[pypy-commit] pypy reflex-support: merge default into branch

wlav noreply at buildbot.pypy.org
Sat Feb 4 05:39:07 CET 2012


Author: Wim Lavrijsen <WLavrijsen at lbl.gov>
Branch: reflex-support
Changeset: r52076:9d155526f05d
Date: 2012-01-04 15:25 -0800
http://bitbucket.org/pypy/pypy/changeset/9d155526f05d/

Log:	merge default into branch

diff too long, truncating to 10000 out of 70583 lines

diff --git a/.hgtags b/.hgtags
--- a/.hgtags
+++ b/.hgtags
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
 b590cf6de4190623aad9aa698694c22e614d67b9 release-1.5
 b48df0bf4e75b81d98f19ce89d4a7dc3e1dab5e5 benchmarked
 d8ac7d23d3ec5f9a0fa1264972f74a010dbfd07f release-1.6
+ff4af8f318821f7f5ca998613a60fca09aa137da release-1.7
diff --git a/LICENSE b/LICENSE
--- a/LICENSE
+++ b/LICENSE
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
     DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 
 
-PyPy Copyright holders 2003-2011
+PyPy Copyright holders 2003-2012
 ----------------------------------- 
 
 Except when otherwise stated (look for LICENSE files or information at
diff --git a/lib-python/2.7/test/test_os.py b/lib-python/2.7/test/test_os.py
--- a/lib-python/2.7/test/test_os.py
+++ b/lib-python/2.7/test/test_os.py
@@ -74,7 +74,8 @@
         self.assertFalse(os.path.exists(name),
                     "file already exists for temporary file")
         # make sure we can create the file
-        open(name, "w")
+        f = open(name, "w")
+        f.close()
         self.files.append(name)
 
     def test_tempnam(self):
diff --git a/lib-python/conftest.py b/lib-python/conftest.py
--- a/lib-python/conftest.py
+++ b/lib-python/conftest.py
@@ -201,7 +201,7 @@
     RegrTest('test_difflib.py'),
     RegrTest('test_dircache.py', core=True),
     RegrTest('test_dis.py'),
-    RegrTest('test_distutils.py'),
+    RegrTest('test_distutils.py', skip=True),
     RegrTest('test_dl.py', skip=True),
     RegrTest('test_doctest.py', usemodules="thread"),
     RegrTest('test_doctest2.py'),
@@ -317,7 +317,7 @@
     RegrTest('test_multibytecodec.py', usemodules='_multibytecodec'),
     RegrTest('test_multibytecodec_support.py', skip="not a test"),
     RegrTest('test_multifile.py'),
-    RegrTest('test_multiprocessing.py'),
+    RegrTest('test_multiprocessing.py', skip="FIXME leaves subprocesses"),
     RegrTest('test_mutants.py', core="possibly"),
     RegrTest('test_mutex.py'),
     RegrTest('test_netrc.py'),
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/__init__.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/__init__.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/__init__.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/__init__.py
@@ -351,7 +351,7 @@
         self._FuncPtr = _FuncPtr
 
         if handle is None:
-            self._handle = _ffi.CDLL(name)
+            self._handle = _ffi.CDLL(name, mode)
         else:
             self._handle = handle
 
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_callbacks.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_callbacks.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_callbacks.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_callbacks.py
@@ -1,5 +1,6 @@
 import unittest
 from ctypes import *
+from ctypes.test import xfail
 import _ctypes_test
 
 class Callbacks(unittest.TestCase):
@@ -98,6 +99,7 @@
 ##        self.check_type(c_char_p, "abc")
 ##        self.check_type(c_char_p, "def")
 
+    @xfail
     def test_pyobject(self):
         o = ()
         from sys import getrefcount as grc
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_libc.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_libc.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_libc.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_libc.py
@@ -25,7 +25,10 @@
         lib.my_qsort(chars, len(chars)-1, sizeof(c_char), comparefunc(sort))
         self.assertEqual(chars.raw, "   ,,aaaadmmmnpppsss\x00")
 
-    def test_no_more_xfail(self):
+    def SKIPPED_test_no_more_xfail(self):
+        # We decided to not explicitly support the whole ctypes-2.7
+        # and instead go for a case-by-case, demand-driven approach.
+        # So this test is skipped instead of failing.
         import socket
         import ctypes.test
         self.assertTrue(not hasattr(ctypes.test, 'xfail'),
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_simplesubclasses.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_simplesubclasses.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_simplesubclasses.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/ctypes/test/test_simplesubclasses.py
@@ -1,6 +1,5 @@
 import unittest
 from ctypes import *
-from ctypes.test import xfail
 
 class MyInt(c_int):
     def __cmp__(self, other):
@@ -27,7 +26,6 @@
         self.assertEqual(None, cb())
 
 
-    @xfail
     def test_int_callback(self):
         args = []
         def func(arg):
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/heapq.py
@@ -0,0 +1,442 @@
+# -*- coding: latin-1 -*-
+
+"""Heap queue algorithm (a.k.a. priority queue).
+
+Heaps are arrays for which a[k] <= a[2*k+1] and a[k] <= a[2*k+2] for
+all k, counting elements from 0.  For the sake of comparison,
+non-existing elements are considered to be infinite.  The interesting
+property of a heap is that a[0] is always its smallest element.
+
+Usage:
+
+heap = []            # creates an empty heap
+heappush(heap, item) # pushes a new item on the heap
+item = heappop(heap) # pops the smallest item from the heap
+item = heap[0]       # smallest item on the heap without popping it
+heapify(x)           # transforms list into a heap, in-place, in linear time
+item = heapreplace(heap, item) # pops and returns smallest item, and adds
+                               # new item; the heap size is unchanged
+
+Our API differs from textbook heap algorithms as follows:
+
+- We use 0-based indexing.  This makes the relationship between the
+  index for a node and the indexes for its children slightly less
+  obvious, but is more suitable since Python uses 0-based indexing.
+
+- Our heappop() method returns the smallest item, not the largest.
+
+These two make it possible to view the heap as a regular Python list
+without surprises: heap[0] is the smallest item, and heap.sort()
+maintains the heap invariant!
+"""
+
+# Original code by Kevin O'Connor, augmented by Tim Peters and Raymond Hettinger
+
+__about__ = """Heap queues
+
+[explanation by Fran&#65533;ois Pinard]
+
+Heaps are arrays for which a[k] <= a[2*k+1] and a[k] <= a[2*k+2] for
+all k, counting elements from 0.  For the sake of comparison,
+non-existing elements are considered to be infinite.  The interesting
+property of a heap is that a[0] is always its smallest element.
+
+The strange invariant above is meant to be an efficient memory
+representation for a tournament.  The numbers below are `k', not a[k]:
+
+                                   0
+
+                  1                                 2
+
+          3               4                5               6
+
+      7       8       9       10      11      12      13      14
+
+    15 16   17 18   19 20   21 22   23 24   25 26   27 28   29 30
+
+
+In the tree above, each cell `k' is topping `2*k+1' and `2*k+2'.  In
+an usual binary tournament we see in sports, each cell is the winner
+over the two cells it tops, and we can trace the winner down the tree
+to see all opponents s/he had.  However, in many computer applications
+of such tournaments, we do not need to trace the history of a winner.
+To be more memory efficient, when a winner is promoted, we try to
+replace it by something else at a lower level, and the rule becomes
+that a cell and the two cells it tops contain three different items,
+but the top cell "wins" over the two topped cells.
+
+If this heap invariant is protected at all time, index 0 is clearly
+the overall winner.  The simplest algorithmic way to remove it and
+find the "next" winner is to move some loser (let's say cell 30 in the
+diagram above) into the 0 position, and then percolate this new 0 down
+the tree, exchanging values, until the invariant is re-established.
+This is clearly logarithmic on the total number of items in the tree.
+By iterating over all items, you get an O(n ln n) sort.
+
+A nice feature of this sort is that you can efficiently insert new
+items while the sort is going on, provided that the inserted items are
+not "better" than the last 0'th element you extracted.  This is
+especially useful in simulation contexts, where the tree holds all
+incoming events, and the "win" condition means the smallest scheduled
+time.  When an event schedule other events for execution, they are
+scheduled into the future, so they can easily go into the heap.  So, a
+heap is a good structure for implementing schedulers (this is what I
+used for my MIDI sequencer :-).
+
+Various structures for implementing schedulers have been extensively
+studied, and heaps are good for this, as they are reasonably speedy,
+the speed is almost constant, and the worst case is not much different
+than the average case.  However, there are other representations which
+are more efficient overall, yet the worst cases might be terrible.
+
+Heaps are also very useful in big disk sorts.  You most probably all
+know that a big sort implies producing "runs" (which are pre-sorted
+sequences, which size is usually related to the amount of CPU memory),
+followed by a merging passes for these runs, which merging is often
+very cleverly organised[1].  It is very important that the initial
+sort produces the longest runs possible.  Tournaments are a good way
+to that.  If, using all the memory available to hold a tournament, you
+replace and percolate items that happen to fit the current run, you'll
+produce runs which are twice the size of the memory for random input,
+and much better for input fuzzily ordered.
+
+Moreover, if you output the 0'th item on disk and get an input which
+may not fit in the current tournament (because the value "wins" over
+the last output value), it cannot fit in the heap, so the size of the
+heap decreases.  The freed memory could be cleverly reused immediately
+for progressively building a second heap, which grows at exactly the
+same rate the first heap is melting.  When the first heap completely
+vanishes, you switch heaps and start a new run.  Clever and quite
+effective!
+
+In a word, heaps are useful memory structures to know.  I use them in
+a few applications, and I think it is good to keep a `heap' module
+around. :-)
+
+--------------------
+[1] The disk balancing algorithms which are current, nowadays, are
+more annoying than clever, and this is a consequence of the seeking
+capabilities of the disks.  On devices which cannot seek, like big
+tape drives, the story was quite different, and one had to be very
+clever to ensure (far in advance) that each tape movement will be the
+most effective possible (that is, will best participate at
+"progressing" the merge).  Some tapes were even able to read
+backwards, and this was also used to avoid the rewinding time.
+Believe me, real good tape sorts were quite spectacular to watch!
+From all times, sorting has always been a Great Art! :-)
+"""
+
+__all__ = ['heappush', 'heappop', 'heapify', 'heapreplace', 'merge',
+           'nlargest', 'nsmallest', 'heappushpop']
+
+from itertools import islice, repeat, count, imap, izip, tee, chain
+from operator import itemgetter
+import bisect
+
+def heappush(heap, item):
+    """Push item onto heap, maintaining the heap invariant."""
+    heap.append(item)
+    _siftdown(heap, 0, len(heap)-1)
+
+def heappop(heap):
+    """Pop the smallest item off the heap, maintaining the heap invariant."""
+    lastelt = heap.pop()    # raises appropriate IndexError if heap is empty
+    if heap:
+        returnitem = heap[0]
+        heap[0] = lastelt
+        _siftup(heap, 0)
+    else:
+        returnitem = lastelt
+    return returnitem
+
+def heapreplace(heap, item):
+    """Pop and return the current smallest value, and add the new item.
+
+    This is more efficient than heappop() followed by heappush(), and can be
+    more appropriate when using a fixed-size heap.  Note that the value
+    returned may be larger than item!  That constrains reasonable uses of
+    this routine unless written as part of a conditional replacement:
+
+        if item > heap[0]:
+            item = heapreplace(heap, item)
+    """
+    returnitem = heap[0]    # raises appropriate IndexError if heap is empty
+    heap[0] = item
+    _siftup(heap, 0)
+    return returnitem
+
+def heappushpop(heap, item):
+    """Fast version of a heappush followed by a heappop."""
+    if heap and heap[0] < item:
+        item, heap[0] = heap[0], item
+        _siftup(heap, 0)
+    return item
+
+def heapify(x):
+    """Transform list into a heap, in-place, in O(len(heap)) time."""
+    n = len(x)
+    # Transform bottom-up.  The largest index there's any point to looking at
+    # is the largest with a child index in-range, so must have 2*i + 1 < n,
+    # or i < (n-1)/2.  If n is even = 2*j, this is (2*j-1)/2 = j-1/2 so
+    # j-1 is the largest, which is n//2 - 1.  If n is odd = 2*j+1, this is
+    # (2*j+1-1)/2 = j so j-1 is the largest, and that's again n//2-1.
+    for i in reversed(xrange(n//2)):
+        _siftup(x, i)
+
+def nlargest(n, iterable):
+    """Find the n largest elements in a dataset.
+
+    Equivalent to:  sorted(iterable, reverse=True)[:n]
+    """
+    if n < 0: # for consistency with the c impl
+        return []
+    it = iter(iterable)
+    result = list(islice(it, n))
+    if not result:
+        return result
+    heapify(result)
+    _heappushpop = heappushpop
+    for elem in it:
+        _heappushpop(result, elem)
+    result.sort(reverse=True)
+    return result
+
+def nsmallest(n, iterable):
+    """Find the n smallest elements in a dataset.
+
+    Equivalent to:  sorted(iterable)[:n]
+    """
+    if n < 0: # for consistency with the c impl
+        return []
+    if hasattr(iterable, '__len__') and n * 10 <= len(iterable):
+        # For smaller values of n, the bisect method is faster than a minheap.
+        # It is also memory efficient, consuming only n elements of space.
+        it = iter(iterable)
+        result = sorted(islice(it, 0, n))
+        if not result:
+            return result
+        insort = bisect.insort
+        pop = result.pop
+        los = result[-1]    # los --> Largest of the nsmallest
+        for elem in it:
+            if los <= elem:
+                continue
+            insort(result, elem)
+            pop()
+            los = result[-1]
+        return result
+    # An alternative approach manifests the whole iterable in memory but
+    # saves comparisons by heapifying all at once.  Also, saves time
+    # over bisect.insort() which has O(n) data movement time for every
+    # insertion.  Finding the n smallest of an m length iterable requires
+    #    O(m) + O(n log m) comparisons.
+    h = list(iterable)
+    heapify(h)
+    return map(heappop, repeat(h, min(n, len(h))))
+
+# 'heap' is a heap at all indices >= startpos, except possibly for pos.  pos
+# is the index of a leaf with a possibly out-of-order value.  Restore the
+# heap invariant.
+def _siftdown(heap, startpos, pos):
+    newitem = heap[pos]
+    # Follow the path to the root, moving parents down until finding a place
+    # newitem fits.
+    while pos > startpos:
+        parentpos = (pos - 1) >> 1
+        parent = heap[parentpos]
+        if newitem < parent:
+            heap[pos] = parent
+            pos = parentpos
+            continue
+        break
+    heap[pos] = newitem
+
+# The child indices of heap index pos are already heaps, and we want to make
+# a heap at index pos too.  We do this by bubbling the smaller child of
+# pos up (and so on with that child's children, etc) until hitting a leaf,
+# then using _siftdown to move the oddball originally at index pos into place.
+#
+# We *could* break out of the loop as soon as we find a pos where newitem <=
+# both its children, but turns out that's not a good idea, and despite that
+# many books write the algorithm that way.  During a heap pop, the last array
+# element is sifted in, and that tends to be large, so that comparing it
+# against values starting from the root usually doesn't pay (= usually doesn't
+# get us out of the loop early).  See Knuth, Volume 3, where this is
+# explained and quantified in an exercise.
+#
+# Cutting the # of comparisons is important, since these routines have no
+# way to extract "the priority" from an array element, so that intelligence
+# is likely to be hiding in custom __cmp__ methods, or in array elements
+# storing (priority, record) tuples.  Comparisons are thus potentially
+# expensive.
+#
+# On random arrays of length 1000, making this change cut the number of
+# comparisons made by heapify() a little, and those made by exhaustive
+# heappop() a lot, in accord with theory.  Here are typical results from 3
+# runs (3 just to demonstrate how small the variance is):
+#
+# Compares needed by heapify     Compares needed by 1000 heappops
+# --------------------------     --------------------------------
+# 1837 cut to 1663               14996 cut to 8680
+# 1855 cut to 1659               14966 cut to 8678
+# 1847 cut to 1660               15024 cut to 8703
+#
+# Building the heap by using heappush() 1000 times instead required
+# 2198, 2148, and 2219 compares:  heapify() is more efficient, when
+# you can use it.
+#
+# The total compares needed by list.sort() on the same lists were 8627,
+# 8627, and 8632 (this should be compared to the sum of heapify() and
+# heappop() compares):  list.sort() is (unsurprisingly!) more efficient
+# for sorting.
+
+def _siftup(heap, pos):
+    endpos = len(heap)
+    startpos = pos
+    newitem = heap[pos]
+    # Bubble up the smaller child until hitting a leaf.
+    childpos = 2*pos + 1    # leftmost child position
+    while childpos < endpos:
+        # Set childpos to index of smaller child.
+        rightpos = childpos + 1
+        if rightpos < endpos and not heap[childpos] < heap[rightpos]:
+            childpos = rightpos
+        # Move the smaller child up.
+        heap[pos] = heap[childpos]
+        pos = childpos
+        childpos = 2*pos + 1
+    # The leaf at pos is empty now.  Put newitem there, and bubble it up
+    # to its final resting place (by sifting its parents down).
+    heap[pos] = newitem
+    _siftdown(heap, startpos, pos)
+
+# If available, use C implementation
+try:
+    from _heapq import *
+except ImportError:
+    pass
+
+def merge(*iterables):
+    '''Merge multiple sorted inputs into a single sorted output.
+
+    Similar to sorted(itertools.chain(*iterables)) but returns a generator,
+    does not pull the data into memory all at once, and assumes that each of
+    the input streams is already sorted (smallest to largest).
+
+    >>> list(merge([1,3,5,7], [0,2,4,8], [5,10,15,20], [], [25]))
+    [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 7, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25]
+
+    '''
+    _heappop, _heapreplace, _StopIteration = heappop, heapreplace, StopIteration
+
+    h = []
+    h_append = h.append
+    for itnum, it in enumerate(map(iter, iterables)):
+        try:
+            next = it.next
+            h_append([next(), itnum, next])
+        except _StopIteration:
+            pass
+    heapify(h)
+
+    while 1:
+        try:
+            while 1:
+                v, itnum, next = s = h[0]   # raises IndexError when h is empty
+                yield v
+                s[0] = next()               # raises StopIteration when exhausted
+                _heapreplace(h, s)          # restore heap condition
+        except _StopIteration:
+            _heappop(h)                     # remove empty iterator
+        except IndexError:
+            return
+
+# Extend the implementations of nsmallest and nlargest to use a key= argument
+_nsmallest = nsmallest
+def nsmallest(n, iterable, key=None):
+    """Find the n smallest elements in a dataset.
+
+    Equivalent to:  sorted(iterable, key=key)[:n]
+    """
+    # Short-cut for n==1 is to use min() when len(iterable)>0
+    if n == 1:
+        it = iter(iterable)
+        head = list(islice(it, 1))
+        if not head:
+            return []
+        if key is None:
+            return [min(chain(head, it))]
+        return [min(chain(head, it), key=key)]
+
+    # When n>=size, it's faster to use sort()
+    try:
+        size = len(iterable)
+    except (TypeError, AttributeError):
+        pass
+    else:
+        if n >= size:
+            return sorted(iterable, key=key)[:n]
+
+    # When key is none, use simpler decoration
+    if key is None:
+        it = izip(iterable, count())                        # decorate
+        result = _nsmallest(n, it)
+        return map(itemgetter(0), result)                   # undecorate
+
+    # General case, slowest method
+    in1, in2 = tee(iterable)
+    it = izip(imap(key, in1), count(), in2)                 # decorate
+    result = _nsmallest(n, it)
+    return map(itemgetter(2), result)                       # undecorate
+
+_nlargest = nlargest
+def nlargest(n, iterable, key=None):
+    """Find the n largest elements in a dataset.
+
+    Equivalent to:  sorted(iterable, key=key, reverse=True)[:n]
+    """
+
+    # Short-cut for n==1 is to use max() when len(iterable)>0
+    if n == 1:
+        it = iter(iterable)
+        head = list(islice(it, 1))
+        if not head:
+            return []
+        if key is None:
+            return [max(chain(head, it))]
+        return [max(chain(head, it), key=key)]
+
+    # When n>=size, it's faster to use sort()
+    try:
+        size = len(iterable)
+    except (TypeError, AttributeError):
+        pass
+    else:
+        if n >= size:
+            return sorted(iterable, key=key, reverse=True)[:n]
+
+    # When key is none, use simpler decoration
+    if key is None:
+        it = izip(iterable, count(0,-1))                    # decorate
+        result = _nlargest(n, it)
+        return map(itemgetter(0), result)                   # undecorate
+
+    # General case, slowest method
+    in1, in2 = tee(iterable)
+    it = izip(imap(key, in1), count(0,-1), in2)             # decorate
+    result = _nlargest(n, it)
+    return map(itemgetter(2), result)                       # undecorate
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+    # Simple sanity test
+    heap = []
+    data = [1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 2, 4, 6, 8, 0]
+    for item in data:
+        heappush(heap, item)
+    sort = []
+    while heap:
+        sort.append(heappop(heap))
+    print sort
+
+    import doctest
+    doctest.testmod()
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/httplib.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/httplib.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/httplib.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1377 @@
+"""HTTP/1.1 client library
+
+<intro stuff goes here>
+<other stuff, too>
+
+HTTPConnection goes through a number of "states", which define when a client
+may legally make another request or fetch the response for a particular
+request. This diagram details these state transitions:
+
+    (null)
+      |
+      | HTTPConnection()
+      v
+    Idle
+      |
+      | putrequest()
+      v
+    Request-started
+      |
+      | ( putheader() )*  endheaders()
+      v
+    Request-sent
+      |
+      | response = getresponse()
+      v
+    Unread-response   [Response-headers-read]
+      |\____________________
+      |                     |
+      | response.read()     | putrequest()
+      v                     v
+    Idle                  Req-started-unread-response
+                     ______/|
+                   /        |
+   response.read() |        | ( putheader() )*  endheaders()
+                   v        v
+       Request-started    Req-sent-unread-response
+                            |
+                            | response.read()
+                            v
+                          Request-sent
+
+This diagram presents the following rules:
+  -- a second request may not be started until {response-headers-read}
+  -- a response [object] cannot be retrieved until {request-sent}
+  -- there is no differentiation between an unread response body and a
+     partially read response body
+
+Note: this enforcement is applied by the HTTPConnection class. The
+      HTTPResponse class does not enforce this state machine, which
+      implies sophisticated clients may accelerate the request/response
+      pipeline. Caution should be taken, though: accelerating the states
+      beyond the above pattern may imply knowledge of the server's
+      connection-close behavior for certain requests. For example, it
+      is impossible to tell whether the server will close the connection
+      UNTIL the response headers have been read; this means that further
+      requests cannot be placed into the pipeline until it is known that
+      the server will NOT be closing the connection.
+
+Logical State                  __state            __response
+-------------                  -------            ----------
+Idle                           _CS_IDLE           None
+Request-started                _CS_REQ_STARTED    None
+Request-sent                   _CS_REQ_SENT       None
+Unread-response                _CS_IDLE           <response_class>
+Req-started-unread-response    _CS_REQ_STARTED    <response_class>
+Req-sent-unread-response       _CS_REQ_SENT       <response_class>
+"""
+
+from array import array
+import os
+import socket
+from sys import py3kwarning
+from urlparse import urlsplit
+import warnings
+with warnings.catch_warnings():
+    if py3kwarning:
+        warnings.filterwarnings("ignore", ".*mimetools has been removed",
+                                DeprecationWarning)
+    import mimetools
+
+try:
+    from cStringIO import StringIO
+except ImportError:
+    from StringIO import StringIO
+
+__all__ = ["HTTP", "HTTPResponse", "HTTPConnection",
+           "HTTPException", "NotConnected", "UnknownProtocol",
+           "UnknownTransferEncoding", "UnimplementedFileMode",
+           "IncompleteRead", "InvalidURL", "ImproperConnectionState",
+           "CannotSendRequest", "CannotSendHeader", "ResponseNotReady",
+           "BadStatusLine", "error", "responses"]
+
+HTTP_PORT = 80
+HTTPS_PORT = 443
+
+_UNKNOWN = 'UNKNOWN'
+
+# connection states
+_CS_IDLE = 'Idle'
+_CS_REQ_STARTED = 'Request-started'
+_CS_REQ_SENT = 'Request-sent'
+
+# status codes
+# informational
+CONTINUE = 100
+SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS = 101
+PROCESSING = 102
+
+# successful
+OK = 200
+CREATED = 201
+ACCEPTED = 202
+NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION = 203
+NO_CONTENT = 204
+RESET_CONTENT = 205
+PARTIAL_CONTENT = 206
+MULTI_STATUS = 207
+IM_USED = 226
+
+# redirection
+MULTIPLE_CHOICES = 300
+MOVED_PERMANENTLY = 301
+FOUND = 302
+SEE_OTHER = 303
+NOT_MODIFIED = 304
+USE_PROXY = 305
+TEMPORARY_REDIRECT = 307
+
+# client error
+BAD_REQUEST = 400
+UNAUTHORIZED = 401
+PAYMENT_REQUIRED = 402
+FORBIDDEN = 403
+NOT_FOUND = 404
+METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED = 405
+NOT_ACCEPTABLE = 406
+PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED = 407
+REQUEST_TIMEOUT = 408
+CONFLICT = 409
+GONE = 410
+LENGTH_REQUIRED = 411
+PRECONDITION_FAILED = 412
+REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE = 413
+REQUEST_URI_TOO_LONG = 414
+UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE = 415
+REQUESTED_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE = 416
+EXPECTATION_FAILED = 417
+UNPROCESSABLE_ENTITY = 422
+LOCKED = 423
+FAILED_DEPENDENCY = 424
+UPGRADE_REQUIRED = 426
+
+# server error
+INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR = 500
+NOT_IMPLEMENTED = 501
+BAD_GATEWAY = 502
+SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE = 503
+GATEWAY_TIMEOUT = 504
+HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED = 505
+INSUFFICIENT_STORAGE = 507
+NOT_EXTENDED = 510
+
+# Mapping status codes to official W3C names
+responses = {
+    100: 'Continue',
+    101: 'Switching Protocols',
+
+    200: 'OK',
+    201: 'Created',
+    202: 'Accepted',
+    203: 'Non-Authoritative Information',
+    204: 'No Content',
+    205: 'Reset Content',
+    206: 'Partial Content',
+
+    300: 'Multiple Choices',
+    301: 'Moved Permanently',
+    302: 'Found',
+    303: 'See Other',
+    304: 'Not Modified',
+    305: 'Use Proxy',
+    306: '(Unused)',
+    307: 'Temporary Redirect',
+
+    400: 'Bad Request',
+    401: 'Unauthorized',
+    402: 'Payment Required',
+    403: 'Forbidden',
+    404: 'Not Found',
+    405: 'Method Not Allowed',
+    406: 'Not Acceptable',
+    407: 'Proxy Authentication Required',
+    408: 'Request Timeout',
+    409: 'Conflict',
+    410: 'Gone',
+    411: 'Length Required',
+    412: 'Precondition Failed',
+    413: 'Request Entity Too Large',
+    414: 'Request-URI Too Long',
+    415: 'Unsupported Media Type',
+    416: 'Requested Range Not Satisfiable',
+    417: 'Expectation Failed',
+
+    500: 'Internal Server Error',
+    501: 'Not Implemented',
+    502: 'Bad Gateway',
+    503: 'Service Unavailable',
+    504: 'Gateway Timeout',
+    505: 'HTTP Version Not Supported',
+}
+
+# maximal amount of data to read at one time in _safe_read
+MAXAMOUNT = 1048576
+
+class HTTPMessage(mimetools.Message):
+
+    def addheader(self, key, value):
+        """Add header for field key handling repeats."""
+        prev = self.dict.get(key)
+        if prev is None:
+            self.dict[key] = value
+        else:
+            combined = ", ".join((prev, value))
+            self.dict[key] = combined
+
+    def addcontinue(self, key, more):
+        """Add more field data from a continuation line."""
+        prev = self.dict[key]
+        self.dict[key] = prev + "\n " + more
+
+    def readheaders(self):
+        """Read header lines.
+
+        Read header lines up to the entirely blank line that terminates them.
+        The (normally blank) line that ends the headers is skipped, but not
+        included in the returned list.  If a non-header line ends the headers,
+        (which is an error), an attempt is made to backspace over it; it is
+        never included in the returned list.
+
+        The variable self.status is set to the empty string if all went well,
+        otherwise it is an error message.  The variable self.headers is a
+        completely uninterpreted list of lines contained in the header (so
+        printing them will reproduce the header exactly as it appears in the
+        file).
+
+        If multiple header fields with the same name occur, they are combined
+        according to the rules in RFC 2616 sec 4.2:
+
+        Appending each subsequent field-value to the first, each separated
+        by a comma. The order in which header fields with the same field-name
+        are received is significant to the interpretation of the combined
+        field value.
+        """
+        # XXX The implementation overrides the readheaders() method of
+        # rfc822.Message.  The base class design isn't amenable to
+        # customized behavior here so the method here is a copy of the
+        # base class code with a few small changes.
+
+        self.dict = {}
+        self.unixfrom = ''
+        self.headers = hlist = []
+        self.status = ''
+        headerseen = ""
+        firstline = 1
+        startofline = unread = tell = None
+        if hasattr(self.fp, 'unread'):
+            unread = self.fp.unread
+        elif self.seekable:
+            tell = self.fp.tell
+        while True:
+            if tell:
+                try:
+                    startofline = tell()
+                except IOError:
+                    startofline = tell = None
+                    self.seekable = 0
+            line = self.fp.readline()
+            if not line:
+                self.status = 'EOF in headers'
+                break
+            # Skip unix From name time lines
+            if firstline and line.startswith('From '):
+                self.unixfrom = self.unixfrom + line
+                continue
+            firstline = 0
+            if headerseen and line[0] in ' \t':
+                # XXX Not sure if continuation lines are handled properly
+                # for http and/or for repeating headers
+                # It's a continuation line.
+                hlist.append(line)
+                self.addcontinue(headerseen, line.strip())
+                continue
+            elif self.iscomment(line):
+                # It's a comment.  Ignore it.
+                continue
+            elif self.islast(line):
+                # Note! No pushback here!  The delimiter line gets eaten.
+                break
+            headerseen = self.isheader(line)
+            if headerseen:
+                # It's a legal header line, save it.
+                hlist.append(line)
+                self.addheader(headerseen, line[len(headerseen)+1:].strip())
+                continue
+            else:
+                # It's not a header line; throw it back and stop here.
+                if not self.dict:
+                    self.status = 'No headers'
+                else:
+                    self.status = 'Non-header line where header expected'
+                # Try to undo the read.
+                if unread:
+                    unread(line)
+                elif tell:
+                    self.fp.seek(startofline)
+                else:
+                    self.status = self.status + '; bad seek'
+                break
+
+class HTTPResponse:
+
+    # strict: If true, raise BadStatusLine if the status line can't be
+    # parsed as a valid HTTP/1.0 or 1.1 status line.  By default it is
+    # false because it prevents clients from talking to HTTP/0.9
+    # servers.  Note that a response with a sufficiently corrupted
+    # status line will look like an HTTP/0.9 response.
+
+    # See RFC 2616 sec 19.6 and RFC 1945 sec 6 for details.
+
+    def __init__(self, sock, debuglevel=0, strict=0, method=None, buffering=False):
+        if buffering:
+            # The caller won't be using any sock.recv() calls, so buffering
+            # is fine and recommended for performance.
+            self.fp = sock.makefile('rb')
+        else:
+            # The buffer size is specified as zero, because the headers of
+            # the response are read with readline().  If the reads were
+            # buffered the readline() calls could consume some of the
+            # response, which make be read via a recv() on the underlying
+            # socket.
+            self.fp = sock.makefile('rb', 0)
+        self.debuglevel = debuglevel
+        self.strict = strict
+        self._method = method
+
+        self.msg = None
+
+        # from the Status-Line of the response
+        self.version = _UNKNOWN # HTTP-Version
+        self.status = _UNKNOWN  # Status-Code
+        self.reason = _UNKNOWN  # Reason-Phrase
+
+        self.chunked = _UNKNOWN         # is "chunked" being used?
+        self.chunk_left = _UNKNOWN      # bytes left to read in current chunk
+        self.length = _UNKNOWN          # number of bytes left in response
+        self.will_close = _UNKNOWN      # conn will close at end of response
+
+    def _read_status(self):
+        # Initialize with Simple-Response defaults
+        line = self.fp.readline()
+        if self.debuglevel > 0:
+            print "reply:", repr(line)
+        if not line:
+            # Presumably, the server closed the connection before
+            # sending a valid response.
+            raise BadStatusLine(line)
+        try:
+            [version, status, reason] = line.split(None, 2)
+        except ValueError:
+            try:
+                [version, status] = line.split(None, 1)
+                reason = ""
+            except ValueError:
+                # empty version will cause next test to fail and status
+                # will be treated as 0.9 response.
+                version = ""
+        if not version.startswith('HTTP/'):
+            if self.strict:
+                self.close()
+                raise BadStatusLine(line)
+            else:
+                # assume it's a Simple-Response from an 0.9 server
+                self.fp = LineAndFileWrapper(line, self.fp)
+                return "HTTP/0.9", 200, ""
+
+        # The status code is a three-digit number
+        try:
+            status = int(status)
+            if status < 100 or status > 999:
+                raise BadStatusLine(line)
+        except ValueError:
+            raise BadStatusLine(line)
+        return version, status, reason
+
+    def begin(self):
+        if self.msg is not None:
+            # we've already started reading the response
+            return
+
+        # read until we get a non-100 response
+        while True:
+            version, status, reason = self._read_status()
+            if status != CONTINUE:
+                break
+            # skip the header from the 100 response
+            while True:
+                skip = self.fp.readline().strip()
+                if not skip:
+                    break
+                if self.debuglevel > 0:
+                    print "header:", skip
+
+        self.status = status
+        self.reason = reason.strip()
+        if version == 'HTTP/1.0':
+            self.version = 10
+        elif version.startswith('HTTP/1.'):
+            self.version = 11   # use HTTP/1.1 code for HTTP/1.x where x>=1
+        elif version == 'HTTP/0.9':
+            self.version = 9
+        else:
+            raise UnknownProtocol(version)
+
+        if self.version == 9:
+            self.length = None
+            self.chunked = 0
+            self.will_close = 1
+            self.msg = HTTPMessage(StringIO())
+            return
+
+        self.msg = HTTPMessage(self.fp, 0)
+        if self.debuglevel > 0:
+            for hdr in self.msg.headers:
+                print "header:", hdr,
+
+        # don't let the msg keep an fp
+        self.msg.fp = None
+
+        # are we using the chunked-style of transfer encoding?
+        tr_enc = self.msg.getheader('transfer-encoding')
+        if tr_enc and tr_enc.lower() == "chunked":
+            self.chunked = 1
+            self.chunk_left = None
+        else:
+            self.chunked = 0
+
+        # will the connection close at the end of the response?
+        self.will_close = self._check_close()
+
+        # do we have a Content-Length?
+        # NOTE: RFC 2616, S4.4, #3 says we ignore this if tr_enc is "chunked"
+        length = self.msg.getheader('content-length')
+        if length and not self.chunked:
+            try:
+                self.length = int(length)
+            except ValueError:
+                self.length = None
+            else:
+                if self.length < 0:  # ignore nonsensical negative lengths
+                    self.length = None
+        else:
+            self.length = None
+
+        # does the body have a fixed length? (of zero)
+        if (status == NO_CONTENT or status == NOT_MODIFIED or
+            100 <= status < 200 or      # 1xx codes
+            self._method == 'HEAD'):
+            self.length = 0
+
+        # if the connection remains open, and we aren't using chunked, and
+        # a content-length was not provided, then assume that the connection
+        # WILL close.
+        if not self.will_close and \
+           not self.chunked and \
+           self.length is None:
+            self.will_close = 1
+
+    def _check_close(self):
+        conn = self.msg.getheader('connection')
+        if self.version == 11:
+            # An HTTP/1.1 proxy is assumed to stay open unless
+            # explicitly closed.
+            conn = self.msg.getheader('connection')
+            if conn and "close" in conn.lower():
+                return True
+            return False
+
+        # Some HTTP/1.0 implementations have support for persistent
+        # connections, using rules different than HTTP/1.1.
+
+        # For older HTTP, Keep-Alive indicates persistent connection.
+        if self.msg.getheader('keep-alive'):
+            return False
+
+        # At least Akamai returns a "Connection: Keep-Alive" header,
+        # which was supposed to be sent by the client.
+        if conn and "keep-alive" in conn.lower():
+            return False
+
+        # Proxy-Connection is a netscape hack.
+        pconn = self.msg.getheader('proxy-connection')
+        if pconn and "keep-alive" in pconn.lower():
+            return False
+
+        # otherwise, assume it will close
+        return True
+
+    def close(self):
+        if self.fp:
+            self.fp.close()
+            self.fp = None
+
+    def isclosed(self):
+        # NOTE: it is possible that we will not ever call self.close(). This
+        #       case occurs when will_close is TRUE, length is None, and we
+        #       read up to the last byte, but NOT past it.
+        #
+        # IMPLIES: if will_close is FALSE, then self.close() will ALWAYS be
+        #          called, meaning self.isclosed() is meaningful.
+        return self.fp is None
+
+    # XXX It would be nice to have readline and __iter__ for this, too.
+
+    def read(self, amt=None):
+        if self.fp is None:
+            return ''
+
+        if self._method == 'HEAD':
+            self.close()
+            return ''
+
+        if self.chunked:
+            return self._read_chunked(amt)
+
+        if amt is None:
+            # unbounded read
+            if self.length is None:
+                s = self.fp.read()
+            else:
+                s = self._safe_read(self.length)
+                self.length = 0
+            self.close()        # we read everything
+            return s
+
+        if self.length is not None:
+            if amt > self.length:
+                # clip the read to the "end of response"
+                amt = self.length
+
+        # we do not use _safe_read() here because this may be a .will_close
+        # connection, and the user is reading more bytes than will be provided
+        # (for example, reading in 1k chunks)
+        s = self.fp.read(amt)
+        if self.length is not None:
+            self.length -= len(s)
+            if not self.length:
+                self.close()
+        return s
+
+    def _read_chunked(self, amt):
+        assert self.chunked != _UNKNOWN
+        chunk_left = self.chunk_left
+        value = []
+        while True:
+            if chunk_left is None:
+                line = self.fp.readline()
+                i = line.find(';')
+                if i >= 0:
+                    line = line[:i] # strip chunk-extensions
+                try:
+                    chunk_left = int(line, 16)
+                except ValueError:
+                    # close the connection as protocol synchronisation is
+                    # probably lost
+                    self.close()
+                    raise IncompleteRead(''.join(value))
+                if chunk_left == 0:
+                    break
+            if amt is None:
+                value.append(self._safe_read(chunk_left))
+            elif amt < chunk_left:
+                value.append(self._safe_read(amt))
+                self.chunk_left = chunk_left - amt
+                return ''.join(value)
+            elif amt == chunk_left:
+                value.append(self._safe_read(amt))
+                self._safe_read(2)  # toss the CRLF at the end of the chunk
+                self.chunk_left = None
+                return ''.join(value)
+            else:
+                value.append(self._safe_read(chunk_left))
+                amt -= chunk_left
+
+            # we read the whole chunk, get another
+            self._safe_read(2)      # toss the CRLF at the end of the chunk
+            chunk_left = None
+
+        # read and discard trailer up to the CRLF terminator
+        ### note: we shouldn't have any trailers!
+        while True:
+            line = self.fp.readline()
+            if not line:
+                # a vanishingly small number of sites EOF without
+                # sending the trailer
+                break
+            if line == '\r\n':
+                break
+
+        # we read everything; close the "file"
+        self.close()
+
+        return ''.join(value)
+
+    def _safe_read(self, amt):
+        """Read the number of bytes requested, compensating for partial reads.
+
+        Normally, we have a blocking socket, but a read() can be interrupted
+        by a signal (resulting in a partial read).
+
+        Note that we cannot distinguish between EOF and an interrupt when zero
+        bytes have been read. IncompleteRead() will be raised in this
+        situation.
+
+        This function should be used when <amt> bytes "should" be present for
+        reading. If the bytes are truly not available (due to EOF), then the
+        IncompleteRead exception can be used to detect the problem.
+        """
+        # NOTE(gps): As of svn r74426 socket._fileobject.read(x) will never
+        # return less than x bytes unless EOF is encountered.  It now handles
+        # signal interruptions (socket.error EINTR) internally.  This code
+        # never caught that exception anyways.  It seems largely pointless.
+        # self.fp.read(amt) will work fine.
+        s = []
+        while amt > 0:
+            chunk = self.fp.read(min(amt, MAXAMOUNT))
+            if not chunk:
+                raise IncompleteRead(''.join(s), amt)
+            s.append(chunk)
+            amt -= len(chunk)
+        return ''.join(s)
+
+    def fileno(self):
+        return self.fp.fileno()
+
+    def getheader(self, name, default=None):
+        if self.msg is None:
+            raise ResponseNotReady()
+        return self.msg.getheader(name, default)
+
+    def getheaders(self):
+        """Return list of (header, value) tuples."""
+        if self.msg is None:
+            raise ResponseNotReady()
+        return self.msg.items()
+
+
+class HTTPConnection:
+
+    _http_vsn = 11
+    _http_vsn_str = 'HTTP/1.1'
+
+    response_class = HTTPResponse
+    default_port = HTTP_PORT
+    auto_open = 1
+    debuglevel = 0
+    strict = 0
+
+    def __init__(self, host, port=None, strict=None,
+                 timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, source_address=None):
+        self.timeout = timeout
+        self.source_address = source_address
+        self.sock = None
+        self._buffer = []
+        self.__response = None
+        self.__state = _CS_IDLE
+        self._method = None
+        self._tunnel_host = None
+        self._tunnel_port = None
+        self._tunnel_headers = {}
+
+        self._set_hostport(host, port)
+        if strict is not None:
+            self.strict = strict
+
+    def set_tunnel(self, host, port=None, headers=None):
+        """ Sets up the host and the port for the HTTP CONNECT Tunnelling.
+
+        The headers argument should be a mapping of extra HTTP headers
+        to send with the CONNECT request.
+        """
+        self._tunnel_host = host
+        self._tunnel_port = port
+        if headers:
+            self._tunnel_headers = headers
+        else:
+            self._tunnel_headers.clear()
+
+    def _set_hostport(self, host, port):
+        if port is None:
+            i = host.rfind(':')
+            j = host.rfind(']')         # ipv6 addresses have [...]
+            if i > j:
+                try:
+                    port = int(host[i+1:])
+                except ValueError:
+                    raise InvalidURL("nonnumeric port: '%s'" % host[i+1:])
+                host = host[:i]
+            else:
+                port = self.default_port
+            if host and host[0] == '[' and host[-1] == ']':
+                host = host[1:-1]
+        self.host = host
+        self.port = port
+
+    def set_debuglevel(self, level):
+        self.debuglevel = level
+
+    def _tunnel(self):
+        self._set_hostport(self._tunnel_host, self._tunnel_port)
+        self.send("CONNECT %s:%d HTTP/1.0\r\n" % (self.host, self.port))
+        for header, value in self._tunnel_headers.iteritems():
+            self.send("%s: %s\r\n" % (header, value))
+        self.send("\r\n")
+        response = self.response_class(self.sock, strict = self.strict,
+                                       method = self._method)
+        (version, code, message) = response._read_status()
+
+        if code != 200:
+            self.close()
+            raise socket.error("Tunnel connection failed: %d %s" % (code,
+                                                                    message.strip()))
+        while True:
+            line = response.fp.readline()
+            if line == '\r\n': break
+
+
+    def connect(self):
+        """Connect to the host and port specified in __init__."""
+        self.sock = socket.create_connection((self.host,self.port),
+                                             self.timeout, self.source_address)
+
+        if self._tunnel_host:
+            self._tunnel()
+
+    def close(self):
+        """Close the connection to the HTTP server."""
+        if self.sock:
+            self.sock.close()   # close it manually... there may be other refs
+            self.sock = None
+        if self.__response:
+            self.__response.close()
+            self.__response = None
+        self.__state = _CS_IDLE
+
+    def send(self, data):
+        """Send `data' to the server."""
+        if self.sock is None:
+            if self.auto_open:
+                self.connect()
+            else:
+                raise NotConnected()
+
+        if self.debuglevel > 0:
+            print "send:", repr(data)
+        blocksize = 8192
+        if hasattr(data,'read') and not isinstance(data, array):
+            if self.debuglevel > 0: print "sendIng a read()able"
+            datablock = data.read(blocksize)
+            while datablock:
+                self.sock.sendall(datablock)
+                datablock = data.read(blocksize)
+        else:
+            self.sock.sendall(data)
+
+    def _output(self, s):
+        """Add a line of output to the current request buffer.
+
+        Assumes that the line does *not* end with \\r\\n.
+        """
+        self._buffer.append(s)
+
+    def _send_output(self, message_body=None):
+        """Send the currently buffered request and clear the buffer.
+
+        Appends an extra \\r\\n to the buffer.
+        A message_body may be specified, to be appended to the request.
+        """
+        self._buffer.extend(("", ""))
+        msg = "\r\n".join(self._buffer)
+        del self._buffer[:]
+        # If msg and message_body are sent in a single send() call,
+        # it will avoid performance problems caused by the interaction
+        # between delayed ack and the Nagle algorithim.
+        if isinstance(message_body, str):
+            msg += message_body
+            message_body = None
+        self.send(msg)
+        if message_body is not None:
+            #message_body was not a string (i.e. it is a file) and
+            #we must run the risk of Nagle
+            self.send(message_body)
+
+    def putrequest(self, method, url, skip_host=0, skip_accept_encoding=0):
+        """Send a request to the server.
+
+        `method' specifies an HTTP request method, e.g. 'GET'.
+        `url' specifies the object being requested, e.g. '/index.html'.
+        `skip_host' if True does not add automatically a 'Host:' header
+        `skip_accept_encoding' if True does not add automatically an
+           'Accept-Encoding:' header
+        """
+
+        # if a prior response has been completed, then forget about it.
+        if self.__response and self.__response.isclosed():
+            self.__response = None
+
+
+        # in certain cases, we cannot issue another request on this connection.
+        # this occurs when:
+        #   1) we are in the process of sending a request.   (_CS_REQ_STARTED)
+        #   2) a response to a previous request has signalled that it is going
+        #      to close the connection upon completion.
+        #   3) the headers for the previous response have not been read, thus
+        #      we cannot determine whether point (2) is true.   (_CS_REQ_SENT)
+        #
+        # if there is no prior response, then we can request at will.
+        #
+        # if point (2) is true, then we will have passed the socket to the
+        # response (effectively meaning, "there is no prior response"), and
+        # will open a new one when a new request is made.
+        #
+        # Note: if a prior response exists, then we *can* start a new request.
+        #       We are not allowed to begin fetching the response to this new
+        #       request, however, until that prior response is complete.
+        #
+        if self.__state == _CS_IDLE:
+            self.__state = _CS_REQ_STARTED
+        else:
+            raise CannotSendRequest()
+
+        # Save the method we use, we need it later in the response phase
+        self._method = method
+        if not url:
+            url = '/'
+        hdr = '%s %s %s' % (method, url, self._http_vsn_str)
+
+        self._output(hdr)
+
+        if self._http_vsn == 11:
+            # Issue some standard headers for better HTTP/1.1 compliance
+
+            if not skip_host:
+                # this header is issued *only* for HTTP/1.1
+                # connections. more specifically, this means it is
+                # only issued when the client uses the new
+                # HTTPConnection() class. backwards-compat clients
+                # will be using HTTP/1.0 and those clients may be
+                # issuing this header themselves. we should NOT issue
+                # it twice; some web servers (such as Apache) barf
+                # when they see two Host: headers
+
+                # If we need a non-standard port,include it in the
+                # header.  If the request is going through a proxy,
+                # but the host of the actual URL, not the host of the
+                # proxy.
+
+                netloc = ''
+                if url.startswith('http'):
+                    nil, netloc, nil, nil, nil = urlsplit(url)
+
+                if netloc:
+                    try:
+                        netloc_enc = netloc.encode("ascii")
+                    except UnicodeEncodeError:
+                        netloc_enc = netloc.encode("idna")
+                    self.putheader('Host', netloc_enc)
+                else:
+                    try:
+                        host_enc = self.host.encode("ascii")
+                    except UnicodeEncodeError:
+                        host_enc = self.host.encode("idna")
+                    # Wrap the IPv6 Host Header with [] (RFC 2732)
+                    if host_enc.find(':') >= 0:
+                        host_enc = "[" + host_enc + "]"
+                    if self.port == self.default_port:
+                        self.putheader('Host', host_enc)
+                    else:
+                        self.putheader('Host', "%s:%s" % (host_enc, self.port))
+
+            # note: we are assuming that clients will not attempt to set these
+            #       headers since *this* library must deal with the
+            #       consequences. this also means that when the supporting
+            #       libraries are updated to recognize other forms, then this
+            #       code should be changed (removed or updated).
+
+            # we only want a Content-Encoding of "identity" since we don't
+            # support encodings such as x-gzip or x-deflate.
+            if not skip_accept_encoding:
+                self.putheader('Accept-Encoding', 'identity')
+
+            # we can accept "chunked" Transfer-Encodings, but no others
+            # NOTE: no TE header implies *only* "chunked"
+            #self.putheader('TE', 'chunked')
+
+            # if TE is supplied in the header, then it must appear in a
+            # Connection header.
+            #self.putheader('Connection', 'TE')
+
+        else:
+            # For HTTP/1.0, the server will assume "not chunked"
+            pass
+
+    def putheader(self, header, *values):
+        """Send a request header line to the server.
+
+        For example: h.putheader('Accept', 'text/html')
+        """
+        if self.__state != _CS_REQ_STARTED:
+            raise CannotSendHeader()
+
+        hdr = '%s: %s' % (header, '\r\n\t'.join([str(v) for v in values]))
+        self._output(hdr)
+
+    def endheaders(self, message_body=None):
+        """Indicate that the last header line has been sent to the server.
+
+        This method sends the request to the server.  The optional
+        message_body argument can be used to pass message body
+        associated with the request.  The message body will be sent in
+        the same packet as the message headers if possible.  The
+        message_body should be a string.
+        """
+        if self.__state == _CS_REQ_STARTED:
+            self.__state = _CS_REQ_SENT
+        else:
+            raise CannotSendHeader()
+        self._send_output(message_body)
+
+    def request(self, method, url, body=None, headers={}):
+        """Send a complete request to the server."""
+        self._send_request(method, url, body, headers)
+
+    def _set_content_length(self, body):
+        # Set the content-length based on the body.
+        thelen = None
+        try:
+            thelen = str(len(body))
+        except TypeError, te:
+            # If this is a file-like object, try to
+            # fstat its file descriptor
+            try:
+                thelen = str(os.fstat(body.fileno()).st_size)
+            except (AttributeError, OSError):
+                # Don't send a length if this failed
+                if self.debuglevel > 0: print "Cannot stat!!"
+
+        if thelen is not None:
+            self.putheader('Content-Length', thelen)
+
+    def _send_request(self, method, url, body, headers):
+        # Honor explicitly requested Host: and Accept-Encoding: headers.
+        header_names = dict.fromkeys([k.lower() for k in headers])
+        skips = {}
+        if 'host' in header_names:
+            skips['skip_host'] = 1
+        if 'accept-encoding' in header_names:
+            skips['skip_accept_encoding'] = 1
+
+        self.putrequest(method, url, **skips)
+
+        if body and ('content-length' not in header_names):
+            self._set_content_length(body)
+        for hdr, value in headers.iteritems():
+            self.putheader(hdr, value)
+        self.endheaders(body)
+
+    def getresponse(self, buffering=False):
+        "Get the response from the server."
+
+        # if a prior response has been completed, then forget about it.
+        if self.__response and self.__response.isclosed():
+            self.__response = None
+
+        #
+        # if a prior response exists, then it must be completed (otherwise, we
+        # cannot read this response's header to determine the connection-close
+        # behavior)
+        #
+        # note: if a prior response existed, but was connection-close, then the
+        # socket and response were made independent of this HTTPConnection
+        # object since a new request requires that we open a whole new
+        # connection
+        #
+        # this means the prior response had one of two states:
+        #   1) will_close: this connection was reset and the prior socket and
+        #                  response operate independently
+        #   2) persistent: the response was retained and we await its
+        #                  isclosed() status to become true.
+        #
+        if self.__state != _CS_REQ_SENT or self.__response:
+            raise ResponseNotReady()
+
+        args = (self.sock,)
+        kwds = {"strict":self.strict, "method":self._method}
+        if self.debuglevel > 0:
+            args += (self.debuglevel,)
+        if buffering:
+            #only add this keyword if non-default, for compatibility with
+            #other response_classes.
+            kwds["buffering"] = True;
+        response = self.response_class(*args, **kwds)
+
+        try:
+            response.begin()
+        except:
+            response.close()
+            raise
+        assert response.will_close != _UNKNOWN
+        self.__state = _CS_IDLE
+
+        if response.will_close:
+            # this effectively passes the connection to the response
+            self.close()
+        else:
+            # remember this, so we can tell when it is complete
+            self.__response = response
+
+        return response
+
+
+class HTTP:
+    "Compatibility class with httplib.py from 1.5."
+
+    _http_vsn = 10
+    _http_vsn_str = 'HTTP/1.0'
+
+    debuglevel = 0
+
+    _connection_class = HTTPConnection
+
+    def __init__(self, host='', port=None, strict=None):
+        "Provide a default host, since the superclass requires one."
+
+        # some joker passed 0 explicitly, meaning default port
+        if port == 0:
+            port = None
+
+        # Note that we may pass an empty string as the host; this will throw
+        # an error when we attempt to connect. Presumably, the client code
+        # will call connect before then, with a proper host.
+        self._setup(self._connection_class(host, port, strict))
+
+    def _setup(self, conn):
+        self._conn = conn
+
+        # set up delegation to flesh out interface
+        self.send = conn.send
+        self.putrequest = conn.putrequest
+        self.putheader = conn.putheader
+        self.endheaders = conn.endheaders
+        self.set_debuglevel = conn.set_debuglevel
+
+        conn._http_vsn = self._http_vsn
+        conn._http_vsn_str = self._http_vsn_str
+
+        self.file = None
+
+    def connect(self, host=None, port=None):
+        "Accept arguments to set the host/port, since the superclass doesn't."
+
+        if host is not None:
+            self._conn._set_hostport(host, port)
+        self._conn.connect()
+
+    def getfile(self):
+        "Provide a getfile, since the superclass' does not use this concept."
+        return self.file
+
+    def getreply(self, buffering=False):
+        """Compat definition since superclass does not define it.
+
+        Returns a tuple consisting of:
+        - server status code (e.g. '200' if all goes well)
+        - server "reason" corresponding to status code
+        - any RFC822 headers in the response from the server
+        """
+        try:
+            if not buffering:
+                response = self._conn.getresponse()
+            else:
+                #only add this keyword if non-default for compatibility
+                #with other connection classes
+                response = self._conn.getresponse(buffering)
+        except BadStatusLine, e:
+            ### hmm. if getresponse() ever closes the socket on a bad request,
+            ### then we are going to have problems with self.sock
+
+            ### should we keep this behavior? do people use it?
+            # keep the socket open (as a file), and return it
+            self.file = self._conn.sock.makefile('rb', 0)
+
+            # close our socket -- we want to restart after any protocol error
+            self.close()
+
+            self.headers = None
+            return -1, e.line, None
+
+        self.headers = response.msg
+        self.file = response.fp
+        return response.status, response.reason, response.msg
+
+    def close(self):
+        self._conn.close()
+
+        # note that self.file == response.fp, which gets closed by the
+        # superclass. just clear the object ref here.
+        ### hmm. messy. if status==-1, then self.file is owned by us.
+        ### well... we aren't explicitly closing, but losing this ref will
+        ### do it
+        self.file = None
+
+try:
+    import ssl
+except ImportError:
+    pass
+else:
+    class HTTPSConnection(HTTPConnection):
+        "This class allows communication via SSL."
+
+        default_port = HTTPS_PORT
+
+        def __init__(self, host, port=None, key_file=None, cert_file=None,
+                     strict=None, timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
+                     source_address=None):
+            HTTPConnection.__init__(self, host, port, strict, timeout,
+                                    source_address)
+            self.key_file = key_file
+            self.cert_file = cert_file
+
+        def connect(self):
+            "Connect to a host on a given (SSL) port."
+
+            sock = socket.create_connection((self.host, self.port),
+                                            self.timeout, self.source_address)
+            if self._tunnel_host:
+                self.sock = sock
+                self._tunnel()
+            self.sock = ssl.wrap_socket(sock, self.key_file, self.cert_file)
+
+    __all__.append("HTTPSConnection")
+
+    class HTTPS(HTTP):
+        """Compatibility with 1.5 httplib interface
+
+        Python 1.5.2 did not have an HTTPS class, but it defined an
+        interface for sending http requests that is also useful for
+        https.
+        """
+
+        _connection_class = HTTPSConnection
+
+        def __init__(self, host='', port=None, key_file=None, cert_file=None,
+                     strict=None):
+            # provide a default host, pass the X509 cert info
+
+            # urf. compensate for bad input.
+            if port == 0:
+                port = None
+            self._setup(self._connection_class(host, port, key_file,
+                                               cert_file, strict))
+
+            # we never actually use these for anything, but we keep them
+            # here for compatibility with post-1.5.2 CVS.
+            self.key_file = key_file
+            self.cert_file = cert_file
+
+
+    def FakeSocket (sock, sslobj):
+        warnings.warn("FakeSocket is deprecated, and won't be in 3.x.  " +
+                      "Use the result of ssl.wrap_socket() directly instead.",
+                      DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2)
+        return sslobj
+
+
+class HTTPException(Exception):
+    # Subclasses that define an __init__ must call Exception.__init__
+    # or define self.args.  Otherwise, str() will fail.
+    pass
+
+class NotConnected(HTTPException):
+    pass
+
+class InvalidURL(HTTPException):
+    pass
+
+class UnknownProtocol(HTTPException):
+    def __init__(self, version):
+        self.args = version,
+        self.version = version
+
+class UnknownTransferEncoding(HTTPException):
+    pass
+
+class UnimplementedFileMode(HTTPException):
+    pass
+
+class IncompleteRead(HTTPException):
+    def __init__(self, partial, expected=None):
+        self.args = partial,
+        self.partial = partial
+        self.expected = expected
+    def __repr__(self):
+        if self.expected is not None:
+            e = ', %i more expected' % self.expected
+        else:
+            e = ''
+        return 'IncompleteRead(%i bytes read%s)' % (len(self.partial), e)
+    def __str__(self):
+        return repr(self)
+
+class ImproperConnectionState(HTTPException):
+    pass
+
+class CannotSendRequest(ImproperConnectionState):
+    pass
+
+class CannotSendHeader(ImproperConnectionState):
+    pass
+
+class ResponseNotReady(ImproperConnectionState):
+    pass
+
+class BadStatusLine(HTTPException):
+    def __init__(self, line):
+        if not line:
+            line = repr(line)
+        self.args = line,
+        self.line = line
+
+# for backwards compatibility
+error = HTTPException
+
+class LineAndFileWrapper:
+    """A limited file-like object for HTTP/0.9 responses."""
+
+    # The status-line parsing code calls readline(), which normally
+    # get the HTTP status line.  For a 0.9 response, however, this is
+    # actually the first line of the body!  Clients need to get a
+    # readable file object that contains that line.
+
+    def __init__(self, line, file):
+        self._line = line
+        self._file = file
+        self._line_consumed = 0
+        self._line_offset = 0
+        self._line_left = len(line)
+
+    def __getattr__(self, attr):
+        return getattr(self._file, attr)
+
+    def _done(self):
+        # called when the last byte is read from the line.  After the
+        # call, all read methods are delegated to the underlying file
+        # object.
+        self._line_consumed = 1
+        self.read = self._file.read
+        self.readline = self._file.readline
+        self.readlines = self._file.readlines
+
+    def read(self, amt=None):
+        if self._line_consumed:
+            return self._file.read(amt)
+        assert self._line_left
+        if amt is None or amt > self._line_left:
+            s = self._line[self._line_offset:]
+            self._done()
+            if amt is None:
+                return s + self._file.read()
+            else:
+                return s + self._file.read(amt - len(s))
+        else:
+            assert amt <= self._line_left
+            i = self._line_offset
+            j = i + amt
+            s = self._line[i:j]
+            self._line_offset = j
+            self._line_left -= amt
+            if self._line_left == 0:
+                self._done()
+            return s
+
+    def readline(self):
+        if self._line_consumed:
+            return self._file.readline()
+        assert self._line_left
+        s = self._line[self._line_offset:]
+        self._done()
+        return s
+
+    def readlines(self, size=None):
+        if self._line_consumed:
+            return self._file.readlines(size)
+        assert self._line_left
+        L = [self._line[self._line_offset:]]
+        self._done()
+        if size is None:
+            return L + self._file.readlines()
+        else:
+            return L + self._file.readlines(size)
+
+def test():
+    """Test this module.
+
+    A hodge podge of tests collected here, because they have too many
+    external dependencies for the regular test suite.
+    """
+
+    import sys
+    import getopt
+    opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], 'd')
+    dl = 0
+    for o, a in opts:
+        if o == '-d': dl = dl + 1
+    host = 'www.python.org'
+    selector = '/'
+    if args[0:]: host = args[0]
+    if args[1:]: selector = args[1]
+    h = HTTP()
+    h.set_debuglevel(dl)
+    h.connect(host)
+    h.putrequest('GET', selector)
+    h.endheaders()
+    status, reason, headers = h.getreply()
+    print 'status =', status
+    print 'reason =', reason
+    print "read", len(h.getfile().read())
+    print
+    if headers:
+        for header in headers.headers: print header.strip()
+    print
+
+    # minimal test that code to extract host from url works
+    class HTTP11(HTTP):
+        _http_vsn = 11
+        _http_vsn_str = 'HTTP/1.1'
+
+    h = HTTP11('www.python.org')
+    h.putrequest('GET', 'http://www.python.org/~jeremy/')
+    h.endheaders()
+    h.getreply()
+    h.close()
+
+    try:
+        import ssl
+    except ImportError:
+        pass
+    else:
+
+        for host, selector in (('sourceforge.net', '/projects/python'),
+                               ):
+            print "https://%s%s" % (host, selector)
+            hs = HTTPS()
+            hs.set_debuglevel(dl)
+            hs.connect(host)
+            hs.putrequest('GET', selector)
+            hs.endheaders()
+            status, reason, headers = hs.getreply()
+            print 'status =', status
+            print 'reason =', reason
+            print "read", len(hs.getfile().read())
+            print
+            if headers:
+                for header in headers.headers: print header.strip()
+            print
+
+if __name__ == '__main__':
+    test()
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/encoder.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/encoder.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/encoder.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/encoder.py
@@ -2,14 +2,7 @@
 """
 import re
 
-try:
-    from _json import encode_basestring_ascii as c_encode_basestring_ascii
-except ImportError:
-    c_encode_basestring_ascii = None
-try:
-    from _json import make_encoder as c_make_encoder
-except ImportError:
-    c_make_encoder = None
+from __pypy__.builders import StringBuilder, UnicodeBuilder
 
 ESCAPE = re.compile(r'[\x00-\x1f\\"\b\f\n\r\t]')
 ESCAPE_ASCII = re.compile(r'([\\"]|[^\ -~])')
@@ -24,8 +17,7 @@
     '\t': '\\t',
 }
 for i in range(0x20):
-    ESCAPE_DCT.setdefault(chr(i), '\\u{0:04x}'.format(i))
-    #ESCAPE_DCT.setdefault(chr(i), '\\u%04x' % (i,))
+    ESCAPE_DCT.setdefault(chr(i), '\\u%04x' % (i,))
 
 # Assume this produces an infinity on all machines (probably not guaranteed)
 INFINITY = float('1e66666')
@@ -37,10 +29,9 @@
     """
     def replace(match):
         return ESCAPE_DCT[match.group(0)]
-    return '"' + ESCAPE.sub(replace, s) + '"'
+    return ESCAPE.sub(replace, s)
 
-
-def py_encode_basestring_ascii(s):
+def encode_basestring_ascii(s):
     """Return an ASCII-only JSON representation of a Python string
 
     """
@@ -53,20 +44,18 @@
         except KeyError:
             n = ord(s)
             if n < 0x10000:
-                return '\\u{0:04x}'.format(n)
-                #return '\\u%04x' % (n,)
+                return '\\u%04x' % (n,)
             else:
                 # surrogate pair
                 n -= 0x10000
                 s1 = 0xd800 | ((n >> 10) & 0x3ff)
                 s2 = 0xdc00 | (n & 0x3ff)
-                return '\\u{0:04x}\\u{1:04x}'.format(s1, s2)
-                #return '\\u%04x\\u%04x' % (s1, s2)
-    return '"' + str(ESCAPE_ASCII.sub(replace, s)) + '"'
-
-
-encode_basestring_ascii = (
-    c_encode_basestring_ascii or py_encode_basestring_ascii)
+                return '\\u%04x\\u%04x' % (s1, s2)
+    if ESCAPE_ASCII.search(s):
+        return str(ESCAPE_ASCII.sub(replace, s))
+    return s
+py_encode_basestring_ascii = lambda s: '"' + encode_basestring_ascii(s) + '"'
+c_encode_basestring_ascii = None
 
 class JSONEncoder(object):
     """Extensible JSON <http://json.org> encoder for Python data structures.
@@ -147,6 +136,17 @@
 
         self.skipkeys = skipkeys
         self.ensure_ascii = ensure_ascii
+        if ensure_ascii:
+            self.encoder = encode_basestring_ascii
+        else:
+            self.encoder = encode_basestring
+        if encoding != 'utf-8':
+            orig_encoder = self.encoder
+            def encoder(o):
+                if isinstance(o, str):
+                    o = o.decode(encoding)
+                return orig_encoder(o)
+            self.encoder = encoder
         self.check_circular = check_circular
         self.allow_nan = allow_nan
         self.sort_keys = sort_keys
@@ -184,24 +184,126 @@
         '{"foo": ["bar", "baz"]}'
 
         """
-        # This is for extremely simple cases and benchmarks.
+        if self.check_circular:
+            markers = {}
+        else:
+            markers = None
+        if self.ensure_ascii:
+            builder = StringBuilder()
+        else:
+            builder = UnicodeBuilder()
+        self._encode(o, markers, builder, 0)
+        return builder.build()
+
+    def _emit_indent(self, builder, _current_indent_level):
+        if self.indent is not None:
+            _current_indent_level += 1
+            newline_indent = '\n' + (' ' * (self.indent *
+                                            _current_indent_level))
+            separator = self.item_separator + newline_indent
+            builder.append(newline_indent)
+        else:
+            separator = self.item_separator
+        return separator, _current_indent_level
+
+    def _emit_unindent(self, builder, _current_indent_level):
+        if self.indent is not None:
+            builder.append('\n')
+            builder.append(' ' * (self.indent * (_current_indent_level - 1)))
+
+    def _encode(self, o, markers, builder, _current_indent_level):
         if isinstance(o, basestring):
-            if isinstance(o, str):
-                _encoding = self.encoding
-                if (_encoding is not None
-                        and not (_encoding == 'utf-8')):
-                    o = o.decode(_encoding)
-            if self.ensure_ascii:
-                return encode_basestring_ascii(o)
+            builder.append('"')
+            builder.append(self.encoder(o))
+            builder.append('"')
+        elif o is None:
+            builder.append('null')
+        elif o is True:
+            builder.append('true')
+        elif o is False:
+            builder.append('false')
+        elif isinstance(o, (int, long)):
+            builder.append(str(o))
+        elif isinstance(o, float):
+            builder.append(self._floatstr(o))
+        elif isinstance(o, (list, tuple)):
+            if not o:
+                builder.append('[]')
+                return
+            self._encode_list(o, markers, builder, _current_indent_level)
+        elif isinstance(o, dict):
+            if not o:
+                builder.append('{}')
+                return
+            self._encode_dict(o, markers, builder, _current_indent_level)
+        else:
+            self._mark_markers(markers, o)
+            res = self.default(o)
+            self._encode(res, markers, builder, _current_indent_level)
+            self._remove_markers(markers, o)
+            return res
+
+    def _encode_list(self, l, markers, builder, _current_indent_level):
+        self._mark_markers(markers, l)
+        builder.append('[')
+        first = True
+        separator, _current_indent_level = self._emit_indent(builder,
+                                                      _current_indent_level)
+        for elem in l:
+            if first:
+                first = False
             else:
-                return encode_basestring(o)
-        # This doesn't pass the iterator directly to ''.join() because the
-        # exceptions aren't as detailed.  The list call should be roughly
-        # equivalent to the PySequence_Fast that ''.join() would do.
-        chunks = self.iterencode(o, _one_shot=True)
-        if not isinstance(chunks, (list, tuple)):
-            chunks = list(chunks)
-        return ''.join(chunks)
+                builder.append(separator)
+            self._encode(elem, markers, builder, _current_indent_level)
+            del elem # XXX grumble
+        self._emit_unindent(builder, _current_indent_level)
+        builder.append(']')
+        self._remove_markers(markers, l)
+
+    def _encode_dict(self, d, markers, builder, _current_indent_level):
+        self._mark_markers(markers, d)
+        first = True
+        builder.append('{')
+        separator, _current_indent_level = self._emit_indent(builder,
+                                                         _current_indent_level)
+        if self.sort_keys:
+            items = sorted(d.items(), key=lambda kv: kv[0])
+        else:
+            items = d.iteritems()
+
+        for key, v in items:
+            if first:
+                first = False
+            else:
+                builder.append(separator)
+            if isinstance(key, basestring):
+                pass
+            # JavaScript is weakly typed for these, so it makes sense to
+            # also allow them.  Many encoders seem to do something like this.
+            elif isinstance(key, float):
+                key = self._floatstr(key)
+            elif key is True:
+                key = 'true'
+            elif key is False:
+                key = 'false'
+            elif key is None:
+                key = 'null'
+            elif isinstance(key, (int, long)):
+                key = str(key)
+            elif self.skipkeys:
+                continue
+            else:
+                raise TypeError("key " + repr(key) + " is not a string")
+            builder.append('"')
+            builder.append(self.encoder(key))
+            builder.append('"')
+            builder.append(self.key_separator)
+            self._encode(v, markers, builder, _current_indent_level)
+            del key
+            del v # XXX grumble
+        self._emit_unindent(builder, _current_indent_level)
+        builder.append('}')
+        self._remove_markers(markers, d)
 
     def iterencode(self, o, _one_shot=False):
         """Encode the given object and yield each string
@@ -217,86 +319,54 @@
             markers = {}
         else:
             markers = None
-        if self.ensure_ascii:
-            _encoder = encode_basestring_ascii
+        return self._iterencode(o, markers, 0)
+
+    def _floatstr(self, o):
+        # Check for specials.  Note that this type of test is processor
+        # and/or platform-specific, so do tests which don't depend on the
+        # internals.
+
+        if o != o:
+            text = 'NaN'
+        elif o == INFINITY:
+            text = 'Infinity'
+        elif o == -INFINITY:
+            text = '-Infinity'
         else:
-            _encoder = encode_basestring
-        if self.encoding != 'utf-8':
-            def _encoder(o, _orig_encoder=_encoder, _encoding=self.encoding):
-                if isinstance(o, str):
-                    o = o.decode(_encoding)
-                return _orig_encoder(o)
+            return FLOAT_REPR(o)
 
-        def floatstr(o, allow_nan=self.allow_nan,
-                _repr=FLOAT_REPR, _inf=INFINITY, _neginf=-INFINITY):
-            # Check for specials.  Note that this type of test is processor
-            # and/or platform-specific, so do tests which don't depend on the
-            # internals.
+        if not self.allow_nan:
+            raise ValueError(
+                "Out of range float values are not JSON compliant: " +
+                repr(o))
 
-            if o != o:
-                text = 'NaN'
-            elif o == _inf:
-                text = 'Infinity'
-            elif o == _neginf:
-                text = '-Infinity'
-            else:
-                return _repr(o)
+        return text
 
-            if not allow_nan:
-                raise ValueError(
-                    "Out of range float values are not JSON compliant: " +
-                    repr(o))
+    def _mark_markers(self, markers, o):
+        if markers is not None:
+            if id(o) in markers:
+                raise ValueError("Circular reference detected")
+            markers[id(o)] = None
 
-            return text
+    def _remove_markers(self, markers, o):
+        if markers is not None:
+            del markers[id(o)]
 
-
-        if (_one_shot and c_make_encoder is not None
-                and not self.indent and not self.sort_keys):
-            _iterencode = c_make_encoder(
-                markers, self.default, _encoder, self.indent,
-                self.key_separator, self.item_separator, self.sort_keys,
-                self.skipkeys, self.allow_nan)
-        else:
-            _iterencode = _make_iterencode(
-                markers, self.default, _encoder, self.indent, floatstr,
-                self.key_separator, self.item_separator, self.sort_keys,
-                self.skipkeys, _one_shot)
-        return _iterencode(o, 0)
-
-def _make_iterencode(markers, _default, _encoder, _indent, _floatstr,
-        _key_separator, _item_separator, _sort_keys, _skipkeys, _one_shot,
-        ## HACK: hand-optimized bytecode; turn globals into locals
-        ValueError=ValueError,
-        basestring=basestring,
-        dict=dict,
-        float=float,
-        id=id,
-        int=int,
-        isinstance=isinstance,
-        list=list,
-        long=long,
-        str=str,
-        tuple=tuple,
-    ):
-
-    def _iterencode_list(lst, _current_indent_level):
+    def _iterencode_list(self, lst, markers, _current_indent_level):
         if not lst:
             yield '[]'
             return
-        if markers is not None:
-            markerid = id(lst)
-            if markerid in markers:
-                raise ValueError("Circular reference detected")
-            markers[markerid] = lst
+        self._mark_markers(markers, lst)
         buf = '['
-        if _indent is not None:
+        if self.indent is not None:
             _current_indent_level += 1
-            newline_indent = '\n' + (' ' * (_indent * _current_indent_level))
-            separator = _item_separator + newline_indent
+            newline_indent = '\n' + (' ' * (self.indent *
+                                            _current_indent_level))
+            separator = self.item_separator + newline_indent
             buf += newline_indent
         else:
             newline_indent = None
-            separator = _item_separator
+            separator = self.item_separator
         first = True
         for value in lst:
             if first:
@@ -304,7 +374,7 @@
             else:
                 buf = separator
             if isinstance(value, basestring):
-                yield buf + _encoder(value)
+                yield buf + '"' + self.encoder(value) + '"'
             elif value is None:
                 yield buf + 'null'
             elif value is True:
@@ -314,44 +384,43 @@
             elif isinstance(value, (int, long)):
                 yield buf + str(value)
             elif isinstance(value, float):
-                yield buf + _floatstr(value)
+                yield buf + self._floatstr(value)
             else:
                 yield buf
                 if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
-                    chunks = _iterencode_list(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode_list(value, markers,
+                                                   _current_indent_level)
                 elif isinstance(value, dict):
-                    chunks = _iterencode_dict(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode_dict(value, markers,
+                                                   _current_indent_level)
                 else:
-                    chunks = _iterencode(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode(value, markers,
+                                              _current_indent_level)
                 for chunk in chunks:
                     yield chunk
         if newline_indent is not None:
             _current_indent_level -= 1
-            yield '\n' + (' ' * (_indent * _current_indent_level))
+            yield '\n' + (' ' * (self.indent * _current_indent_level))
         yield ']'
-        if markers is not None:
-            del markers[markerid]
+        self._remove_markers(markers, lst)
 
-    def _iterencode_dict(dct, _current_indent_level):
+    def _iterencode_dict(self, dct, markers, _current_indent_level):
         if not dct:
             yield '{}'
             return
-        if markers is not None:
-            markerid = id(dct)
-            if markerid in markers:
-                raise ValueError("Circular reference detected")
-            markers[markerid] = dct
+        self._mark_markers(markers, dct)
         yield '{'
-        if _indent is not None:
+        if self.indent is not None:
             _current_indent_level += 1
-            newline_indent = '\n' + (' ' * (_indent * _current_indent_level))
-            item_separator = _item_separator + newline_indent
+            newline_indent = '\n' + (' ' * (self.indent *
+                                            _current_indent_level))
+            item_separator = self.item_separator + newline_indent
             yield newline_indent
         else:
             newline_indent = None
-            item_separator = _item_separator
+            item_separator = self.item_separator
         first = True
-        if _sort_keys:
+        if self.sort_keys:
             items = sorted(dct.items(), key=lambda kv: kv[0])
         else:
             items = dct.iteritems()
@@ -361,7 +430,7 @@
             # JavaScript is weakly typed for these, so it makes sense to
             # also allow them.  Many encoders seem to do something like this.
             elif isinstance(key, float):
-                key = _floatstr(key)
+                key = self._floatstr(key)
             elif key is True:
                 key = 'true'
             elif key is False:
@@ -370,7 +439,7 @@
                 key = 'null'
             elif isinstance(key, (int, long)):
                 key = str(key)
-            elif _skipkeys:
+            elif self.skipkeys:
                 continue
             else:
                 raise TypeError("key " + repr(key) + " is not a string")
@@ -378,10 +447,10 @@
                 first = False
             else:
                 yield item_separator
-            yield _encoder(key)
-            yield _key_separator
+            yield '"' + self.encoder(key) + '"'
+            yield self.key_separator
             if isinstance(value, basestring):
-                yield _encoder(value)
+                yield '"' + self.encoder(value) + '"'
             elif value is None:
                 yield 'null'
             elif value is True:
@@ -391,26 +460,28 @@
             elif isinstance(value, (int, long)):
                 yield str(value)
             elif isinstance(value, float):
-                yield _floatstr(value)
+                yield self._floatstr(value)
             else:
                 if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
-                    chunks = _iterencode_list(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode_list(value, markers,
+                                                   _current_indent_level)
                 elif isinstance(value, dict):
-                    chunks = _iterencode_dict(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode_dict(value, markers,
+                                                   _current_indent_level)
                 else:
-                    chunks = _iterencode(value, _current_indent_level)
+                    chunks = self._iterencode(value, markers,
+                                              _current_indent_level)
                 for chunk in chunks:
                     yield chunk
         if newline_indent is not None:
             _current_indent_level -= 1
-            yield '\n' + (' ' * (_indent * _current_indent_level))
+            yield '\n' + (' ' * (self.indent * _current_indent_level))
         yield '}'
-        if markers is not None:
-            del markers[markerid]
+        self._remove_markers(markers, dct)
 
-    def _iterencode(o, _current_indent_level):
+    def _iterencode(self, o, markers, _current_indent_level):
         if isinstance(o, basestring):
-            yield _encoder(o)
+            yield '"' + self.encoder(o) + '"'
         elif o is None:
             yield 'null'
         elif o is True:
@@ -420,23 +491,19 @@
         elif isinstance(o, (int, long)):
             yield str(o)
         elif isinstance(o, float):
-            yield _floatstr(o)
+            yield self._floatstr(o)
         elif isinstance(o, (list, tuple)):
-            for chunk in _iterencode_list(o, _current_indent_level):
+            for chunk in self._iterencode_list(o, markers,
+                                               _current_indent_level):
                 yield chunk
         elif isinstance(o, dict):
-            for chunk in _iterencode_dict(o, _current_indent_level):
+            for chunk in self._iterencode_dict(o, markers,
+                                               _current_indent_level):
                 yield chunk
         else:
-            if markers is not None:
-                markerid = id(o)
-                if markerid in markers:
-                    raise ValueError("Circular reference detected")
-                markers[markerid] = o
-            o = _default(o)
-            for chunk in _iterencode(o, _current_indent_level):
+            self._mark_markers(markers, o)
+            obj = self.default(o)
+            for chunk in self._iterencode(obj, markers,
+                                          _current_indent_level):
                 yield chunk
-            if markers is not None:
-                del markers[markerid]
-
-    return _iterencode
+            self._remove_markers(markers, o)
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/tests/test_unicode.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/tests/test_unicode.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/tests/test_unicode.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/json/tests/test_unicode.py
@@ -80,3 +80,9 @@
         self.assertEqual(type(json.loads(u'["a"]')[0]), unicode)
         # Issue 10038.
         self.assertEqual(type(json.loads('"foo"')), unicode)
+
+    def test_encode_not_utf_8(self):
+        self.assertEqual(json.dumps('\xb1\xe6', encoding='iso8859-2'),
+                         '"\\u0105\\u0107"')
+        self.assertEqual(json.dumps(['\xb1\xe6'], encoding='iso8859-2'),
+                         '["\\u0105\\u0107"]')
diff --git a/lib-python/2.7/pkgutil.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/pkgutil.py
copy from lib-python/2.7/pkgutil.py
copy to lib-python/modified-2.7/pkgutil.py
--- a/lib-python/2.7/pkgutil.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/pkgutil.py
@@ -244,7 +244,8 @@
         return mod
 
     def get_data(self, pathname):
-        return open(pathname, "rb").read()
+        with open(pathname, "rb") as f:
+            return f.read()
 
     def _reopen(self):
         if self.file and self.file.closed:
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_array.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_array.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_array.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_array.py
@@ -295,9 +295,10 @@
         )
 
         b = array.array(self.badtypecode())
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a + b")
-
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a + 'bad'")
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a + b
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a + 'bad'
 
     def test_iadd(self):
         a = array.array(self.typecode, self.example[::-1])
@@ -316,9 +317,10 @@
         )
 
         b = array.array(self.badtypecode())
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a += b")
-
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a += 'bad'")
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a += b
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a += 'bad'
 
     def test_mul(self):
         a = 5*array.array(self.typecode, self.example)
@@ -345,7 +347,8 @@
             array.array(self.typecode)
         )
 
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a * 'bad'")
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a * 'bad'
 
     def test_imul(self):
         a = array.array(self.typecode, self.example)
@@ -374,7 +377,8 @@
         a *= -1
         self.assertEqual(a, array.array(self.typecode))
 
-        self.assertRaises(TypeError, "a *= 'bad'")
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            a *= 'bad'
 
     def test_getitem(self):
         a = array.array(self.typecode, self.example)
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_heapq.py
@@ -186,6 +186,11 @@
         self.assertFalse(sys.modules['heapq'] is self.module)
         self.assertTrue(hasattr(self.module.heapify, 'func_code'))
 
+    def test_islice_protection(self):
+        m = self.module
+        self.assertFalse(m.nsmallest(-1, [1]))
+        self.assertFalse(m.nlargest(-1, [1]))
+
 
 class TestHeapC(TestHeap):
     module = c_heapq
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_import.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_import.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_import.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_import.py
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@
             except ImportError, err:
                 self.fail("import from %s failed: %s" % (ext, err))
             else:
+                # XXX importing .pyw is missing on Windows
                 self.assertEqual(mod.a, a,
                     "module loaded (%s) but contents invalid" % mod)
                 self.assertEqual(mod.b, b,
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_repr.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_repr.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_repr.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_repr.py
@@ -254,8 +254,14 @@
         eq = self.assertEqual
         touch(os.path.join(self.subpkgname, self.pkgname + os.extsep + 'py'))
         from areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation import areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation
-        eq(repr(areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation),
-           "<module '%s' from '%s'>" % (areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__name__, areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__file__))
+        # On PyPy, we use %r to format the file name; on CPython it is done
+        # with '%s'.  It seems to me that %r is safer <arigo>.
+        if '__pypy__' in sys.builtin_module_names:
+            eq(repr(areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation),
+               "<module %r from %r>" % (areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__name__, areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__file__))
+        else:
+            eq(repr(areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation),
+               "<module '%s' from '%s'>" % (areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__name__, areallylongpackageandmodulenametotestreprtruncation.__file__))
         eq(repr(sys), "<module 'sys' (built-in)>")
 
     def test_type(self):
diff --git a/lib-python/2.7/test/test_subprocess.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_subprocess.py
copy from lib-python/2.7/test/test_subprocess.py
copy to lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_subprocess.py
--- a/lib-python/2.7/test/test_subprocess.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_subprocess.py
@@ -16,11 +16,11 @@
 # Depends on the following external programs: Python
 #
 
-if mswindows:
-    SETBINARY = ('import msvcrt; msvcrt.setmode(sys.stdout.fileno(), '
-                                                'os.O_BINARY);')
-else:
-    SETBINARY = ''
+#if mswindows:
+#    SETBINARY = ('import msvcrt; msvcrt.setmode(sys.stdout.fileno(), '
+#                                                'os.O_BINARY);')
+#else:
+#    SETBINARY = ''
 
 
 try:
@@ -420,8 +420,9 @@
         self.assertStderrEqual(stderr, "")
 
     def test_universal_newlines(self):
-        p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-c",
-                          'import sys,os;' + SETBINARY +
+        # NB. replaced SETBINARY with the -u flag
+        p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-u", "-c",
+                          'import sys,os;' + #SETBINARY +
                           'sys.stdout.write("line1\\n");'
                           'sys.stdout.flush();'
                           'sys.stdout.write("line2\\r");'
@@ -448,8 +449,9 @@
 
     def test_universal_newlines_communicate(self):
         # universal newlines through communicate()
-        p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-c",
-                          'import sys,os;' + SETBINARY +
+        # NB. replaced SETBINARY with the -u flag
+        p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-u", "-c",
+                          'import sys,os;' + #SETBINARY +
                           'sys.stdout.write("line1\\n");'
                           'sys.stdout.flush();'
                           'sys.stdout.write("line2\\r");'
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_sys_settrace.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_sys_settrace.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_sys_settrace.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_sys_settrace.py
@@ -286,11 +286,11 @@
         self.compare_events(func.func_code.co_firstlineno,
                             tracer.events, func.events)
 
-    def set_and_retrieve_none(self):
+    def test_set_and_retrieve_none(self):
         sys.settrace(None)
         assert sys.gettrace() is None
 
-    def set_and_retrieve_func(self):
+    def test_set_and_retrieve_func(self):
         def fn(*args):
             pass
 
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_urllib2.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_urllib2.py
--- a/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_urllib2.py
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/test/test_urllib2.py
@@ -307,6 +307,9 @@
     def getresponse(self):
         return MockHTTPResponse(MockFile(), {}, 200, "OK")
 
+    def close(self):
+        pass
+
 class MockHandler:
     # useful for testing handler machinery
     # see add_ordered_mock_handlers() docstring
diff --git a/lib-python/modified-2.7/urllib2.py b/lib-python/modified-2.7/urllib2.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib-python/modified-2.7/urllib2.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1436 @@
+"""An extensible library for opening URLs using a variety of protocols
+
+The simplest way to use this module is to call the urlopen function,
+which accepts a string containing a URL or a Request object (described
+below).  It opens the URL and returns the results as file-like
+object; the returned object has some extra methods described below.
+
+The OpenerDirector manages a collection of Handler objects that do
+all the actual work.  Each Handler implements a particular protocol or
+option.  The OpenerDirector is a composite object that invokes the
+Handlers needed to open the requested URL.  For example, the
+HTTPHandler performs HTTP GET and POST requests and deals with
+non-error returns.  The HTTPRedirectHandler automatically deals with
+HTTP 301, 302, 303 and 307 redirect errors, and the HTTPDigestAuthHandler
+deals with digest authentication.
+
+urlopen(url, data=None) -- Basic usage is the same as original
+urllib.  pass the url and optionally data to post to an HTTP URL, and
+get a file-like object back.  One difference is that you can also pass
+a Request instance instead of URL.  Raises a URLError (subclass of
+IOError); for HTTP errors, raises an HTTPError, which can also be
+treated as a valid response.
+
+build_opener -- Function that creates a new OpenerDirector instance.
+Will install the default handlers.  Accepts one or more Handlers as
+arguments, either instances or Handler classes that it will
+instantiate.  If one of the argument is a subclass of the default
+handler, the argument will be installed instead of the default.
+
+install_opener -- Installs a new opener as the default opener.
+
+objects of interest:
+
+OpenerDirector -- Sets up the User Agent as the Python-urllib client and manages
+the Handler classes, while dealing with requests and responses.
+
+Request -- An object that encapsulates the state of a request.  The
+state can be as simple as the URL.  It can also include extra HTTP
+headers, e.g. a User-Agent.
+
+BaseHandler --
+
+exceptions:
+URLError -- A subclass of IOError, individual protocols have their own
+specific subclass.
+
+HTTPError -- Also a valid HTTP response, so you can treat an HTTP error
+as an exceptional event or valid response.
+
+internals:
+BaseHandler and parent
+_call_chain conventions
+
+Example usage:
+
+import urllib2
+
+# set up authentication info
+authinfo = urllib2.HTTPBasicAuthHandler()
+authinfo.add_password(realm='PDQ Application',
+                      uri='https://mahler:8092/site-updates.py',
+                      user='klem',
+                      passwd='geheim$parole')
+
+proxy_support = urllib2.ProxyHandler({"http" : "http://ahad-haam:3128"})
+
+# build a new opener that adds authentication and caching FTP handlers
+opener = urllib2.build_opener(proxy_support, authinfo, urllib2.CacheFTPHandler)
+
+# install it
+urllib2.install_opener(opener)
+
+f = urllib2.urlopen('http://www.python.org/')
+
+
+"""
+
+# XXX issues:
+# If an authentication error handler that tries to perform
+# authentication for some reason but fails, how should the error be
+# signalled?  The client needs to know the HTTP error code.  But if
+# the handler knows that the problem was, e.g., that it didn't know
+# that hash algo that requested in the challenge, it would be good to
+# pass that information along to the client, too.
+# ftp errors aren't handled cleanly
+# check digest against correct (i.e. non-apache) implementation
+
+# Possible extensions:
+# complex proxies  XXX not sure what exactly was meant by this
+# abstract factory for opener
+
+import base64
+import hashlib
+import httplib
+import mimetools
+import os
+import posixpath
+import random
+import re
+import socket
+import sys
+import time
+import urlparse
+import bisect
+
+try:
+    from cStringIO import StringIO
+except ImportError:
+    from StringIO import StringIO
+
+from urllib import (unwrap, unquote, splittype, splithost, quote,
+     addinfourl, splitport, splittag,
+     splitattr, ftpwrapper, splituser, splitpasswd, splitvalue)
+
+# support for FileHandler, proxies via environment variables
+from urllib import localhost, url2pathname, getproxies, proxy_bypass
+
+# used in User-Agent header sent
+__version__ = sys.version[:3]
+
+_opener = None
+def urlopen(url, data=None, timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
+    global _opener
+    if _opener is None:
+        _opener = build_opener()
+    return _opener.open(url, data, timeout)
+
+def install_opener(opener):
+    global _opener
+    _opener = opener
+
+# do these error classes make sense?
+# make sure all of the IOError stuff is overridden.  we just want to be
+# subtypes.
+
+class URLError(IOError):
+    # URLError is a sub-type of IOError, but it doesn't share any of
+    # the implementation.  need to override __init__ and __str__.
+    # It sets self.args for compatibility with other EnvironmentError
+    # subclasses, but args doesn't have the typical format with errno in
+    # slot 0 and strerror in slot 1.  This may be better than nothing.
+    def __init__(self, reason):
+        self.args = reason,
+        self.reason = reason
+
+    def __str__(self):
+        return '<urlopen error %s>' % self.reason
+
+class HTTPError(URLError, addinfourl):
+    """Raised when HTTP error occurs, but also acts like non-error return"""
+    __super_init = addinfourl.__init__
+
+    def __init__(self, url, code, msg, hdrs, fp):
+        self.code = code
+        self.msg = msg
+        self.hdrs = hdrs
+        self.fp = fp
+        self.filename = url
+        # The addinfourl classes depend on fp being a valid file
+        # object.  In some cases, the HTTPError may not have a valid
+        # file object.  If this happens, the simplest workaround is to
+        # not initialize the base classes.
+        if fp is not None:
+            self.__super_init(fp, hdrs, url, code)
+
+    def __str__(self):
+        return 'HTTP Error %s: %s' % (self.code, self.msg)
+
+# copied from cookielib.py
+_cut_port_re = re.compile(r":\d+$")
+def request_host(request):
+    """Return request-host, as defined by RFC 2965.
+
+    Variation from RFC: returned value is lowercased, for convenient
+    comparison.
+
+    """
+    url = request.get_full_url()
+    host = urlparse.urlparse(url)[1]
+    if host == "":
+        host = request.get_header("Host", "")
+
+    # remove port, if present
+    host = _cut_port_re.sub("", host, 1)
+    return host.lower()
+
+class Request:
+
+    def __init__(self, url, data=None, headers={},
+                 origin_req_host=None, unverifiable=False):
+        # unwrap('<URL:type://host/path>') --> 'type://host/path'
+        self.__original = unwrap(url)
+        self.__original, fragment = splittag(self.__original)
+        self.type = None
+        # self.__r_type is what's left after doing the splittype
+        self.host = None
+        self.port = None
+        self._tunnel_host = None
+        self.data = data
+        self.headers = {}
+        for key, value in headers.items():
+            self.add_header(key, value)
+        self.unredirected_hdrs = {}
+        if origin_req_host is None:
+            origin_req_host = request_host(self)
+        self.origin_req_host = origin_req_host
+        self.unverifiable = unverifiable
+
+    def __getattr__(self, attr):
+        # XXX this is a fallback mechanism to guard against these
+        # methods getting called in a non-standard order.  this may be
+        # too complicated and/or unnecessary.
+        # XXX should the __r_XXX attributes be public?
+        if attr[:12] == '_Request__r_':
+            name = attr[12:]
+            if hasattr(Request, 'get_' + name):
+                getattr(self, 'get_' + name)()
+                return getattr(self, attr)
+        raise AttributeError, attr
+
+    def get_method(self):
+        if self.has_data():
+            return "POST"
+        else:
+            return "GET"
+
+    # XXX these helper methods are lame
+
+    def add_data(self, data):
+        self.data = data
+
+    def has_data(self):
+        return self.data is not None
+
+    def get_data(self):
+        return self.data
+
+    def get_full_url(self):
+        return self.__original
+
+    def get_type(self):
+        if self.type is None:
+            self.type, self.__r_type = splittype(self.__original)
+            if self.type is None:
+                raise ValueError, "unknown url type: %s" % self.__original
+        return self.type
+
+    def get_host(self):
+        if self.host is None:
+            self.host, self.__r_host = splithost(self.__r_type)
+            if self.host:
+                self.host = unquote(self.host)
+        return self.host
+
+    def get_selector(self):
+        return self.__r_host
+
+    def set_proxy(self, host, type):
+        if self.type == 'https' and not self._tunnel_host:
+            self._tunnel_host = self.host
+        else:
+            self.type = type
+            self.__r_host = self.__original
+
+        self.host = host
+
+    def has_proxy(self):
+        return self.__r_host == self.__original
+
+    def get_origin_req_host(self):
+        return self.origin_req_host
+
+    def is_unverifiable(self):
+        return self.unverifiable
+
+    def add_header(self, key, val):
+        # useful for something like authentication
+        self.headers[key.capitalize()] = val
+
+    def add_unredirected_header(self, key, val):
+        # will not be added to a redirected request
+        self.unredirected_hdrs[key.capitalize()] = val
+
+    def has_header(self, header_name):
+        return (header_name in self.headers or
+                header_name in self.unredirected_hdrs)
+
+    def get_header(self, header_name, default=None):
+        return self.headers.get(
+            header_name,
+            self.unredirected_hdrs.get(header_name, default))
+
+    def header_items(self):
+        hdrs = self.unredirected_hdrs.copy()
+        hdrs.update(self.headers)
+        return hdrs.items()
+
+class OpenerDirector:
+    def __init__(self):
+        client_version = "Python-urllib/%s" % __version__
+        self.addheaders = [('User-agent', client_version)]
+        # manage the individual handlers
+        self.handlers = []
+        self.handle_open = {}
+        self.handle_error = {}
+        self.process_response = {}
+        self.process_request = {}
+
+    def add_handler(self, handler):
+        if not hasattr(handler, "add_parent"):
+            raise TypeError("expected BaseHandler instance, got %r" %
+                            type(handler))
+
+        added = False
+        for meth in dir(handler):
+            if meth in ["redirect_request", "do_open", "proxy_open"]:
+                # oops, coincidental match
+                continue
+
+            i = meth.find("_")
+            protocol = meth[:i]
+            condition = meth[i+1:]
+
+            if condition.startswith("error"):
+                j = condition.find("_") + i + 1
+                kind = meth[j+1:]
+                try:
+                    kind = int(kind)
+                except ValueError:
+                    pass
+                lookup = self.handle_error.get(protocol, {})
+                self.handle_error[protocol] = lookup
+            elif condition == "open":
+                kind = protocol
+                lookup = self.handle_open
+            elif condition == "response":
+                kind = protocol
+                lookup = self.process_response
+            elif condition == "request":
+                kind = protocol
+                lookup = self.process_request
+            else:
+                continue
+
+            handlers = lookup.setdefault(kind, [])
+            if handlers:
+                bisect.insort(handlers, handler)
+            else:
+                handlers.append(handler)
+            added = True
+
+        if added:
+            # the handlers must work in an specific order, the order
+            # is specified in a Handler attribute
+            bisect.insort(self.handlers, handler)
+            handler.add_parent(self)
+
+    def close(self):
+        # Only exists for backwards compatibility.
+        pass
+
+    def _call_chain(self, chain, kind, meth_name, *args):
+        # Handlers raise an exception if no one else should try to handle
+        # the request, or return None if they can't but another handler
+        # could.  Otherwise, they return the response.
+        handlers = chain.get(kind, ())
+        for handler in handlers:
+            func = getattr(handler, meth_name)
+
+            result = func(*args)
+            if result is not None:
+                return result
+
+    def open(self, fullurl, data=None, timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
+        # accept a URL or a Request object
+        if isinstance(fullurl, basestring):
+            req = Request(fullurl, data)
+        else:
+            req = fullurl
+            if data is not None:
+                req.add_data(data)
+
+        req.timeout = timeout
+        protocol = req.get_type()
+
+        # pre-process request
+        meth_name = protocol+"_request"
+        for processor in self.process_request.get(protocol, []):
+            meth = getattr(processor, meth_name)
+            req = meth(req)
+
+        response = self._open(req, data)
+
+        # post-process response
+        meth_name = protocol+"_response"
+        for processor in self.process_response.get(protocol, []):
+            meth = getattr(processor, meth_name)
+            response = meth(req, response)
+
+        return response
+
+    def _open(self, req, data=None):
+        result = self._call_chain(self.handle_open, 'default',
+                                  'default_open', req)
+        if result:
+            return result
+
+        protocol = req.get_type()
+        result = self._call_chain(self.handle_open, protocol, protocol +
+                                  '_open', req)
+        if result:
+            return result
+
+        return self._call_chain(self.handle_open, 'unknown',
+                                'unknown_open', req)
+
+    def error(self, proto, *args):
+        if proto in ('http', 'https'):
+            # XXX http[s] protocols are special-cased
+            dict = self.handle_error['http'] # https is not different than http
+            proto = args[2]  # YUCK!
+            meth_name = 'http_error_%s' % proto
+            http_err = 1
+            orig_args = args
+        else:
+            dict = self.handle_error
+            meth_name = proto + '_error'
+            http_err = 0
+        args = (dict, proto, meth_name) + args
+        result = self._call_chain(*args)
+        if result:
+            return result
+
+        if http_err:
+            args = (dict, 'default', 'http_error_default') + orig_args
+            return self._call_chain(*args)
+
+# XXX probably also want an abstract factory that knows when it makes
+# sense to skip a superclass in favor of a subclass and when it might
+# make sense to include both
+
+def build_opener(*handlers):
+    """Create an opener object from a list of handlers.
+
+    The opener will use several default handlers, including support
+    for HTTP, FTP and when applicable, HTTPS.
+
+    If any of the handlers passed as arguments are subclasses of the
+    default handlers, the default handlers will not be used.
+    """
+    import types
+    def isclass(obj):
+        return isinstance(obj, (types.ClassType, type))
+
+    opener = OpenerDirector()
+    default_classes = [ProxyHandler, UnknownHandler, HTTPHandler,
+                       HTTPDefaultErrorHandler, HTTPRedirectHandler,
+                       FTPHandler, FileHandler, HTTPErrorProcessor]
+    if hasattr(httplib, 'HTTPS'):
+        default_classes.append(HTTPSHandler)
+    skip = set()
+    for klass in default_classes:
+        for check in handlers:
+            if isclass(check):
+                if issubclass(check, klass):
+                    skip.add(klass)
+            elif isinstance(check, klass):
+                skip.add(klass)
+    for klass in skip:
+        default_classes.remove(klass)
+
+    for klass in default_classes:
+        opener.add_handler(klass())
+
+    for h in handlers:
+        if isclass(h):
+            h = h()
+        opener.add_handler(h)
+    return opener
+
+class BaseHandler:
+    handler_order = 500
+
+    def add_parent(self, parent):
+        self.parent = parent
+
+    def close(self):
+        # Only exists for backwards compatibility
+        pass
+
+    def __lt__(self, other):
+        if not hasattr(other, "handler_order"):
+            # Try to preserve the old behavior of having custom classes
+            # inserted after default ones (works only for custom user
+            # classes which are not aware of handler_order).
+            return True
+        return self.handler_order < other.handler_order
+
+
+class HTTPErrorProcessor(BaseHandler):
+    """Process HTTP error responses."""
+    handler_order = 1000  # after all other processing
+
+    def http_response(self, request, response):
+        code, msg, hdrs = response.code, response.msg, response.info()
+
+        # According to RFC 2616, "2xx" code indicates that the client's
+        # request was successfully received, understood, and accepted.
+        if not (200 <= code < 300):
+            response = self.parent.error(
+                'http', request, response, code, msg, hdrs)
+
+        return response
+
+    https_response = http_response
+
+class HTTPDefaultErrorHandler(BaseHandler):
+    def http_error_default(self, req, fp, code, msg, hdrs):
+        raise HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), code, msg, hdrs, fp)
+
+class HTTPRedirectHandler(BaseHandler):
+    # maximum number of redirections to any single URL
+    # this is needed because of the state that cookies introduce
+    max_repeats = 4
+    # maximum total number of redirections (regardless of URL) before
+    # assuming we're in a loop
+    max_redirections = 10
+
+    def redirect_request(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers, newurl):
+        """Return a Request or None in response to a redirect.
+
+        This is called by the http_error_30x methods when a
+        redirection response is received.  If a redirection should
+        take place, return a new Request to allow http_error_30x to
+        perform the redirect.  Otherwise, raise HTTPError if no-one
+        else should try to handle this url.  Return None if you can't
+        but another Handler might.
+        """
+        m = req.get_method()
+        if (code in (301, 302, 303, 307) and m in ("GET", "HEAD")
+            or code in (301, 302, 303) and m == "POST"):
+            # Strictly (according to RFC 2616), 301 or 302 in response
+            # to a POST MUST NOT cause a redirection without confirmation
+            # from the user (of urllib2, in this case).  In practice,
+            # essentially all clients do redirect in this case, so we
+            # do the same.
+            # be conciliant with URIs containing a space
+            newurl = newurl.replace(' ', '%20')
+            newheaders = dict((k,v) for k,v in req.headers.items()
+                              if k.lower() not in ("content-length", "content-type")
+                             )
+            return Request(newurl,
+                           headers=newheaders,
+                           origin_req_host=req.get_origin_req_host(),
+                           unverifiable=True)
+        else:
+            raise HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), code, msg, headers, fp)
+
+    # Implementation note: To avoid the server sending us into an
+    # infinite loop, the request object needs to track what URLs we
+    # have already seen.  Do this by adding a handler-specific
+    # attribute to the Request object.
+    def http_error_302(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
+        # Some servers (incorrectly) return multiple Location headers
+        # (so probably same goes for URI).  Use first header.
+        if 'location' in headers:
+            newurl = headers.getheaders('location')[0]
+        elif 'uri' in headers:
+            newurl = headers.getheaders('uri')[0]
+        else:
+            return
+
+        # fix a possible malformed URL
+        urlparts = urlparse.urlparse(newurl)
+        if not urlparts.path:
+            urlparts = list(urlparts)
+            urlparts[2] = "/"
+        newurl = urlparse.urlunparse(urlparts)
+
+        newurl = urlparse.urljoin(req.get_full_url(), newurl)
+
+        # XXX Probably want to forget about the state of the current
+        # request, although that might interact poorly with other
+        # handlers that also use handler-specific request attributes
+        new = self.redirect_request(req, fp, code, msg, headers, newurl)
+        if new is None:
+            return
+
+        # loop detection
+        # .redirect_dict has a key url if url was previously visited.
+        if hasattr(req, 'redirect_dict'):
+            visited = new.redirect_dict = req.redirect_dict
+            if (visited.get(newurl, 0) >= self.max_repeats or
+                len(visited) >= self.max_redirections):
+                raise HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), code,
+                                self.inf_msg + msg, headers, fp)
+        else:
+            visited = new.redirect_dict = req.redirect_dict = {}
+        visited[newurl] = visited.get(newurl, 0) + 1
+
+        # Don't close the fp until we are sure that we won't use it
+        # with HTTPError.
+        fp.read()
+        fp.close()
+
+        return self.parent.open(new, timeout=req.timeout)
+
+    http_error_301 = http_error_303 = http_error_307 = http_error_302
+
+    inf_msg = "The HTTP server returned a redirect error that would " \
+              "lead to an infinite loop.\n" \
+              "The last 30x error message was:\n"
+
+
+def _parse_proxy(proxy):
+    """Return (scheme, user, password, host/port) given a URL or an authority.
+
+    If a URL is supplied, it must have an authority (host:port) component.
+    According to RFC 3986, having an authority component means the URL must
+    have two slashes after the scheme:
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('file:/ftp.example.com/')
+    Traceback (most recent call last):
+    ValueError: proxy URL with no authority: 'file:/ftp.example.com/'
+
+    The first three items of the returned tuple may be None.
+
+    Examples of authority parsing:
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('proxy.example.com')
+    (None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com')
+    >>> _parse_proxy('proxy.example.com:3128')
+    (None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com:3128')
+
+    The authority component may optionally include userinfo (assumed to be
+    username:password):
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('joe:password at proxy.example.com')
+    (None, 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')
+    >>> _parse_proxy('joe:password at proxy.example.com:3128')
+    (None, 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com:3128')
+
+    Same examples, but with URLs instead:
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('http://proxy.example.com/')
+    ('http', None, None, 'proxy.example.com')
+    >>> _parse_proxy('http://proxy.example.com:3128/')
+    ('http', None, None, 'proxy.example.com:3128')
+    >>> _parse_proxy('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com/')
+    ('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')
+    >>> _parse_proxy('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com:3128')
+    ('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com:3128')
+
+    Everything after the authority is ignored:
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('ftp://joe:password@proxy.example.com/rubbish:3128')
+    ('ftp', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')
+
+    Test for no trailing '/' case:
+
+    >>> _parse_proxy('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com')
+    ('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')
+
+    """
+    scheme, r_scheme = splittype(proxy)
+    if not r_scheme.startswith("/"):
+        # authority
+        scheme = None
+        authority = proxy
+    else:
+        # URL
+        if not r_scheme.startswith("//"):
+            raise ValueError("proxy URL with no authority: %r" % proxy)
+        # We have an authority, so for RFC 3986-compliant URLs (by ss 3.
+        # and 3.3.), path is empty or starts with '/'
+        end = r_scheme.find("/", 2)
+        if end == -1:
+            end = None
+        authority = r_scheme[2:end]
+    userinfo, hostport = splituser(authority)
+    if userinfo is not None:
+        user, password = splitpasswd(userinfo)
+    else:
+        user = password = None
+    return scheme, user, password, hostport
+
+class ProxyHandler(BaseHandler):
+    # Proxies must be in front
+    handler_order = 100
+
+    def __init__(self, proxies=None):
+        if proxies is None:
+            proxies = getproxies()
+        assert hasattr(proxies, 'has_key'), "proxies must be a mapping"
+        self.proxies = proxies
+        for type, url in proxies.items():
+            setattr(self, '%s_open' % type,
+                    lambda r, proxy=url, type=type, meth=self.proxy_open: \
+                    meth(r, proxy, type))
+
+    def proxy_open(self, req, proxy, type):
+        orig_type = req.get_type()
+        proxy_type, user, password, hostport = _parse_proxy(proxy)
+
+        if proxy_type is None:
+            proxy_type = orig_type
+
+        if req.host and proxy_bypass(req.host):
+            return None
+
+        if user and password:
+            user_pass = '%s:%s' % (unquote(user), unquote(password))
+            creds = base64.b64encode(user_pass).strip()
+            req.add_header('Proxy-authorization', 'Basic ' + creds)
+        hostport = unquote(hostport)
+        req.set_proxy(hostport, proxy_type)
+
+        if orig_type == proxy_type or orig_type == 'https':
+            # let other handlers take care of it
+            return None
+        else:
+            # need to start over, because the other handlers don't
+            # grok the proxy's URL type
+            # e.g. if we have a constructor arg proxies like so:
+            # {'http': 'ftp://proxy.example.com'}, we may end up turning
+            # a request for http://acme.example.com/a into one for
+            # ftp://proxy.example.com/a
+            return self.parent.open(req, timeout=req.timeout)
+
+class HTTPPasswordMgr:
+
+    def __init__(self):
+        self.passwd = {}
+
+    def add_password(self, realm, uri, user, passwd):
+        # uri could be a single URI or a sequence
+        if isinstance(uri, basestring):
+            uri = [uri]
+        if not realm in self.passwd:
+            self.passwd[realm] = {}
+        for default_port in True, False:
+            reduced_uri = tuple(
+                [self.reduce_uri(u, default_port) for u in uri])
+            self.passwd[realm][reduced_uri] = (user, passwd)
+
+    def find_user_password(self, realm, authuri):
+        domains = self.passwd.get(realm, {})
+        for default_port in True, False:
+            reduced_authuri = self.reduce_uri(authuri, default_port)
+            for uris, authinfo in domains.iteritems():
+                for uri in uris:
+                    if self.is_suburi(uri, reduced_authuri):
+                        return authinfo
+        return None, None
+
+    def reduce_uri(self, uri, default_port=True):
+        """Accept authority or URI and extract only the authority and path."""
+        # note HTTP URLs do not have a userinfo component
+        parts = urlparse.urlsplit(uri)
+        if parts[1]:
+            # URI
+            scheme = parts[0]
+            authority = parts[1]
+            path = parts[2] or '/'
+        else:
+            # host or host:port
+            scheme = None
+            authority = uri
+            path = '/'
+        host, port = splitport(authority)
+        if default_port and port is None and scheme is not None:
+            dport = {"http": 80,
+                     "https": 443,
+                     }.get(scheme)
+            if dport is not None:
+                authority = "%s:%d" % (host, dport)
+        return authority, path
+
+    def is_suburi(self, base, test):
+        """Check if test is below base in a URI tree
+
+        Both args must be URIs in reduced form.
+        """
+        if base == test:
+            return True
+        if base[0] != test[0]:
+            return False
+        common = posixpath.commonprefix((base[1], test[1]))
+        if len(common) == len(base[1]):
+            return True
+        return False
+
+
+class HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm(HTTPPasswordMgr):
+
+    def find_user_password(self, realm, authuri):
+        user, password = HTTPPasswordMgr.find_user_password(self, realm,
+                                                            authuri)
+        if user is not None:
+            return user, password
+        return HTTPPasswordMgr.find_user_password(self, None, authuri)
+
+
+class AbstractBasicAuthHandler:
+
+    # XXX this allows for multiple auth-schemes, but will stupidly pick
+    # the last one with a realm specified.
+
+    # allow for double- and single-quoted realm values
+    # (single quotes are a violation of the RFC, but appear in the wild)
+    rx = re.compile('(?:.*,)*[ \t]*([^ \t]+)[ \t]+'
+                    'realm=(["\'])(.*?)\\2', re.I)
+
+    # XXX could pre-emptively send auth info already accepted (RFC 2617,
+    # end of section 2, and section 1.2 immediately after "credentials"
+    # production).
+
+    def __init__(self, password_mgr=None):
+        if password_mgr is None:
+            password_mgr = HTTPPasswordMgr()
+        self.passwd = password_mgr
+        self.add_password = self.passwd.add_password
+        self.retried = 0
+
+    def reset_retry_count(self):
+        self.retried = 0
+
+    def http_error_auth_reqed(self, authreq, host, req, headers):
+        # host may be an authority (without userinfo) or a URL with an
+        # authority
+        # XXX could be multiple headers
+        authreq = headers.get(authreq, None)
+
+        if self.retried > 5:
+            # retry sending the username:password 5 times before failing.
+            raise HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), 401, "basic auth failed",
+                            headers, None)
+        else:
+            self.retried += 1
+
+        if authreq:
+            mo = AbstractBasicAuthHandler.rx.search(authreq)
+            if mo:
+                scheme, quote, realm = mo.groups()
+                if scheme.lower() == 'basic':
+                    response = self.retry_http_basic_auth(host, req, realm)
+                    if response and response.code != 401:
+                        self.retried = 0
+                    return response
+
+    def retry_http_basic_auth(self, host, req, realm):
+        user, pw = self.passwd.find_user_password(realm, host)
+        if pw is not None:
+            raw = "%s:%s" % (user, pw)
+            auth = 'Basic %s' % base64.b64encode(raw).strip()
+            if req.headers.get(self.auth_header, None) == auth:
+                return None
+            req.add_unredirected_header(self.auth_header, auth)
+            return self.parent.open(req, timeout=req.timeout)
+        else:
+            return None
+
+
+class HTTPBasicAuthHandler(AbstractBasicAuthHandler, BaseHandler):
+
+    auth_header = 'Authorization'
+
+    def http_error_401(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
+        url = req.get_full_url()
+        response = self.http_error_auth_reqed('www-authenticate',
+                                              url, req, headers)
+        self.reset_retry_count()
+        return response
+
+
+class ProxyBasicAuthHandler(AbstractBasicAuthHandler, BaseHandler):
+
+    auth_header = 'Proxy-authorization'
+
+    def http_error_407(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
+        # http_error_auth_reqed requires that there is no userinfo component in
+        # authority.  Assume there isn't one, since urllib2 does not (and
+        # should not, RFC 3986 s. 3.2.1) support requests for URLs containing
+        # userinfo.
+        authority = req.get_host()
+        response = self.http_error_auth_reqed('proxy-authenticate',
+                                          authority, req, headers)
+        self.reset_retry_count()
+        return response
+
+
+def randombytes(n):
+    """Return n random bytes."""
+    # Use /dev/urandom if it is available.  Fall back to random module
+    # if not.  It might be worthwhile to extend this function to use
+    # other platform-specific mechanisms for getting random bytes.
+    if os.path.exists("/dev/urandom"):
+        f = open("/dev/urandom")
+        s = f.read(n)
+        f.close()
+        return s
+    else:
+        L = [chr(random.randrange(0, 256)) for i in range(n)]
+        return "".join(L)
+
+class AbstractDigestAuthHandler:
+    # Digest authentication is specified in RFC 2617.
+
+    # XXX The client does not inspect the Authentication-Info header
+    # in a successful response.
+
+    # XXX It should be possible to test this implementation against
+    # a mock server that just generates a static set of challenges.
+
+    # XXX qop="auth-int" supports is shaky
+
+    def __init__(self, passwd=None):
+        if passwd is None:
+            passwd = HTTPPasswordMgr()
+        self.passwd = passwd
+        self.add_password = self.passwd.add_password
+        self.retried = 0
+        self.nonce_count = 0
+        self.last_nonce = None
+
+    def reset_retry_count(self):
+        self.retried = 0
+
+    def http_error_auth_reqed(self, auth_header, host, req, headers):
+        authreq = headers.get(auth_header, None)
+        if self.retried > 5:
+            # Don't fail endlessly - if we failed once, we'll probably
+            # fail a second time. Hm. Unless the Password Manager is
+            # prompting for the information. Crap. This isn't great
+            # but it's better than the current 'repeat until recursion
+            # depth exceeded' approach <wink>
+            raise HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), 401, "digest auth failed",
+                            headers, None)
+        else:
+            self.retried += 1
+        if authreq:
+            scheme = authreq.split()[0]
+            if scheme.lower() == 'digest':
+                return self.retry_http_digest_auth(req, authreq)
+
+    def retry_http_digest_auth(self, req, auth):
+        token, challenge = auth.split(' ', 1)
+        chal = parse_keqv_list(parse_http_list(challenge))
+        auth = self.get_authorization(req, chal)
+        if auth:
+            auth_val = 'Digest %s' % auth
+            if req.headers.get(self.auth_header, None) == auth_val:
+                return None
+            req.add_unredirected_header(self.auth_header, auth_val)
+            resp = self.parent.open(req, timeout=req.timeout)
+            return resp
+
+    def get_cnonce(self, nonce):
+        # The cnonce-value is an opaque
+        # quoted string value provided by the client and used by both client
+        # and server to avoid chosen plaintext attacks, to provide mutual
+        # authentication, and to provide some message integrity protection.
+        # This isn't a fabulous effort, but it's probably Good Enough.
+        dig = hashlib.sha1("%s:%s:%s:%s" % (self.nonce_count, nonce, time.ctime(),
+                                            randombytes(8))).hexdigest()
+        return dig[:16]
+
+    def get_authorization(self, req, chal):
+        try:
+            realm = chal['realm']
+            nonce = chal['nonce']
+            qop = chal.get('qop')
+            algorithm = chal.get('algorithm', 'MD5')
+            # mod_digest doesn't send an opaque, even though it isn't
+            # supposed to be optional
+            opaque = chal.get('opaque', None)
+        except KeyError:
+            return None
+
+        H, KD = self.get_algorithm_impls(algorithm)
+        if H is None:
+            return None
+
+        user, pw = self.passwd.find_user_password(realm, req.get_full_url())
+        if user is None:
+            return None
+
+        # XXX not implemented yet
+        if req.has_data():
+            entdig = self.get_entity_digest(req.get_data(), chal)
+        else:
+            entdig = None
+
+        A1 = "%s:%s:%s" % (user, realm, pw)
+        A2 = "%s:%s" % (req.get_method(),
+                        # XXX selector: what about proxies and full urls
+                        req.get_selector())
+        if qop == 'auth':
+            if nonce == self.last_nonce:
+                self.nonce_count += 1
+            else:
+                self.nonce_count = 1
+                self.last_nonce = nonce
+
+            ncvalue = '%08x' % self.nonce_count
+            cnonce = self.get_cnonce(nonce)
+            noncebit = "%s:%s:%s:%s:%s" % (nonce, ncvalue, cnonce, qop, H(A2))
+            respdig = KD(H(A1), noncebit)
+        elif qop is None:
+            respdig = KD(H(A1), "%s:%s" % (nonce, H(A2)))
+        else:
+            # XXX handle auth-int.
+            raise URLError("qop '%s' is not supported." % qop)
+
+        # XXX should the partial digests be encoded too?
+
+        base = 'username="%s", realm="%s", nonce="%s", uri="%s", ' \
+               'response="%s"' % (user, realm, nonce, req.get_selector(),
+                                  respdig)
+        if opaque:
+            base += ', opaque="%s"' % opaque
+        if entdig:
+            base += ', digest="%s"' % entdig
+        base += ', algorithm="%s"' % algorithm
+        if qop:
+            base += ', qop=auth, nc=%s, cnonce="%s"' % (ncvalue, cnonce)
+        return base
+
+    def get_algorithm_impls(self, algorithm):
+        # algorithm should be case-insensitive according to RFC2617
+        algorithm = algorithm.upper()
+        # lambdas assume digest modules are imported at the top level
+        if algorithm == 'MD5':
+            H = lambda x: hashlib.md5(x).hexdigest()
+        elif algorithm == 'SHA':
+            H = lambda x: hashlib.sha1(x).hexdigest()
+        # XXX MD5-sess
+        KD = lambda s, d: H("%s:%s" % (s, d))
+        return H, KD
+
+    def get_entity_digest(self, data, chal):
+        # XXX not implemented yet
+        return None
+
+
+class HTTPDigestAuthHandler(BaseHandler, AbstractDigestAuthHandler):
+    """An authentication protocol defined by RFC 2069
+
+    Digest authentication improves on basic authentication because it
+    does not transmit passwords in the clear.
+    """
+
+    auth_header = 'Authorization'
+    handler_order = 490  # before Basic auth
+
+    def http_error_401(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
+        host = urlparse.urlparse(req.get_full_url())[1]
+        retry = self.http_error_auth_reqed('www-authenticate',
+                                           host, req, headers)
+        self.reset_retry_count()
+        return retry
+
+
+class ProxyDigestAuthHandler(BaseHandler, AbstractDigestAuthHandler):
+
+    auth_header = 'Proxy-Authorization'
+    handler_order = 490  # before Basic auth
+
+    def http_error_407(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
+        host = req.get_host()
+        retry = self.http_error_auth_reqed('proxy-authenticate',
+                                           host, req, headers)
+        self.reset_retry_count()
+        return retry
+
+class AbstractHTTPHandler(BaseHandler):
+
+    def __init__(self, debuglevel=0):
+        self._debuglevel = debuglevel
+
+    def set_http_debuglevel(self, level):
+        self._debuglevel = level
+
+    def do_request_(self, request):
+        host = request.get_host()
+        if not host:
+            raise URLError('no host given')
+
+        if request.has_data():  # POST
+            data = request.get_data()
+            if not request.has_header('Content-type'):
+                request.add_unredirected_header(
+                    'Content-type',
+                    'application/x-www-form-urlencoded')
+            if not request.has_header('Content-length'):
+                request.add_unredirected_header(
+                    'Content-length', '%d' % len(data))
+
+        sel_host = host
+        if request.has_proxy():
+            scheme, sel = splittype(request.get_selector())
+            sel_host, sel_path = splithost(sel)
+
+        if not request.has_header('Host'):
+            request.add_unredirected_header('Host', sel_host)
+        for name, value in self.parent.addheaders:
+            name = name.capitalize()
+            if not request.has_header(name):
+                request.add_unredirected_header(name, value)
+
+        return request
+
+    def do_open(self, http_class, req):
+        """Return an addinfourl object for the request, using http_class.
+
+        http_class must implement the HTTPConnection API from httplib.
+        The addinfourl return value is a file-like object.  It also
+        has methods and attributes including:
+            - info(): return a mimetools.Message object for the headers
+            - geturl(): return the original request URL
+            - code: HTTP status code
+        """
+        host = req.get_host()
+        if not host:
+            raise URLError('no host given')
+
+        h = http_class(host, timeout=req.timeout) # will parse host:port
+        h.set_debuglevel(self._debuglevel)
+
+        headers = dict(req.unredirected_hdrs)
+        headers.update(dict((k, v) for k, v in req.headers.items()
+                            if k not in headers))
+
+        # We want to make an HTTP/1.1 request, but the addinfourl
+        # class isn't prepared to deal with a persistent connection.
+        # It will try to read all remaining data from the socket,
+        # which will block while the server waits for the next request.
+        # So make sure the connection gets closed after the (only)
+        # request.
+        headers["Connection"] = "close"
+        headers = dict(
+            (name.title(), val) for name, val in headers.items())
+
+        if req._tunnel_host:
+            tunnel_headers = {}
+            proxy_auth_hdr = "Proxy-Authorization"
+            if proxy_auth_hdr in headers:
+                tunnel_headers[proxy_auth_hdr] = headers[proxy_auth_hdr]
+                # Proxy-Authorization should not be sent to origin
+                # server.
+                del headers[proxy_auth_hdr]
+            h.set_tunnel(req._tunnel_host, headers=tunnel_headers)
+
+        try:
+            h.request(req.get_method(), req.get_selector(), req.data, headers)
+            try:
+                r = h.getresponse(buffering=True)
+            except TypeError: #buffering kw not supported
+                r = h.getresponse()
+        except socket.error, err: # XXX what error?
+            h.close()
+            raise URLError(err)
+
+        # Pick apart the HTTPResponse object to get the addinfourl
+        # object initialized properly.
+
+        # Wrap the HTTPResponse object in socket's file object adapter
+        # for Windows.  That adapter calls recv(), so delegate recv()
+        # to read().  This weird wrapping allows the returned object to
+        # have readline() and readlines() methods.
+
+        # XXX It might be better to extract the read buffering code
+        # out of socket._fileobject() and into a base class.
+
+        r.recv = r.read
+        fp = socket._fileobject(r, close=True)
+
+        resp = addinfourl(fp, r.msg, req.get_full_url())
+        resp.code = r.status
+        resp.msg = r.reason
+        return resp
+
+
+class HTTPHandler(AbstractHTTPHandler):
+
+    def http_open(self, req):
+        return self.do_open(httplib.HTTPConnection, req)
+
+    http_request = AbstractHTTPHandler.do_request_
+
+if hasattr(httplib, 'HTTPS'):
+    class HTTPSHandler(AbstractHTTPHandler):
+
+        def https_open(self, req):
+            return self.do_open(httplib.HTTPSConnection, req)
+
+        https_request = AbstractHTTPHandler.do_request_
+
+class HTTPCookieProcessor(BaseHandler):
+    def __init__(self, cookiejar=None):
+        import cookielib
+        if cookiejar is None:
+            cookiejar = cookielib.CookieJar()
+        self.cookiejar = cookiejar
+
+    def http_request(self, request):
+        self.cookiejar.add_cookie_header(request)
+        return request
+
+    def http_response(self, request, response):
+        self.cookiejar.extract_cookies(response, request)
+        return response
+
+    https_request = http_request
+    https_response = http_response
+
+class UnknownHandler(BaseHandler):
+    def unknown_open(self, req):
+        type = req.get_type()
+        raise URLError('unknown url type: %s' % type)
+
+def parse_keqv_list(l):
+    """Parse list of key=value strings where keys are not duplicated."""
+    parsed = {}
+    for elt in l:
+        k, v = elt.split('=', 1)
+        if v[0] == '"' and v[-1] == '"':
+            v = v[1:-1]
+        parsed[k] = v
+    return parsed
+
+def parse_http_list(s):
+    """Parse lists as described by RFC 2068 Section 2.
+
+    In particular, parse comma-separated lists where the elements of
+    the list may include quoted-strings.  A quoted-string could
+    contain a comma.  A non-quoted string could have quotes in the
+    middle.  Neither commas nor quotes count if they are escaped.
+    Only double-quotes count, not single-quotes.
+    """
+    res = []
+    part = ''
+
+    escape = quote = False
+    for cur in s:
+        if escape:
+            part += cur
+            escape = False
+            continue
+        if quote:
+            if cur == '\\':
+                escape = True
+                continue
+            elif cur == '"':
+                quote = False
+            part += cur
+            continue
+
+        if cur == ',':
+            res.append(part)
+            part = ''
+            continue
+
+        if cur == '"':
+            quote = True
+
+        part += cur
+
+    # append last part
+    if part:
+        res.append(part)
+
+    return [part.strip() for part in res]
+
+def _safe_gethostbyname(host):
+    try:
+        return socket.gethostbyname(host)
+    except socket.gaierror:
+        return None
+
+class FileHandler(BaseHandler):
+    # Use local file or FTP depending on form of URL
+    def file_open(self, req):
+        url = req.get_selector()
+        if url[:2] == '//' and url[2:3] != '/' and (req.host and
+                req.host != 'localhost'):
+            req.type = 'ftp'
+            return self.parent.open(req)
+        else:
+            return self.open_local_file(req)
+
+    # names for the localhost
+    names = None
+    def get_names(self):
+        if FileHandler.names is None:
+            try:
+                FileHandler.names = tuple(
+                    socket.gethostbyname_ex('localhost')[2] +
+                    socket.gethostbyname_ex(socket.gethostname())[2])
+            except socket.gaierror:
+                FileHandler.names = (socket.gethostbyname('localhost'),)
+        return FileHandler.names
+
+    # not entirely sure what the rules are here
+    def open_local_file(self, req):
+        import email.utils
+        import mimetypes
+        host = req.get_host()
+        filename = req.get_selector()
+        localfile = url2pathname(filename)
+        try:
+            stats = os.stat(localfile)
+            size = stats.st_size
+            modified = email.utils.formatdate(stats.st_mtime, usegmt=True)
+            mtype = mimetypes.guess_type(filename)[0]
+            headers = mimetools.Message(StringIO(
+                'Content-type: %s\nContent-length: %d\nLast-modified: %s\n' %
+                (mtype or 'text/plain', size, modified)))
+            if host:
+                host, port = splitport(host)
+            if not host or \
+                (not port and _safe_gethostbyname(host) in self.get_names()):
+                if host:
+                    origurl = 'file://' + host + filename
+                else:
+                    origurl = 'file://' + filename
+                return addinfourl(open(localfile, 'rb'), headers, origurl)
+        except OSError, msg:
+            # urllib2 users shouldn't expect OSErrors coming from urlopen()
+            raise URLError(msg)
+        raise URLError('file not on local host')
+
+class FTPHandler(BaseHandler):
+    def ftp_open(self, req):
+        import ftplib
+        import mimetypes
+        host = req.get_host()
+        if not host:
+            raise URLError('ftp error: no host given')
+        host, port = splitport(host)
+        if port is None:
+            port = ftplib.FTP_PORT
+        else:
+            port = int(port)
+
+        # username/password handling
+        user, host = splituser(host)
+        if user:
+            user, passwd = splitpasswd(user)
+        else:
+            passwd = None
+        host = unquote(host)
+        user = user or ''
+        passwd = passwd or ''
+
+        try:
+            host = socket.gethostbyname(host)
+        except socket.error, msg:
+            raise URLError(msg)
+        path, attrs = splitattr(req.get_selector())
+        dirs = path.split('/')
+        dirs = map(unquote, dirs)
+        dirs, file = dirs[:-1], dirs[-1]
+        if dirs and not dirs[0]:
+            dirs = dirs[1:]
+        try:
+            fw = self.connect_ftp(user, passwd, host, port, dirs, req.timeout)
+            type = file and 'I' or 'D'
+            for attr in attrs:
+                attr, value = splitvalue(attr)
+                if attr.lower() == 'type' and \
+                   value in ('a', 'A', 'i', 'I', 'd', 'D'):
+                    type = value.upper()
+            fp, retrlen = fw.retrfile(file, type)
+            headers = ""
+            mtype = mimetypes.guess_type(req.get_full_url())[0]
+            if mtype:
+                headers += "Content-type: %s\n" % mtype
+            if retrlen is not None and retrlen >= 0:
+                headers += "Content-length: %d\n" % retrlen
+            sf = StringIO(headers)
+            headers = mimetools.Message(sf)
+            return addinfourl(fp, headers, req.get_full_url())
+        except ftplib.all_errors, msg:
+            raise URLError, ('ftp error: %s' % msg), sys.exc_info()[2]
+
+    def connect_ftp(self, user, passwd, host, port, dirs, timeout):
+        fw = ftpwrapper(user, passwd, host, port, dirs, timeout)
+##        fw.ftp.set_debuglevel(1)
+        return fw
+
+class CacheFTPHandler(FTPHandler):
+    # XXX would be nice to have pluggable cache strategies
+    # XXX this stuff is definitely not thread safe
+    def __init__(self):
+        self.cache = {}
+        self.timeout = {}
+        self.soonest = 0
+        self.delay = 60
+        self.max_conns = 16
+
+    def setTimeout(self, t):
+        self.delay = t
+
+    def setMaxConns(self, m):
+        self.max_conns = m
+
+    def connect_ftp(self, user, passwd, host, port, dirs, timeout):
+        key = user, host, port, '/'.join(dirs), timeout
+        if key in self.cache:
+            self.timeout[key] = time.time() + self.delay
+        else:
+            self.cache[key] = ftpwrapper(user, passwd, host, port, dirs, timeout)
+            self.timeout[key] = time.time() + self.delay
+        self.check_cache()
+        return self.cache[key]
+
+    def check_cache(self):
+        # first check for old ones
+        t = time.time()
+        if self.soonest <= t:
+            for k, v in self.timeout.items():
+                if v < t:
+                    self.cache[k].close()
+                    del self.cache[k]
+                    del self.timeout[k]
+        self.soonest = min(self.timeout.values())
+
+        # then check the size
+        if len(self.cache) == self.max_conns:
+            for k, v in self.timeout.items():
+                if v == self.soonest:
+                    del self.cache[k]
+                    del self.timeout[k]
+                    break
+            self.soonest = min(self.timeout.values())
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_collections.py b/lib_pypy/_collections.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_collections.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_collections.py
@@ -379,12 +379,14 @@
 class defaultdict(dict):
     
     def __init__(self, *args, **kwds):
-        self.default_factory = None
-        if 'default_factory' in kwds:
-            self.default_factory = kwds.pop('default_factory')
-        elif len(args) > 0 and (callable(args[0]) or args[0] is None):
-            self.default_factory = args[0]
+        if len(args) > 0:
+            default_factory = args[0]
             args = args[1:]
+            if not callable(default_factory) and default_factory is not None:
+                raise TypeError("first argument must be callable")
+        else:
+            default_factory = None
+        self.default_factory = default_factory
         super(defaultdict, self).__init__(*args, **kwds)
  
     def __missing__(self, key):
@@ -404,7 +406,7 @@
             recurse.remove(id(self))
 
     def copy(self):
-        return type(self)(self, default_factory=self.default_factory)
+        return type(self)(self.default_factory, self)
     
     def __copy__(self):
         return self.copy()
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_ctypes/pointer.py b/lib_pypy/_ctypes/pointer.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_ctypes/pointer.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_ctypes/pointer.py
@@ -124,7 +124,8 @@
     # for now, we always allow types.pointer, else a lot of tests
     # break. We need to rethink how pointers are represented, though
     if my_ffitype is not ffitype and ffitype is not _ffi.types.void_p:
-        raise ArgumentError, "expected %s instance, got %s" % (type(value), ffitype)
+        raise ArgumentError("expected %s instance, got %s" % (type(value),
+                                                              ffitype))
     return value._get_buffer_value()
 
 def _cast_addr(obj, _, tp):
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_ctypes/structure.py b/lib_pypy/_ctypes/structure.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_ctypes/structure.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_ctypes/structure.py
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
         if len(f) == 3:
             if (not hasattr(tp, '_type_')
                 or not isinstance(tp._type_, str)
-                or tp._type_ not in "iIhHbBlL"):
+                or tp._type_ not in "iIhHbBlLqQ"):
                 #XXX: are those all types?
                 #     we just dont get the type name
                 #     in the interp levle thrown TypeError
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_pypy_irc_topic.py b/lib_pypy/_pypy_irc_topic.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_pypy_irc_topic.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_pypy_irc_topic.py
@@ -1,117 +1,6 @@
-"""qvfgbcvna naq hgbcvna punvef
-qlfgbcvna naq hgbcvna punvef
-V'z fbeel, pbhyq lbh cyrnfr abg nterr jvgu gur png nf jryy?
-V'z fbeel, pbhyq lbh cyrnfr abg nterr jvgu gur punve nf jryy?
-jr cnffrq gur RH erivrj
-cbfg RhebClguba fcevag fgnegf 12.IVV.2007, 10nz
-RhebClguba raqrq
-n Pyrna Ragrecevfrf cebqhpgvba
-npnqrzl vf n pbzcyvpngrq ebyr tnzr
-npnqrzvn vf n pbzcyvpngrq ebyr tnzr
-jbexvat pbqr vf crn fbhc
-abg lbhe snhyg, zber yvxr vg'f n zbivat gnetrg
-guvf fragrapr vf snyfr
-abguvat vf gehr
-Yncfnat Fbhpubat
-Oenpunzhgnaqn
-fbeel, V'yy grnpu gur pnpghf ubj gb fjvz yngre
-Jul fb znal znal znal znal znal ivbyvaf?
-Jul fb znal znal znal znal znal bowrpgf?
-"eha njnl naq yvir ba n snez" nccebnpu gb fbsgjner qrirybczrag
-"va snpg, lbh zvtug xabj zber nobhg gur genafyngvba gbbypunva nsgre znfgrevat eclguba guna fbzr angvir fcrnxre xabjf nobhg uvf zbgure gbathr" - kbeNkNk
-"jurer qvq nyy gur ivbyvaf tb?"
-- ClCl fgnghf oybt: uggc://zberclcl.oybtfcbg.pbz/
-uggc://kxpq.pbz/353/
-pnfhnyvgl ivbyngvbaf naq sylvat
-wrgmg abpu fpubxbynqvtre
-R09 2X @PNN:85?
-vs lbh'er gelvat gb oybj hc fghss, jub pnerf?
-vs fghss oybjf hc, lbh pner
-2008 jvyy or gur lrne bs clcl ba gur qrfxgbc
-2008 jvyy or gur lrne bs gur qrfxgbc ba #clcl
-2008 jvyy or gur lrne bs gur qrfxgbc ba #clcl, Wnahnel jvyy or gur zbagu bs gur nyc gbcf
-lrf, ohg jung'g gur frafr bs 0 < "qhena qhena"
-eclguba: flagnk naq frznagvpf bs clguba, fcrrq bs p, erfgevpgvbaf bs wnin naq pbzcvyre reebe zrffntrf nf crargenoyr nf ZHZCF
+"""eclguba: flagnk naq frznagvpf bs clguba, fcrrq bs p, erfgevpgvbaf bs wnin naq pbzcvyre reebe zrffntrf nf crargenoyr nf ZHZCF
 pglcrf unf n fcva bs 1/3
 ' ' vf n fcnpr gbb
-2009 jvyy or gur lrne bs WVG ba gur qrfxgbc
-N ynathntr vf n qvnyrpg jvgu na nezl naq anil
-gbcvpf ner sbe gur srroyr zvaqrq
-2009 vf gur lrne bs ersyrpgvba ba gur qrfxgbc
-gur tybor vf bhe cbal, gur pbfzbf bhe erny ubefr
-jub nz V naq vs lrf, ubj znal?
-cebtenzzvat va orq vf n cresrpgyl svar npgvivgl
-zbber'f ynj vf n qeht jvgu gur jbefg pbzr qbja
-EClguba: jr hfr vg fb lbh qba'g unir gb
-Zbber'f ynj vf n qeht jvgu gur jbefg pbzr qbja. EClguba: haqrpvqrq.
-guvatf jvyy or avpr naq fghss
-qba'g cbfg yvaxf gb cngragf urer
-Abg lbhe hfhny nanylfrf.
-Gur Neg bs gur Punaary
-Clguba 300
-V fhccbfr ZO bs UGZY cre frpbaq vf abg gur hfhny fcrrq zrnfher crbcyr jbhyq rkcrpg sbe n wvg
-gur fha arire frgf ba gur ClCl rzcver
-ghegyrf ner snfgre guna lbh guvax
-cebtenzzvat vf na nrfgrguvp raqrnibhe
-P vf tbbq sbe fbzrguvat, whfg abg sbe jevgvat fbsgjner
-trezna vf tbbq sbe fbzrguvat, whfg abg sbe jevgvat fbsgjner
-trezna vf tbbq sbe artngvbaf, whfg abg sbe jevgvat fbsgjner
-# nffreg qvq abg penfu
-lbh fubhyq fgneg n cresrpg fbsgjner zbirzrag
-lbh fubhyq fgneg n cresrpg punaary gbcvp zbirzrag
-guvf vf n cresrpg punaary gbcvp
-guvf vf n frys-ersreragvny punaary gbcvp
-crrcubcr bcgvzvmngvbaf ner jung n Fhssvpvragyl Fzneg Pbzcvyre hfrf
-"crrcubcr" bcgvzvmngvbaf ner jung na bcgvzvfgvp Pbzcvyre hfrf
-pubbfr lbhe unpx
-gur 'fhcre' xrljbeq vf abg gung uhttnoyr
-wlguba cngpurf ner abg rabhtu sbe clcl
-- qb lbh xabj oreyva? - nyy bs vg? - jryy, whfg oreyva
-- ubj jvyy gur snpg gung gurl ner hfrq va bhe ercy punatr bhe gbcvpf?
-- ubj pna vg rire unir jbexrq?
-- jurer fubhyq gur unpx or fgberq?
-- Vg'f uneq gb fnl rknpgyl jung pbafgvghgrf erfrnepu va gur pbzchgre jbeyq, ohg nf n svefg nccebkvzngvba, vg'f fbsgjner gung qbrfa'g unir hfref.
-- Cebtenzzvat vf nyy nobhg xabjvat jura gb obvy gur benatr fcbatr qbaxrl npebff gur cuvyyvcvarf
-- Jul fb znal, znal, znal, znal, znal, znal qhpxyvatf?
-- ab qrgnvy vf bofpher rabhtu gb abg unir fbzr pbqr qrcraqvat ba vg.
-- jung V trarenyyl jnag vf serr fcrrqhcf
-- nyy bs ClCl vf kv-dhnyvgl
-"lbh pna nyjnlf xvyy -9 be bf._rkvg() vs lbh'er va n uheel"
-Ohernhpengf ohvyq npnqrzvp rzcverf juvpu puhea bhg zrnavatyrff fbyhgvbaf gb veeryrinag ceboyrzf.
-vg'f abg n unpx, vg'f n jbexnebhaq
-ClCl qbrfa'g unir pbcbylinevnqvp qrcraqragyl-zbabzbecurq ulcresyhknqf
-ClCl qbrfa'g punatr gur shaqnzragny culfvpf pbafgnagf
-Qnapr bs gur Fhtnecyhz Snvel
-Wnin vf whfg tbbq rabhtu gb or cenpgvpny, ohg abg tbbq rabhtu gb or hfnoyr.
-RhebClguba vf unccravat, qba'g rkcrpg nal dhvpx erfcbafr gvzrf.
-"V jbhyq yvxr gb fgnl njnl sebz ernyvgl gura"
-"gung'f jul gur 'be' vf ernyyl na 'naq' "
-jvgu nyy nccebcevngr pbagrkghnyvfngvbavat
-qba'g gevc ba gur cbjre pbeq
-vzcyrzragvat YBTB va YBTB: "ghegyrf nyy gur jnl qbja"
-gur ohooyrfbeg jbhyq or gur jebat jnl gb tb
-gur cevapvcyr bs pbafreingvba bs zrff
-gb fnir n gerr, rng n ornire
-Qre Ovore znpugf evpugvt: Antg nyyrf xnchgg.
-"Nal jbeyqivrj gung vfag jenpxrq ol frys-qbhog naq pbashfvba bire vgf bja vqragvgl vf abg n jbeyqivrj sbe zr." - Fpbgg Nnebafba
-jr oryvrir va cnapnxrf, znlor
-jr oryvrir va ghegyrf, znlor
-jr qrsvavgryl oryvrir va zrgn
-gur zngevk unf lbh
-"Yvsr vf uneq, gura lbh anc" - n png
-Vf Nezva ubzr jura gur havirefr prnfrf gb rkvfg?
-Qhrffryqbes fcevag fgnegrq
-frys.nobeeg("pnaabg ybnq negvpyrf")
-QRAGVFGEL FLZOBY YVTUG IREGVPNY NAQ JNIR
-"Gur UUH pnzchf vf n tbbq Dhnxr yriry" - Nezva
-"Gur UUH pnzchf jbhyq or n greevoyr dhnxr yriry - lbh'q arire unir n pyhr jurer lbh ner" - zvpunry
-N enqvbnpgvir png unf 18 unys-yvirf.
-<rfp> : j  [fvtu] <onpxfcnpr> <onpxfcnpr> <pgey>-f
-pbybe-pbqrq oyhrf
-"Neebtnapr va pbzchgre fpvrapr vf zrnfherq va anab-Qvwxfgenf."
-ClCl arrqf n Whfg-va-Gvzr WVG
-"Lbh pna'g gvzr geniry whfg ol frggvat lbhe pybpxf jebat"
-Gjb guernqf jnyx vagb n one. Gur onexrrcre ybbxf hc naq lryyf, "url, V jnag qba'g nal pbaqvgvbaf enpr yvxr gvzr ynfg!"
 Clguba 2.k rfg cerfdhr zbeg, ivir Clguba!
 Clguba 2.k vf abg qrnq
 Riregvzr fbzrbar nethrf jvgu "Fznyygnyx unf nyjnlf qbar K", vg vf  nyjnlf n tbbq uvag gung fbzrguvat arrqf gb or punatrq snfg. - Znephf Qraxre
@@ -119,7 +8,6 @@
 __kkk__ naq __ekkk__ if bcrengvba fybgf: cnegvpyr dhnaghz fhcrecbfvgvba xvaq bs sha
 ClCl vf na rkpvgvat grpuabybtl gung yrgf lbh gb jevgr snfg, cbegnoyr, zhygv-cyngsbez vagrecergref jvgu yrff rssbeg
 Nezva: "Cebybt vf n zrff.", PS: "Ab, vg'f irel pbby!", Nezva: "Vfa'g guvf jung V fnvq?"
-<nevtngb> tbbq, grfgf ner hfrshy fbzrgvzrf :-)
 ClCl vf yvxr nofheq gurngre
 jr unir ab nagv-vzcbffvoyr fgvpx gung znxrf fher gung nyy lbhe cebtenzf unyg
 clcl vf n enpr orgjrra crbcyr funivat lnxf naq gur havirefr cebqhpvat zber orneqrq lnxf. Fb sne, gur havirefr vf jvaavat
@@ -136,14 +24,14 @@
 ClCl 1.1.0orgn eryrnfrq: uggc://pbqrfcrnx.arg/clcl/qvfg/clcl/qbp/eryrnfr-1.1.0.ugzy
 "gurer fubhyq or bar naq bayl bar boivbhf jnl gb qb vg". ClCl inevnag: "gurer pna or A unys-ohttl jnlf gb qb vg"
 1.1 svany eryrnfrq: uggc://pbqrfcrnx.arg/clcl/qvfg/clcl/qbp/eryrnfr-1.1.0.ugzy
-1.1 svany eryrnfrq | <svwny> nzq64 naq ccp ner bayl ninvynoyr va ragrecevfr irefvba
+<svwny> nzq64 naq ccp ner bayl ninvynoyr va ragrecevfr irefvba
 Vf gurer n clcl gvzr? - vs lbh pna srry vg (?) gura gurer vf
 <nevtngb> ab, abezny jbex vf fhpu zhpu yrff gvevat guna inpngvbaf
 <nevtngb> ab, abezny jbex vf fb zhpu yrff gvevat guna inpngvbaf
-SVEFG gurl vtaber lbh, gura gurl ynhtu ng lbh, gura gurl svtug lbh, gura lbh jva.
+-SVEFG gurl vtaber lbh, gura gurl ynhtu ng lbh, gura gurl svtug lbh, gura lbh jva.-
 vg'f Fhaqnl, znlor
 vg'f Fhaqnl, ntnva
-"3 + 3 = 8"  Nagb va gur WVG gnyx
+"3 + 3 = 8" - Nagb va gur WVG gnyx
 RPBBC vf unccravat
 RPBBC vf svavfurq
 cflpb rngf bar oenva cre vapu bs cebterff
@@ -175,10 +63,108 @@
 "nu, whfg va gvzr qbphzragngvba" (__nc__)
 ClCl vf abg n erny IZ: ab frtsnhyg unaqyref gb qb gur ener pnfrf
 lbh pna'g unir obgu pbairavrapr naq fcrrq
-gur WVG qbrfa'g jbex ba BF/K (abi'09)
-ab fhccbeg sbe BF/K evtug abj! (abi'09)
 fyvccref urvtug pna or zrnfherq va k86 ertvfgref
 clcl vf n enpr orgjrra gur vaqhfgel gelvat gb ohvyq znpuvarf jvgu zber naq zber erfbheprf, naq gur clcl qrirybcref gelvat gb rng nyy bs gurz. Fb sne, gur jvaare vf fgvyy hapyrne
+"znl pbagnva ahgf naq/be lbhat cbvagref"
+vg'f nyy irel fvzcyr, yvxr gur ubyvqnlf
+unccl ClCl'f lrne 2010!
+fnzhryr fnlf gung jr ybfg n enmbe. fb jr pna'g funir lnxf
+"yrg'f abg or bofpher, hayrff jr ernyyl arrq gb"
+<nevtngb> (abg guernq-fnsr, ohg jryy, abguvat vf)
+clcl unf znal ceboyrzf, ohg rnpu bar unf znal fbyhgvbaf
+whfg nabgure vgrz (1.333...) ba bhe erny-ahzorerq gbqb yvfg
+ClCl vf Fuveg Bevtnzv erfrnepu
+<svwny> nafjrevat n dhrfgvba: "ab -- sbe ng yrnfg bar cbffvoyr vagrecergngvba bs lbhe fragrapr"
+eryrnfr 1.2 hcpbzvat
+ClCl 1.2 eryrnfrq - uggc://clcl.bet/
+AB IPF QVFPHFFVBAF
+EClguba vf n svar pnzry unve oehfu
+ClCl vf n npghnyyl n ivfhnyvmngvba cebwrpg, jr whfg ohvyq vagrecergref gb unir vagrerfgvat qngn gb ivfhnyvmr
+clcl vf yvxr fnhfntrf
+naq abj sbe fbzrguvat pbzcyrgryl qvssrerag
+n 10gu bs sberire vf 1u45
+pbeerpg pbqr qbrfag arrq nal grfgf <qhpx>
+cbfgfgehpghenyvfz rgp.
+clcl UVG trarengbe
+gur arj clcl fcbeg vf gb cnff clcl ohtf nf pclguba ohtf
+jr unir zhpu zber vagrecergref guna hfref
+ClCl 1.3 njnvgvat eryrnfr
+ClCl 1.3 eryrnfrq
+vg frrzf gb zr gung bapr lbh frggyr ba na rkrphgvba / bowrpg zbqry naq / be olgrpbqr sbezng, lbh'ir nyernql qrpvqrq jung ynathntrf (jurer gur 'f' frrzf fhcresyhbhf) fhccbeg vf tbvat gb or svefg pynff sbe
+"Nyy ceboyrzf va ClCl pna or fbyirq ol nabgure yriry bs vagrecergngvba"
+ClCl 1.3 eryrnfrq (jvaqbjf ovanevrf vapyhqrq)
+jul qvq lbh thlf unir gb znxr gur ohvygva sbeghar zber vagrerfgvat guna npghny jbex? v whfg pngpurq zlfrys erfgnegvat clcl 20 gvzrf
+"jr hfrq gb unir n zrff jvgu na bofpher vagresnpr, abj jr unir zrff urer naq bofpher vagresnpr gurer. cebterff" crqebavf ba n clcl fcevag
+"phcf bs pbssrr ner yvxr nanybtvrf va gung V'z znxvat bar evtug abj"
+"vg'f nyjnlf hc gb hf, va n jnl be gur bgure"
+ClCl vf infg, naq pbagnvaf zhygvghqrf
+qravny vf eneryl n tbbq qrohttvat grpuavdhr
+"Yrg'f tb." - "Jr pna'g" - "Jul abg?" - "Jr'er jnvgvat sbe n Genafyngvba." - (qrfcnvevatyl) "Nu!"
+'gung'f qrsvavgryl n pnfr bs "hu????"'
+va gurbel gurer vf gur Ybbc, va cenpgvpr gurer ner oevqtrf
+gur uneqqevir - pbafgnag qngn cvytevzntr
+ClCl vf n gbby gb xrrc bgurejvfr qnatrebhf zvaqf fnsryl bpphcvrq.
+jr ner n trareny senzrjbex ohvyg ba pbafvfgrag nccyvpngvba bs nqubp-arff
+gur jnl gb nibvq n jbexnebhaq vf gb vagebqhpr n fgebatre jbexnebhaq fbzrjurer ryfr
+pnyyvat gur genafyngvba gbby punva n 'fpevcg' vf xvaq bs bssrafvir
+ehaavat clcl-p genafyngr.cl vf n ovg yvxr jngpuvat n guevyyre zbivr, vg pbhyq pbafhzr nyy gur zrzbel ng nal gvzr
+ehaavat clcl-p genafyngr.cl vf n ovg yvxr jngpuvat n guevyyre zbivr, vg pbhyq qvr ng nal gvzr orpnhfr bs gur 32-ovg 4TO yvzvg bs ENZ
+Qh jvefg rora tranh qnf reervpura, jbena xrvare tynhog
+vs fjvgmreynaq jrer jurer terrpr vf (ba vfynaqf) jbhyq gurl nyy or pbaarpgrq ol oevqtrf?
+genafyngvat clcl jvgu pclguba vf fbbbbbb fybj
+ClCl 1.4 eryrnfrq!
+Jr ner abg urebrf, whfg irel cngvrag.
+QBAR zrnaf vg'f qbar
+jul gurer vf ab "ClCl 1.4 eryrnfrq" va gbcvp nal zber?
+fabj! fabj!
+svanyyl, zrephevny zvtengvba vf unccravat!
+Gur zvtengvba gb zrephevny vf pbzcyrgrq! uggc://ovgohpxrg.bet/clcl/clcl
+fabj! fabj! (gre)
+unccl arj lrne
+naq anaanaw gb lbh nf jryy
+Frrvat nf gur ynjf bs culfvpf ner ntnvafg lbh, lbh unir gb pnershyyl pbafvqre lbhe fpbcr fb gung lbhe tbnyf ner ernfbanoyr.
+nf hfhny va clcl, gur fbyhgvba nccrnef pbzcyrgryl qvfcebcbegvbangr gb gur ceboyrz naq vafgrnq jr'yy tb sbe n pbzcyrgryl qvssrerag fvzcyre nccebnpu gb gur bevtvany ceboyrz
+fabj, fabj!
+va clcl lbh ner nyjnlf ng gur jebat yriry, va bar jnl be gur bgure
+jryy, vg'f jebat ohg abg fb "irel jebat" nf vg ybbxrq
+<svwny> V ybir clcl
+ynmvarff vzcngvrapr naq uhoevf
+fabj, fabj
+EClguba: guvatf lbh jbhyqa'g qb va Clguba, naq pna'g qb va P.
+vg vf gur rkcrpgrq orunivbe, rkprcg jura lbh qba'g rkcrpg vg
+erqrsvavat lryybj frrzf yvxr n orggre vqrn
+"gung'f ubjrire whfg ratvarrevat" (svwny)
+"[vg] whfg fubjf ntnva gung eclguba vf bofpher" (psobym)
+"naljnl, clguba vf n infg ynathntr" (svwny)
+bhg-bs-yvr-thneqf
+"gurer ner qnlf ba juvpu lbh ybbx nebhaq naq abguvat fubhyq unir rire jbexrq" (svwny)
+clcl vf n orggre xvaq bs sbbyvfuarff - ynp
+ehaavat grfgf vf rffragvny sbe qrirybcvat clcl -- hu? qvq V oernx gur grfg? (svwny)
+V'ir tbg guvf sybbe jnk gung'f nyfb n TERNG qrffreg gbccvat!!
+rknexha: "gur cneg gung V gubhtug jnf tbvat gb or uneq jnf gevivny, fb abj V whfg unir guvf cneg gung V qvqa'g rira guvax bs gung vf uneq"
+V fhccbfr jr pna yvir jvgu gur bofphevgl, nf ybat nf gurer vf n pbzzrag znxvat vg yvtugre
+V nz n ovt oryvrire va ernfbaf. ohg gur nccnerag xvaq ner zl snibevgr.
+clcl: trg n WVG sbe serr (jryy gur svefg qnl lbh jba'g znantr naq vg jvyy or irel sehfgengvat)
+<Nyrk_Tnlabe> thgjbegu: bu, jr fubhyq znxr gur WVG zntvpnyyl orggre, jvgu qrpbengbef naq fghss
+vg'f n pbzcyrgr unpx, ohg n irel zvavzny bar (nevtngb)
+svefg gurl ynhtu ng lbh, gura gurl vtaber lbh, gura gurl svtug lbh, gura lbh jva
+ClCl vf snzvyl sevraqyl
+jr yvxr pbzcynvagf
+gbqnl jr'er snfgre guna lrfgreqnl (hfhnyyl)
+ClCl naq PClguba: gurl ner zbegny rarzvrf vagrag ba xvyyvat rnpu bgure
+nethnoyl, rirelguvat vf n avpur
+clcl unf ynlref yvxr bavbaf: crryvat gurz onpx jvyy znxr lbh pel
+EClguba zntvpnyyl znxrf lbh evpu naq snzbhf (fnlf fb ba gur gva)
+Vf evtbobg nebhaq jura gur havirefr prnfrf gb rkvfg?
+ClCl vf gbb pbby sbe dhrelfgevatf.
+< nevtngb> gura jung bpphef? < svwny> tbbq fghss V oryvrir
+ClCl 1.6 eryrnfrq!
+<psobym> jurer ner gur grfgf?
+uggc://gjvgcvp.pbz/52nr8s
+N enaqbz dhbgr
+Nyy rkprcgoybpxf frrz fnar.
+N cvax tyvggrel ebgngvat ynzoqn
+"vg'f yvxryl grzcbenel hagvy sberire" nevtb
 """
 
 def some_topic():
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_sha.py b/lib_pypy/_sha.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_sha.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_sha.py
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 #!/usr/bin/env python
-# -*- coding: iso-8859-1
+# -*- coding: iso-8859-1 -*-
 
 # Note that PyPy contains also a built-in module 'sha' which will hide
 # this one if compiled in.
diff --git a/lib_pypy/_sqlite3.py b/lib_pypy/_sqlite3.py
--- a/lib_pypy/_sqlite3.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/_sqlite3.py
@@ -231,6 +231,11 @@
 sqlite.sqlite3_result_text.argtypes = [c_void_p, c_char_p, c_int, c_void_p]
 sqlite.sqlite3_result_text.restype = None
 
+HAS_LOAD_EXTENSION = hasattr(sqlite, "sqlite3_enable_load_extension")
+if HAS_LOAD_EXTENSION:
+    sqlite.sqlite3_enable_load_extension.argtypes = [c_void_p, c_int]
+    sqlite.sqlite3_enable_load_extension.restype = c_int
+
 ##########################################
 # END Wrapped SQLite C API and constants
 ##########################################
@@ -705,6 +710,15 @@
         from sqlite3.dump import _iterdump
         return _iterdump(self)
 
+    if HAS_LOAD_EXTENSION:
+        def enable_load_extension(self, enabled):
+            self._check_thread()
+            self._check_closed()
+
+            rc = sqlite.sqlite3_enable_load_extension(self.db, int(enabled))
+            if rc != SQLITE_OK:
+                raise OperationalError("Error enabling load extension")
+
 DML, DQL, DDL = range(3)
 
 class Cursor(object):
diff --git a/lib_pypy/distributed/socklayer.py b/lib_pypy/distributed/socklayer.py
--- a/lib_pypy/distributed/socklayer.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/distributed/socklayer.py
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 import py
 from socket import socket
 
-XXX needs import adaptation as 'green' is removed from py lib for years 
+raise ImportError("XXX needs import adaptation as 'green' is removed from py lib for years")
 from py.impl.green.msgstruct import decodemessage, message
 from socket import socket, AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM
 import marshal
diff --git a/lib_pypy/itertools.py b/lib_pypy/itertools.py
--- a/lib_pypy/itertools.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/itertools.py
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
 
 __all__ = ['chain', 'count', 'cycle', 'dropwhile', 'groupby', 'ifilter',
            'ifilterfalse', 'imap', 'islice', 'izip', 'repeat', 'starmap',
-           'takewhile', 'tee']
+           'takewhile', 'tee', 'compress', 'product']
 
 try: from __pypy__ import builtinify
 except ImportError: builtinify = lambda f: f
diff --git a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/commands.py b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/commands.py
--- a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/commands.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/commands.py
@@ -33,10 +33,9 @@
 class Command(object):
     finish = 0
     kills_digit_arg = 1
-    def __init__(self, reader, (event_name, event)):
+    def __init__(self, reader, cmd):
         self.reader = reader
-        self.event = event
-        self.event_name = event_name
+        self.event_name, self.event = cmd
     def do(self):
         pass
 
diff --git a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/pygame_console.py b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/pygame_console.py
--- a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/pygame_console.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/pygame_console.py
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@
         s.fill(c, [0, 600 - bmargin, 800, bmargin])
         s.fill(c, [800 - rmargin, 0, lmargin, 600])
 
-    def refresh(self, screen, (cx, cy)):
+    def refresh(self, screen, cxy):
         self.screen = screen
         self.pygame_screen.fill(colors.bg,
                                 [0, tmargin + self.cur_top + self.scroll,
@@ -139,8 +139,8 @@
 
         line_top = self.cur_top
         width, height = self.fontsize
-        self.cxy = (cx, cy)
-        cp = self.char_pos(cx, cy)
+        self.cxy = cxy
+        cp = self.char_pos(*cxy)
         if cp[1] < tmargin:
             self.scroll = - (cy*self.fh + self.cur_top)
             self.repaint()
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@
             self.scroll += (600 - bmargin) - (cp[1] + self.fh)
             self.repaint()
         if self.curs_vis:
-            self.pygame_screen.blit(self.cursor, self.char_pos(cx, cy))
+            self.pygame_screen.blit(self.cursor, self.char_pos(*cxy))
         for line in screen:
             if 0 <= line_top + self.scroll <= (600 - bmargin - tmargin - self.fh):
                 if line:
diff --git a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/readline.py b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/readline.py
--- a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/readline.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/readline.py
@@ -231,7 +231,11 @@
         return ''.join(chars)
 
     def _histline(self, line):
-        return unicode(line.rstrip('\n'), ENCODING)
+        line = line.rstrip('\n')
+        try:
+            return unicode(line, ENCODING)
+        except UnicodeDecodeError:   # bah, silently fall back...
+            return unicode(line, 'utf-8')
 
     def get_history_length(self):
         return self.saved_history_length
@@ -268,7 +272,10 @@
         f = open(os.path.expanduser(filename), 'w')
         for entry in history:
             if isinstance(entry, unicode):
-                entry = entry.encode(ENCODING)
+                try:
+                    entry = entry.encode(ENCODING)
+                except UnicodeEncodeError:   # bah, silently fall back...
+                    entry = entry.encode('utf-8')
             entry = entry.replace('\n', '\r\n')   # multiline history support
             f.write(entry + '\n')
         f.close()
@@ -395,9 +402,21 @@
     _wrapper.f_in = f_in
     _wrapper.f_out = f_out
 
-    if hasattr(sys, '__raw_input__'):    # PyPy
-        _old_raw_input = sys.__raw_input__
+    if '__pypy__' in sys.builtin_module_names:    # PyPy
+
+        def _old_raw_input(prompt=''):
+            # sys.__raw_input__() is only called when stdin and stdout are
+            # as expected and are ttys.  If it is the case, then get_reader()
+            # should not really fail in _wrapper.raw_input().  If it still
+            # does, then we will just cancel the redirection and call again
+            # the built-in raw_input().
+            try:
+                del sys.__raw_input__
+            except AttributeError:
+                pass
+            return raw_input(prompt)
         sys.__raw_input__ = _wrapper.raw_input
+
     else:
         # this is not really what readline.c does.  Better than nothing I guess
         import __builtin__
diff --git a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/unix_console.py b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/unix_console.py
--- a/lib_pypy/pyrepl/unix_console.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/pyrepl/unix_console.py
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@
     def change_encoding(self, encoding):
         self.encoding = encoding
     
-    def refresh(self, screen, (cx, cy)):
+    def refresh(self, screen, cxy):
         # this function is still too long (over 90 lines)
 
         if not self.__gone_tall:
@@ -198,6 +198,7 @@
 
         # we make sure the cursor is on the screen, and that we're
         # using all of the screen if we can
+        cx, cy = cxy
         if cy < offset:
             offset = cy
         elif cy >= offset + height:
@@ -411,7 +412,12 @@
                    e.args[4] == 'unexpected end of data':
                 pass
             else:
-                raise
+                # was: "raise".  But it crashes pyrepl, and by extension the
+                # pypy currently running, in which we are e.g. in the middle
+                # of some debugging session.  Argh.  Instead just print an
+                # error message to stderr and continue running, for now.
+                self.partial_char = ''
+                sys.stderr.write('\n%s: %s\n' % (e.__class__.__name__, e))
         else:
             self.partial_char = ''
             self.event_queue.push(c)
diff --git a/lib_pypy/resource.py b/lib_pypy/resource.py
--- a/lib_pypy/resource.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/resource.py
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@
 
 from ctypes_support import standard_c_lib as libc
 from ctypes_support import get_errno
-from ctypes import Structure, c_int, c_long, byref, sizeof, POINTER
+from ctypes import Structure, c_int, c_long, byref, POINTER
 from errno import EINVAL, EPERM
 import _structseq
 
@@ -165,7 +165,6 @@
 
 @builtinify
 def getpagesize():
-    pagesize = 0
     if _getpagesize:
         return _getpagesize()
     else:
diff --git a/lib_pypy/syslog.py b/lib_pypy/syslog.py
--- a/lib_pypy/syslog.py
+++ b/lib_pypy/syslog.py
@@ -38,9 +38,27 @@
 _setlogmask.argtypes = (c_int,)
 _setlogmask.restype = c_int
 
+_S_log_open = False
+_S_ident_o = None
+
+def _get_argv():
+    try:
+        import sys
+        script = sys.argv[0]
+        if isinstance(script, str):
+            return script[script.rfind('/')+1:] or None
+    except Exception:
+        pass
+    return None
+
 @builtinify
-def openlog(ident, option, facility):
-    _openlog(ident, option, facility)
+def openlog(ident=None, logoption=0, facility=LOG_USER):
+    global _S_ident_o, _S_log_open
+    if ident is None:
+        ident = _get_argv()
+    _S_ident_o = c_char_p(ident)    # keepalive
+    _openlog(_S_ident_o, logoption, facility)
+    _S_log_open = True
 
 @builtinify
 def syslog(arg1, arg2=None):
@@ -48,11 +66,18 @@
         priority, message = arg1, arg2
     else:
         priority, message = LOG_INFO, arg1
+    # if log is not opened, open it now
+    if not _S_log_open:
+        openlog()
     _syslog(priority, "%s", message)
 
 @builtinify
 def closelog():
-    _closelog()
+    global _S_log_open, S_ident_o
+    if _S_log_open:
+        _closelog()
+        _S_log_open = False
+        _S_ident_o = None
 
 @builtinify
 def setlogmask(mask):
diff --git a/py/_code/code.py b/py/_code/code.py
--- a/py/_code/code.py
+++ b/py/_code/code.py
@@ -164,6 +164,7 @@
         #   if something:  # assume this causes a NameError
         #      # _this_ lines and the one
                #        below we don't want from entry.getsource()
+        end = min(end, len(source))
         for i in range(self.lineno, end):
             if source[i].rstrip().endswith(':'):
                 end = i + 1
@@ -307,7 +308,7 @@
                     self._striptext = 'AssertionError: '
         self._excinfo = tup
         self.type, self.value, tb = self._excinfo
-        self.typename = self.type.__name__
+        self.typename = getattr(self.type, "__name__", "???")
         self.traceback = py.code.Traceback(tb)
 
     def __repr__(self):
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/binaryop.py b/pypy/annotation/binaryop.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/binaryop.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/binaryop.py
@@ -252,7 +252,26 @@
     # unsignedness is considered a rare and contagious disease
 
     def union((int1, int2)):
-        knowntype = rarithmetic.compute_restype(int1.knowntype, int2.knowntype)
+        if int1.unsigned == int2.unsigned:
+            knowntype = rarithmetic.compute_restype(int1.knowntype, int2.knowntype)
+        else:
+            t1 = int1.knowntype
+            if t1 is bool:
+                t1 = int
+            t2 = int2.knowntype
+            if t2 is bool:
+                t2 = int
+
+            if t2 is int:
+                if int2.nonneg == False:
+                    raise UnionError, "Merging %s and a possibly negative int is not allowed" % t1
+                knowntype = t1
+            elif t1 is int:
+                if int1.nonneg == False:
+                    raise UnionError, "Merging %s and a possibly negative int is not allowed" % t2
+                knowntype = t2
+            else:
+                raise UnionError, "Merging these types (%s, %s) is not supported" % (t1, t2)
         return SomeInteger(nonneg=int1.nonneg and int2.nonneg,
                            knowntype=knowntype)
 
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/classdef.py b/pypy/annotation/classdef.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/classdef.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/classdef.py
@@ -276,8 +276,8 @@
         # create the Attribute and do the generalization asked for
         newattr = Attribute(attr, self.bookkeeper)
         if s_value:
-            if newattr.name == 'intval' and getattr(s_value, 'unsigned', False):
-                import pdb; pdb.set_trace()
+            #if newattr.name == 'intval' and getattr(s_value, 'unsigned', False):
+            #    import pdb; pdb.set_trace()
             newattr.s_value = s_value
 
         # keep all subattributes' values
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/description.py b/pypy/annotation/description.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/description.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/description.py
@@ -180,7 +180,12 @@
         if name is None:
             name = pyobj.func_name
         if signature is None:
-            signature = cpython_code_signature(pyobj.func_code)
+            if hasattr(pyobj, '_generator_next_method_of_'):
+                from pypy.interpreter.argument import Signature
+                signature = Signature(['entry'])     # haaaaaack
+                defaults = ()
+            else:
+                signature = cpython_code_signature(pyobj.func_code)
         if defaults is None:
             defaults = pyobj.func_defaults
         self.name = name
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/model.py b/pypy/annotation/model.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/model.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/model.py
@@ -591,13 +591,11 @@
     immutable = True
     def __init__(self, method):
         self.method = method
-        
-NUMBER = object()
+
 annotation_to_ll_map = [
     (SomeSingleFloat(), lltype.SingleFloat),
     (s_None, lltype.Void),   # also matches SomeImpossibleValue()
     (s_Bool, lltype.Bool),
-    (SomeInteger(knowntype=r_ulonglong), NUMBER),    
     (SomeFloat(), lltype.Float),
     (SomeLongFloat(), lltype.LongFloat),
     (SomeChar(), lltype.Char),
@@ -623,10 +621,11 @@
             return lltype.Ptr(p.PARENTTYPE)
     if isinstance(s_val, SomePtr):
         return s_val.ll_ptrtype
+    if type(s_val) is SomeInteger:
+        return lltype.build_number(None, s_val.knowntype)
+
     for witness, T in annotation_to_ll_map:
         if witness.contains(s_val):
-            if T is NUMBER:
-                return lltype.build_number(None, s_val.knowntype)
             return T
     if info is None:
         info = ''
@@ -635,7 +634,7 @@
     raise ValueError("%sshould return a low-level type,\ngot instead %r" % (
         info, s_val))
 
-ll_to_annotation_map = dict([(ll, ann) for ann, ll in annotation_to_ll_map if ll is not NUMBER])
+ll_to_annotation_map = dict([(ll, ann) for ann, ll in annotation_to_ll_map])
 
 def lltype_to_annotation(T):
     try:
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/policy.py b/pypy/annotation/policy.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/policy.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/policy.py
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 # base annotation policy for specialization
 from pypy.annotation.specialize import default_specialize as default
-from pypy.annotation.specialize import specialize_argvalue, specialize_argtype, specialize_arglistitemtype
+from pypy.annotation.specialize import specialize_argvalue, specialize_argtype, specialize_arglistitemtype, specialize_arg_or_var
 from pypy.annotation.specialize import memo, specialize_call_location
 # for some reason, model must be imported first,
 # or we create a cycle.
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@
     default_specialize = staticmethod(default)
     specialize__memo = staticmethod(memo)
     specialize__arg = staticmethod(specialize_argvalue) # specialize:arg(N)
+    specialize__arg_or_var = staticmethod(specialize_arg_or_var)
     specialize__argtype = staticmethod(specialize_argtype) # specialize:argtype(N)
     specialize__arglistitemtype = staticmethod(specialize_arglistitemtype)
     specialize__call_location = staticmethod(specialize_call_location)
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/specialize.py b/pypy/annotation/specialize.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/specialize.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/specialize.py
@@ -36,9 +36,7 @@
             newtup = SpaceOperation('newtuple', starargs, argscopy[-1])
             newstartblock.operations.append(newtup)
             newstartblock.closeblock(Link(argscopy, graph.startblock))
-            graph.startblock.isstartblock = False
             graph.startblock = newstartblock
-            newstartblock.isstartblock = True
             argnames = argnames + ['.star%d' % i for i in range(nb_extra_args)]
             graph.signature = Signature(argnames)
             # note that we can mostly ignore defaults: if nb_extra_args > 0, 
@@ -353,6 +351,16 @@
     key = tuple(key)
     return maybe_star_args(funcdesc, key, args_s)
 
+def specialize_arg_or_var(funcdesc, args_s, *argindices):
+    for argno in argindices:
+        if not args_s[argno].is_constant():
+            break
+    else:
+        # all constant
+        return specialize_argvalue(funcdesc, args_s, *argindices)
+    # some not constant
+    return maybe_star_args(funcdesc, None, args_s)
+
 def specialize_argtype(funcdesc, args_s, *argindices):
     key = tuple([args_s[i].knowntype for i in argindices])
     for cls in key:
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/test/test_annrpython.py b/pypy/annotation/test/test_annrpython.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/test/test_annrpython.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/test/test_annrpython.py
@@ -856,6 +856,46 @@
         py.test.raises(Exception, a.build_types, f, [])
         # if you want to get a r_uint, you have to be explicit about it
 
+    def test_add_different_ints(self):
+        def f(a, b):
+            return a + b
+        a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
+        py.test.raises(Exception, a.build_types, f, [r_uint, int])
+
+    def test_merge_different_ints(self):
+        def f(a, b):
+            if a:
+                c = a
+            else:
+                c = b
+            return c
+        a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
+        py.test.raises(Exception, a.build_types, f, [r_uint, int])
+
+    def test_merge_ruint_zero(self):
+        def f(a):
+            if a:
+                c = a
+            else:
+                c = 0
+            return c
+        a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
+        s = a.build_types(f, [r_uint])
+        assert s == annmodel.SomeInteger(nonneg = True, unsigned = True)
+
+    def test_merge_ruint_nonneg_signed(self):
+        def f(a, b):
+            if a:
+                c = a
+            else:
+                assert b >= 0
+                c = b
+            return c
+        a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
+        s = a.build_types(f, [r_uint, int])
+        assert s == annmodel.SomeInteger(nonneg = True, unsigned = True)
+
+
     def test_prebuilt_long_that_is_not_too_long(self):
         small_constant = 12L
         def f():
@@ -1194,6 +1234,20 @@
         assert len(executedesc._cache[(0, 'star', 2)].startblock.inputargs) == 4
         assert len(executedesc._cache[(1, 'star', 3)].startblock.inputargs) == 5
 
+    def test_specialize_arg_or_var(self):
+        def f(a):
+            return 1
+        f._annspecialcase_ = 'specialize:arg_or_var(0)'
+
+        def fn(a):
+            return f(3) + f(a)
+
+        a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
+        a.build_types(fn, [int])
+        executedesc = a.bookkeeper.getdesc(f)
+        assert sorted(executedesc._cache.keys()) == [None, (3,)]
+        # we got two different special
+
     def test_specialize_call_location(self):
         def g(a):
             return a
@@ -3015,7 +3069,7 @@
             if g(x, y):
                 g(x, r_uint(y))
         a = self.RPythonAnnotator()
-        a.build_types(f, [int, int])
+        py.test.raises(Exception, a.build_types, f, [int, int])
 
     def test_compare_with_zero(self):
         def g():
@@ -3190,6 +3244,8 @@
         s = a.build_types(f, [])
         assert isinstance(s, annmodel.SomeList)
         assert not s.listdef.listitem.resized
+        assert not s.listdef.listitem.immutable
+        assert s.listdef.listitem.mutated
 
     def test_delslice(self):
         def f():
diff --git a/pypy/annotation/unaryop.py b/pypy/annotation/unaryop.py
--- a/pypy/annotation/unaryop.py
+++ b/pypy/annotation/unaryop.py
@@ -352,6 +352,7 @@
         check_negative_slice(s_start, s_stop)
         if not isinstance(s_iterable, SomeList):
             raise Exception("list[start:stop] = x: x must be a list")
+        lst.listdef.mutate()
         lst.listdef.agree(s_iterable.listdef)
         # note that setslice is not allowed to resize a list in RPython
 
diff --git a/pypy/bin/checkmodule.py b/pypy/bin/checkmodule.py
--- a/pypy/bin/checkmodule.py
+++ b/pypy/bin/checkmodule.py
@@ -1,43 +1,45 @@
 #! /usr/bin/env python
 """
-Usage:  checkmodule.py [-b backend] <module-name>
+Usage:  checkmodule.py <module-name>
 
-Compiles the PyPy extension module from pypy/module/<module-name>/
-into a fake program which does nothing. Useful for testing whether a
-modules compiles without doing a full translation. Default backend is cli.
-
-WARNING: this is still incomplete: there are chances that the
-compilation fails with strange errors not due to the module. If a
-module is known to compile during a translation but don't pass
-checkmodule.py, please report the bug (or, better, correct it :-).
+Check annotation and rtyping of the PyPy extension module from
+pypy/module/<module-name>/.  Useful for testing whether a
+modules compiles without doing a full translation.
 """
 import autopath
-import sys
+import sys, os
 
 from pypy.objspace.fake.checkmodule import checkmodule
 
 def main(argv):
-    try:
-        assert len(argv) in (2, 4)
-        if len(argv) == 2:
-            backend = 'cli'
-            modname = argv[1]
-            if modname in ('-h', '--help'):
-                print >> sys.stderr, __doc__
-                sys.exit(0)
-            if modname.startswith('-'):
-                print >> sys.stderr, "Bad command line"
-                print >> sys.stderr, __doc__
-                sys.exit(1)
-        else:
-            _, b, backend, modname = argv
-            assert b == '-b'
-    except AssertionError:
+    if len(argv) != 2:
         print >> sys.stderr, __doc__
         sys.exit(2)
+    modname = argv[1]
+    if modname in ('-h', '--help'):
+        print >> sys.stderr, __doc__
+        sys.exit(0)
+    if modname.startswith('-'):
+        print >> sys.stderr, "Bad command line"
+        print >> sys.stderr, __doc__
+        sys.exit(1)
+    if os.path.sep in modname:
+        if os.path.basename(modname) == '':
+            modname = os.path.dirname(modname)
+        if os.path.basename(os.path.dirname(modname)) != 'module':
+            print >> sys.stderr, "Must give '../module/xxx', or just 'xxx'."
+            sys.exit(1)
+        modname = os.path.basename(modname)
+    try:
+        checkmodule(modname)
+    except Exception, e:
+        import traceback, pdb
+        traceback.print_exc()
+        pdb.post_mortem(sys.exc_info()[2])
+        return 1
     else:
-        checkmodule(modname, backend, interactive=True)
-        print 'Module compiled succesfully'
+        print 'Passed.'
+        return 0
 
 if __name__ == '__main__':
-    main(sys.argv)
+    sys.exit(main(sys.argv))
diff --git a/pypy/config/pypyoption.py b/pypy/config/pypyoption.py
--- a/pypy/config/pypyoption.py
+++ b/pypy/config/pypyoption.py
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@
     del working_modules['fcntl']  # LOCK_NB not defined
     del working_modules["_minimal_curses"]
     del working_modules["termios"]
+    del working_modules["_multiprocessing"]   # depends on rctime
 
 
 
@@ -91,7 +92,7 @@
 
 module_import_dependencies = {
     # no _rawffi if importing pypy.rlib.clibffi raises ImportError
-    # or CompilationError
+    # or CompilationError or py.test.skip.Exception
     "_rawffi"   : ["pypy.rlib.clibffi"],
     "_ffi"      : ["pypy.rlib.clibffi"],
 
@@ -112,7 +113,7 @@
             try:
                 for name in modlist:
                     __import__(name)
-            except (ImportError, CompilationError), e:
+            except (ImportError, CompilationError, py.test.skip.Exception), e:
                 errcls = e.__class__.__name__
                 config.add_warning(
                     "The module %r is disabled\n" % (modname,) +
@@ -127,7 +128,7 @@
 
 pypy_optiondescription = OptionDescription("objspace", "Object Space Options", [
     ChoiceOption("name", "Object Space name",
-                 ["std", "flow", "thunk", "dump", "taint"],
+                 ["std", "flow", "thunk", "dump"],
                  "std",
                  cmdline='--objspace -o'),
 
@@ -251,6 +252,10 @@
                    "use small tuples",
                    default=False),
 
+        BoolOption("withspecialisedtuple",
+                   "use specialised tuples",
+                   default=False),
+
         BoolOption("withrope", "use ropes as the string implementation",
                    default=False,
                    requires=[("objspace.std.withstrslice", False),
@@ -280,6 +285,9 @@
                    "actually create the full list until the resulting "
                    "list is mutated",
                    default=False),
+        BoolOption("withliststrategies",
+                   "enable optimized ways to store lists of primitives ",
+                   default=True),
 
         BoolOption("withtypeversion",
                    "version type objects when changing them",
@@ -361,6 +369,7 @@
         config.objspace.std.suggest(optimized_list_getitem=True)
         config.objspace.std.suggest(getattributeshortcut=True)
         config.objspace.std.suggest(newshortcut=True)
+        config.objspace.std.suggest(withspecialisedtuple=True)
         #if not IS_64_BITS:
         #    config.objspace.std.suggest(withsmalllong=True)
 
diff --git a/pypy/config/test/test_translationoption.py b/pypy/config/test/test_translationoption.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pypy/config/test/test_translationoption.py
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+import py
+from pypy.config.translationoption import get_combined_translation_config
+from pypy.config.translationoption import set_opt_level
+from pypy.config.config import ConflictConfigError
+
+
+def test_no_gcrootfinder_with_boehm():
+    config = get_combined_translation_config()
+    config.translation.gcrootfinder = "shadowstack"
+    py.test.raises(ConflictConfigError, set_opt_level, config, '0')
diff --git a/pypy/config/translationoption.py b/pypy/config/translationoption.py
--- a/pypy/config/translationoption.py
+++ b/pypy/config/translationoption.py
@@ -69,8 +69,8 @@
                      "statistics": [("translation.gctransformer", "framework")],
                      "generation": [("translation.gctransformer", "framework")],
                      "hybrid": [("translation.gctransformer", "framework")],
-                     "boehm": [("translation.gctransformer", "boehm"),
-                               ("translation.continuation", False)],  # breaks
+                     "boehm": [("translation.continuation", False),  # breaks
+                               ("translation.gctransformer", "boehm")],
                      "markcompact": [("translation.gctransformer", "framework")],
                      "minimark": [("translation.gctransformer", "framework")],
                      },
@@ -398,6 +398,10 @@
     # make_sure_not_resized often relies on it, so we always enable them
     config.translation.suggest(list_comprehension_operations=True)
 
+    # finally, make the choice of the gc definitive.  This will fail
+    # if we have specified strange inconsistent settings.
+    config.translation.gc = config.translation.gc
+
 # ----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 def set_platform(config):
diff --git a/pypy/conftest.py b/pypy/conftest.py
--- a/pypy/conftest.py
+++ b/pypy/conftest.py
@@ -496,6 +496,17 @@
     def setup(self):
         super(AppClassCollector, self).setup()
         cls = self.obj
+        #
+        # <hack>
+        for name in dir(cls):
+            if name.startswith('test_'):
+                func = getattr(cls, name, None)
+                code = getattr(func, 'func_code', None)
+                if code and code.co_flags & 32:
+                    raise AssertionError("unsupported: %r is a generator "
+                                         "app-level test method" % (name,))
+        # </hack>
+        #
         space = cls.space
         clsname = cls.__name__
         if self.config.option.runappdirect:
diff --git a/pypy/doc/__pypy__-module.rst b/pypy/doc/__pypy__-module.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/__pypy__-module.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/__pypy__-module.rst
@@ -37,29 +37,6 @@
 .. _`thunk object space docs`: objspace-proxies.html#thunk
 .. _`interface section of the thunk object space docs`: objspace-proxies.html#thunk-interface
 
-.. broken:
-
-    Taint Object Space Functionality
-    ================================
-
-    When the taint object space is used (choose with :config:`objspace.name`),
-    the following names are put into ``__pypy__``:
-
-     - ``taint``
-     - ``is_tainted``
-     - ``untaint``
-     - ``taint_atomic``
-     - ``_taint_debug``
-     - ``_taint_look``
-     - ``TaintError``
-
-    Those are all described in the `interface section of the taint object space
-    docs`_.
-
-    For more detailed explanations and examples see the `taint object space docs`_.
-
-    .. _`taint object space docs`: objspace-proxies.html#taint
-    .. _`interface section of the taint object space docs`: objspace-proxies.html#taint-interface
 
 Transparent Proxy Functionality
 ===============================
diff --git a/pypy/doc/coding-guide.rst b/pypy/doc/coding-guide.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/coding-guide.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/coding-guide.rst
@@ -270,7 +270,12 @@
   - *slicing*:
     the slice start must be within bounds. The stop doesn't need to, but it must
     not be smaller than the start.  All negative indexes are disallowed, except for
-    the [:-1] special case.  No step.
+    the [:-1] special case.  No step.  Slice deletion follows the same rules.
+    
+  - *slice assignment*:
+    only supports ``lst[x:y] = sublist``, if ``len(sublist) == y - x``.
+    In other words, slice assignment cannot change the total length of the list,
+    but just replace items.
 
   - *other operators*:
     ``+``, ``+=``, ``in``, ``*``, ``*=``, ``==``, ``!=`` work as expected.
diff --git a/pypy/doc/conf.py b/pypy/doc/conf.py
--- a/pypy/doc/conf.py
+++ b/pypy/doc/conf.py
@@ -45,9 +45,9 @@
 # built documents.
 #
 # The short X.Y version.
-version = '1.6'
+version = '1.7'
 # The full version, including alpha/beta/rc tags.
-release = '1.6'
+release = '1.7'
 
 # The language for content autogenerated by Sphinx. Refer to documentation
 # for a list of supported languages.
diff --git a/pypy/doc/config/objspace.name.txt b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.name.txt
--- a/pypy/doc/config/objspace.name.txt
+++ b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.name.txt
@@ -4,7 +4,6 @@
 for normal usage):
 
   * thunk_: The thunk object space adds lazy evaluation to PyPy.
-  * taint_: The taint object space adds soft security features.
   * dump_:  Using this object spaces results in the dumpimp of all operations
     to a log.
 
@@ -12,5 +11,4 @@
 .. _`Object Space Proxies`: ../objspace-proxies.html
 .. _`Standard Object Space`: ../objspace.html#standard-object-space
 .. _thunk: ../objspace-proxies.html#thunk
-.. _taint: ../objspace-proxies.html#taint
 .. _dump: ../objspace-proxies.html#dump
diff --git a/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withliststrategies.txt b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withliststrategies.txt
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withliststrategies.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+Enable list strategies: Use specialized representations for lists of primitive
+objects, such as ints.
diff --git a/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withspecialisedtuple.txt b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withspecialisedtuple.txt
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pypy/doc/config/objspace.std.withspecialisedtuple.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+Use "specialized tuples", a custom implementation for some common kinds
+of tuples.  Currently limited to tuples of length 2, in three variants:
+(int, int), (float, float), and a generic (object, object).
diff --git a/pypy/doc/cpython_differences.rst b/pypy/doc/cpython_differences.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/cpython_differences.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/cpython_differences.rst
@@ -262,6 +262,26 @@
 documented as such (as e.g. for hasattr()), in most cases PyPy
 lets the exception propagate instead.
 
+Object Identity of Primitive Values, ``is`` and ``id``
+-------------------------------------------------------
+
+Object identity of primitive values works by value equality, not by identity of
+the wrapper. This means that ``x + 1 is x + 1`` is always true, for arbitrary
+integers ``x``. The rule applies for the following types:
+
+ - ``int``
+
+ - ``float``
+
+ - ``long``
+
+ - ``complex``
+
+This change requires some changes to ``id`` as well. ``id`` fulfills the
+following condition: ``x is y <=> id(x) == id(y)``. Therefore ``id`` of the
+above types will return a value that is computed from the argument, and can
+thus be larger than ``sys.maxint`` (i.e. it can be an arbitrary long).
+
 
 Miscellaneous
 -------------
@@ -284,14 +304,14 @@
   never a dictionary as it sometimes is in CPython. Assigning to
   ``__builtins__`` has no effect.
 
-* Do not compare immutable objects with ``is``.  For example on CPython
-  it is true that ``x is 0`` works, i.e. does the same as ``type(x) is
-  int and x == 0``, but it is so by accident.  If you do instead
-  ``x is 1000``, then it stops working, because 1000 is too large and
-  doesn't come from the internal cache.  In PyPy it fails to work in
-  both cases, because we have no need for a cache at all.
+* directly calling the internal magic methods of a few built-in types
+  with invalid arguments may have a slightly different result.  For
+  example, ``[].__add__(None)`` and ``(2).__add__(None)`` both return
+  ``NotImplemented`` on PyPy; on CPython, only the later does, and the
+  former raises ``TypeError``.  (Of course, ``[]+None`` and ``2+None``
+  both raise ``TypeError`` everywhere.)  This difference is an
+  implementation detail that shows up because of internal C-level slots
+  that PyPy does not have.
 
-* Also, object identity of immutable keys in dictionaries is not necessarily
-  preserved.
 
 .. include:: _ref.txt
diff --git a/pypy/doc/faq.rst b/pypy/doc/faq.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/faq.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/faq.rst
@@ -112,10 +112,32 @@
 You might be interested in our `benchmarking site`_ and our 
 `jit documentation`_.
 
+Note that the JIT has a very high warm-up cost, meaning that the
+programs are slow at the beginning.  If you want to compare the timings
+with CPython, even relatively simple programs need to run *at least* one
+second, preferrably at least a few seconds.  Large, complicated programs
+need even more time to warm-up the JIT.
+
 .. _`benchmarking site`: http://speed.pypy.org
 
 .. _`jit documentation`: jit/index.html
 
+---------------------------------------------------------------
+Couldn't the JIT dump and reload already-compiled machine code?
+---------------------------------------------------------------
+
+No, we found no way of doing that.  The JIT generates machine code
+containing a large number of constant addresses --- constant at the time
+the machine code is written.  The vast majority is probably not at all
+constants that you find in the executable, with a nice link name.  E.g.
+the addresses of Python classes are used all the time, but Python
+classes don't come statically from the executable; they are created anew
+every time you restart your program.  This makes saving and reloading
+machine code completely impossible without some very advanced way of
+mapping addresses in the old (now-dead) process to addresses in the new
+process, including checking that all the previous assumptions about the
+(now-dead) object are still true about the new object.
+
 
 .. _`prolog and javascript`:
 
diff --git a/pypy/doc/how-to-release.rst b/pypy/doc/how-to-release.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/how-to-release.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/how-to-release.rst
@@ -1,6 +1,3 @@
-.. include:: needswork.txt
-
-.. needs work, it talks about svn. also, it is not really user documentation
 
 Making a PyPy Release
 =======================
@@ -12,11 +9,8 @@
 forgetting things. A set of todo files may also work.
 
 Check and prioritize all issues for the release, postpone some if necessary,
-create new  issues also as necessary. A meeting (or meetings) should be
-organized to decide what things are priorities, should go in and work for
-the release. 
-
-An important thing is to get the documentation into an up-to-date state!
+create new  issues also as necessary. An important thing is to get
+the documentation into an up-to-date state!
 
 Release Steps
 ----------------
diff --git a/pypy/doc/index.rst b/pypy/doc/index.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/index.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/index.rst
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
 
 * `FAQ`_: some frequently asked questions.
 
-* `Release 1.6`_: the latest official release
+* `Release 1.7`_: the latest official release
 
 * `PyPy Blog`_: news and status info about PyPy 
 
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@
 .. _`Getting Started`: getting-started.html
 .. _`Papers`: extradoc.html
 .. _`Videos`: video-index.html
-.. _`Release 1.6`: http://pypy.org/download.html
+.. _`Release 1.7`: http://pypy.org/download.html
 .. _`speed.pypy.org`: http://speed.pypy.org
 .. _`RPython toolchain`: translation.html
 .. _`potential project ideas`: project-ideas.html
@@ -120,9 +120,9 @@
 Windows, on top of .NET, and on top of Java.
 To dig into PyPy it is recommended to try out the current
 Mercurial default branch, which is always working or mostly working,
-instead of the latest release, which is `1.6`__.
+instead of the latest release, which is `1.7`__.
 
-.. __: release-1.6.0.html
+.. __: release-1.7.0.html
 
 PyPy is mainly developed on Linux and Mac OS X.  Windows is supported,
 but platform-specific bugs tend to take longer before we notice and fix
@@ -309,7 +309,6 @@
 .. _`object space`: objspace.html
 .. _FlowObjSpace: objspace.html#the-flow-object-space 
 .. _`trace object space`: objspace.html#the-trace-object-space 
-.. _`taint object space`: objspace-proxies.html#taint
 .. _`thunk object space`: objspace-proxies.html#thunk
 .. _`transparent proxies`: objspace-proxies.html#tproxy
 .. _`Differences between PyPy and CPython`: cpython_differences.html
diff --git a/pypy/doc/objspace-proxies.rst b/pypy/doc/objspace-proxies.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/objspace-proxies.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/objspace-proxies.rst
@@ -129,297 +129,6 @@
    function behaves lazily: all calls to it return a thunk object.
 
 
-.. broken right now:
-
-    .. _taint:
-
-    The Taint Object Space
-    ======================
-
-    Motivation
-    ----------
-
-    The Taint Object Space provides a form of security: "tainted objects",
-    inspired by various sources, see [D12.1]_ for a more detailed discussion. 
-
-    The basic idea of this kind of security is not to protect against
-    malicious code but to help with handling and boxing sensitive data. 
-    It covers two kinds of sensitive data: secret data which should not leak, 
-    and untrusted data coming from an external source and that must be 
-    validated before it is used.
-
-    The idea is that, considering a large application that handles these
-    kinds of sensitive data, there are typically only a small number of
-    places that need to explicitly manipulate that sensitive data; all the
-    other places merely pass it around, or do entirely unrelated things.
-
-    Nevertheless, if a large application needs to be reviewed for security,
-    it must be entirely carefully checked, because it is possible that a
-    bug at some apparently unrelated place could lead to a leak of sensitive
-    information in a way that an external attacker could exploit.  For
-    example, if any part of the application provides web services, an
-    attacker might be able to issue unexpected requests with a regular web
-    browser and deduce secret information from the details of the answers he
-    gets.  Another example is the common CGI attack where an attacker sends
-    malformed inputs and causes the CGI script to do unintended things.
-
-    An approach like that of the Taint Object Space allows the small parts
-    of the program that manipulate sensitive data to be explicitly marked.
-    The effect of this is that although these small parts still need a
-    careful security review, the rest of the application no longer does,
-    because even a bug would be unable to leak the information.
-
-    We have implemented a simple two-level model: objects are either
-    regular (untainted), or sensitive (tainted).  Objects are marked as
-    sensitive if they are secret or untrusted, and only declassified at
-    carefully-checked positions (e.g. where the secret data is needed, or
-    after the untrusted data has been fully validated).
-
-    It would be simple to extend the code for more fine-grained scales of
-    secrecy.  For example it is typical in the literature to consider
-    user-specified lattices of secrecy levels, corresponding to multiple
-    "owners" that cannot access data belonging to another "owner" unless
-    explicitly authorized to do so.
-
-    Tainting and untainting
-    -----------------------
-
-    Start a py.py with the Taint Object Space and try the following example::
-
-        $ py.py -o taint
-        >>>> from __pypy__ import taint
-        >>>> x = taint(6)
-
-        # x is hidden from now on.  We can pass it around and
-        # even operate on it, but not inspect it.  Taintness
-        # is propagated to operation results.
-
-        >>>> x
-        TaintError
-
-        >>>> if x > 5: y = 2   # see below
-        TaintError
-
-        >>>> y = x + 5         # ok
-        >>>> lst = [x, y]
-        >>>> z = lst.pop()
-        >>>> t = type(z)       # type() works too, tainted answer
-        >>>> t
-        TaintError
-        >>>> u = t is int      # even 'is' works
-        >>>> u
-        TaintError
-
-    Notice that using a tainted boolean like ``x > 5`` in an ``if``
-    statement is forbidden.  This is because knowing which path is followed
-    would give away a hint about ``x``; in the example above, if the
-    statement ``if x > 5: y = 2`` was allowed to run, we would know
-    something about the value of ``x`` by looking at the (untainted) value
-    in the variable ``y``.
-
-    Of course, there is a way to inspect tainted objects.  The basic way is
-    to explicitly "declassify" it with the ``untaint()`` function.  In an
-    application, the places that use ``untaint()`` are the places that need
-    careful security review.  To avoid unexpected objects showing up, the
-    ``untaint()`` function must be called with the exact type of the object
-    to declassify.  It will raise ``TaintError`` if the type doesn't match::
-
-        >>>> from __pypy__ import taint
-        >>>> untaint(int, x)
-        6
-        >>>> untaint(int, z)
-        11
-        >>>> untaint(bool, x > 5)
-        True
-        >>>> untaint(int, x > 5)
-        TaintError
-
-
-    Taint Bombs
-    -----------
-
-    In this area, a common problem is what to do about failing operations.
-    If an operation raises an exception when manipulating a tainted object,
-    then the very presence of the exception can leak information about the
-    tainted object itself.  Consider::
-
-        >>>> 5 / (x-6)
-
-    By checking if this raises ``ZeroDivisionError`` or not, we would know
-    if ``x`` was equal to 6 or not.  The solution to this problem in the
-    Taint Object Space is to introduce *Taint Bombs*.  They are a kind of
-    tainted object that doesn't contain a real object, but a pending
-    exception.  Taint Bombs are indistinguishable from normal tainted
-    objects to unprivileged code. See::
-
-        >>>> x = taint(6)
-        >>>> i = 5 / (x-6)     # no exception here
-        >>>> j = i + 1         # nor here
-        >>>> k = j + 5         # nor here
-        >>>> untaint(int, k)
-        TaintError
-
-    In the above example, all of ``i``, ``j`` and ``k`` contain a Taint
-    Bomb.  Trying to untaint it raises an exception - a generic
-    ``TaintError``.  What we win is that the exception gives little away,
-    and most importantly it occurs at the point where ``untaint()`` is
-    called, not where the operation failed.  This means that all calls to
-    ``untaint()`` - but not the rest of the code - must be carefully
-    reviewed for what occurs if they receive a Taint Bomb; they might catch
-    the ``TaintError`` and give the user a generic message that something
-    went wrong, if we are reasonably careful that the message or even its
-    presence doesn't give information away.  This might be a
-    problem by itself, but there is no satisfying general solution here:
-    it must be considered on a case-by-case basis.  Again, what the
-    Taint Object Space approach achieves is not solving these problems, but
-    localizing them to well-defined small parts of the application - namely,
-    around calls to ``untaint()``.
-
-    The ``TaintError`` exception deliberately does not include any
-    useful error messages, because they might give information away.
-    Of course, this makes debugging quite a bit harder; a difficult
-    problem to solve properly.  So far we have implemented a way to peek in a Taint
-    Box or Bomb, ``__pypy__._taint_look(x)``, and a "debug mode" that
-    prints the exception as soon as a Bomb is created - both write
-    information to the low-level stderr of the application, where we hope
-    that it is unlikely to be seen by anyone but the application
-    developer.
-
-
-    Taint Atomic functions
-    ----------------------
-
-    Occasionally, a more complicated computation must be performed on a
-    tainted object.  This requires first untainting the object, performing the
-    computations, and then carefully tainting the result again (including
-    hiding all exceptions into Bombs).
-
-    There is a built-in decorator that does this for you::
-
-        >>>> @__pypy__.taint_atomic
-        >>>> def myop(x, y):
-        ....     while x > 0:
-        ....         x -= y
-        ....     return x
-        ....
-        >>>> myop(42, 10)
-        -8
-        >>>> z = myop(taint(42), 10)
-        >>>> z
-        TaintError
-        >>>> untaint(int, z)
-        -8
-
-    The decorator makes a whole function behave like a built-in operation.
-    If no tainted argument is passed in, the function behaves normally.  But
-    if any of the arguments is tainted, it is automatically untainted - so
-    the function body always sees untainted arguments - and the eventual
-    result is tainted again (possibly in a Taint Bomb).
-
-    It is important for the function marked as ``taint_atomic`` to have no
-    visible side effects, as these could cause information leakage.
-    This is currently not enforced, which means that all ``taint_atomic``
-    functions have to be carefully reviewed for security (but not the
-    callers of ``taint_atomic`` functions).
-
-    A possible future extension would be to forbid side-effects on
-    non-tainted objects from all ``taint_atomic`` functions.
-
-    An example of usage: given a tainted object ``passwords_db`` that
-    references a database of passwords, we can write a function
-    that checks if a password is valid as follows::
-
-        @taint_atomic
-        def validate(passwords_db, username, password):
-            assert type(passwords_db) is PasswordDatabase
-            assert type(username) is str
-            assert type(password) is str
-            ...load username entry from passwords_db...
-            return expected_password == password
-
-    It returns a tainted boolean answer, or a Taint Bomb if something
-    went wrong.  A caller can do::
-
-        ok = validate(passwords_db, 'john', '1234')
-        ok = untaint(bool, ok)
-
-    This can give three outcomes: ``True``, ``False``, or a ``TaintError``
-    exception (with no information on it) if anything went wrong.  If even
-    this is considered giving too much information away, the ``False`` case
-    can be made indistinguishable from the ``TaintError`` case (simply by
-    raising an exception in ``validate()`` if the password is wrong).
-
-    In the above example, the security results achieved are the following:
-    as long as ``validate()`` does not leak information, no other part of
-    the code can obtain more information about a passwords database than a
-    Yes/No answer to a precise query.
-
-    A possible extension of the ``taint_atomic`` decorator would be to check
-    the argument types, as ``untaint()`` does, for the same reason: to
-    prevent bugs where a function like ``validate()`` above is accidentally
-    called with the wrong kind of tainted object, which would make it
-    misbehave.  For now, all ``taint_atomic`` functions should be
-    conservative and carefully check all assumptions on their input
-    arguments.
-
-
-    .. _`taint-interface`:
-
-    Interface
-    ---------
-
-    .. _`like a built-in operation`:
-
-    The basic rule of the Tainted Object Space is that it introduces two new
-    kinds of objects, Tainted Boxes and Tainted Bombs (which are not types
-    in the Python sense).  Each box internally contains a regular object;
-    each bomb internally contains an exception object.  An operation
-    involving Tainted Boxes is performed on the objects contained in the
-    boxes, and gives a Tainted Box or a Tainted Bomb as a result (such an
-    operation does not let an exception be raised).  An operation called
-    with a Tainted Bomb argument immediately returns the same Tainted Bomb.
-
-    In a PyPy running with (or translated with) the Taint Object Space,
-    the ``__pypy__`` module exposes the following interface:
-
-    * ``taint(obj)``
-
-        Return a new Tainted Box wrapping ``obj``.  Return ``obj`` itself
-        if it is already tainted (a Box or a Bomb).
-
-    * ``is_tainted(obj)``
-
-        Check if ``obj`` is tainted (a Box or a Bomb).
-
-    * ``untaint(type, obj)``
-
-        Untaints ``obj`` if it is tainted.  Raise ``TaintError`` if the type
-        of the untainted object is not exactly ``type``, or if ``obj`` is a
-        Bomb.
-
-    * ``taint_atomic(func)``
-
-        Return a wrapper function around the callable ``func``.  The wrapper
-        behaves `like a built-in operation`_ with respect to untainting the
-        arguments, tainting the result, and returning a Bomb.
-
-    * ``TaintError``
-
-        Exception.  On purpose, it provides no attribute or error message.
-
-    * ``_taint_debug(level)``
-
-        Set the debugging level to ``level`` (0=off).  At level 1 or above,
-        all Taint Bombs print a diagnostic message to stderr when they are
-        created.
-
-    * ``_taint_look(obj)``
-
-        For debugging purposes: prints (to stderr) the type and address of
-        the object in a Tainted Box, or prints the exception if ``obj`` is
-        a Taint Bomb.
-
-
 .. _dump:
 
 The Dump Object Space
diff --git a/pypy/doc/project-ideas.rst b/pypy/doc/project-ideas.rst
--- a/pypy/doc/project-ideas.rst
+++ b/pypy/doc/project-ideas.rst
@@ -17,17 +17,26 @@
 projects, or anything else in PyPy, pop up on IRC or write to us on the
 `mailing list`_.
 
+Make big integers faster
+-------------------------
+
+PyPy's implementation of the Python ``long`` type is slower than CPython's.
+Find out why and optimize them.
+
+Make bytearray type fast
+------------------------
+
+PyPy's bytearray type is very inefficient. It would be an interesting
+task to look into possible optimizations on this.
+
 Numpy improvements
 ------------------
 
-This is more of a project-container than a single project. Possible ideas:
+The numpy is rapidly progressing in pypy, so feel free to come to IRC and
+ask for proposed topic. A not necesarilly up-to-date `list of topics`_
+is also available.
 
-* experiment with auto-vectorization using SSE or implement vectorization
-  without automatically detecting it for array operations.
-
-* improve numpy, for example implement memory views.
-
-* interface with fortran/C libraries.
+.. _`list of topics`: https://bitbucket.org/pypy/extradoc/src/extradoc/planning/micronumpy.txt
 
 Improving the jitviewer
 ------------------------
@@ -53,6 +62,18 @@
 this is an ideal task to get started, because it does not require any deep
 knowledge of the internals.
 
+Optimized Unicode Representation
+--------------------------------
+
+CPython 3.3 will use an `optimized unicode representation`_ which switches between
+different ways to represent a unicode string, depending on whether the string
+fits into ASCII, has only two-byte characters or needs four-byte characters.
+
+The actual details would be rather differen in PyPy, but we would like to have
+the same optimization implemented.
+
+.. _`optimized unicode representation`: http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0393/
+
 Translation Toolchain
 ---------------------
 
diff --git a/pypy/doc/release-1.7.0.rst b/pypy/doc/release-1.7.0.rst
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pypy/doc/release-1.7.0.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+==================================
+PyPy 1.7 - widening the sweet spot
+==================================
+
+We're pleased to announce the 1.7 release of PyPy. As became a habit, this
+release brings a lot of bugfixes and performance improvements over the 1.6
+release. However, unlike the previous releases, the focus has been on widening
+the "sweet spot" of PyPy. That is, classes of Python code that PyPy can greatly
+speed up should be vastly improved with this release. You can download the 1.7
+release here:
+
+    http://pypy.org/download.html
+
+What is PyPy?
+=============
+
+PyPy is a very compliant Python interpreter, almost a drop-in replacement for
+CPython 2.7. It's fast (`pypy 1.7 and cpython 2.7.1`_ performance comparison)
+due to its integrated tracing JIT compiler.
+
+This release supports x86 machines running Linux 32/64, Mac OS X 32/64 or
+Windows 32. Windows 64 work is ongoing, but not yet natively supported.
+
+The main topic of this release is widening the range of code which PyPy
+can greatly speed up. On average on
+our benchmark suite, PyPy 1.7 is around **30%** faster than PyPy 1.6 and up
+to **20 times** faster on some benchmarks.
+
+.. _`pypy 1.7 and cpython 2.7.1`: http://speed.pypy.org
+
+
+Highlights
+==========
+
+* Numerous performance improvements. There are too many examples which python
+  constructs now should behave faster to list them.
+
+* Bugfixes and compatibility fixes with CPython.
+
+* Windows fixes.
+
+* PyPy now comes with stackless features enabled by default. However,
+  any loop using stackless features will interrupt the JIT for now, so no real
+  performance improvement for stackless-based programs. Contact pypy-dev for
+  info how to help on removing this restriction.
+
+* NumPy effort in PyPy was renamed numpypy. In order to try using it, simply
+  write::
+
+    import numpypy as numpy
+
+  at the beginning of your program. There is a huge progress on numpy in PyPy
+  since 1.6, the main feature being implementation of dtypes.
+
+* JSON encoder (but not decoder) has been replaced with a new one. This one
+  is written in pure Python, but is known to outperform CPython's C extension
+  up to **2 times** in some cases. It's about **20 times** faster than
+  the one that we had in 1.6.
+
+* The memory footprint of some of our RPython modules has been drastically
+  improved. This should impact any applications using for example cryptography,
+  like tornado.
+
+* There was some progress in exposing even more CPython C API via cpyext.
+
+Things that didn't make it, expect in 1.8 soon
+==============================================
+
+There is an ongoing work, which while didn't make it to the release, is
+probably worth mentioning here. This is what you should probably expect in
+1.8 some time soon:
+
+* Specialized list implementation. There is a branch that implements lists of
+  integers/floats/strings as compactly as array.array. This should drastically
+  improve performance/memory impact of some applications
+
+* NumPy effort is progressing forward, with multi-dimensional arrays coming
+  soon.
+
+* There are two brand new JIT assembler backends, notably for the PowerPC and
+  ARM processors.
+
+Fundraising
+===========
+
+It's maybe worth mentioning that we're running fundraising campaigns for
+NumPy effort in PyPy and for Python 3 in PyPy. In case you want to see any
+of those happen faster, we urge you to donate to `numpy proposal`_ or
+`py3k proposal`_. In case you want PyPy to progress, but you trust us with
+the general direction, you can always donate to the `general pot`_.
+
+.. _`numpy proposal`: http://pypy.org/numpydonate.html
+.. _`py3k proposal`: http://pypy.org/py3donate.html
+.. _`general pot`: http://pypy.org
diff --git a/pypy/interpreter/astcompiler/ast.py b/pypy/interpreter/astcompiler/ast.py
--- a/pypy/interpreter/astcompiler/ast.py
+++ b/pypy/interpreter/astcompiler/ast.py
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 from pypy.interpreter.baseobjspace import Wrappable
 from pypy.interpreter import typedef
 from pypy.interpreter.gateway import interp2app
-from pypy.interpreter.error import OperationError
+from pypy.interpreter.error import OperationError, operationerrfmt
 from pypy.rlib.unroll import unrolling_iterable
 from pypy.tool.pairtype import extendabletype
 from pypy.tool.sourcetools import func_with_new_name
@@ -51,6 +51,24 @@
             space.setattr(self, w_name,
                           space.getitem(w_state, w_name))
 
+    def missing_field(self, space, required, host):
+        "Find which required field is missing."
+        state = self.initialization_state
+        for i in range(len(required)):
+            if (state >> i) & 1:
+                continue  # field is present
+            missing = required[i]
+            if missing is None:
+                continue  # field is optional
+            w_obj = self.getdictvalue(space, missing)
+            if w_obj is None:
+                err = "required field \"%s\" missing from %s"
+                raise operationerrfmt(space.w_TypeError, err, missing, host)
+            else:
+                err = "incorrect type for field \"%s\" in %s"
+                raise operationerrfmt(space.w_TypeError, err, missing, host)
+        raise AssertionError("should not reach here")
+
 
 class NodeVisitorNotImplemented(Exception):
     pass
@@ -94,17 +112,6 @@
 )
 
 
-def missing_field(space, state, required, host):
-    "Find which required field is missing."
-    for i in range(len(required)):
-        if not (state >> i) & 1:
-            missing = required[i]
-            if missing is not None:
-                 err = "required field \"%s\" missing from %s"
-                 err = err % (missing, host)
-                 w_err = space.wrap(err)
-                 raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, w_err)
-    raise AssertionError("should not reach here")
 
 
 class mod(AST):
@@ -112,7 +119,6 @@
 
 class Module(mod):
 
-
     def __init__(self, body):
         self.body = body
         self.w_body = None
@@ -128,7 +134,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body'], 'Module')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['body'], 'Module')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_body
@@ -145,7 +151,6 @@
 
 class Interactive(mod):
 
-
     def __init__(self, body):
         self.body = body
         self.w_body = None
@@ -161,7 +166,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body'], 'Interactive')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['body'], 'Interactive')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_body
@@ -178,7 +183,6 @@
 
 class Expression(mod):
 
-
     def __init__(self, body):
         self.body = body
         self.initialization_state = 1
@@ -192,7 +196,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body'], 'Expression')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['body'], 'Expression')
         else:
             pass
         self.body.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -200,7 +204,6 @@
 
 class Suite(mod):
 
-
     def __init__(self, body):
         self.body = body
         self.w_body = None
@@ -216,7 +219,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body'], 'Suite')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['body'], 'Suite')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_body
@@ -232,15 +235,13 @@
 
 
 class stmt(AST):
+
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         self.lineno = lineno
         self.col_offset = col_offset
 
 class FunctionDef(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 16
-    _col_offset_mask = 32
-
     def __init__(self, name, args, body, decorator_list, lineno, col_offset):
         self.name = name
         self.args = args
@@ -264,7 +265,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 63:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['name', 'args', 'body', 'decorator_list', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'FunctionDef')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'name', 'args', 'body', 'decorator_list'], 'FunctionDef')
         else:
             pass
         self.args.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -292,9 +293,6 @@
 
 class ClassDef(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 16
-    _col_offset_mask = 32
-
     def __init__(self, name, bases, body, decorator_list, lineno, col_offset):
         self.name = name
         self.bases = bases
@@ -320,7 +318,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 63:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['name', 'bases', 'body', 'decorator_list', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'ClassDef')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'name', 'bases', 'body', 'decorator_list'], 'ClassDef')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_bases
@@ -357,9 +355,6 @@
 
 class Return(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         stmt.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -374,10 +369,10 @@
         return visitor.visit_Return(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~1) ^ 6:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Return')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~4) ^ 3:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None], 'Return')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.value = None
         if self.value:
             self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -385,9 +380,6 @@
 
 class Delete(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, targets, lineno, col_offset):
         self.targets = targets
         self.w_targets = None
@@ -404,7 +396,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['targets', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Delete')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'targets'], 'Delete')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_targets
@@ -421,9 +413,6 @@
 
 class Assign(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, targets, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.targets = targets
         self.w_targets = None
@@ -442,7 +431,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['targets', 'value', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Assign')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'targets', 'value'], 'Assign')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_targets
@@ -460,9 +449,6 @@
 
 class AugAssign(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, target, op, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.target = target
         self.op = op
@@ -480,7 +466,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['target', 'op', 'value', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'AugAssign')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'target', 'op', 'value'], 'AugAssign')
         else:
             pass
         self.target.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -489,9 +475,6 @@
 
 class Print(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, dest, values, nl, lineno, col_offset):
         self.dest = dest
         self.values = values
@@ -511,10 +494,10 @@
         return visitor.visit_Print(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~1) ^ 30:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, 'values', 'nl', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Print')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~4) ^ 27:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None, 'values', 'nl'], 'Print')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.dest = None
         if self.dest:
             self.dest.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -532,9 +515,6 @@
 
 class For(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 16
-    _col_offset_mask = 32
-
     def __init__(self, target, iter, body, orelse, lineno, col_offset):
         self.target = target
         self.iter = iter
@@ -559,7 +539,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 63:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['target', 'iter', 'body', 'orelse', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'For')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'target', 'iter', 'body', 'orelse'], 'For')
         else:
             pass
         self.target.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -588,9 +568,6 @@
 
 class While(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, test, body, orelse, lineno, col_offset):
         self.test = test
         self.body = body
@@ -613,7 +590,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['test', 'body', 'orelse', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'While')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'test', 'body', 'orelse'], 'While')
         else:
             pass
         self.test.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -641,9 +618,6 @@
 
 class If(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, test, body, orelse, lineno, col_offset):
         self.test = test
         self.body = body
@@ -666,7 +640,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['test', 'body', 'orelse', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'If')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'test', 'body', 'orelse'], 'If')
         else:
             pass
         self.test.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -694,9 +668,6 @@
 
 class With(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, context_expr, optional_vars, body, lineno, col_offset):
         self.context_expr = context_expr
         self.optional_vars = optional_vars
@@ -717,10 +688,10 @@
         return visitor.visit_With(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~2) ^ 29:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['context_expr', None, 'body', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'With')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~8) ^ 23:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'context_expr', None, 'body'], 'With')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 2:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
                 self.optional_vars = None
         self.context_expr.sync_app_attrs(space)
         if self.optional_vars:
@@ -739,9 +710,6 @@
 
 class Raise(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, type, inst, tback, lineno, col_offset):
         self.type = type
         self.inst = inst
@@ -762,14 +730,14 @@
         return visitor.visit_Raise(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~7) ^ 24:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, None, None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Raise')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~28) ^ 3:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None, None, None], 'Raise')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.type = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 2:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
                 self.inst = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 16:
                 self.tback = None
         if self.type:
             self.type.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -781,9 +749,6 @@
 
 class TryExcept(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, body, handlers, orelse, lineno, col_offset):
         self.body = body
         self.w_body = None
@@ -808,7 +773,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body', 'handlers', 'orelse', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'TryExcept')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'body', 'handlers', 'orelse'], 'TryExcept')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_body
@@ -845,9 +810,6 @@
 
 class TryFinally(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, body, finalbody, lineno, col_offset):
         self.body = body
         self.w_body = None
@@ -868,7 +830,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body', 'finalbody', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'TryFinally')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'body', 'finalbody'], 'TryFinally')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_body
@@ -895,9 +857,6 @@
 
 class Assert(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, test, msg, lineno, col_offset):
         self.test = test
         self.msg = msg
@@ -914,10 +873,10 @@
         return visitor.visit_Assert(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~2) ^ 13:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['test', None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Assert')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~8) ^ 7:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'test', None], 'Assert')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 2:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
                 self.msg = None
         self.test.sync_app_attrs(space)
         if self.msg:
@@ -926,9 +885,6 @@
 
 class Import(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, names, lineno, col_offset):
         self.names = names
         self.w_names = None
@@ -945,7 +901,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['names', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Import')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'names'], 'Import')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_names
@@ -962,9 +918,6 @@
 
 class ImportFrom(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, module, names, level, lineno, col_offset):
         self.module = module
         self.names = names
@@ -982,12 +935,12 @@
         return visitor.visit_ImportFrom(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~5) ^ 26:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, 'names', None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'ImportFrom')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~20) ^ 11:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None, 'names', None], 'ImportFrom')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.module = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 16:
                 self.level = 0
         w_list = self.w_names
         if w_list is not None:
@@ -1003,9 +956,6 @@
 
 class Exec(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, body, globals, locals, lineno, col_offset):
         self.body = body
         self.globals = globals
@@ -1025,12 +975,12 @@
         return visitor.visit_Exec(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~6) ^ 25:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['body', None, None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Exec')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~24) ^ 7:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'body', None, None], 'Exec')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 2:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
                 self.globals = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 16:
                 self.locals = None
         self.body.sync_app_attrs(space)
         if self.globals:
@@ -1041,9 +991,6 @@
 
 class Global(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, names, lineno, col_offset):
         self.names = names
         self.w_names = None
@@ -1058,7 +1005,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['names', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Global')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'names'], 'Global')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_names
@@ -1072,9 +1019,6 @@
 
 class Expr(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         stmt.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1089,7 +1033,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Expr')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'value'], 'Expr')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1097,9 +1041,6 @@
 
 class Pass(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 1
-    _col_offset_mask = 2
-
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         stmt.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
         self.initialization_state = 3
@@ -1112,16 +1053,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 3:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Pass')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Pass')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class Break(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 1
-    _col_offset_mask = 2
-
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         stmt.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
         self.initialization_state = 3
@@ -1134,16 +1072,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 3:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Break')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Break')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class Continue(stmt):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 1
-    _col_offset_mask = 2
-
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         stmt.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
         self.initialization_state = 3
@@ -1156,21 +1091,19 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 3:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Continue')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Continue')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class expr(AST):
+
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         self.lineno = lineno
         self.col_offset = col_offset
 
 class BoolOp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, op, values, lineno, col_offset):
         self.op = op
         self.values = values
@@ -1188,7 +1121,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['op', 'values', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'BoolOp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'op', 'values'], 'BoolOp')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_values
@@ -1205,9 +1138,6 @@
 
 class BinOp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, left, op, right, lineno, col_offset):
         self.left = left
         self.op = op
@@ -1225,7 +1155,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['left', 'op', 'right', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'BinOp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'left', 'op', 'right'], 'BinOp')
         else:
             pass
         self.left.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1234,9 +1164,6 @@
 
 class UnaryOp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, op, operand, lineno, col_offset):
         self.op = op
         self.operand = operand
@@ -1252,7 +1179,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['op', 'operand', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'UnaryOp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'op', 'operand'], 'UnaryOp')
         else:
             pass
         self.operand.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1260,9 +1187,6 @@
 
 class Lambda(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, args, body, lineno, col_offset):
         self.args = args
         self.body = body
@@ -1279,7 +1203,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['args', 'body', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Lambda')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'args', 'body'], 'Lambda')
         else:
             pass
         self.args.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1288,9 +1212,6 @@
 
 class IfExp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, test, body, orelse, lineno, col_offset):
         self.test = test
         self.body = body
@@ -1309,7 +1230,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['test', 'body', 'orelse', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'IfExp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'test', 'body', 'orelse'], 'IfExp')
         else:
             pass
         self.test.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1319,9 +1240,6 @@
 
 class Dict(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, keys, values, lineno, col_offset):
         self.keys = keys
         self.w_keys = None
@@ -1342,7 +1260,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['keys', 'values', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Dict')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'keys', 'values'], 'Dict')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_keys
@@ -1369,9 +1287,6 @@
 
 class Set(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, elts, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elts = elts
         self.w_elts = None
@@ -1388,7 +1303,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elts', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Set')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elts'], 'Set')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_elts
@@ -1405,9 +1320,6 @@
 
 class ListComp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, elt, generators, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elt = elt
         self.generators = generators
@@ -1426,7 +1338,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elt', 'generators', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'ListComp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elt', 'generators'], 'ListComp')
         else:
             pass
         self.elt.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1444,9 +1356,6 @@
 
 class SetComp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, elt, generators, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elt = elt
         self.generators = generators
@@ -1465,7 +1374,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elt', 'generators', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'SetComp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elt', 'generators'], 'SetComp')
         else:
             pass
         self.elt.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1483,9 +1392,6 @@
 
 class DictComp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, key, value, generators, lineno, col_offset):
         self.key = key
         self.value = value
@@ -1506,7 +1412,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['key', 'value', 'generators', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'DictComp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'key', 'value', 'generators'], 'DictComp')
         else:
             pass
         self.key.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1525,9 +1431,6 @@
 
 class GeneratorExp(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, elt, generators, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elt = elt
         self.generators = generators
@@ -1546,7 +1449,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elt', 'generators', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'GeneratorExp')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elt', 'generators'], 'GeneratorExp')
         else:
             pass
         self.elt.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1564,9 +1467,6 @@
 
 class Yield(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         expr.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1581,10 +1481,10 @@
         return visitor.visit_Yield(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~1) ^ 6:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Yield')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~4) ^ 3:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None], 'Yield')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.value = None
         if self.value:
             self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1592,9 +1492,6 @@
 
 class Compare(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, left, ops, comparators, lineno, col_offset):
         self.left = left
         self.ops = ops
@@ -1615,7 +1512,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['left', 'ops', 'comparators', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Compare')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'left', 'ops', 'comparators'], 'Compare')
         else:
             pass
         self.left.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1640,9 +1537,6 @@
 
 class Call(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 32
-    _col_offset_mask = 64
-
     def __init__(self, func, args, keywords, starargs, kwargs, lineno, col_offset):
         self.func = func
         self.args = args
@@ -1670,12 +1564,12 @@
         return visitor.visit_Call(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~24) ^ 103:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['func', 'args', 'keywords', None, None, 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Call')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~96) ^ 31:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'func', 'args', 'keywords', None, None], 'Call')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 32:
                 self.starargs = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 16:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 64:
                 self.kwargs = None
         self.func.sync_app_attrs(space)
         w_list = self.w_args
@@ -1706,9 +1600,6 @@
 
 class Repr(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         expr.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1723,7 +1614,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Repr')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'value'], 'Repr')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1731,9 +1622,6 @@
 
 class Num(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, n, lineno, col_offset):
         self.n = n
         expr.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1747,16 +1635,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['n', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Num')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'n'], 'Num')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class Str(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, s, lineno, col_offset):
         self.s = s
         expr.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1770,16 +1655,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['s', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Str')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 's'], 'Str')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class Attribute(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, value, attr, ctx, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         self.attr = attr
@@ -1796,7 +1678,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value', 'attr', 'ctx', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Attribute')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'value', 'attr', 'ctx'], 'Attribute')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1804,9 +1686,6 @@
 
 class Subscript(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, value, slice, ctx, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         self.slice = slice
@@ -1824,7 +1703,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 31:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value', 'slice', 'ctx', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Subscript')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'value', 'slice', 'ctx'], 'Subscript')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -1833,9 +1712,6 @@
 
 class Name(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, id, ctx, lineno, col_offset):
         self.id = id
         self.ctx = ctx
@@ -1850,16 +1726,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['id', 'ctx', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Name')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'id', 'ctx'], 'Name')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class List(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, elts, ctx, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elts = elts
         self.w_elts = None
@@ -1877,7 +1750,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elts', 'ctx', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'List')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elts', 'ctx'], 'List')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_elts
@@ -1894,9 +1767,6 @@
 
 class Tuple(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 4
-    _col_offset_mask = 8
-
     def __init__(self, elts, ctx, lineno, col_offset):
         self.elts = elts
         self.w_elts = None
@@ -1914,7 +1784,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 15:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['elts', 'ctx', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Tuple')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'elts', 'ctx'], 'Tuple')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_elts
@@ -1931,9 +1801,6 @@
 
 class Const(expr):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 2
-    _col_offset_mask = 4
-
     def __init__(self, value, lineno, col_offset):
         self.value = value
         expr.__init__(self, lineno, col_offset)
@@ -1947,7 +1814,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'Const')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', 'value'], 'Const')
         else:
             pass
 
@@ -2009,7 +1876,6 @@
 
 class Ellipsis(slice):
 
-
     def __init__(self):
         self.initialization_state = 0
 
@@ -2021,14 +1887,13 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 0:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [], 'Ellipsis')
+            self.missing_field(space, [], 'Ellipsis')
         else:
             pass
 
 
 class Slice(slice):
 
-
     def __init__(self, lower, upper, step):
         self.lower = lower
         self.upper = upper
@@ -2049,7 +1914,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~7) ^ 0:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, None, None], 'Slice')
+            self.missing_field(space, [None, None, None], 'Slice')
         else:
             if not self.initialization_state & 1:
                 self.lower = None
@@ -2067,7 +1932,6 @@
 
 class ExtSlice(slice):
 
-
     def __init__(self, dims):
         self.dims = dims
         self.w_dims = None
@@ -2083,7 +1947,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['dims'], 'ExtSlice')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['dims'], 'ExtSlice')
         else:
             pass
         w_list = self.w_dims
@@ -2100,7 +1964,6 @@
 
 class Index(slice):
 
-
     def __init__(self, value):
         self.value = value
         self.initialization_state = 1
@@ -2114,7 +1977,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['value'], 'Index')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['value'], 'Index')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -2377,7 +2240,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 7:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['target', 'iter', 'ifs'], 'comprehension')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['target', 'iter', 'ifs'], 'comprehension')
         else:
             pass
         self.target.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -2394,15 +2257,13 @@
                 node.sync_app_attrs(space)
 
 class excepthandler(AST):
+
     def __init__(self, lineno, col_offset):
         self.lineno = lineno
         self.col_offset = col_offset
 
 class ExceptHandler(excepthandler):
 
-    _lineno_mask = 8
-    _col_offset_mask = 16
-
     def __init__(self, type, name, body, lineno, col_offset):
         self.type = type
         self.name = name
@@ -2424,12 +2285,12 @@
         return visitor.visit_ExceptHandler(self)
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
-        if (self.initialization_state & ~3) ^ 28:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, [None, None, 'body', 'lineno', 'col_offset'], 'ExceptHandler')
+        if (self.initialization_state & ~12) ^ 19:
+            self.missing_field(space, ['lineno', 'col_offset', None, None, 'body'], 'ExceptHandler')
         else:
-            if not self.initialization_state & 1:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 4:
                 self.type = None
-            if not self.initialization_state & 2:
+            if not self.initialization_state & 8:
                 self.name = None
         if self.type:
             self.type.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -2470,7 +2331,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~6) ^ 9:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['args', None, None, 'defaults'], 'arguments')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['args', None, None, 'defaults'], 'arguments')
         else:
             if not self.initialization_state & 2:
                 self.vararg = None
@@ -2513,7 +2374,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~0) ^ 3:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['arg', 'value'], 'keyword')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['arg', 'value'], 'keyword')
         else:
             pass
         self.value.sync_app_attrs(space)
@@ -2533,7 +2394,7 @@
 
     def sync_app_attrs(self, space):
         if (self.initialization_state & ~2) ^ 1:
-            missing_field(space, self.initialization_state, ['name', None], 'alias')
+            self.missing_field(space, ['name', None], 'alias')
         else:
             if not self.initialization_state & 2:
                 self.asname = None
@@ -2925,14 +2786,13 @@
 def Module_get_body(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
@@ -2968,14 +2828,13 @@
 def Interactive_get_body(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
@@ -3015,13 +2874,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     return space.wrap(w_self.body)
 
 def Expression_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.body = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.body) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -3057,14 +2917,13 @@
 def Suite_get_body(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
@@ -3102,10 +2961,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'lineno')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._lineno_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'lineno'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'lineno')
     return space.wrap(w_self.lineno)
 
 def stmt_set_lineno(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3117,17 +2975,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'lineno', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'lineno')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._lineno_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
 
 def stmt_get_col_offset(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._col_offset_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'col_offset'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'col_offset')
     return space.wrap(w_self.col_offset)
 
 def stmt_set_col_offset(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3139,7 +2996,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'col_offset', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._col_offset_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
 
 stmt.typedef = typedef.TypeDef("stmt",
     AST.typedef,
@@ -3155,10 +3012,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'name')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'name'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'name')
     return space.wrap(w_self.name)
 
 def FunctionDef_set_name(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3170,17 +3026,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'name', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'name')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def FunctionDef_get_args(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'args')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'args'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'args')
     return space.wrap(w_self.args)
 
 def FunctionDef_set_args(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3192,43 +3047,41 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'args', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'args')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def FunctionDef_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def FunctionDef_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 def FunctionDef_get_decorator_list(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 32:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'decorator_list'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'decorator_list')
     if w_self.w_decorator_list is None:
         if w_self.decorator_list is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.decorator_list]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_decorator_list = w_list
     return w_self.w_decorator_list
 
 def FunctionDef_set_decorator_list(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_decorator_list = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 32
 
 _FunctionDef_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['name', 'args', 'body', 'decorator_list'])
 def FunctionDef_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3264,10 +3117,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'name')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'name'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'name')
     return space.wrap(w_self.name)
 
 def ClassDef_set_name(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3279,61 +3131,58 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'name', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'name')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def ClassDef_get_bases(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'bases'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'bases')
     if w_self.w_bases is None:
         if w_self.bases is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.bases]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_bases = w_list
     return w_self.w_bases
 
 def ClassDef_set_bases(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_bases = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def ClassDef_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def ClassDef_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 def ClassDef_get_decorator_list(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 32:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'decorator_list'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'decorator_list')
     if w_self.w_decorator_list is None:
         if w_self.decorator_list is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.decorator_list]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_decorator_list = w_list
     return w_self.w_decorator_list
 
 def ClassDef_set_decorator_list(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_decorator_list = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 32
 
 _ClassDef_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['name', 'bases', 'body', 'decorator_list'])
 def ClassDef_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3370,22 +3219,23 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Return_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Return_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value'])
 def Return_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3412,22 +3262,21 @@
 )
 
 def Delete_get_targets(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'targets'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'targets')
     if w_self.w_targets is None:
         if w_self.targets is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.targets]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_targets = w_list
     return w_self.w_targets
 
 def Delete_set_targets(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_targets = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Delete_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['targets'])
 def Delete_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3455,44 +3304,44 @@
 )
 
 def Assign_get_targets(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'targets'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'targets')
     if w_self.w_targets is None:
         if w_self.targets is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.targets]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_targets = w_list
     return w_self.w_targets
 
 def Assign_set_targets(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_targets = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Assign_get_value(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Assign_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Assign_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['targets', 'value'])
 def Assign_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3525,32 +3374,32 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'target')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'target'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'target')
     return space.wrap(w_self.target)
 
 def AugAssign_set_target(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.target = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.target) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'target', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'target')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def AugAssign_get_op(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'op')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'op'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'op')
     return operator_to_class[w_self.op - 1]()
 
 def AugAssign_set_op(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3564,29 +3413,30 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'op', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def AugAssign_get_value(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def AugAssign_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _AugAssign_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['target', 'op', 'value'])
 def AugAssign_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3619,50 +3469,49 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'dest')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'dest'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'dest')
     return space.wrap(w_self.dest)
 
 def Print_set_dest(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.dest = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.dest) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'dest', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'dest')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Print_get_values(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'values'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'values')
     if w_self.w_values is None:
         if w_self.values is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.values]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_values = w_list
     return w_self.w_values
 
 def Print_set_values(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_values = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Print_get_nl(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'nl')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'nl'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'nl')
     return space.wrap(w_self.nl)
 
 def Print_set_nl(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -3674,7 +3523,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'nl', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'nl')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Print_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['dest', 'values', 'nl'])
 def Print_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3708,80 +3557,80 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'target')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'target'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'target')
     return space.wrap(w_self.target)
 
 def For_set_target(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.target = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.target) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'target', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'target')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def For_get_iter(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'iter')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'iter'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'iter')
     return space.wrap(w_self.iter)
 
 def For_set_iter(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.iter = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.iter) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'iter', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'iter')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def For_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def For_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 def For_get_orelse(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 32:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'orelse'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'orelse')
     if w_self.w_orelse is None:
         if w_self.orelse is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.orelse]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_orelse = w_list
     return w_self.w_orelse
 
 def For_set_orelse(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_orelse = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 32
 
 _For_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['target', 'iter', 'body', 'orelse'])
 def For_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3817,58 +3666,57 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'test')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'test'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'test')
     return space.wrap(w_self.test)
 
 def While_set_test(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.test = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.test) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'test', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'test')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def While_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def While_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def While_get_orelse(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'orelse'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'orelse')
     if w_self.w_orelse is None:
         if w_self.orelse is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.orelse]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_orelse = w_list
     return w_self.w_orelse
 
 def While_set_orelse(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_orelse = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _While_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['test', 'body', 'orelse'])
 def While_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3903,58 +3751,57 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'test')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'test'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'test')
     return space.wrap(w_self.test)
 
 def If_set_test(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.test = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.test) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'test', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'test')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def If_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def If_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def If_get_orelse(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'orelse'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'orelse')
     if w_self.w_orelse is None:
         if w_self.orelse is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.orelse]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_orelse = w_list
     return w_self.w_orelse
 
 def If_set_orelse(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_orelse = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _If_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['test', 'body', 'orelse'])
 def If_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -3989,62 +3836,63 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'context_expr')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'context_expr'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'context_expr')
     return space.wrap(w_self.context_expr)
 
 def With_set_context_expr(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.context_expr = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.context_expr) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'context_expr', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'context_expr')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def With_get_optional_vars(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'optional_vars')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'optional_vars'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'optional_vars')
     return space.wrap(w_self.optional_vars)
 
 def With_set_optional_vars(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.optional_vars = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.optional_vars) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'optional_vars', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'optional_vars')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def With_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def With_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _With_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['context_expr', 'optional_vars', 'body'])
 def With_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4078,66 +3926,69 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'type')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'type'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'type')
     return space.wrap(w_self.type)
 
 def Raise_set_type(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.type = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.type) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'type', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'type')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Raise_get_inst(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'inst')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'inst'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'inst')
     return space.wrap(w_self.inst)
 
 def Raise_set_inst(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.inst = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.inst) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'inst', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'inst')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Raise_get_tback(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'tback')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'tback'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'tback')
     return space.wrap(w_self.tback)
 
 def Raise_set_tback(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.tback = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.tback) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'tback', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'tback')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Raise_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['type', 'inst', 'tback'])
 def Raise_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4166,58 +4017,55 @@
 )
 
 def TryExcept_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def TryExcept_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def TryExcept_get_handlers(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'handlers'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'handlers')
     if w_self.w_handlers is None:
         if w_self.handlers is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.handlers]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_handlers = w_list
     return w_self.w_handlers
 
 def TryExcept_set_handlers(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_handlers = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def TryExcept_get_orelse(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'orelse'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'orelse')
     if w_self.w_orelse is None:
         if w_self.orelse is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.orelse]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_orelse = w_list
     return w_self.w_orelse
 
 def TryExcept_set_orelse(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_orelse = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _TryExcept_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['body', 'handlers', 'orelse'])
 def TryExcept_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4249,40 +4097,38 @@
 )
 
 def TryFinally_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def TryFinally_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def TryFinally_get_finalbody(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'finalbody'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'finalbody')
     if w_self.w_finalbody is None:
         if w_self.finalbody is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.finalbody]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_finalbody = w_list
     return w_self.w_finalbody
 
 def TryFinally_set_finalbody(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_finalbody = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _TryFinally_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['body', 'finalbody'])
 def TryFinally_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4316,44 +4162,46 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'test')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'test'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'test')
     return space.wrap(w_self.test)
 
 def Assert_set_test(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.test = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.test) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'test', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'test')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Assert_get_msg(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'msg')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'msg'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'msg')
     return space.wrap(w_self.msg)
 
 def Assert_set_msg(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.msg = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.msg) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'msg', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'msg')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Assert_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['test', 'msg'])
 def Assert_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4381,22 +4229,21 @@
 )
 
 def Import_get_names(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'names'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'names')
     if w_self.w_names is None:
         if w_self.names is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.names]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_names = w_list
     return w_self.w_names
 
 def Import_set_names(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_names = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Import_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['names'])
 def Import_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4428,10 +4275,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'module')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'module'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'module')
     return space.wrap(w_self.module)
 
 def ImportFrom_set_module(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4446,35 +4292,33 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'module', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'module')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def ImportFrom_get_names(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'names'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'names')
     if w_self.w_names is None:
         if w_self.names is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.names]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_names = w_list
     return w_self.w_names
 
 def ImportFrom_set_names(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_names = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def ImportFrom_get_level(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'level')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'level'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'level')
     return space.wrap(w_self.level)
 
 def ImportFrom_set_level(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4486,7 +4330,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'level', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'level')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _ImportFrom_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['module', 'names', 'level'])
 def ImportFrom_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4520,66 +4364,69 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'body')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     return space.wrap(w_self.body)
 
 def Exec_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.body = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.body) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'body', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'body')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Exec_get_globals(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'globals')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'globals'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'globals')
     return space.wrap(w_self.globals)
 
 def Exec_set_globals(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.globals = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.globals) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'globals', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'globals')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Exec_get_locals(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'locals')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'locals'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'locals')
     return space.wrap(w_self.locals)
 
 def Exec_set_locals(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.locals = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.locals) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'locals', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'locals')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Exec_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['body', 'globals', 'locals'])
 def Exec_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4608,22 +4455,21 @@
 )
 
 def Global_get_names(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'names'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'names')
     if w_self.w_names is None:
         if w_self.names is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.names]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_names = w_list
     return w_self.w_names
 
 def Global_set_names(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_names = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Global_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['names'])
 def Global_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4655,22 +4501,23 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Expr_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Expr_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value'])
 def Expr_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4752,10 +4599,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'lineno')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._lineno_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'lineno'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'lineno')
     return space.wrap(w_self.lineno)
 
 def expr_set_lineno(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4767,17 +4613,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'lineno', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'lineno')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._lineno_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
 
 def expr_get_col_offset(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._col_offset_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'col_offset'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'col_offset')
     return space.wrap(w_self.col_offset)
 
 def expr_set_col_offset(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4789,7 +4634,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'col_offset', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._col_offset_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
 
 expr.typedef = typedef.TypeDef("expr",
     AST.typedef,
@@ -4805,10 +4650,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'op')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'op'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'op')
     return boolop_to_class[w_self.op - 1]()
 
 def BoolOp_set_op(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4822,25 +4666,24 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'op', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def BoolOp_get_values(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'values'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'values')
     if w_self.w_values is None:
         if w_self.values is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.values]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_values = w_list
     return w_self.w_values
 
 def BoolOp_set_values(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_values = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _BoolOp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['op', 'values'])
 def BoolOp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4873,32 +4716,32 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'left')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'left'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'left')
     return space.wrap(w_self.left)
 
 def BinOp_set_left(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.left = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.left) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'left', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'left')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def BinOp_get_op(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'op')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'op'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'op')
     return operator_to_class[w_self.op - 1]()
 
 def BinOp_set_op(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4912,29 +4755,30 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'op', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def BinOp_get_right(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'right')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'right'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'right')
     return space.wrap(w_self.right)
 
 def BinOp_set_right(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.right = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.right) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'right', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'right')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _BinOp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['left', 'op', 'right'])
 def BinOp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -4967,10 +4811,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'op')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'op'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'op')
     return unaryop_to_class[w_self.op - 1]()
 
 def UnaryOp_set_op(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -4984,29 +4827,30 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'op', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def UnaryOp_get_operand(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'operand')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'operand'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'operand')
     return space.wrap(w_self.operand)
 
 def UnaryOp_set_operand(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.operand = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.operand) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'operand', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'operand')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _UnaryOp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['op', 'operand'])
 def UnaryOp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5038,10 +4882,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'args')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'args'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'args')
     return space.wrap(w_self.args)
 
 def Lambda_set_args(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -5053,29 +4896,30 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'args', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'args')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Lambda_get_body(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'body')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     return space.wrap(w_self.body)
 
 def Lambda_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.body = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.body) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'body', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'body')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Lambda_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['args', 'body'])
 def Lambda_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5107,66 +4951,69 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'test')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'test'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'test')
     return space.wrap(w_self.test)
 
 def IfExp_set_test(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.test = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.test) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'test', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'test')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def IfExp_get_body(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'body')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     return space.wrap(w_self.body)
 
 def IfExp_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.body = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.body) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'body', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'body')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def IfExp_get_orelse(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'orelse')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'orelse'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'orelse')
     return space.wrap(w_self.orelse)
 
 def IfExp_set_orelse(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.orelse = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.orelse) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'orelse', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'orelse')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _IfExp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['test', 'body', 'orelse'])
 def IfExp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5195,40 +5042,38 @@
 )
 
 def Dict_get_keys(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'keys'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'keys')
     if w_self.w_keys is None:
         if w_self.keys is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.keys]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_keys = w_list
     return w_self.w_keys
 
 def Dict_set_keys(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_keys = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Dict_get_values(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'values'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'values')
     if w_self.w_values is None:
         if w_self.values is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.values]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_values = w_list
     return w_self.w_values
 
 def Dict_set_values(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_values = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Dict_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['keys', 'values'])
 def Dict_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5258,22 +5103,21 @@
 )
 
 def Set_get_elts(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elts'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elts')
     if w_self.w_elts is None:
         if w_self.elts is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.elts]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_elts = w_list
     return w_self.w_elts
 
 def Set_set_elts(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_elts = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Set_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elts'])
 def Set_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5305,40 +5149,40 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'elt')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elt'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elt')
     return space.wrap(w_self.elt)
 
 def ListComp_set_elt(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.elt = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.elt) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'elt', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'elt')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def ListComp_get_generators(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'generators'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'generators')
     if w_self.w_generators is None:
         if w_self.generators is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.generators]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_generators = w_list
     return w_self.w_generators
 
 def ListComp_set_generators(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_generators = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _ListComp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elt', 'generators'])
 def ListComp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5371,40 +5215,40 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'elt')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elt'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elt')
     return space.wrap(w_self.elt)
 
 def SetComp_set_elt(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.elt = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.elt) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'elt', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'elt')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def SetComp_get_generators(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'generators'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'generators')
     if w_self.w_generators is None:
         if w_self.generators is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.generators]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_generators = w_list
     return w_self.w_generators
 
 def SetComp_set_generators(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_generators = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _SetComp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elt', 'generators'])
 def SetComp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5437,62 +5281,63 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'key')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'key'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'key')
     return space.wrap(w_self.key)
 
 def DictComp_set_key(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.key = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.key) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'key', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'key')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def DictComp_get_value(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def DictComp_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def DictComp_get_generators(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'generators'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'generators')
     if w_self.w_generators is None:
         if w_self.generators is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.generators]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_generators = w_list
     return w_self.w_generators
 
 def DictComp_set_generators(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_generators = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _DictComp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['key', 'value', 'generators'])
 def DictComp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5526,40 +5371,40 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'elt')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elt'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elt')
     return space.wrap(w_self.elt)
 
 def GeneratorExp_set_elt(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.elt = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.elt) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'elt', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'elt')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def GeneratorExp_get_generators(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'generators'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'generators')
     if w_self.w_generators is None:
         if w_self.generators is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.generators]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_generators = w_list
     return w_self.w_generators
 
 def GeneratorExp_set_generators(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_generators = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _GeneratorExp_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elt', 'generators'])
 def GeneratorExp_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5592,22 +5437,23 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Yield_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Yield_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value'])
 def Yield_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5638,58 +5484,57 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'left')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'left'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'left')
     return space.wrap(w_self.left)
 
 def Compare_set_left(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.left = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.left) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'left', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'left')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Compare_get_ops(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ops'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ops')
     if w_self.w_ops is None:
         if w_self.ops is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [cmpop_to_class[node - 1]() for node in w_self.ops]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_ops = w_list
     return w_self.w_ops
 
 def Compare_set_ops(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_ops = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Compare_get_comparators(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'comparators'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'comparators')
     if w_self.w_comparators is None:
         if w_self.comparators is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.comparators]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_comparators = w_list
     return w_self.w_comparators
 
 def Compare_set_comparators(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_comparators = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Compare_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['left', 'ops', 'comparators'])
 def Compare_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5724,102 +5569,103 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'func')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'func'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'func')
     return space.wrap(w_self.func)
 
 def Call_set_func(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.func = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.func) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'func', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'func')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Call_get_args(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'args'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'args')
     if w_self.w_args is None:
         if w_self.args is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.args]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_args = w_list
     return w_self.w_args
 
 def Call_set_args(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_args = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Call_get_keywords(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'keywords'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'keywords')
     if w_self.w_keywords is None:
         if w_self.keywords is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.keywords]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_keywords = w_list
     return w_self.w_keywords
 
 def Call_set_keywords(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_keywords = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 def Call_get_starargs(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'starargs')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 32:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'starargs'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'starargs')
     return space.wrap(w_self.starargs)
 
 def Call_set_starargs(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.starargs = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.starargs) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'starargs', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'starargs')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 32
 
 def Call_get_kwargs(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'kwargs')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 64:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'kwargs'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'kwargs')
     return space.wrap(w_self.kwargs)
 
 def Call_set_kwargs(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.kwargs = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.kwargs) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'kwargs', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'kwargs')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 64
 
 _Call_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['func', 'args', 'keywords', 'starargs', 'kwargs'])
 def Call_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5856,22 +5702,23 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Repr_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Repr_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value'])
 def Repr_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5902,10 +5749,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'n')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'n'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'n')
     return w_self.n
 
 def Num_set_n(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -5917,7 +5763,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'n', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'n')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Num_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['n'])
 def Num_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5948,10 +5794,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 's')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 's'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 's')
     return w_self.s
 
 def Str_set_s(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -5963,7 +5808,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 's', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 's')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Str_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['s'])
 def Str_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -5994,32 +5839,32 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Attribute_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Attribute_get_attr(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'attr')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'attr'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'attr')
     return space.wrap(w_self.attr)
 
 def Attribute_set_attr(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6031,17 +5876,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'attr', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'attr')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Attribute_get_ctx(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'ctx')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ctx'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ctx')
     return expr_context_to_class[w_self.ctx - 1]()
 
 def Attribute_set_ctx(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6055,7 +5899,7 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'ctx', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Attribute_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value', 'attr', 'ctx'])
 def Attribute_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6088,54 +5932,55 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Subscript_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Subscript_get_slice(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'slice')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'slice'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'slice')
     return space.wrap(w_self.slice)
 
 def Subscript_set_slice(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.slice = space.interp_w(slice, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.slice) is slice:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'slice', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'slice')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def Subscript_get_ctx(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'ctx')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ctx'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ctx')
     return expr_context_to_class[w_self.ctx - 1]()
 
 def Subscript_set_ctx(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6149,7 +5994,7 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'ctx', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _Subscript_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value', 'slice', 'ctx'])
 def Subscript_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6182,10 +6027,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'id')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'id'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'id')
     return space.wrap(w_self.id)
 
 def Name_set_id(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6197,17 +6041,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'id', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'id')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Name_get_ctx(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'ctx')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ctx'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ctx')
     return expr_context_to_class[w_self.ctx - 1]()
 
 def Name_set_ctx(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6221,7 +6064,7 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'ctx', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Name_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['id', 'ctx'])
 def Name_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6249,32 +6092,30 @@
 )
 
 def List_get_elts(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elts'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elts')
     if w_self.w_elts is None:
         if w_self.elts is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.elts]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_elts = w_list
     return w_self.w_elts
 
 def List_set_elts(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_elts = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def List_get_ctx(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'ctx')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ctx'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ctx')
     return expr_context_to_class[w_self.ctx - 1]()
 
 def List_set_ctx(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6288,7 +6129,7 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'ctx', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _List_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elts', 'ctx'])
 def List_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6317,32 +6158,30 @@
 )
 
 def Tuple_get_elts(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'elts'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'elts')
     if w_self.w_elts is None:
         if w_self.elts is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.elts]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_elts = w_list
     return w_self.w_elts
 
 def Tuple_set_elts(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_elts = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def Tuple_get_ctx(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'ctx')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ctx'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ctx')
     return expr_context_to_class[w_self.ctx - 1]()
 
 def Tuple_set_ctx(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6356,7 +6195,7 @@
         return
     # need to save the original object too
     w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'ctx', w_new_value)
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 _Tuple_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['elts', 'ctx'])
 def Tuple_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6389,10 +6228,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'value')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return w_self.value
 
 def Const_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -6404,7 +6242,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'value', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'value')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 _Const_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['value'])
 def Const_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -6510,13 +6348,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'lower'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'lower')
     return space.wrap(w_self.lower)
 
 def Slice_set_lower(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.lower = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.lower) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6532,13 +6371,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'upper'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'upper')
     return space.wrap(w_self.upper)
 
 def Slice_set_upper(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.upper = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.upper) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6554,13 +6394,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'step'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'step')
     return space.wrap(w_self.step)
 
 def Slice_set_step(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.step = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.step) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6598,14 +6439,13 @@
 def ExtSlice_get_dims(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'dims'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'dims')
     if w_self.w_dims is None:
         if w_self.dims is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.dims]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_dims = w_list
     return w_self.w_dims
 
@@ -6645,13 +6485,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'value'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'value')
     return space.wrap(w_self.value)
 
 def Index_set_value(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.value = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.value) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6915,13 +6756,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'target'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'target')
     return space.wrap(w_self.target)
 
 def comprehension_set_target(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.target = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.target) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6937,13 +6779,14 @@
             return w_obj
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'iter'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'iter')
     return space.wrap(w_self.iter)
 
 def comprehension_set_iter(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.iter = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, False)
+        if type(w_self.iter) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
@@ -6955,14 +6798,13 @@
 def comprehension_get_ifs(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'ifs'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'ifs')
     if w_self.w_ifs is None:
         if w_self.ifs is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.ifs]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_ifs = w_list
     return w_self.w_ifs
 
@@ -7002,10 +6844,9 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'lineno')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._lineno_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'lineno'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'lineno')
     return space.wrap(w_self.lineno)
 
 def excepthandler_set_lineno(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -7017,17 +6858,16 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'lineno', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'lineno')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._lineno_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
 
 def excepthandler_get_col_offset(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & w_self._col_offset_mask:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'col_offset'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'col_offset')
     return space.wrap(w_self.col_offset)
 
 def excepthandler_set_col_offset(space, w_self, w_new_value):
@@ -7039,7 +6879,7 @@
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'col_offset', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'col_offset')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= w_self._col_offset_mask
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
 
 excepthandler.typedef = typedef.TypeDef("excepthandler",
     AST.typedef,
@@ -7055,62 +6895,63 @@
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'type')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'type'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'type')
     return space.wrap(w_self.type)
 
 def ExceptHandler_set_type(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.type = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.type) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'type', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'type')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 1
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
 
 def ExceptHandler_get_name(space, w_self):
     if w_self.w_dict is not None:
         w_obj = w_self.getdictvalue(space, 'name')
         if w_obj is not None:
             return w_obj
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 2:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 8:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'name'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'name')
     return space.wrap(w_self.name)
 
 def ExceptHandler_set_name(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     try:
         w_self.name = space.interp_w(expr, w_new_value, True)
+        if type(w_self.name) is expr:
+            raise OperationError(space.w_TypeError, space.w_None)
     except OperationError, e:
         if not e.match(space, space.w_TypeError):
             raise
         w_self.setdictvalue(space, 'name', w_new_value)
         return
     w_self.deldictvalue(space, 'name')
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 2
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 8
 
 def ExceptHandler_get_body(space, w_self):
-    if not w_self.initialization_state & 4:
+    if not w_self.initialization_state & 16:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'body'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'body')
     if w_self.w_body is None:
         if w_self.body is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.body]
-            w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
+        w_list = space.newlist(list_w)
         w_self.w_body = w_list
     return w_self.w_body
 
 def ExceptHandler_set_body(space, w_self, w_new_value):
     w_self.w_body = w_new_value
-    w_self.initialization_state |= 4
+    w_self.initialization_state |= 16
 
 _ExceptHandler_field_unroller = unrolling_iterable(['type', 'name', 'body'])
 def ExceptHandler_init(space, w_self, __args__):
@@ -7142,14 +6983,13 @@
 def arguments_get_args(space, w_self):
     if not w_self.initialization_state & 1:
         typename = space.type(w_self).getname(space)
-        w_err = space.wrap("'%s' object has no attribute 'args'" % typename)
-        raise OperationError(space.w_AttributeError, w_err)
+        raise operationerrfmt(space.w_AttributeError, "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'", typename, 'args')
     if w_self.w_args is None:
         if w_self.args is None:
-            w_list = space.newlist([])
+            list_w = []
         else:
             list_w = [space.wrap(node) for node in w_self.args]


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