[Python-checkins] bpo-39153: Clarify C API *SetItem refcounting semantics (GH-18220)

Miss Islington (bot) webhook-mailer at python.org
Wed Jan 29 06:29:43 EST 2020


https://github.com/python/cpython/commit/526523c19322169a7f7507d9da291053df979412
commit: 526523c19322169a7f7507d9da291053df979412
branch: 3.8
author: Miss Islington (bot) <31488909+miss-islington at users.noreply.github.com>
committer: GitHub <noreply at github.com>
date: 2020-01-29T03:29:35-08:00
summary:

bpo-39153: Clarify C API *SetItem refcounting semantics (GH-18220)


Some of the *SetItem methods in the C API steal a reference to the
given value. This annotates the better behaved ones to assure the
reader that these are not the ones with the inconsistent behaviour.

* 📜🤖 Added by blurb_it.

* make docs consistent with signature

Co-authored-by: blurb-it[bot] <43283697+blurb-it[bot]@users.noreply.github.com>
(cherry picked from commit e1e80002e28e1055f399a20918c49d50d093709e)

Co-authored-by: Joannah Nanjekye <33177550+nanjekyejoannah at users.noreply.github.com>

files:
A Misc/NEWS.d/next/Documentation/2020-01-27-22-24-51.bpo-39153.Pjl8jV.rst
M Doc/c-api/dict.rst
M Doc/c-api/mapping.rst
M Doc/c-api/object.rst

diff --git a/Doc/c-api/dict.rst b/Doc/c-api/dict.rst
index e7922dc0c73f2..e48c11d336b8c 100644
--- a/Doc/c-api/dict.rst
+++ b/Doc/c-api/dict.rst
@@ -62,19 +62,20 @@ Dictionary Objects
 
 .. c:function:: int PyDict_SetItem(PyObject *p, PyObject *key, PyObject *val)
 
-   Insert *value* into the dictionary *p* with a key of *key*.  *key* must be
+   Insert *val* into the dictionary *p* with a key of *key*.  *key* must be
    :term:`hashable`; if it isn't, :exc:`TypeError` will be raised. Return
-   ``0`` on success or ``-1`` on failure.
+   ``0`` on success or ``-1`` on failure.  This function *does not* steal a
+   reference to *val*.
 
 
 .. c:function:: int PyDict_SetItemString(PyObject *p, const char *key, PyObject *val)
 
    .. index:: single: PyUnicode_FromString()
 
-   Insert *value* into the dictionary *p* using *key* as a key. *key* should
+   Insert *val* into the dictionary *p* using *key* as a key. *key* should
    be a :c:type:`const char\*`.  The key object is created using
    ``PyUnicode_FromString(key)``.  Return ``0`` on success or ``-1`` on
-   failure.
+   failure.  This function *does not* steal a reference to *val*.
 
 
 .. c:function:: int PyDict_DelItem(PyObject *p, PyObject *key)
diff --git a/Doc/c-api/mapping.rst b/Doc/c-api/mapping.rst
index 6a80b033b651e..682160d1475c1 100644
--- a/Doc/c-api/mapping.rst
+++ b/Doc/c-api/mapping.rst
@@ -37,7 +37,8 @@ See also :c:func:`PyObject_GetItem`, :c:func:`PyObject_SetItem` and
 
    Map the string *key* to the value *v* in object *o*.  Returns ``-1`` on
    failure.  This is the equivalent of the Python statement ``o[key] = v``.
-   See also :c:func:`PyObject_SetItem`.
+   See also :c:func:`PyObject_SetItem`.  This function *does not* steal a
+   reference to *v*.
 
 
 .. c:function:: int PyMapping_DelItem(PyObject *o, PyObject *key)
diff --git a/Doc/c-api/object.rst b/Doc/c-api/object.rst
index 404a98fb417bb..db815ae288b86 100644
--- a/Doc/c-api/object.rst
+++ b/Doc/c-api/object.rst
@@ -503,7 +503,8 @@ Object Protocol
 
    Map the object *key* to the value *v*.  Raise an exception and
    return ``-1`` on failure; return ``0`` on success.  This is the
-   equivalent of the Python statement ``o[key] = v``.
+   equivalent of the Python statement ``o[key] = v``.  This function *does
+   not* steal a reference to *v*.
 
 
 .. c:function:: int PyObject_DelItem(PyObject *o, PyObject *key)
diff --git a/Misc/NEWS.d/next/Documentation/2020-01-27-22-24-51.bpo-39153.Pjl8jV.rst b/Misc/NEWS.d/next/Documentation/2020-01-27-22-24-51.bpo-39153.Pjl8jV.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..95be00b4b777f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Misc/NEWS.d/next/Documentation/2020-01-27-22-24-51.bpo-39153.Pjl8jV.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+Clarify refcounting semantics for the following functions:
+- PyObject_SetItem
+- PyMapping_SetItemString
+- PyDict_SetItem
+- PyDict_SetItemString
\ No newline at end of file



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