[issue12892] UTF-16 and UTF-32 codecs should reject (lone) surrogates
report at bugs.python.org
Sun Sep 4 12:49:30 CEST 2011
New submission from Ezio Melotti <ezio.melotti at gmail.com>:
>From Chapter 03 of the Unicode Standard 6, D91:
• UTF-16 encoding form: The Unicode encoding form that assigns each Unicode scalar value in the ranges U+0000..U+D7FF and U+E000..U+FFFF to a single unsigned 16-bit code unit with the same numeric value as the Unicode scalar value, and that assigns each Unicode scalar value in the range U+10000..U+10FFFF to a surrogate pair, according to Table 3-5.
• Because surrogate code points are not Unicode scalar values, isolated UTF-16 code units in the range 0xD800..0xDFFF are ill-formed.
I.e. UTF-16 should be able to decode correctly a valid surrogate pair, and encode a non-BMP character using a valid surrogate pair, but it should reject lone surrogates both during encoding and decoding.
On Python 3, the utf-16 codec can encode all the codepoints from U+0000 to U+10FFFF (including (lone) surrogates), but it's not able to decode lone surrogates (not sure if this is by design or if it just fails because it expects another (missing) surrogate).
>From Chapter 03 of the Unicode Standard 6, D90:
• UTF-32 encoding form: The Unicode encoding form that assigns each Unicode scalar value to a single unsigned 32-bit code unit with the same numeric value as the Unicode scalar value.
• Because surrogate code points are not included in the set of Unicode scalar values, UTF-32 code units in the range 0x0000D800..0x0000DFFF are ill-formed.
I.e. UTF-32 should reject both lone surrogates and valid surrogate pairs, both during encoding and during decoding.
On Python 3, the utf-32 codec can encode and decode all the codepoints from U+0000 to U+10FFFF (including surrogates).
I think that:
* this should be fixed in 3.3;
* it's a bug, so the fix /might/ be backported to 3.2. Hoverver it's also a fairly big change in behavior, so it might be better to leave it for 3.3 only;
* it's better to leave 2.7 alone, even the utf-8 codec is broken there;
* the surrogatepass error handler should work with the utf-16 and utf-32 codecs too.
Note that this has been already reported in #3672, but eventually only the utf-8 codec was fixed.
nosy: ezio.melotti, gvanrossum, haypo, lemburg, loewis, tchrist
stage: test needed
title: UTF-16 and UTF-32 codecs should reject (lone) surrogates
versions: Python 3.3
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