function-arguments by reference
christian.eslbauer at liwest.at
Tue Dec 30 16:56:17 CET 2003
thanks for your explanations!
i want to avoid performance-problems by repeated (very often)
function-calls with very long strings.
in some languages (C, PHP, Powerbuilder, ...) i have the opportunity,
to pass "by value" or "by reference/pointer)".
"by value": the CPU must perform a complete copy of the string
"by reference/pointer": only a long value (address) is passed ...
the performance difference is in most cases unimportant, but sometimes ...
Unfortunately i made an error by testing the behavior of Phyton, and
so i thougt, LISTs are also passed "by value".
But this isn't true, and so i can solve my problem by putting the string-
argument in the first place of a list.
"Christos TZOTZIOY Georgiou" <tzot at sil-tec.gr> schrieb im Newsbeitrag
news:79v2vv0ijgdvqu354uh4mh21v4b3liurj0 at 4ax.com...
> On Tue, 30 Dec 2003 14:21:46 +0100, rumours say that "EsC"
> <christian.eslbauer at liwest.at> might have written:
> >is it possible to pass function-arguments by reference?
> >(for example in PHP you can use the "&" operator ... )
> There is no such concept as "pass by value" in python. Only references
> are passed around, and therefore there is no special syntax for that.
> What you need to understand is that objects can be mutable (changeable)
> or immutable. Search for these terms in the python documentation.
> In other languages, variables are a container: they contain a "value".
> In python, "variables" are only "names" referring to "objects" and they
> have no "value". If you assign anything to a name, you just change the
> object it is pointing to.
> Presumably you ask this question because you want your function to pass
> back some more data than its return value. Python handles fine multiple
> values, check for "tuple" in the docs.
> An example: (I am not familiar with php, therefore I will write program
> A in pseudocode, but you will get the point I hope)
> function f(&a):
> if (a > 10) then a = 10
> return (a*2)
> var = 20
> result = f(var)
> This function makes sure that the "var" variable stays less than or
> equal to 10, and then returns the double of the corrected argument.
> In python you would do this:
> def f(a):
> if a > 10:
> a = 10
> return a, a*2
> var = 20
> var, result = f(var)
> If not covered, please write back.
> PS reading this could be helpful too:
> TZOTZIOY, I speak England very best,
> Ils sont fous ces Redmontains! --Harddix
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