[Python-Dev] PEP 477: selected ensurepip backports for Python 2.7
ncoghlan at gmail.com
Mon Sep 1 00:00:14 CEST 2014
Earlier versions of PEP 453 proposed bootstrapping pip into a Python 2.7
maintenance release in addition to including it with Python 3.4.
That part of the proposal proved to be controversial, so we dropped it from
the original PEP in order to focus on meeting the Python 3.4 specific
release deadlines. This also had the benefit of working out the kinks in
the bootstrapping processing as part of the Python 3.4 release cycle.
However, we still think we should start providing pip by default to Python
2.7 users as well, at least as part of the Windows and Mac OS X installers.
One notable difference from PEP 453 is that because there is no venv module
in 2.7, and hence no integration between venv and ensurepip, we can give
redistributors the option of just disabling ensurepip entirely and
redirecting users to platform specific installation tools.
Title: Backport ensurepip (PEP 453) to Python 2.7
Author: Donald Stufft <donald at stufft.io>
Nick Coghlan <ncoghlan at gmail.com>
This PEP proposes that the ``ensurepip`` module, added to Python 3.4 by PEP
453, be backported to Python 2.7. It also proposes that automatic invocation
of ``ensurepip`` be added to the Python 2.7 Windows and OSX installers.
it does **not** propose that automatic invocation be added to the
It also proposes that the documentation changes for the package distribution
and installation guides be updated to match that in 3.4, which references
the ``ensurepip`` module to bootstrap the installer.
Python 2.7 is effectively a LTS release of Python which represents the end
the 2.x series and there is still a very large contingent of users whom are
still using Python 2.7 as their primary version. These users, in order to
participate in the wider Python ecosystem, must manually attempt to go out
find the correct way to bootstrap the packaging tools.
It is the opinion of this PEP that making it as easy as possible for end
to participate in the wider Python ecosystem is important for 3 primary
1. The Python 2.x to 3.x migration has a number of painpoints that are
a number of third party modules such as six [#six]_, modernize
or future [#future]_. However relying on these tools requires that
who uses the project have a tool to install these packages.
2. In addition to tooling to aid in migration from Python 2.x to 3.x, there
also a number of modules that are *new* in Python 3 for which there are
backports available on PyPI. This can also aid in the ability for people
to write 2.x and 3.x compatible software as well as enable them to use
of the newer features of Python 3 on Python 2.
3. Users also will need a number of tools in order to create python packages
that conform to the newer standards that are being proposed. Things like
setuptools [#setuptools]_, Wheel [#wheel]_, and twine [#twine]_ are
a safer, faster, and more reliable packaging tool chain. These tools can
difficult for people to use if first they must be told how to go out and
install the package manager.
4. One of Pythons biggest strengths is in the huge ecosystem of libraries
projects that have been built on top of it, most of which are distributed
through PyPI. However in order to benefit from this wide ecosystem
meaningfully requires end users, some of which are going to be new, to
a decision on which package manager they should get, how to get it, and
finally actually installing it first.
Furthermore, alternative implementations of Python are recognizing the
of PEP 453 and both PyPy and Jython have plans to backport ensurepip to
PEP 453 has ``ensurepip`` automatically invoked by default in the
and the Windows and OSX Installers. This allowed it to ensure that, by
all users would get Python with pip already installed. This PEP however
believes that while this is fine for the Python 2.7 Windows and Mac OS X
installers it is *not* ok for the Python 2.7 ``Makefile`` in general.
The primary consumers of the ``Makefile`` are downstream package managers
distribute Python themselves. These downstream distributors typically do not
want pip to be installed via ``ensurepip`` and would prefer that end users
install it with their own package manager. Not invoking ``ensurepip``
automatically from the ``Makefile`` would allow these distributors to simply
ignore the fact that ``ensurepip`` has been backported and still not end up
with pip installed via it.
The primary consumers of the OSX and Windows installers are end users who
attempting to install Python on their own machine. There is not a package
manager available where these users can install pip into their Python
a more supported mechanism. For this reason it is the belief of this PEP
installing by default on OSX and Windows is the best course of action.
As part of this PEP, the updated packaging distribution and installation
guides for Python 3.4 would be backported to Python 2.7.
Disabling ensurepip by Downstream Distributors
Due to its use in the ``venv`` module, downstream distributors cannot
the ``ensurepip`` module in Python 3.4. However since Python 2.7 has no such
module it is explicitly allowed for downstream distributors to patch the
``ensurepip`` module to prevent it from installing anything.
If a downstream distributor wishes to disable ``ensurepip`` completely in
Python 2.7, they should still at least provide the module and allow
`python -m ensurepip` style invocation. However it should raise errors or
otherwise exit with a non-zero exit code and print out an error on stderr
directing users to what they can/should use instead of ``ensurepip``.
.. [#six] `six.py <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/six>`__
.. [#modernize] `modernize <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/modernize>`__
.. [#future] `python-future <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/future>`__
.. [#setuptools] `setuptools <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools>`__
.. [#wheel] `Wheel <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/wheel>`__
.. [#twine] `twine <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/twine>`__
This document has been placed in the public domain.
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