# Integer arithmetic

Bengt Richter bokr at oz.net
Thu Mar 27 04:28:43 CET 2003

```On Wed, 26 Mar 2003 12:38:25 GMT, Alex Martelli <aleax at aleax.it> wrote:
>Daniel Timothy Bentley wrote:
[...]
>
>> Basically, if you're going to say ints and longs are separate types, I
>> think there should be a way to makes ints from longs fairly reliably.  I
>> don't think that's a niche, I think it's something a consistent language
>> should provice.
>
>Well, your proposed expression DOES "make ints from longs fairly reliably",
>it's just that I think the ints it makes are probably not the ones you'd
>like to get (except for 0<=foo<sys.maxint).
>
>I think you want something like: int(cmp(foo,0)*(abs(foo) & sys.maxint)).
>
>Me, I think it's better to incapsulate the "conversion to int ignoring
>overflow" in a function, using an if/else:
>
>def toint(foo):
>    if foo>=0: return int(foo&sys.maxint)
>    else: return -int(-foo&sys.maxint)
>
The above doesn't match typical hardware and C-style int behavior:

>>> import sys
>>> def toint(foo):
...     if foo>=0: return int(foo&sys.maxint)
...     else: return -int(-foo&sys.maxint)
...
>>> hex(-sys.maxint-1)
'0x80000000'
>>> -sys.maxint-1
-2147483648
>>> type(-sys.maxint-1)
<type 'int'>
>>> toint(-sys.maxint-1)
0

Bug, ISTM.

[...similarly...]

Because two's complement "minint" is not -sys.maxint,
(it is -sys.maxint-1)

Regards,
Bengt Richter

```