[Python-checkins] cpython (merge 3.4 -> default): Merge: #15104: improve the discussion of __main__.

r.david.murray python-checkins at python.org
Mon Apr 14 21:06:19 CEST 2014

changeset:   90281:94ac365bf1b7
parent:      90279:fb5516cbc522
parent:      90280:4f23648b7c97
user:        R David Murray <rdmurray at bitdance.com>
date:        Mon Apr 14 15:05:12 2014 -0400
  Merge: #15104: improve the discussion of __main__.

  Doc/library/__main__.rst |  16 +++++++++++-----
  1 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Doc/library/__main__.rst b/Doc/library/__main__.rst
--- a/Doc/library/__main__.rst
+++ b/Doc/library/__main__.rst
@@ -5,13 +5,19 @@
 .. module:: __main__
    :synopsis: The environment where the top-level script is run.
+'__main__' is the name of the scope in which top-level code executes.
+A module's __name__ is set equal to '__main__' when read from
+standard input, a script, or from an interactive prompt.
-This module represents the (otherwise anonymous) scope in which the
-interpreter's main program executes --- commands read either from standard
-input, from a script file, or from an interactive prompt.  It is this
-environment in which the idiomatic "conditional script" stanza causes a script
-to run::
+A module can discover whether or not it is running in the main scope by
+checking its own __name__, which allows a common idiom for conditionally
+executing code in a module when it is run as a script or with `python
+-m` but not when it is imported:
    if __name__ == "__main__":
+       # execute only if run as a script
+For a package, the same effect can be achieved by including a
+__main__.py module, the contents of which will be executed when the
+module is run with -m.

Repository URL: http://hg.python.org/cpython

More information about the Python-checkins mailing list