[Python-Dev] Obtaining stack-frames from co-routine objects

Yury Selivanov yselivanov.ml at gmail.com
Fri May 29 15:57:24 CEST 2015

Hi Ben,

Is there any real-world scenario where you would need this?

It looks like this can help with debugging, somehow, but the easiest
solution is to put a "if debug: log(...)" before "yield" in your
"switch()" function.  You'll have a perfect traceback there.


On 2015-05-29 12:46 AM, Ben Leslie wrote:
> Hi all,
> Apologies in advance; I'm not a regular, and this may have been
> handled already (but I couldn't find it when searching).
> I've been using the new async/await functionality (congrats again to
> Yury on getting that through!), and I'd like to get a stack trace
> between the place at which blocking occurs and the outer co-routine.
> For example, consider this code:
> """
> async def a():
>      await b()
> async def b():
>      await switch()
> @types.coroutine
> def switch():
>      yield
> coro_a = a()
> coro_a.send(None)
> """
> At this point I'd really like to be able to somehow get a stack trace
> similar to:
> test.py:2
> test.py:4
> test.py:9
> Using the gi_frame attribute of coro_a, I can get the line number of
> the outer frame (e.g.: line 2), but from there there is no way to
> descend the stack to reach the actual yield point.
> I thought that perhaps the switch() co-routine could yield the frame
> object returned from inspect.currentframe(), however once that
> function yields that frame object has f_back changed to None.
> A hypothetical approach would be to work the way down form the
> outer-frame, but that requires getting access to the co-routine object
> that the outer-frame is currently await-ing. Some hypothetical code
> could be:
> """
> def show(coro):
>      print("{}:{}".format(coro.gi_frame.f_code.co_filename,
> coro.gi_frame.f_lineno))
>      if dis.opname[coro.gi_code.co_code[coro.gi_frame.f_lasti + 1]] ==
>          show(coro.gi_frame.f_stack[0])
> """
> This relies on the fact that an await-ing co-routine will be executing
> a YIELD_FROM instruction. The above code uses a completely
> hypothetical 'f_stack' property of frame objects to pull the
> co-routine object which a co-routine is currently await-ing from the
> stack. I've implemented a proof-of-concept f_stack property in the
> frameobject.c just to test out the above code, and it seems to work.
> With all that, some questions:
> 1) Does anyone else see value in trying to get the stack-trace down to
> the actual yield point?
> 2) Is there a different way of doing it that doesn't require changes
> to Python internals?
> 3) Assuming no to #2 is there a better way of getting the information
> compared to the pretty hacking byte-code/stack inspection?
> Thanks,
> Ben
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