[Python-Dev] [2.3a2+] Change in int() behavior

David Abrahams dave@boost-consulting.com
Sat, 08 Mar 2003 02:27:26 -0500

Tim Peters <tim.one@comcast.net> writes:

> [David Abrahams]
>> Yes, but in the meantime, PyInt_AS_LONG( invoke_int_conversion(x) )
>> might be a crash instead of raising an exception.
> As the comment before that macro's definition says,
> /* Macro, trading safety for speed */
> PyInt_AsLong() won't crash, but its result needs to be checked for an error
> return.
> Note that your example:
>     PyInt_AS_LONG( invoke_int_conversion(x) )
> wasn't safe before either:  I'm not sure what invoke_int_conversion(x) means
> exactly, but the plausible meanings I can think of for it *could* yield a
> NULL pointer, or a pointer to a non-int object, in any version of
> Python

Yeah, actually invoke_int_conversion basically invoked the nb_int
slot, and I _was_ doing the NULL check (don't forget, C++ has

> (e.g., PyNumber_Int() calls tp_as_number->nb_int but doesn't check the
> return value for sanity).  In either of those cases PyInt_AS_LONG blindly
> applied to the result could crash.
>> That's what is causing my test to fail.  I guess I just need to lowercase
>> a few characters,
> You also need to check for an error return -- PyInt_AsLong() can fail.

I knew that, but thanks.  I was exaggerating for effect; did it, it

>> but it's worth noting that this change breaks existing
>> extension module code.
> I'm not sure it can break any I wouldn't have considered broken before.
> It's normal (& expected) not to use the macro unless you *know* you've got
> an int object, usually by virtue of passing a PyInt_Check() test first.

I guess I was reading
http://www.python.org/doc/current/ref/numeric-types.html#l2h-184 a
little too strongly when I wrote the code:





    Called to implement the built-in functions complex() int() long()
    and float(). Should return a value of the appropriate type.

That's pretty weak language, and even if it were strong I should've
known better.  Some joker would eventually add an __int__ method,
that returns, say, a Long.  I just didn't expect it to happen in the
core (for some reason).

Dave Abrahams
Boost Consulting