A puzzle for Pythonistas

Padraig at Linux.ie Padraig at Linux.ie
Fri Jan 31 14:14:43 CET 2003


Alan James Salmoni wrote:
> Hi folks,
> 
> This is just a little puzzle to test your brains on - well, I should
> come clean really, so what I need to do is work out a way to get all
> the interactions from 2 or more variables for SalStat a small
> statistics package, but to be honest, I am rather stuck on this bit.
> 
> The problem is defined like this: I have a list of unique integers,
> and the list is of arbitrary length, though 2 elements is the minimum.
> Using each integer only once, what are the possible combinations of 2
> or more elements that can be derived from this list. I know how to
> work out how many combinations there are: ((2**len(list))-1-len(list))
> which is quite simple.
> 
> To illustrate:
> 
> If list = [1,2,3], then there are 4 possible combination: 1-2, 1-3,
> 2-3, and 1-2-3.
> If list = [1,2,3,4] then there are 11 possible combinations: 1-2, 1-3,
> 1-4, 2-3, 2-4, 3-4, 1-2-3, 1-2-4, 1-3-4, 2-3-4, and 1-2-3-4.
> 
> All my ideas so far rely on brute force, and I was wondering if anyone
> could think of an elegant and pythonic way of achieving the required
> result.
> 
> I have a nasty feeling that the code may be complex, so feel free to
> tell me to s0d off if you want! :)
> 
> Alan James Salmoni
> SalStat Statistics
> http://salstat.sunsite.dk

import sys

def printList(alist):
     print ''.join(alist)

def printUniqueCombinations(alist, numb, blist=[]):
     if not numb: return printList(blist)
     for i in range(len(alist)):
         blist.append(alist[i])
         printUniqueCombinations(alist[i+1:], numb-1, blist)
         blist.pop()

if __name__ == '__main__':
     k=sys.argv[1]
     for i in range(len(list(k))):
         printUniqueCombinations(list(k), i+2)


Pádraig.





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