Why are tuples immutable?

Max M maxm at mxm.dk
Thu Dec 16 11:35:42 CET 2004

Antoon Pardon wrote:

> Well IMO there are two sides in this argument. The first is whether
> or not python allows mutable keys. The second is whether or not
> limiting keys to immutables in dictionaries provides a performance
> gain.

The problem is that you don't understand what dicts are typically used 
for. Because of the nonliniarity in dict lookups, dicts are used for 

I actually think it's the most important tool for optimising Python code.

If dicts allowed mutable keys, a dict would need to run code that 
corresponds to::

def has_key(key):
     for key in self.keys():
         if a_key == key:
             return True
     return False

Using immutable keys, a code can be generated for the key, that can be 
efficiently stored in something like a binary tree.

This makes lookup *very much* faster, and is the speed concern that 
Python programmers care about.

Not the time taken to convert a list into a tuple.


hilsen/regards Max M, Denmark

IT's Mad Science

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