another easy (im sure) newbie question

Gerrit Holl gerrit at
Wed Mar 1 15:28:56 CET 2000

<quote name="Shaun Hogan" date="951916062" email="shogan at">
> ok i started learning python a week ago.

Good choice!

> ive followed Guido's tutorial and another one, i have a good grasp of everthing up to Classes, now the example in the tutorial 9.3.2:
>                         class MyClass:
>                                  "A simple example class"
>                                  i = 12345
>                                  def f(x):
>                                      return 'hello world'
> is where i am at.
> the tutorial says "MyClass.i and MyClass.f are valid attribute references, returning an integer and a function object,"
> MyClass.i returns "12345" fine...but MyClass.f gives me "<unbound method MyClass.f>"
> how do i get it to return "hello world" or whatever its supposed to do?

> also what does the error message "TypeError: unbound method must be called with class instance 1st argument" mean???
> simple answers im sure, but its got me stuck.

You'll need to create an instance of the class first. If you call a
class, an instance gets returned:

>>> Myclass()
<__main__.Myclass instance at 813a9f8>

you can now access those methods (aka class functions) through this instance:

>>> Myclass().f()
'Hello world!'

You want to bind it to a name first, because otherwise, you're class
get destroyed immediatly:

>>> m = Myclass()
>>> m.i
>>> m.f()
'Hello world!'

Those instances are useful if you want something to be different every
time. This can be done with the first argument of a method, in your
example 'x'.

I hope you can get a little further through the tutorial now. How much
programming experience do you have? And how much object oriented
programming experience? If it's not much, I recommend buying a book:
Learning Python, for example.



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