[Python-Dev] Does Zip Importer have to be Special?
brett at python.org
Thu Jul 24 20:26:21 CEST 2014
On Thu Jul 24 2014 at 2:12:20 PM, Phil Thompson <phil at riverbankcomputing.com>
> On 24/07/2014 6:48 pm, Brett Cannon wrote:
> > On Thu Jul 24 2014 at 1:07:12 PM, Phil Thompson
> > <phil at riverbankcomputing.com>
> > wrote:
> >> I have an importer for use in applications that embed an interpreter
> >> that does a similar job to the Zip importer (except that the storage
> >> is
> >> a C data structure rather than a .zip file). Just like the Zip
> >> importer
> >> I need to import my importer and add it to sys.path_hooks. However the
> >> earliest opportunity I have to do this is after the Py_Initialize()
> >> call
> >> returns - but this is too late because some parts of the standard
> >> library have already needed to be imported.
> >> My current workaround is to include a modified version of
> >> _bootstrap.py
> >> as a frozen module that has the necessary steps added to the end of
> >> its
> >> _install() function.
> >> The Zip importer doesn't have this problem because it gets special
> >> treatment - the call to its equivalent code is hard-coded and happens
> >> exactly when needed.
> >> What would help is a table of functions that were called where
> >> _PyImportZip_Init() is currently called. By default the only entry in
> >> the table would be _PyImportZip_Init. There would be a way of
> >> modifying
> >> the table, either like how PyImport_FrozenModules is handled or how
> >> Inittab is handled.
> >> ...or if there is a better solution that I have missed that doesn't
> >> require a modified _bootstrap.py.
> > Basically you want a way to specify arguments into
> > importlib._bootstrap._install() so that sys.path_hooks and
> > sys.meta_path
> > were configurable instead of hard-coded (it could also be done just
> > past
> > importlib being installed, but that's a minor detail). Either way there
> > is
> > technically no reason not to allow for it, just lack of motivation
> > since
> > this would only come up for people who embed the interpreter AND have a
> > custom importer which affects loading the stdlib as well (any reason
> > you
> > can't freeze the stdblib as a solution?).
> Not really. I'd lose the compression my importer implements.
> (Are there any problems with freezing packages rather than simple
Nope, modules and packages are both supported.
> > We could go the route of some static array that people could modify.
> > Another option would be to allow for the specification of a single
> > function
> > which is called just prior to importing the rest of the stdlib,
> > The problem with all of this is you are essentially asking for a hook
> > to
> > let you have code have access to the interpreter state before it is
> > fully
> > initialized. Zipimport and the various bits of code that get loaded
> > during
> > startup are special since they are coded to avoid touching anything
> > that
> > isn't ready to be used. So if we expose something that allows access
> > prior
> > to full initialization it would have to be documented as having no
> > guarantees of interpreter state, etc. so we are not held to some API
> > that
> > makes future improvements difficult.
> > IOW allowing for easy patching of Python is probably the best option I
> > can
> > think of. Would tweaking importlib._bootstrap._install() to accept
> > specified values for sys.meta_path and sys.path_hooks be enough so that
> > you
> > can change the call site for those functions?
> My importer runs under PathFinder so it needs sys.path as well (and
> doesn't need sys.meta_path).
sys.path can be set via PYTHONPATH, etc. so that shouldn't be as much of an
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