[Python-Dev] Strange artifacts with PEP 3121 and monkey-patching sys.modules (in csv, ElementTree and others)
eliben at gmail.com
Sun Aug 11 17:49:56 CEST 2013
On Sun, Aug 11, 2013 at 6:40 AM, Antoine Pitrou <solipsis at pitrou.net> wrote:
> On Sun, 11 Aug 2013 06:26:55 -0700
> Eli Bendersky <eliben at gmail.com> wrote:
> > On Sun, Aug 11, 2013 at 3:33 AM, Antoine Pitrou <solipsis at pitrou.net>
> > >
> > > Hi Eli,
> > >
> > > On Sat, 10 Aug 2013 17:12:53 -0700
> > > Eli Bendersky <eliben at gmail.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > Note how doing some sys.modules acrobatics and re-importing suddenly
> > > > changes the internal state of a previously imported module. This
> > > > because:
> > > >
> > > > 1. The first import of 'csv' (which then imports `_csv) creates
> > > > module-specific state on the heap and associates it with the current
> > > > sub-interpreter. The list of dialects, amongst other things, is in
> > > > state.
> > > > 2. The 'del's wipe 'csv' and '_csv' from the cache.
> > > > 3. The second import of 'csv' also creates/initializes a new '_csv'
> > > module
> > > > because it's not in sys.modules. This *replaces* the
> > > > cached version of the module's state with the clean state of a new
> > >
> > > I would say this is pretty much expected.
> > I'm struggling to see how it's expected. The two imported csv modules are
> > different (i.e. different id() of members), and yet some state is shared
> > between them.
> There are two csv modules, but there are not two _csv modules.
> Extension modules are currently immortal until the end of the
> >>> csv = __import__('csv')
> >>> wcsv = weakref.ref(csv)
> >>> w_csv = weakref.ref(sys.modules['_csv'])
> >>> del sys.modules['csv']
> >>> del sys.modules['_csv']
> >>> del csv
> >>> gc.collect()
> >>> wcsv()
> >>> w_csv()
> <module '_csv' from
> So, "sharing" a state is pretty much expected, since you are
> re-initializating an existing module.
> (but the module does get re-initialized, which is the point of PEP 3121)
Yes, you're right - this is an oversight on my behalf. Indeed, the
extensions dict in import.c keeps it alive once loaded, and only ever gets
cleaned up in Py_Finalize.
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