[Python-Dev] Replacement for print in Python 3.0

Kay Schluehr kay.schluehr at gmx.net
Mon Sep 5 22:09:00 CEST 2005

Guido van Rossum wrote:

> I see two different ways to support the two most-called-for additional
> requirements: (a) an option to avoid the trailing newline, (b) an
> option to avoid the space between items.
> One way would be to give the print() call additional keyword
> arguments. For example, sep="//" would print double slashes between
> the items, and sep="" would concatenate the items directly. And
> end="\r\n" could be used to change the newline delimiter to CRLF,
> while end="" would mean to suppress the newline altogther.
> But to me that API becomes rather klunky; I'd rather have a separate
> function (printbare() or write()?) that just writes its arguments as
> strings to sys.stdout (or to the file given with a keyword argument)
> without intervening spaces or trailing newline. 

I guess there are three options:

a) keyword arguments
b) distributing similar functionality over several functions
c) using an object for configuration

In case a) I miss some visual clue. That's mostly because an arbitrary 
string is passed to print(). For this reason I like the current print 
statement in it's simplicity.

b) maybe the least extendable solution but can be mixed with a) if

c) is the most heavyweight solution, but can encapsulate options and is

 >>> Writer(sep="//").print("some","text")


writer = Writer(sep="//", file=sys.stderr)
writer.print("another","error text")

A bare print() can be considered as a call to some default_writer. 
Substituting the default_writer by some custom Writer object may replace 
the default configuration, which should be easily resetable:

 >>> Writer.default_writer = Writer(sep="//")
 >>> print("some","error-text")
 >>> Writer.reset()
 >>> print("some","error-text")
some error-text

I think that reduces the weight of the object solution and enables all 
kind of configurations as user defined default. A lightweight print() is 
still possible:

The print() function would be implemented like this:

def print(*args):

I appreciate very much functions that are just shortcuts for certain 

For consistency reasons the function write() may be a better name choice 
then print(), but also a different name for Writer() would be an option 
in case of c).


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