbers below are `k', not a[k]:
+
+ 0
+
+ 1 2
+
+ 3 4 5 6
+
+ 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
+
+ 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
+
+
+In the tree above, each cell `k' is topping `2*k+1' and `2*k+2'. In
+an usual binary tournament we see in sports, each cell is the winner
+over the two cells it tops, and we can trace the winner down the tree
+to see all opponents s/he had. However, in many computer applications
+of such tournaments, we do not need to trace the history of a winner.
+To be more memory efficient, when a winner is promoted, we try to
+replace it by something else at a lower level, and the rule becomes
+that a cell and the two cells it tops contain three different items,
+but the top cell "wins" over the two topped cells.
+
+If this heap invariant is protected at all time, index 0 is clearly
+the overall winner. The simplest algorithmic way to remove it and
+find the "next" winner is to move some loser (let's say cell 30 in the
+diagram above) into the 0 position, and then percolate this new 0 down
+the tree, exchanging values, until the invariant is re-established.
+This is clearly logarithmic on the total number of items in the tree.
+By iterating over all items, you get an O(n ln n) sort.
+
+A nice feature of this sort is that you can efficiently insert new
+items while the sort is going on, provided that the inserted items are
+not "better" than the last 0'th element you extracted. This is
+especially useful in simulation contexts, where the tree holds all
+incoming events, and the "win" condition means the smallest scheduled
+time. When an event schedule other events for execution, they are
+scheduled into the future, so they can easily go into the heap. So, a
+heap is a good structure for implementing schedulers (this is what I
+used for my MIDI sequencer :-).
+
+Various structures for implementing schedulers have been extensively
+studied, and heaps are good for this, as they are reasonably speedy,
+the speed is almost constant, and the worst case is not much different
+than the average case. However, there are other representations which
+are more efficient overall, yet the worst cases might be terrible.
+
+Heaps are also very useful in big disk sorts. You most probably all
+know that a big sort implies producing "runs" (which are pre-sorted
+sequences, which size is usually related to the amount of CPU memory),
+followed by a merging passes for these runs, which merging is often
+very cleverly organised[1]. It is very important that the initial
+sort produces the longest runs possible. Tournaments are a good way
+to that. If, using all the memory available to hold a tournament, you
+replace and percolate items that happen to fit the current run, you'll
+produce runs which are twice the size of the memory for random input,
+and much better for input fuzzily ordered.
+
+Moreover, if you output the 0'th item on disk and get an input which
+may not fit in the current tournament (because the value "wins" over
+the last output value), it cannot fit in the heap, so the size of the
+heap decreases. The freed memory could be cleverly reused immediately
+for progressively building a second heap, which grows at exactly the
+same rate the first heap is melting. When the first heap completely
+vanishes, you switch heaps and start a new run. Clever and quite
+effective!
+
+In a word, heaps are useful memory structures to know. I use them in
+a few applications, and I think it is good to keep a `heap' module
+around. :-)
+
+--------------------
+[1] The disk balancing algorithms which are current, nowadays, are
+more annoying than clever, and this is a consequence of the seeking
+capabilities of the disks. On devices which cannot seek, like big
+tape drives, the story was quite different, and one had to be very
+clever to ensure (far in advance) that each tape movement will be the
+most effective possible (that is, will best participate at
+"progressing" the merge). Some tapes were even able to read
+backwards, and this was also used to avoid the rewinding time.
+Believe me, real good tape sorts were quite spectacular to watch!
+From all times, sorting has always been a Great Art! :-)
+"""
+
+__all__ = ['heappush', 'heappop', 'heapify', 'heapreplace', 'merge',
+ 'nlargest', 'nsmallest', 'heappushpop']
+
+from itertools import islice, repeat, count, imap, izip, tee, chain
+from operator import itemgetter
+import bisect
+
+def heappush(heap, item):
+ """Push item onto heap, maintaining the heap invariant."""
+ heap.append(item)
+ _siftdown(heap, 0, len(heap)-1)
+
+def heappop(heap):
+ """Pop the smallest item off the heap, maintaining the heap invariant."""
+ lastelt = heap.pop() # raises appropriate IndexError if heap is empty
+ if heap:
+ returnitem = heap[0]
+ heap[0] = lastelt
+ _siftup(heap, 0)
+ else:
+ returnitem = lastelt
+ return returnitem
+
+def heapreplace(heap, item):
+ """Pop and return the current smallest value, and add the new item.
+
+ This is more efficient than heappop() followed by heappush(), and can be
+ more appropriate when using a fixed-size heap. Note that the value
+ returned may be larger than item! That constrains reasonable uses of
+ this routine unless written as part of a conditional replacement:
+
+ if item > heap[0]:
+ item = heapreplace(heap, item)
+ """
+ returnitem = heap[0] # raises appropriate IndexError if heap is empty
+ heap[0] = item
+ _siftup(heap, 0)
+ return returnitem
+
+def heappushpop(heap, item):
+ """Fast version of a heappush followed by a heappop."""
+ if heap and heap[0] < item:
+ item, heap[0] = heap[0], item
+ _siftup(heap, 0)
+ return item
+
+def heapify(x):
+ """Transform list into a heap, in-place, in O(len(heap)) time."""
+ n = len(x)
+ # Transform bottom-up. The largest index there's any point to looking at
+ # is the largest with a child index in-range, so must have 2*i + 1 < n,
+ # or i < (n-1)/2. If n is even = 2*j, this is (2*j-1)/2 = j-1/2 so
+ # j-1 is the largest, which is n//2 - 1. If n is odd = 2*j+1, this is
+ # (2*j+1-1)/2 = j so j-1 is the largest, and that's again n//2-1.
+ for i in reversed(xrange(n//2)):
+ _siftup(x, i)
+
+def nlargest(n, iterable):
+ """Find the n largest elements in a dataset.
+
+ Equivalent to: sorted(iterable, reverse=True)[:n]
+ """
+ if n < 0: # for consistency with the c impl
+ return []
+ it = iter(iterable)
+ result = list(islice(it, n))
+ if not result:
+ return result
+ heapify(result)
+ _heappushpop = heappushpop
+ for elem in it:
+ _heappushpop(result, elem)
+ result.sort(reverse=True)
+ return result
+
+def nsmallest(n, iterable):
+ """Find the n smallest elements in a dataset.
+
+ Equivalent to: sorted(iterable)[:n]
+ """
+ if n < 0: # for consistency with the c impl
+ return []
+ if hasattr(iterable, '__len__') and n * 10 <= len(iterable):
+ # For smaller values of n, the bisect method is faster than a minheap.
+ # It is also memory efficient, consuming only n elements of space.
+ it = iter(iterable)
+ result = sorted(islice(it, 0, n))
+ if not result:
+ return result
+ insort = bisect.insort
+ pop = result.pop
+ los = result[-1] # los --> Largest of the nsmallest
+ for elem in it:
+ if los <= elem:
+ continue
+ insort(result, elem)
+ pop()
+ los = result[-1]
+ return result
+ # An alternative approach manifests the whole iterable in memory but
+ # saves comparisons by heapifying all at once. Also, saves time
+ # over bisect.insort() which has O(n) data movement time for every
+ # insertion. Finding the n smallest of an m length iterable requires
+ # O(m) + O(n log m) comparisons.
+ h = list(iterable)
+ heapify(h)
+ return map(heappop, repeat(h, min(n, len(h))))
+
+# 'heap' is a heap at all indices >= startpos, except possibly for pos. pos
+# is the index of a leaf with a possibly out-of-order value. Restore the
+# heap invariant.
+def _siftdown(heap, startpos, pos):
+ newitem = heap[pos]
+ # Follow the path to the root, moving parents down until finding a place
+ # newitem fits.
+ while pos > startpos:
+ parentpos = (pos - 1) >> 1
+ parent = heap[parentpos]
+ if newitem < parent:
+ heap[pos] = parent
+ pos = parentpos
+ continue
+ break
+ heap[pos] = newitem
+
+# The child indices of heap index pos are already heaps, and we want to make
+# a heap at index pos too. We do this by bubbling the smaller child of
+# pos up (and so on with that child's children, etc) until hitting a leaf,
+# then using _siftdown to move the oddball originally at index pos into place.
+#
+# We *could* break out of the loop as soon as we find a pos where newitem <=
+# both its children, but turns out that's not a good idea, and despite that
+# many books write the algorithm that way. During a heap pop, the last array
+# element is sifted in, and that tends to be large, so that comparing it
+# against values starting from the root usually doesn't pay (= usually doesn't
+# get us out of the loop early). See Knuth, Volume 3, where this is
+# explained and quantified in an exercise.
+#
+# Cutting the # of comparisons is important, since these routines have no
+# way to extract "the priority" from an array element, so that intelligence
+# is likely to be hiding in custom __cmp__ methods, or in array elements
+# storing (priority, record) tuples. Comparisons are thus potentially
+# expensive.
+#
+# On random arrays of length 1000, making this change cut the number of
+# comparisons made by heapify() a little, and those made by exhaustive
+# heappop() a lot, in accord with theory. Here are typical results from 3
+# runs (3 just to demonstrate how small the variance is):
+#
+# Compares needed by heapify Compares needed by 1000 heappops
+# -------------------------- --------------------------------
+# 1837 cut to 1663 14996 cut to 8680
+# 1855 cut to 1659 14966 cut to 8678
+# 1847 cut to 1660 15024 cut to 8703
+#
+# Building the heap by using heappush() 1000 times instead required
+# 2198, 2148, and 2219 compares: heapify() is more efficient, when
+# you can use it.
+#
+# The total compares needed by list.sort() on the same lists were 8627,
+# 8627, and 8632 (this should be compared to the sum of heapify() and
+# heappop() compares): list.sort() is (unsurprisingly!) more efficient
+# for sorting.
+
+def _siftup(heap, pos):
+ endpos = len(heap)
+ startpos = pos
+ newitem = heap[pos]
+ # Bubble up the smaller child until hitting a leaf.
+ childpos = 2*pos + 1 # leftmost child position
+ while childpos < endpos:
+ # Set childpos to index of smaller child.
+ rightpos = childpos + 1
+ if rightpos < endpos and not heap[childpos] < heap[rightpos]:
+ childpos = rightpos
+ # Move the smaller child up.
+ heap[pos] = heap[childpos]
+ pos = childpos
+ childpos = 2*pos + 1
+ # The leaf at pos is empty now. Put newitem there, and bubble it up
+ # to its final resting place (by sifting its parents down).
+ heap[pos] = newitem
+ _siftdown(heap, startpos, pos)
+
+# If available, use C implementation
+try:
+ from _heapq import *
+except ImportError:
+ pass
+
+def merge(*iterables):
+ '''Merge multiple sorted inputs into a single sorted output.
+
+ Similar to sorted(itertools.chain(*iterables)) but returns a generator,
+ does not pull the data into memory all at once, and assumes that each of
+ the input streams is already sorted (smallest to largest).
+
+ >>> list(merge([1,3,5,7], [0,2,4,8], [5,10,15,20], [], [25]))
+ [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 7, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25]
+
+ '''
+ _heappop, _heapreplace, _StopIteration = heappop, heapreplace, StopIteration
+
+ h = []
+ h_append = h.append
+ for itnum, it in enumerate(map(iter, iterables)):
+ try:
+ next = it.next
+ h_append([next(), itnum, next])
+ except _StopIteration:
+ pass
+ heapify(h)
+
+ while 1:
+ try:
+ while 1:
+ v, itnum, next = s = h[0] # raises IndexError when h is empty
+ yield v
+ s[0] = next() # raises StopIteration when exhausted
+ _heapreplace(h, s) # restore heap condition
+ except _StopIteration:
+ _heappop(h) # remove empty iterator
+ except IndexError:
+ return
+
+# Extend the implementations of nsmallest and nlargest to use a key= argument
+_nsmallest = nsmallest
+def nsmallest(n, iterable, key=None):
+ """Find the n smallest elements in a dataset.
+
+ Equivalent to: sorted(iterable, key=key)[:n]
+ """
+ # Short-cut for n==1 is to use min() when len(iterable)>0
+ if n == 1:
+ it = iter(iterable)
+ head = list(islice(it, 1))
+ if not head:
+ return []
+ if key is None:
+ return [min(chain(head, it))]
+ return [min(chain(head, it), key=key)]
+
+ # When n>=size, it's faster to use sort()
+ try:
+ size = len(iterable)
+ except (TypeError, AttributeError):
+ pass
+ else:
+ if n >= size:
+ return sorted(iterable, key=key)[:n]
+
+ # When key is none, use simpler decoration
+ if key is None:
+ it = izip(iterable, count()) # decorate
+ result = _nsmallest(n, it)
+ return map(itemgetter(0), result) # undecorate
+
+ # General case, slowest method
+ in1, in2 = tee(iterable)
+ it = izip(imap(key, in1), count(), in2) # decorate
+ result = _nsmallest(n, it)
+ return map(itemgetter(2), result) # undecorate
+
+_nlargest = nlargest
+def nlargest(n, iterable, key=None):
+ """Find the n largest elements in a dataset.
+
+ Equivalent to: sorted(iterable, key=key, reverse=True)[:n]
+ """
+
+ # Short-cut for n==1 is to use max() when len(iterable)>0
+ if n == 1:
+ it = iter(iterable)
+ head = list(islice(it, 1))
+ if not head:
+ return []
+ if key is None:
+ return [max(chain(head, it))]
+ return [max(chain(head, it), key=key)]
+
+ # When n>=size, it's faster to use sort()
+ try:
+ size = len(iterable)
+ except (TypeError, AttributeError):
+ pass
+ else:
+ if n >= size:
+ return sorted(iterable, key=key, reverse=True)[:n]
+
+ # When key is none, use simpler decoration
+ if key is None:
+ it = izip(iterable, count(0,-1)) # decorate
+ result = _nlargest(n, it)
+ return map(itemgetter(0), result) # undecorate
+
+ # General case, slowest method
+ in1, in2 = tee(iterable)
+ it = izip(imap(key, in1), count(0,-1), in2) # decorate
+ result = _nlargest(n, it)
+ return map(itemgetter(2), result) # undecorate
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+ # Simple sanity test
+ heap = []
+ data = [1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 2, 4, 6, 8, 0]
+ for item in data:
+ heappush(heap, item)
+ sort = []
+ while heap:
+ sort.append(heappop(heap))
+ print sort
+
+ import doctest
+ doctest.testmod()
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
@@ -186,6 +186,11 @@
self.assertFalse(sys.modules['heapq'] is self.module)
self.assertTrue(hasattr(self.module.heapify, 'func_code'))
+ def test_islice_protection(self):
+ m = self.module
+ self.assertFalse(m.nsmallest(-1, [1]))
+ self.assertFalse(m.nlargest(-1, [1]))
+
class TestHeapC(TestHeap):
module = c_heapq
diff --git a/pypy/jit/backend/llsupport/regalloc.py b/pypy/jit/backend/llsupport/regalloc.py
--- a/pypy/jit/backend/llsupport/regalloc.py
+++ b/pypy/jit/backend/llsupport/regalloc.py
@@ -178,8 +178,6 @@
cur_max_age = -1
candidate = None
for next in self.reg_bindings:
- if isinstance(next, TempBox):
- continue
reg = self.reg_bindings[next]
if next in forbidden_vars:
continue
diff --git a/pypy/jit/backend/x86/assembler.py b/pypy/jit/backend/x86/assembler.py
--- a/pypy/jit/backend/x86/assembler.py
+++ b/pypy/jit/backend/x86/assembler.py
@@ -1596,11 +1596,26 @@
genop_getarrayitem_gc_pure = genop_getarrayitem_gc
genop_getarrayitem_raw = genop_getarrayitem_gc
+ def _get_interiorfield_addr(self, temp_loc, index_loc, itemsize_loc,
+ base_loc, ofs_loc):
+ assert isinstance(itemsize_loc, ImmedLoc)
+ if isinstance(index_loc, ImmedLoc):
+ temp_loc = imm(index_loc.value * itemsize_loc.value)
+ else:
+ # XXX should not use IMUL in most cases
+ assert isinstance(temp_loc, RegLoc)
+ assert isinstance(index_loc, RegLoc)
+ self.mc.IMUL_rri(temp_loc.value, index_loc.value,
+ itemsize_loc.value)
+ assert isinstance(ofs_loc, ImmedLoc)
+ return AddressLoc(base_loc, temp_loc, 0, ofs_loc.value)
+
def genop_getinteriorfield_gc(self, op, arglocs, resloc):
- base_loc, ofs_loc, itemsize_loc, fieldsize_loc, index_loc, sign_loc = arglocs
- # XXX should not use IMUL in most cases
- self.mc.IMUL(index_loc, itemsize_loc)
- src_addr = AddressLoc(base_loc, index_loc, 0, ofs_loc.value)
+ (base_loc, ofs_loc, itemsize_loc, fieldsize_loc,
+ index_loc, sign_loc) = arglocs
+ src_addr = self._get_interiorfield_addr(resloc, index_loc,
+ itemsize_loc, base_loc,
+ ofs_loc)
self.load_from_mem(resloc, src_addr, fieldsize_loc, sign_loc)
@@ -1611,13 +1626,11 @@
self.save_into_mem(dest_addr, value_loc, size_loc)
def genop_discard_setinteriorfield_gc(self, op, arglocs):
- base_loc, ofs_loc, itemsize_loc, fieldsize_loc, index_loc, value_loc = arglocs
- # XXX should not use IMUL in most cases
- if isinstance(index_loc, ImmedLoc):
- index_loc = imm(index_loc.value * itemsize_loc.value)
- else:
- self.mc.IMUL(index_loc, itemsize_loc)
- dest_addr = AddressLoc(base_loc, index_loc, 0, ofs_loc.value)
+ (base_loc, ofs_loc, itemsize_loc, fieldsize_loc,
+ index_loc, temp_loc, value_loc) = arglocs
+ dest_addr = self._get_interiorfield_addr(temp_loc, index_loc,
+ itemsize_loc, base_loc,
+ ofs_loc)
self.save_into_mem(dest_addr, value_loc, fieldsize_loc)
def genop_discard_setarrayitem_gc(self, op, arglocs):
diff --git a/pypy/jit/backend/x86/regalloc.py b/pypy/jit/backend/x86/regalloc.py
--- a/pypy/jit/backend/x86/regalloc.py
+++ b/pypy/jit/backend/x86/regalloc.py
@@ -1046,16 +1046,26 @@
need_lower_byte = True
else:
need_lower_byte = False
- base_loc = self.rm.make_sure_var_in_reg(op.getarg(0), args)
- tempvar = TempBox()
- index_loc = self.rm.force_result_in_reg(tempvar, op.getarg(1), args)
- # we're free to modify index now
- value_loc = self.make_sure_var_in_reg(op.getarg(2), args,
+ box_base, box_index, box_value = args
+ base_loc = self.rm.make_sure_var_in_reg(box_base, args)
+ index_loc = self.rm.make_sure_var_in_reg(box_index, args)
+ value_loc = self.make_sure_var_in_reg(box_value, args,
need_lower_byte=need_lower_byte)
- self.rm.possibly_free_var(tempvar)
- self.possibly_free_vars(args)
+ # If 'index_loc' is not an immediate, then we need a 'temp_loc' that
+ # is a register whose value will be destroyed. It's fine to destroy
+ # the same register as 'index_loc', but not the other ones.
+ self.rm.possibly_free_var(box_index)
+ if not isinstance(index_loc, ImmedLoc):
+ tempvar = TempBox()
+ temp_loc = self.rm.force_allocate_reg(tempvar, [box_base,
+ box_value])
+ self.rm.possibly_free_var(tempvar)
+ else:
+ temp_loc = None
+ self.rm.possibly_free_var(box_base)
+ self.possibly_free_var(box_value)
self.PerformDiscard(op, [base_loc, ofs, itemsize, fieldsize,
- index_loc, value_loc])
+ index_loc, temp_loc, value_loc])
def consider_strsetitem(self, op):
args = op.getarglist()
@@ -1126,13 +1136,14 @@
else:
sign_loc = imm0
args = op.getarglist()
- tmpvar = TempBox()
base_loc = self.rm.make_sure_var_in_reg(op.getarg(0), args)
- index_loc = self.rm.force_result_in_reg(tmpvar, op.getarg(1),
- args)
- self.rm.possibly_free_vars_for_op(op)
- self.rm.possibly_free_var(tmpvar)
- result_loc = self.force_allocate_reg(op.result)
+ index_loc = self.rm.make_sure_var_in_reg(op.getarg(1), args)
+ # 'base' and 'index' are put in two registers (or one if 'index'
+ # is an immediate). 'result' can be in the same register as
+ # 'index' but must be in a different register than 'base'.
+ self.rm.possibly_free_var(op.getarg(1))
+ result_loc = self.force_allocate_reg(op.result, [op.getarg(0)])
+ self.rm.possibly_free_var(op.getarg(0))
self.Perform(op, [base_loc, ofs, itemsize, fieldsize,
index_loc, sign_loc], result_loc)
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