Breaking out of nested loops

Peter Hansen peter at
Sun Jan 13 18:31:36 CET 2002

Paul Sidorsky wrote:
> I tend to agree that this feature isn't really needed - the flag
> approach or isolate-into-a-function approach usually works for me.
> However, such a feature might be reasonable if the "strong" break is
> tied to to the loop itself rather than the break statement.  For
> example, something like this:
> i = 1
> while i < 20:
>     j = 1
>     while trans j < 20:
>         if i * j > 200:
>             break          # Quits both loops because of trans
>         j += 1
>     i += 1
> Here "trans" is a new keyword or directive that tells Python that a
> break in the loop is to be "transparent", i.e. that it will propagate
> down to the loop below.  

Not very flexible though, as you can't have a break in the inner
loop break *only* out of the inner loop, and yet have another 
break in the next-to-inner loop break out of that loop, and still
have your "trans" break manage to get out of all the loops.
That is, this won't work:

while #1
    while trans #2
        while trans #3
            break (normally) to the middle while
            break (trans-style) to outer loop
        break normally (to outer loop)

> To me, the main advantages with this approach are:
> 1) 100% backwards compatible.  
> 2) Explicit 

I'm not sure it's very explicit, since you are affecting the
behaviour of *break* statements, yet applying the modifier
to the loop construct.

> 3) Maintainable

Not very maintainable if not readable.  No other language that 
I'm aware of has such a thing, and that makes it a somewhat
bizarre new concept that nobody would "get" at first.

More important that anything when considering a new syntax,
however, is the question do you *really* need it.  
No! As you said, we don't.

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