[Python-Dev] TLS 1.3 support
nmav at redhat.com
Thu Aug 16 10:00:52 EDT 2018
Thank you Christian for your great work!
On Thu, Aug 16, 2018 at 3:28 PM Christian Heimes <christian at python.org>
> I have some exciting news. RFC 8446  for TLS 1.3 was finalized a
> couple of days ago. The new TLS standard comes with several major
> improvements, but also with major changes.
> First some good news:
> Python's ssl module not compiles with OpenSSL 1.1.1-pre. It's also able
> to negotiate and establish TLS 1.3 connections successfully. Almost all
> unit tests are passing, too. Yesterday I pushed some patches to fix 2.7,
> 3.6, 3.7, and master.
> Of course, there is a catch. While TLS 1.0 to 1.2 were just gradual
> improvements over SSLv3, TLS 1.3 behaves differently on several levels.
> The article  from Nick Sullivan explains the biggest changes well.
> Most improvements like 1-RTT handshake, enforced perfect forward secrecy
> and improved cryptography are not visible to applications. However some
> changes and new features are going to need additional work and new APIs.
> I'm open to discuss the matter at the core dev sprints in Seattle next
> I'm still in the process of reviewing and assessing changes. OpenSSL
> 1.1.1's APIs are not finalized yet, too. I'm working closely with Red
> Hat's crypto team and OpenSSL devs on the topic. I'll walk you through
> some changes and possibly new APIs that I have identified so far.
> New cipher suites
> Old ciphers suites in TLS 1.2 and earlier looked like
> The parameters are key agreement/key exchange (ECDHE), authentication
> (RSA), bulk encryption (AES-256) with block and/or authenticated
> encryption mode (GCM) and finally a pseudo random function for MAC.
> In TLS 1.3, the cipher suites only specify bulk encryption and PRF. The
> parameters for key agreement and authentication are configured
> differently. TLS 1.3 uses dedicated TLS extensions for that, too. This
> allows more fine grained control to specific supported EC curves,
> signature algorithms (RSA PKCS#1.5, RSASSA-PSS) and so on. Some settings
> also apply to TLS 1.2 already.
> Further more, OpenSSL has introduced new APIs to configure TLS 1.3
> cipher suites. SSLContext.set_ciphers() cannot be used to disable TLS
> 1.3 suites. For now, that is fine. All default algorithms are secure and
> For 3.8, I'm planning to make some of the settings configurable. I might
> need to backport the new APIs to 3.7 and 3.6, though.
> post handshake authentication
> TLS 1.3 introduced the concept of post handshake authentication (PHA). A
> server can either request a client to provide client cert authentication
> during the handshake, directly after the handshake, or at any later
> point. It makes optional authentication for HTTP much more sane. For
> example a server may only require authentication for POST requests and
> GET requests to /secure/* path. In TLS 1.2, optional client cert auth
> requires a complete renegotiation of the handshake.
> OpenSSL 1.1.1-pre9 will most likely disable PHA by default , because
> PHA breaks some assumptions of TLS 1.2 clients and servers. But PHA
> might be required for path specific authentication. I need to wait and
> see how mod_ssl implements the feature.
> I might have to add SSL_VERIFY_POST_HANDSHAKE,
> SSL_verify_client_post_handshake(), and
> SSL_CTX_set_post_handshake_auth() from  to Python 2.7, 3.6, 3.7
> and master.
> session handling
> TLS 1.3 uses a different approach to handle sessions. Simple speaking,
> session data is exchanged after the handshake, there can be more than
> one ticket, tickets must not be reused, and session resumption involved
> DHE. ssl.SSLSession  feature only applies to TLS 1.2 and earlier. I
> need to come up with a different approach here. For the time being, TLS
> 1.3 won't be compatible with manual session control. It's not a big deal
> since it is an advanced feature any way.
> The new session system also seems to break FTP over TLS. FTP uses two
> different TCP connections (control channel, data channel). For FTP over
> TLS, the data channel must reuse a session of the control channel. For
> now, I'm plannung to restrict FTP to TLSv1.2.
> 0-RTT resumption
> 0 round trip time handshake on session resumption is an optional and
> advanced feature. I might expose the feature in Python 3.8.
>  https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8446
>  https://blog.cloudflare.com/rfc-8446-aka-tls-1-3/
>  https://github.com/openssl/openssl/issues/6933
>  https://www.openssl.org/docs/man1.1.1/man3/SSL_CTX_set_verify.html
>  https://docs.python.org/3/library/ssl.html#ssl-session
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