Need advice for obfuscating Python code

Cimarron Taylor cimarron+google at
Wed Feb 27 03:14:33 EST 2002

I have used the following tricks before with Java code, some of them
should be useable with python. 

1. Use a source-to-source translator to convert all your class, method
   and variable names into gibberish.

2. Introduce special "dispatch" classes to obscure the communications
   paths.  E.g instead of calling, call 
   where dispatcher is a dynamically instanciated object.  Have lots
   of dispatchers and periodically switch them around in meaningless ways.

3. Add lots of decoy code.  Put bar() methods in lots of classes which
   are never used.   Include the gibberish versions of a few previous
   versions of your code with logic deliberately reversed.  Intermix 
   meaningless logic with the code which does the actual work.  Bulk up
   your product with a few dozen distributions of other redistributable

4. Hide some initialization logic outside your program.  Have your
   program step reload classes.  If your program manages external files 
   (e.g. userids or passwords), have it hide some critical initialization 
   logic there.  Encode some of your program state in records in a database
   which requires a separate initialization and/or installation step.

5. Distribute your program in separate pieces. Have your program partially 
   depend on external libraries.

6. Partition your program's operation into separate phases and/or processes.
   Have one process generate code on the fly to be executed by the other.
   Hide important information in otherwise meaningless status messages
   exchanged between the two.  

Most of these things will make your program more difficult to reverse engineer.
Heaven help you if you ever need to fix a bug in it!


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