python raw strings?

Leif K-Brooks eurleif at ecritters.biz
Wed Aug 25 08:45:52 CEST 2004


Maurice LING wrote:
> What are python raw strings and how are they different from regular
> strings?

First of all, a minor semantic correction. A string is not raw or 
non-raw; a string can be expressed using raw syntax, but it's just a 
different way of writing the same thing.

Now, in Python, strings can be written with special sequences involving 
backslashes; for instance, "\n" means a line break instead of a 
backslash and an n. If you want a literal backslash followed by an n, 
you need to use two backslashes: "\\n".

If you need to use a lot of backslashes, doubling them up can get very 
annoying. The raw string syntax fixes that: r"\n" is a backslash 
followed by an n, not a line break.

> In PLY, "+" is "r'\+'" but "-" is "r'-'", why is there an extra "\" in 
> "+"? When to use the extra "\" and when not?

I don't have any experience with PLY, but I'm guessing it uses regular 
expressions (http://python.org/doc/current/lib/re-syntax.html). In a 
regular expression, + means something special; if you don't want the 
special meaning, you need to put a backslash in front of it.

The minus sign, on the other hand, has no special meaning in regular 
expressions (well, outside of character sets), so it can be used on its 
own with no backslash.



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