[Python-checkins] python/dist/src/Lib/plat-os2emx _emx_link.py, NONE, 1.1

aimacintyre at users.sourceforge.net aimacintyre at users.sourceforge.net
Tue Dec 2 07:31:11 EST 2003

Update of /cvsroot/python/python/dist/src/Lib/plat-os2emx
In directory sc8-pr-cvs1:/tmp/cvs-serv5006

Added Files:
Log Message:
EMX lacks an implementation of link().  As Mailman wants os.link() to
implement its locking scheme, this module implements a crude link() by
way of copying the source to the destination provided the destination
doesn't already exist.

--- NEW FILE: _emx_link.py ---
# _emx_link.py

# Written by Andrew I MacIntyre, December 2002.

"""_emx_link.py is a simplistic emulation of the Unix link(2) library routine 
for creating so-called hard links.  It is intended to be imported into
the os module in place of the unimplemented (on OS/2) Posix link()
function (os.link()).

We do this on OS/2 by implementing a file copy, with link(2) semantics:-
  - the target cannot already exist;
  - we hope that the actual file open (if successful) is actually

Limitations of this approach/implementation include:-
  - no support for correct link counts (EMX stat(target).st_nlink
    is always 1);
  - thread safety undefined;
  - default file permissions (r+w) used, can't be over-ridden;
  - implemented in Python so comparatively slow, especially for large
    source files;
  - need sufficient free disk space to store the copy.

  - any exception should propagate to the caller;
  - want target to be an exact copy of the source, so use binary mode;
  - returns None, same as os.link() which is implemented in posixmodule.c;
  - target removed in the event of a failure where possible;
  - given the motivation to write this emulation came from trying to
    support a Unix resource lock implementation, where minimal overhead
    during creation of the target is desirable and the files are small,
    we read a source block before attempting to create the target so that
    we're ready to immediately write some data into it.

import os
import errno

__all__ = ['link']

def link(source, target):
    """link(source, target) -> None

    Attempt to hard link the source file to the target file name.
    On OS/2, this creates a complete copy of the source file.

    s = os.open(source, os.O_RDONLY | os.O_BINARY)
    if os.isatty(s):
        raise OSError, (errno.EXDEV, 'Cross-device link')
    data = os.read(s, 1024)

        t = os.open(target, os.O_WRONLY | os.O_BINARY | os.O_CREAT | os.O_EXCL)
    except OSError:

        while data:
            os.write(t, data)
            data = os.read(s, 1024)
    except OSError:


if __name__ == '__main__':
    import sys
        link(sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2])
    except IndexError:
        print 'Usage: emx_link <source> <target>'
    except OSError:
        print 'emx_link: %s' % str(sys.exc_info()[1])

More information about the Python-checkins mailing list