[Python-checkins] bpo-41493: Refactoring dictresize (GH-21751)

Inada Naoki webhook-mailer at python.org
Fri Aug 7 01:08:59 EDT 2020


https://github.com/python/cpython/commit/d9323a8c6e07071a59dc4c910661db33236c01b2
commit: d9323a8c6e07071a59dc4c910661db33236c01b2
branch: master
author: Inada Naoki <songofacandy at gmail.com>
committer: GitHub <noreply at github.com>
date: 2020-08-07T14:08:55+09:00
summary:

bpo-41493: Refactoring dictresize (GH-21751)

Split newsize calculation into new function. dictresize() now accepts exact newsize.

files:
M Objects/dictobject.c

diff --git a/Objects/dictobject.c b/Objects/dictobject.c
index 1b7ae06d82271..6c3fc62d2ecc7 100644
--- a/Objects/dictobject.c
+++ b/Objects/dictobject.c
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ converting the dict to the combined table.
 #define PyDict_MINSIZE 8
 
 #include "Python.h"
+#include "pycore_bitutils.h" // _Py_bit_length
 #include "pycore_gc.h"       // _PyObject_GC_IS_TRACKED()
 #include "pycore_object.h"   // _PyObject_GC_TRACK()
 #include "pycore_pyerrors.h" // _PyErr_Fetch()
@@ -236,7 +237,7 @@ lookdict_unicode_nodummy(PyDictObject *mp, PyObject *key,
 static Py_ssize_t lookdict_split(PyDictObject *mp, PyObject *key,
                                  Py_hash_t hash, PyObject **value_addr);
 
-static int dictresize(PyDictObject *mp, Py_ssize_t minused);
+static int dictresize(PyDictObject *mp, Py_ssize_t newsize);
 
 static PyObject* dict_iter(PyDictObject *dict);
 
@@ -411,18 +412,40 @@ dictkeys_set_index(PyDictKeysObject *keys, Py_ssize_t i, Py_ssize_t ix)
  */
 #define USABLE_FRACTION(n) (((n) << 1)/3)
 
-/* ESTIMATE_SIZE is reverse function of USABLE_FRACTION.
+/* Find the smallest dk_size >= minsize. */
+static inline Py_ssize_t
+calculate_keysize(Py_ssize_t minsize)
+{
+#if SIZEOF_LONG == SIZEOF_SIZE_T
+    minsize = (minsize | PyDict_MINSIZE) - 1;
+    return 1LL << _Py_bit_length(minsize | (PyDict_MINSIZE-1));
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+    // On 64bit Windows, sizeof(long) == 4.
+    minsize = (minsize | PyDict_MINSIZE) - 1;
+    unsigned long msb;
+    _BitScanReverse64(&msb, (uint64_t)minsize);
+    return 1LL << (msb + 1);
+#else
+    Py_ssize_t size;
+    for (size = PyDict_MINSIZE;
+            size < minsize && size > 0;
+            size <<= 1)
+        ;
+    return size;
+#endif
+}
+
+/* estimate_keysize is reverse function of USABLE_FRACTION.
+ *
  * This can be used to reserve enough size to insert n entries without
  * resizing.
  */
-#define ESTIMATE_SIZE(n)  (((n)*3+1) >> 1)
+static inline Py_ssize_t
+estimate_keysize(Py_ssize_t n)
+{
+    return calculate_keysize((n*3 + 1) / 2);
+}
 
-/* Alternative fraction that is otherwise close enough to 2n/3 to make
- * little difference. 8 * 2/3 == 8 * 5/8 == 5. 16 * 2/3 == 16 * 5/8 == 10.
- * 32 * 2/3 = 21, 32 * 5/8 = 20.
- * Its advantage is that it is faster to compute on machines with slow division.
- * #define USABLE_FRACTION(n) (((n) >> 1) + ((n) >> 2) - ((n) >> 3))
- */
 
 /* GROWTH_RATE. Growth rate upon hitting maximum load.
  * Currently set to used*3.
@@ -1036,7 +1059,7 @@ find_empty_slot(PyDictKeysObject *keys, Py_hash_t hash)
 static int
 insertion_resize(PyDictObject *mp)
 {
-    return dictresize(mp, GROWTH_RATE(mp));
+    return dictresize(mp, calculate_keysize(GROWTH_RATE(mp)));
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1194,22 +1217,19 @@ After resizing a table is always combined,
 but can be resplit by make_keys_shared().
 */
 static int
-dictresize(PyDictObject *mp, Py_ssize_t minsize)
+dictresize(PyDictObject *mp, Py_ssize_t newsize)
 {
-    Py_ssize_t newsize, numentries;
+    Py_ssize_t numentries;
     PyDictKeysObject *oldkeys;
     PyObject **oldvalues;
     PyDictKeyEntry *oldentries, *newentries;
 
-    /* Find the smallest table size > minused. */
-    for (newsize = PyDict_MINSIZE;
-         newsize < minsize && newsize > 0;
-         newsize <<= 1)
-        ;
     if (newsize <= 0) {
         PyErr_NoMemory();
         return -1;
     }
+    assert(IS_POWER_OF_2(newsize));
+    assert(newsize >= PyDict_MINSIZE);
 
     oldkeys = mp->ma_keys;
 
@@ -1355,13 +1375,8 @@ _PyDict_NewPresized(Py_ssize_t minused)
         newsize = max_presize;
     }
     else {
-        Py_ssize_t minsize = ESTIMATE_SIZE(minused);
-        newsize = PyDict_MINSIZE*2;
-        while (newsize < minsize) {
-            newsize <<= 1;
-        }
+        newsize = estimate_keysize(minused);
     }
-    assert(IS_POWER_OF_2(newsize));
 
     new_keys = new_keys_object(newsize);
     if (new_keys == NULL)
@@ -1930,7 +1945,7 @@ _PyDict_FromKeys(PyObject *cls, PyObject *iterable, PyObject *value)
             PyObject *key;
             Py_hash_t hash;
 
-            if (dictresize(mp, ESTIMATE_SIZE(PyDict_GET_SIZE(iterable)))) {
+            if (dictresize(mp, estimate_keysize(PyDict_GET_SIZE(iterable)))) {
                 Py_DECREF(d);
                 return NULL;
             }
@@ -1949,7 +1964,7 @@ _PyDict_FromKeys(PyObject *cls, PyObject *iterable, PyObject *value)
             PyObject *key;
             Py_hash_t hash;
 
-            if (dictresize(mp, ESTIMATE_SIZE(PySet_GET_SIZE(iterable)))) {
+            if (dictresize(mp, estimate_keysize(PySet_GET_SIZE(iterable)))) {
                 Py_DECREF(d);
                 return NULL;
             }
@@ -2558,7 +2573,7 @@ dict_merge(PyObject *a, PyObject *b, int override)
          * that there will be no (or few) overlapping keys.
          */
         if (USABLE_FRACTION(mp->ma_keys->dk_size) < other->ma_used) {
-            if (dictresize(mp, ESTIMATE_SIZE(mp->ma_used + other->ma_used))) {
+            if (dictresize(mp, estimate_keysize(mp->ma_used + other->ma_used))) {
                return -1;
             }
         }



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