[Python-Dev] RFC: PEP 454: Add a new tracemalloc module
victor.stinner at gmail.com
Wed Sep 4 13:20:11 CEST 2013
>> ``trace`` class:
>> This class represents debug information of an allocated memory block.
>> ``size`` attribute:
>> Size in bytes of the memory block.
>> ``filename`` attribute:
>> Name of the Python script where the memory block was allocated,
>> ``None`` if unknown.
>> ``lineno`` attribute:
>> Line number where the memory block was allocated, ``None`` if
> I though twice and it would be posible to store more than 1 frame per
> trace instance, to be able to rebuild a (partial) Python traceback.
> The hook on the memory allocator has access to the chain of Python
> frames. The API should be changed to support such enhancement.
Oh, it was much easier than expected to retrieve the traceback
(maximum 10 frames) instead of only the current frame.
I modified the trace class to replace filename and lineno with a new
frames attribute which is list of frames.
import tracemalloc, linecache
obj = f()
trace = tracemalloc.get_object_trace(obj)
print("Traceback (most recent first):")
for frame in trace.frames:
print(' File "%s", line %s' % (frame.filename, frame.lineno))
line = linecache.getline(frame.filename, frame.lineno)
print(" " + line.strip())
Output of the script:
Traceback (most recent first):
File "x.py", line 4
File "x.py", line 7
File "x.py", line 10
obj = f()
I updated the PEP 454 (add a new frame class, update trace class):
Trace of a Python frame.
``filename`` attribute (``str``):
Python filename, ``None`` if unknown.
``lineno`` attribute (``int``):
Python line number, ``None`` if unknown.
This class represents debug information of an allocated memory block.
``size`` attribute (``int``):
Size in bytes of the memory block.
``frames`` attribute (``list``):
Traceback where the memory block was allocated as a list of
``frame`` instances (most recent first).
The list can be empty or incomplete if the tracemalloc module was
unable to retrieve the full traceback.
For efficiency, the traceback is truncated to 10 frames.
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