[Python-checkins] r42194 - in python/trunk: Lib/test/test_genexps.py Lib/test/test_syntax.py Parser/Python.asdl Python/ast.c

jeremy.hylton python-checkins at python.org
Fri Jan 27 16:18:40 CET 2006


Author: jeremy.hylton
Date: Fri Jan 27 16:18:39 2006
New Revision: 42194

Modified:
   python/trunk/Lib/test/test_genexps.py
   python/trunk/Lib/test/test_syntax.py
   python/trunk/Parser/Python.asdl
   python/trunk/Python/ast.c
Log:
Improved handling of syntax errors.

Expand set of errors caught in set_context().  Some new errors, some
old error messages changed for consistency.

Fixed error checking in generator expression code.  The first set of
tests were impossible condition given the grammar.  In general, the
ast code uses REQ() for those sanity checks.

Fix some error handling for augmented assignments.  As comments in the
code explain, set_context() ought to work here, but I got unexpected
crashes when I tried it.  Should come back to this.

Add note to Grammar that yield expression is a special case.

Add doctest cases for SyntaxErrors raised by ast.c.



Modified: python/trunk/Lib/test/test_genexps.py
==============================================================================
--- python/trunk/Lib/test/test_genexps.py	(original)
+++ python/trunk/Lib/test/test_genexps.py	Fri Jan 27 16:18:39 2006
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@
     >>> (y for y in (1,2)) = 10
     Traceback (most recent call last):
        ...
-    SyntaxError: assignment to generator expression not possible (<doctest test.test_genexps.__test__.doctests[40]>, line 1)
+    SyntaxError: can't assign to generator expression (<doctest test.test_genexps.__test__.doctests[40]>, line 1)
 
     >>> (y for y in (1,2)) += 10
     Traceback (most recent call last):

Modified: python/trunk/Lib/test/test_syntax.py
==============================================================================
--- python/trunk/Lib/test/test_syntax.py	(original)
+++ python/trunk/Lib/test/test_syntax.py	Fri Jan 27 16:18:39 2006
@@ -1,3 +1,239 @@
+"""This module tests SyntaxErrors.
+
+Here's an example of the sort of thing that is tested.
+
+>>> def f(x):
+...     global x
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: name 'x' is local and global
+
+The tests are all raise SyntaxErrors.  They were created by checking
+each C call that raises SyntaxError.  There are several modules that
+raise these exceptions-- ast.c, compile.c, future.c, pythonrun.c, and
+symtable.c.
+
+The parser itself outlaws a lot of invalid syntax.  None of these
+errors are tested here at the moment.  We should add some tests; since
+there are infinitely many programs with invalid syntax, we would need
+to be judicious in selecting some.
+
+The compiler generates a synthetic module name for code executed by
+doctest.  Since all the code comes from the same module, a suffix like
+[1] is appended to the module name, As a consequence, changing the
+order of tests in this module means renumbering all the errors after
+it.  (Maybe we should enable the ellipsis option for these tests.)
+
+In ast.c, syntax errors are raised by calling ast_error().
+
+Errors from set_context():
+
+TODO(jhylton): "assignment to None" is inconsistent with other messages
+
+>>> obj.None = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[1]>, line 1)
+
+>>> None = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[2]>, line 1)
+
+It's a syntax error to assign to the empty tuple.  Why isn't it an
+error to assign to the empty list?  It will always raise some error at
+runtime.
+
+>>> () = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to () (<doctest test.test_syntax[3]>, line 1)
+
+>>> f() = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to function call (<doctest test.test_syntax[4]>, line 1)
+
+>>> del f()
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't delete function call (<doctest test.test_syntax[5]>, line 1)
+
+>>> a + 1 = 2
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to operator (<doctest test.test_syntax[6]>, line 1)
+
+>>> (x for x in x) = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to generator expression (<doctest test.test_syntax[7]>, line 1)
+
+>>> 1 = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to literal (<doctest test.test_syntax[8]>, line 1)
+
+>>> "abc" = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to literal (<doctest test.test_syntax[9]>, line 1)
+
+>>> `1` = 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to repr (<doctest test.test_syntax[10]>, line 1)
+
+If the left-hand side of an assignment is a list or tuple, an illegal
+expression inside that contain should still cause a syntax error.
+This test just checks a couple of cases rather than enumerating all of
+them.
+
+>>> (a, "b", c) = (1, 2, 3)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to literal (<doctest test.test_syntax[11]>, line 1)
+
+>>> [a, b, c + 1] = [1, 2, 3]
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: can't assign to operator (<doctest test.test_syntax[12]>, line 1)
+
+
+From compiler_complex_args():
+
+>>> def f(None=1):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[13]>, line 1)
+
+
+From ast_for_arguments():
+
+>>> def f(x, y=1, z):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: non-default argument follows default argument (<doctest test.test_syntax[14]>, line 1)
+
+>>> def f(x, None):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[15]>, line 1)
+
+>>> def f(*None):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[16]>, line 1)
+
+>>> def f(**None):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[17]>, line 1)
+
+
+From ast_for_funcdef():
+
+>>> def None(x):
+...     pass
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[18]>, line 1)
+
+
+From ast_for_call():
+
+>>> def f(it, *varargs):
+...     return list(it)
+>>> L = range(10)
+>>> f(x for x in L)
+[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
+>>> f(x for x in L, 1)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: Generator expression must be parenthesized if not sole argument (<doctest test.test_syntax[22]>, line 1)
+>>> f((x for x in L), 1)
+[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
+
+>>> f(i0,  i1,  i2,  i3,  i4,  i5,  i6,  i7,  i8,  i9,  i10,  i11,
+...   i12,  i13,  i14,  i15,  i16,  i17,  i18,  i19,  i20,  i21,  i22,
+...   i23,  i24,  i25,  i26,  i27,  i28,  i29,  i30,  i31,  i32,  i33,
+...   i34,  i35,  i36,  i37,  i38,  i39,  i40,  i41,  i42,  i43,  i44,
+...   i45,  i46,  i47,  i48,  i49,  i50,  i51,  i52,  i53,  i54,  i55,
+...   i56,  i57,  i58,  i59,  i60,  i61,  i62,  i63,  i64,  i65,  i66,
+...   i67,  i68,  i69,  i70,  i71,  i72,  i73,  i74,  i75,  i76,  i77,
+...   i78,  i79,  i80,  i81,  i82,  i83,  i84,  i85,  i86,  i87,  i88,
+...   i89,  i90,  i91,  i92,  i93,  i94,  i95,  i96,  i97,  i98,  i99,
+...   i100,  i101,  i102,  i103,  i104,  i105,  i106,  i107,  i108,
+...   i109,  i110,  i111,  i112,  i113,  i114,  i115,  i116,  i117,
+...   i118,  i119,  i120,  i121,  i122,  i123,  i124,  i125,  i126,
+...   i127,  i128,  i129,  i130,  i131,  i132,  i133,  i134,  i135,
+...   i136,  i137,  i138,  i139,  i140,  i141,  i142,  i143,  i144,
+...   i145,  i146,  i147,  i148,  i149,  i150,  i151,  i152,  i153,
+...   i154,  i155,  i156,  i157,  i158,  i159,  i160,  i161,  i162,
+...   i163,  i164,  i165,  i166,  i167,  i168,  i169,  i170,  i171,
+...   i172,  i173,  i174,  i175,  i176,  i177,  i178,  i179,  i180,
+...   i181,  i182,  i183,  i184,  i185,  i186,  i187,  i188,  i189,
+...   i190,  i191,  i192,  i193,  i194,  i195,  i196,  i197,  i198,
+...   i199,  i200,  i201,  i202,  i203,  i204,  i205,  i206,  i207,
+...   i208,  i209,  i210,  i211,  i212,  i213,  i214,  i215,  i216,
+...   i217,  i218,  i219,  i220,  i221,  i222,  i223,  i224,  i225,
+...   i226,  i227,  i228,  i229,  i230,  i231,  i232,  i233,  i234,
+...   i235,  i236,  i237,  i238,  i239,  i240,  i241,  i242,  i243,
+...   i244,  i245,  i246,  i247,  i248,  i249,  i250,  i251,  i252,
+...   i253,  i254,  i255)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: more than 255 arguments (<doctest test.test_syntax[24]>, line 1)
+
+The actual error cases counts positional arguments, keyword arguments,
+and generator expression arguments separately.  This test combines the
+three.
+
+>>> f(i0,  i1,  i2,  i3,  i4,  i5,  i6,  i7,  i8,  i9,  i10,  i11,
+...   i12,  i13,  i14,  i15,  i16,  i17,  i18,  i19,  i20,  i21,  i22,
+...   i23,  i24,  i25,  i26,  i27,  i28,  i29,  i30,  i31,  i32,  i33,
+...   i34,  i35,  i36,  i37,  i38,  i39,  i40,  i41,  i42,  i43,  i44,
+...   i45,  i46,  i47,  i48,  i49,  i50,  i51,  i52,  i53,  i54,  i55,
+...   i56,  i57,  i58,  i59,  i60,  i61,  i62,  i63,  i64,  i65,  i66,
+...   i67,  i68,  i69,  i70,  i71,  i72,  i73,  i74,  i75,  i76,  i77,
+...   i78,  i79,  i80,  i81,  i82,  i83,  i84,  i85,  i86,  i87,  i88,
+...   i89,  i90,  i91,  i92,  i93,  i94,  i95,  i96,  i97,  i98,  i99,
+...   i100,  i101,  i102,  i103,  i104,  i105,  i106,  i107,  i108,
+...   i109,  i110,  i111,  i112,  i113,  i114,  i115,  i116,  i117,
+...   i118,  i119,  i120,  i121,  i122,  i123,  i124,  i125,  i126,
+...   i127,  i128,  i129,  i130,  i131,  i132,  i133,  i134,  i135,
+...   i136,  i137,  i138,  i139,  i140,  i141,  i142,  i143,  i144,
+...   i145,  i146,  i147,  i148,  i149,  i150,  i151,  i152,  i153,
+...   i154,  i155,  i156,  i157,  i158,  i159,  i160,  i161,  i162,
+...   i163,  i164,  i165,  i166,  i167,  i168,  i169,  i170,  i171,
+...   i172,  i173,  i174,  i175,  i176,  i177,  i178,  i179,  i180,
+...   i181,  i182,  i183,  i184,  i185,  i186,  i187,  i188,  i189,
+...   i190,  i191,  i192,  i193,  i194,  i195,  i196,  i197,  i198,
+...   i199,  i200,  i201,  i202,  i203,  i204,  i205,  i206,  i207,
+...   i208,  i209,  i210,  i211,  i212,  i213,  i214,  i215,  i216,
+...   i217,  i218,  i219,  i220,  i221,  i222,  i223,  i224,  i225,
+...   i226,  i227,  i228,  i229,  i230,  i231,  i232,  i233,  i234,
+...   i235, i236,  i237,  i238,  i239,  i240,  i241,  i242,  i243,
+...   (x for x in i244),  i245,  i246,  i247,  i248,  i249,  i250,  i251,
+...    i252=1, i253=1,  i254=1,  i255=1)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: more than 255 arguments (<doctest test.test_syntax[25]>, line 1)
+
+>>> f(lambda x: x[0] = 3)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: lambda cannot contain assignment (<doctest test.test_syntax[26]>, line 1)
+
+The grammar accepts any test (basically, any expression) in the
+keyword slot of a call site.  Test a few different options.
+
+>>> f(x()=2)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: keyword can't be an expression (<doctest test.test_syntax[27]>, line 1)
+>>> f(a or b=1)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: keyword can't be an expression (<doctest test.test_syntax[28]>, line 1)
+>>> f(x.y=1)
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: keyword can't be an expression (<doctest test.test_syntax[29]>, line 1)
+
+
+From ast_for_expr_stmt():
+
+>>> (x for x in x) += 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: augmented assignment to generator expression not possible (<doctest test.test_syntax[30]>, line 1)
+>>> None += 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: assignment to None (<doctest test.test_syntax[31]>, line 1)
+>>> f() += 1
+Traceback (most recent call last):
+SyntaxError: illegal expression for augmented assignment (<doctest test.test_syntax[32]>, line 1)
+"""
+
 import re
 import unittest
 import warnings
@@ -56,6 +292,8 @@
 
 def test_main():
     test_support.run_unittest(SyntaxTestCase)
+    from test import test_syntax
+    test_support.run_doctest(test_syntax, verbosity=True)
 
 if __name__ == "__main__":
     test_main()

Modified: python/trunk/Parser/Python.asdl
==============================================================================
--- python/trunk/Parser/Python.asdl	(original)
+++ python/trunk/Parser/Python.asdl	Fri Jan 27 16:18:39 2006
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
 	     | Dict(expr* keys, expr* values)
 	     | ListComp(expr elt, comprehension* generators)
 	     | GeneratorExp(expr elt, comprehension* generators)
+	     -- the grammar constrains where yield expressions can occur
 	     | Yield(expr? value)
 	     -- need sequences for compare to distinguish between
 	     -- x < 4 < 3 and (x < 4) < 3

Modified: python/trunk/Python/ast.c
==============================================================================
--- python/trunk/Python/ast.c	(original)
+++ python/trunk/Python/ast.c	Fri Jan 27 16:18:39 2006
@@ -329,6 +329,19 @@
 set_context(expr_ty e, expr_context_ty ctx, const node *n)
 {
     asdl_seq *s = NULL;
+    /* If a particular expression type can't be used for assign / delete,
+       set expr_name to its name and an error message will be generated.
+    */
+    const char* expr_name = NULL;
+
+    /* The ast defines augmented store and load contexts, but the
+       implementation here doesn't actually use them.  The code may be
+       a little more complex than necessary as a result.  It also means
+       that expressions in an augmented assignment have no context.
+       Consider restructuring so that augmented assignment uses
+       set_context(), too
+    */
+    assert(ctx != AugStore && ctx != AugLoad);
 
     switch (e->kind) {
         case Attribute_kind:
@@ -358,30 +371,50 @@
 	    e->v.Tuple.ctx = ctx;
 	    s = e->v.Tuple.elts;
 	    break;
+        case Lambda_kind:
+            expr_name = "lambda";
+            break;
         case Call_kind:
-	    if (ctx == Store)
-		return ast_error(n, "can't assign to function call");
-	    else if (ctx == Del)
-		return ast_error(n, "can't delete function call");
-	    else
-		return ast_error(n, "unexpected operation on function call");
+            expr_name = "function call";
 	    break;
+        case BoolOp_kind:
         case BinOp_kind:
-            return ast_error(n, "can't assign to operator");
+        case UnaryOp_kind:
+            expr_name = "operator";
+            break;
         case GeneratorExp_kind:
-            return ast_error(n, "assignment to generator expression "
-                             "not possible");
+            expr_name = "generator expression";
+            break;
+        case ListComp_kind:
+            expr_name = "list comprehension";
+            break;
+        case Dict_kind:
         case Num_kind:
         case Str_kind:
-	    return ast_error(n, "can't assign to literal");
-        default: {
-	   char buf[300];
-	   PyOS_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), 
-			 "unexpected expression in assignment %d (line %d)", 
-			 e->kind, e->lineno);
-	   return ast_error(n, buf);
-       }
+            expr_name = "literal";
+            break;
+        case Compare_kind:
+            expr_name = "comparison";
+            break;
+        case Repr_kind:
+            expr_name = "repr";
+            break;
+        default:
+            PyErr_Format(PyExc_SystemError, 
+                         "unexpected expression in assignment %d (line %d)", 
+                         e->kind, e->lineno);
+            return 0;
+    }
+    /* Check for error string set by switch */
+    if (expr_name) {
+        char buf[300];
+        PyOS_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
+                      "can't %s %s",
+                      ctx == Store ? "assign to" : "delete",
+                      expr_name);
+        return ast_error(n, buf);
     }
+
     /* If the LHS is a list or tuple, we need to set the assignment
        context for all the tuple elements.  
     */
@@ -699,12 +732,8 @@
     expr_ty name_expr;
     
     REQ(n, decorator);
-    
-    if ((NCH(n) < 3 && NCH(n) != 5 && NCH(n) != 6)
-	|| TYPE(CHILD(n, 0)) != AT || TYPE(RCHILD(n, -1)) != NEWLINE) {
-	ast_error(n, "Invalid decorator node");
-	return NULL;
-    }
+    REQ(CHILD(n, 0), AT);
+    REQ(RCHILD(n, -1), NEWLINE);
     
     name_expr = ast_for_dotted_name(c, CHILD(n, 1));
     if (!name_expr)
@@ -1610,7 +1639,7 @@
 	}
     }
     if (ngens > 1 || (ngens && (nargs || nkeywords))) {
-        ast_error(n, "Generator expression must be parenthesised "
+        ast_error(n, "Generator expression must be parenthesized "
 		  "if not sole argument");
 	return NULL;
     }
@@ -1779,18 +1808,28 @@
 
         if (!expr1)
             return NULL;
-        if (expr1->kind == GeneratorExp_kind) {
-	    ast_error(ch, "augmented assignment to generator "
-		      "expression not possible");
-	    return NULL;
+        // TODO(jhylton): Figure out why set_context() can't be used here.
+        switch (expr1->kind) {
+            case GeneratorExp_kind:
+                ast_error(ch, "augmented assignment to generator "
+                          "expression not possible");
+                return NULL;
+            case Name_kind: {
+                const char *var_name = PyString_AS_STRING(expr1->v.Name.id);
+                if (var_name[0] == 'N' && !strcmp(var_name, "None")) {
+                    ast_error(ch, "assignment to None");
+                    return NULL;
+                }
+                break;
+            }
+            case Attribute_kind:
+            case Subscript_kind:
+                break;
+            default:
+                ast_error(ch, "illegal expression for augmented "
+                          "assignment");
+                return NULL;
         }
-	if (expr1->kind == Name_kind) {
-		char *var_name = PyString_AS_STRING(expr1->v.Name.id);
-		if (var_name[0] == 'N' && !strcmp(var_name, "None")) {
-			ast_error(ch, "assignment to None");
-			return NULL;
-		}
-	}
 
 	ch = CHILD(n, 2);
 	if (TYPE(ch) == testlist)


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