[Python-3000-checkins] r65208 - in python/branches/py3k: Doc/c-api/memory.rst Include/pymem.h Modules/arraymodule.c Modules/selectmodule.c Objects/obmalloc.c

georg.brandl python-3000-checkins at python.org
Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 CEST 2008


Author: georg.brandl
Date: Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
New Revision: 65208

Log:
Merged revisions 65182 via svnmerge from 
svn+ssh://pythondev@svn.python.org/python/trunk

........
  r65182 | gregory.p.smith | 2008-07-22 06:46:32 +0200 (Tue, 22 Jul 2008) | 7 lines
  
  Issue #2620: Overflow checking when allocating or reallocating memory
  was not always being done properly in some python types and extension
  modules.  PyMem_MALLOC, PyMem_REALLOC, PyMem_NEW and PyMem_RESIZE have
  all been updated to perform better checks and places in the code that
  would previously leak memory on the error path when such an allocation
  failed have been fixed.
........


Modified:
   python/branches/py3k/   (props changed)
   python/branches/py3k/Doc/c-api/memory.rst
   python/branches/py3k/Include/pymem.h
   python/branches/py3k/Modules/arraymodule.c
   python/branches/py3k/Modules/selectmodule.c
   python/branches/py3k/Objects/obmalloc.c

Modified: python/branches/py3k/Doc/c-api/memory.rst
==============================================================================
--- python/branches/py3k/Doc/c-api/memory.rst	(original)
+++ python/branches/py3k/Doc/c-api/memory.rst	Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
@@ -136,7 +136,9 @@
 
    Same as :cfunc:`PyMem_Realloc`, but the memory block is resized to ``(n *
    sizeof(TYPE))`` bytes.  Returns a pointer cast to :ctype:`TYPE\*`. On return,
-   *p* will be a pointer to the new memory area, or *NULL* in the event of failure.
+   *p* will be a pointer to the new memory area, or *NULL* in the event of
+   failure.  This is a C preprocessor macro; p is always reassigned.  Save
+   the original value of p to avoid losing memory when handling errors.
 
 
 .. cfunction:: void PyMem_Del(void *p)

Modified: python/branches/py3k/Include/pymem.h
==============================================================================
--- python/branches/py3k/Include/pymem.h	(original)
+++ python/branches/py3k/Include/pymem.h	Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
@@ -69,8 +69,12 @@
    for malloc(0), which would be treated as an error. Some platforms
    would return a pointer with no memory behind it, which would break
    pymalloc. To solve these problems, allocate an extra byte. */
-#define PyMem_MALLOC(n)         malloc((n) ? (n) : 1)
-#define PyMem_REALLOC(p, n)     realloc((p), (n) ? (n) : 1)
+/* Returns NULL to indicate error if a negative size or size larger than
+   Py_ssize_t can represent is supplied.  Helps prevents security holes. */
+#define PyMem_MALLOC(n)		(((n) < 0 || (n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX) ? NULL \
+				: malloc((n) ? (n) : 1))
+#define PyMem_REALLOC(p, n)	(((n) < 0 || (n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX) ? NULL \
+				: realloc((p), (n) ? (n) : 1))
 #define PyMem_FREE		free
 
 #endif	/* PYMALLOC_DEBUG */
@@ -79,24 +83,31 @@
  * Type-oriented memory interface
  * ==============================
  *
- * These are carried along for historical reasons.  There's rarely a good
- * reason to use them anymore (you can just as easily do the multiply and
- * cast yourself).
+ * Allocate memory for n objects of the given type.  Returns a new pointer
+ * or NULL if the request was too large or memory allocation failed.  Use
+ * these macros rather than doing the multiplication yourself so that proper
+ * overflow checking is always done.
  */
 
 #define PyMem_New(type, n) \
-  ( assert((n) <= PY_SIZE_MAX / sizeof(type)) , \
+  ( ((n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / sizeof(type)) ? NULL : \
 	( (type *) PyMem_Malloc((n) * sizeof(type)) ) )
 #define PyMem_NEW(type, n) \
-  ( assert((n) <= PY_SIZE_MAX / sizeof(type)) , \
+  ( ((n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / sizeof(type)) ? NULL : \
 	( (type *) PyMem_MALLOC((n) * sizeof(type)) ) )
 
+/*
+ * The value of (p) is always clobbered by this macro regardless of success.
+ * The caller MUST check if (p) is NULL afterwards and deal with the memory
+ * error if so.  This means the original value of (p) MUST be saved for the
+ * caller's memory error handler to not lose track of it.
+ */
 #define PyMem_Resize(p, type, n) \
-  ( assert((n) <= PY_SIZE_MAX / sizeof(type)) , \
-	( (p) = (type *) PyMem_Realloc((p), (n) * sizeof(type)) ) )
+  ( (p) = ((n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / sizeof(type)) ? NULL : \
+	(type *) PyMem_Realloc((p), (n) * sizeof(type)) )
 #define PyMem_RESIZE(p, type, n) \
-  ( assert((n) <= PY_SIZE_MAX / sizeof(type)) , \
-	( (p) = (type *) PyMem_REALLOC((p), (n) * sizeof(type)) ) )
+  ( (p) = ((n) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / sizeof(type)) ? NULL : \
+	(type *) PyMem_REALLOC((p), (n) * sizeof(type)) )
 
 /* PyMem{Del,DEL} are left over from ancient days, and shouldn't be used
  * anymore.  They're just confusing aliases for PyMem_{Free,FREE} now.

Modified: python/branches/py3k/Modules/arraymodule.c
==============================================================================
--- python/branches/py3k/Modules/arraymodule.c	(original)
+++ python/branches/py3k/Modules/arraymodule.c	Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
@@ -805,6 +805,7 @@
 array_do_extend(arrayobject *self, PyObject *bb)
 {
 	Py_ssize_t size;
+	char *old_item;
 
 	if (!array_Check(bb))
 		return array_iter_extend(self, bb);
@@ -820,8 +821,10 @@
 		return -1;
 	}
 	size = Py_SIZE(self) + Py_SIZE(b);
+	old_item = self->ob_item;
         PyMem_RESIZE(self->ob_item, char, size*self->ob_descr->itemsize);
         if (self->ob_item == NULL) {
+		self->ob_item = old_item;
 		PyErr_NoMemory();
 		return -1;
         }
@@ -874,7 +877,7 @@
 			if (size > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / n) {
 				return PyErr_NoMemory();
 			}
-			PyMem_Resize(items, char, n * size);
+			PyMem_RESIZE(items, char, n * size);
 			if (items == NULL)
 				return PyErr_NoMemory();
 			p = items;

Modified: python/branches/py3k/Modules/selectmodule.c
==============================================================================
--- python/branches/py3k/Modules/selectmodule.c	(original)
+++ python/branches/py3k/Modules/selectmodule.c	Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
@@ -346,10 +346,12 @@
 {
 	Py_ssize_t i, pos;
 	PyObject *key, *value;
+        struct pollfd *old_ufds = self->ufds;
 
 	self->ufd_len = PyDict_Size(self->dict);
-	PyMem_Resize(self->ufds, struct pollfd, self->ufd_len);
+	PyMem_RESIZE(self->ufds, struct pollfd, self->ufd_len);
 	if (self->ufds == NULL) {
+                self->ufds = old_ufds;
 		PyErr_NoMemory();
 		return 0;
 	}

Modified: python/branches/py3k/Objects/obmalloc.c
==============================================================================
--- python/branches/py3k/Objects/obmalloc.c	(original)
+++ python/branches/py3k/Objects/obmalloc.c	Wed Jul 23 18:13:07 2008
@@ -727,6 +727,15 @@
 	uint size;
 
 	/*
+	 * Limit ourselves to PY_SSIZE_T_MAX bytes to prevent security holes.
+	 * Most python internals blindly use a signed Py_ssize_t to track
+	 * things without checking for overflows or negatives.
+	 * As size_t is unsigned, checking for nbytes < 0 is not required.
+	 */
+	if (nbytes > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/*
 	 * This implicitly redirects malloc(0).
 	 */
 	if ((nbytes - 1) < SMALL_REQUEST_THRESHOLD) {
@@ -1130,6 +1139,15 @@
 	if (p == NULL)
 		return PyObject_Malloc(nbytes);
 
+	/*
+	 * Limit ourselves to PY_SSIZE_T_MAX bytes to prevent security holes.
+	 * Most python internals blindly use a signed Py_ssize_t to track
+	 * things without checking for overflows or negatives.
+	 * As size_t is unsigned, checking for nbytes < 0 is not required.
+	 */
+	if (nbytes > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX)
+		return NULL;
+
 	pool = POOL_ADDR(p);
 	if (Py_ADDRESS_IN_RANGE(p, pool)) {
 		/* We're in charge of this block */


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