confusion regarding os.path.walk()

Andrew Brown killspam at darwinwars.com
Tue Feb 19 11:00:26 CET 2002


Steven Majewski <sdm7g at Virginia.EDU> wrote in 
news:mailman.1014078032.30409.python-list at python.org:

> 
> You need to os.path.join() the dirname to the filename and do your
> test on that. The filenames are relative to the directory arg,
> not to the process current directory.
> 

I had a similar problem yesterday: I wanted to rename all the files on my 
site consistently (no spaces, no uppercase, all to end .html) and then -- 
so as not to break search engines -- to symlink the new names to the old 
names. This will let me slowly fade out the old names.

Part 1 went fine, and left me with a text file recording the changes, 
which could then be reconstructed as a dictionary of file==>symlink 
needed pairs. But when I came to do the second part, with os.path.walk, I 
found that all the calls to make symlinks produced broken links with or 
without os.path.join(). I had to put into the visitor function a call to 
os.chdir(os.curdir) and then make the symlink with os.system
(linkcommand). ("linkcommand" was a previously constructed string like 
'ln-s newname oldname')

I found later that I could have used os.symlink() instead of the call to 
os.system() but I'm still puzzled that you can't apparently create 
symlinks in a directory that's a subdirectory relative to where you are. 
Is this a unix/linux feature or a python one?

The practical question I was left with was "how do you identify broken 
symlinks with python?" I'd have liked a script that rm-ed broken and only 
broken symlinks, and I can't figure out how to test for them. 
os.path.islink(file) will tell me whether it's a symlink. But is there a 
call to say what it's supposed to point at? Then I can test whether that 
exists.



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